Kyushu University Academic Staff Educational and Research Activities Database
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Mitsuhiro Furuse Last modified date:2019.05.16

Professor / Animal and Marine Bioresource Sciences
Department of Bioresource Sciences
Faculty of Agriculture


Graduate School
Undergraduate School
Other Organization


E-Mail
Homepage
http://www.agr.kyushu-u.ac.jp/lab/lrmb/
Academic Degree
Ph.D.
Field of Specialization
Animal Physiolohy, Animal Nutrition, Animal Behavior, Pharmacology, Neuroscience, Endocrinology
Outline Activities
The reseach is primarily studying 1) the regulatory mechanisms by which peptide hormones, neurotransmitter, nutrients and chemical materials control animal behaviors, 2) the control of gastrointestinal physiology (gastrointesinal hormone, motility, pancreatic enzyme secretion and the gut microflora), and 3) the regulation of the nutrient (energy, amino acids, lipids, carbohydrates and minerals) metabolism in the pet, domestic and laboratory animal.
Research
Research Interests
  • 1) Pharmacological studies on the mechanisms of feeding behavior (Brain, Neuroscience, Chickens and laboratory animals)
    2) Nutritional studies on the animal growth and health (Obesity, Diabetes, Chickens, Laboratory animals and companion animals)
    3) Studies on the mechanisms of gastrointestinal physiology (Brain-gut peptides, Digestive enzyme, Gut microflora, Chickens and laboratory animals)
    4) Studies on the mechanisms of stress and sleeping behavior (Nutrition, Neuropeptides, Endocrine disrupter, Chickens and laboratory animals)

    keyword : Brain, Gastrointestinal tract, Brain-gut peptides, Neurotransmitter, Nutrients, Behavior, Metabolism, Dietary supplements
    1997.05.
Academic Activities
Awards
  • To be eligible for the award, a nominee shall have made a meritorious scientific contribution by way of teaching, research, or other service to animal nutraceutical biotechnology over a period of 10 or more years, and shall have been nominated by either member of AAAP council or AJAS editor, or president of each AAAP member society. Particular attention will be paid to the international significance of the contribution.
Educational
Educational Activities
Domestic animals must produce animal products such as meat, eggs and milk through their growth and reproduction. Moreover, it is important to produce such products efficiently. The efficiency of production is different between animal species. Although mono-gastric animals such as chickens and pigs can produce meat more efficiently than ruminants, the former consumes mainly concentrates and the latter both concentrates and self-supplying roughages. To improve food conversion ratios in animal production is essential. This will decrease the food consumption for production of a unit amount of products. For this purpose, it is important to understand the gastrointestinal physiology (digestion and absorption) including the gut microflora and metabolism and several attempts have been demonstrated. One of them is to fortify diets with antibiotics. It is apparent that chicks given diets supplemented with antibiotics grow faster than those without antibiotics. One of the beneficial effects of dietary antibiotics is reduction of gut microflora of the chicks, and consequently the food conversion ratio is improved. However, rapid growth of animals can not be explained by the improved feed conversion ratio alone. For instance, genetic selection for increased body weight and changes in diet formulations have resulted in dramatic changes in the modern broiler chicken. In a 33-year period genetic selection for body weight resulted in a greater than 230% increase in body weight at 42 days of age independent of diet. However, the changes in body weight have been accompanied by an only 22.5% change in feed conversion. Therefore, most of the change in growth must be contributed to changes in food intake rather than efficiency.
This lecture will focus on basic physiology in poultry with special reference to 1) the effect of the gut microflora on growth, 2) the regulation of the gastrointestinal physiology, 3) the control of food intake and 4) the role of nutrients in the chicken.
Social
Professional and Outreach Activities
Training for pet animal nutrition managers..