|Akira YASUKOUCHI||Last modified date：2018.01.19|
Dean of the School of Design
Dean of the Graduate School of Design
Dean of the Faculty of Design
Doctoy of Science(Kyoto University), Master of Design(Kyushu Institute of Design)
Field of Specialization
Ｐｈｙｓｉｏｌｏｇｉｃａｌ Ａｎｔｈｒｏｐｏｌｏｇｙ, Ergonomics
- Physio-anthropological studies on comfort in the living environment and the evaluation of environmental adaptability in modern society viewing from physiological polytypism.
keyword : evronmental adaptability, human history, physiological polytypism, whole body-coordination, functional potentiality
- In this study, we attempted to accordingly elucidate the multifaceted effects of physical and cultural factors on growth-espousing environmental adaptability in both Russia and Japan by comparing notes between the two national scientific groups. As such, the special features of environmental adaptability of the two nationalities would be further appreciated. With Japan having an extensive north-south territory and Russia situated at high latitudes, attention has to be focused on physical factors (i.e. light and temperature) and environmental adaptabilities (i.e. growth and cold-resistance response) in order to analyze the coupling effects of the physical factors and environmental adaptability correlating with the cultural factors.
- It has not been known how large within- and between- individual variations in physiological responses are to the physical and cultural environments found in a highly technological society. How physiological diversity affects human adaptability to a modern environment has become an important issue. There have been no systematic studies which attempt to examine whether the physiological polymorphism formed by the high-tech modern society is appropriate from the viewpoint of the intrinsic physical resources of human beings. The aim of our study was to investigate the physiological diversity, or the characteristics of the within- and between- individual variation of physiological traits. We also examine how physiological adjustment occurs throughout the entire body, and reveal the adaptability of physiological diversity to the modern society, with special emphasis on lighting and thermal factors. First, circadian and seasonal differences as within-individual variations are examined with regards to physiological responses to natural and artificial lighting and to thermal environments. Next, between-individual and -population variations are examined as to; for example, differences in the climatic conditions found in people’s birthplaces and in their level of physical activity and frequency use of air conditioners.
- The User Science Institute, which was supported under the 2004-8 Program for Promoting the Establishment of Strategic Research Centers (“Super COE”) , has been able to produce pioneering achievements. It has been able to do this by fully utilizing the “Graduate School/Faculty system” launched by the Kyushu University, by setting “services for users” as the issue to be resolved, by accumulating corresponding knowledge and technology, and by adopting a research format of creating solutions. At the Kyushu University, we believe that this “integration of knowledge” is the key, both in the development of scientific frontiers breaking down conventional limits, and in the provision of solutions for global problems. The university adopted a strategy of conducting research and education based on this belief.
The User Science Institute became a model for research and education systems at the Kyushu University, and it led university-wide reforms.