九州大学 研究者情報
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基本情報 研究活動 教育活動
PAUWELS RUBEN GABRIELLA ANDRIES(ぱーうえるす るーべん がぶりえら あんどりーす) データ更新日:2019.12.26

講師 /  言語文化研究院 言語環境学部門 国際教育


主な研究テーマ
主な研究テーマは、日本語におけるツングース諸語の語彙的要素・形態論的要素です。
キーワード:歴史言語学、比較言語学、言語接触学、借用語、日本語、古代日本語、日本祖語、ツングース諸語、ツングース祖語
2015.10~2016.09.
研究業績
主要原著論文
1. PAUWELS, RUBEN G.A., "Waves of Contact between Tungusic and Japanese: Possible Evidence in the Reflexes of Tungusic Medial Voiced Consonants and Medial Consonant Clusters in Old Japanese (Part 1)", Korean and Japanese: Studies on Language and Culture, 5, 31-68, 2018.10, This paper analyzes two different types of reflexes of proto-Tungusic medial voiced consonants and medial consonant clusters in Old Japanese, and postulates that the existence of these two different types of reflexes may be attributed to two different waves of contact from Tungusic into Japanese..
2. PAUWELS, RUBEN G.A., "The Reflexes of Tungusic Medial Consonant Clusters in Old Japanese", Korean and Japanese: Studies on Language and Culture, 4, 23-45, 2016.09, The objective of this paper is to study and analyze the reflexes of Tungusic medial consonant clusters consisting of two consonants in Old Japanese borrowings (or loanwords) of Tungusic origin. The paper aims to clarify how medial consonant clusters of Tungusic donor words have changed in the corresponding borrowing (or loanwords) from Tungusic into Japanese, in order to fit into the phonotactic constraints of the proto-Japanese language, which does / did not possess consonant clusters (with the exception of nasal consonant clusters; i.e., *-np-, *-nt-, *-nk-, and *-ns-)..
3. PAUWELS, RUBEN G.A., "Tungusic Elements in Japanese Adjectives", Korean and Japanese: Studies on Language and Culture, 2, 99-120, 2009.09, The first aim of the paper is searching for Tungusic elements in Japanese adjectives. This includes a quest for reflexes of Tungusic adjectives or verbs with adjectival meaning (such as, for example, “to be wet”) in Japanese roots, even if those Japanese roots are not adjectival roots. The second aim of the paper is searching for building blocks (i.e., suffixes) in Japanese adjectives that derive from Tungusic..
4. PAUWELS, RUBEN G.A., 「日本語はツングース語系の言語であるか?」[Is Japanese a Tungusic Language?], 『東アジア日本語教育・日本文化研究』, 12, 171-185, 2009.03, 形態的・意味的に対応する日本語とツングース諸語の基礎語彙が数少ない(20%以下)。なお、松本克己氏が提唱する類型地理論における7項目の中から5項目の言語特徴について、太平洋沿岸言語圏に属する日本語とユーラシア内陸言語圏に属するツングース祖語は完全に異なる。従って、伝統的な比較言語学のアプローチから見ても、類型地理論のアプローチから見ても、日本語とツングース語は同系言語ではない、と言わざるを得ない。.
5. PAUWELS, RUBEN G.A., 「古代日本語におけるツングース祖語の *(-)e- の反射形」[The Reflexes of Proto-Tungusic *(-)e- in Old Japanese], 『東アジア日本語教育・日本文化研究』, 11, 161-176, 2008.03, 本論文は、ツングース語の借用元(donor words)の第一音節の *(-)e- がそれらに対応するツングース語から古代日本語への借用語(loanwords)において *-a- になるか、それとも *-o- になるかを解明するものである。ツングース祖語の *(-)e- がどう変化するかがその *(-)e- が単語の語頭位置にあるかによって、または先行する子音によって、ある程度まで予測することができる。.
6. PAUWELS, RUBEN G.A., "Natural Tendencies of Semantic Change & the Search for Tungusic Elements in Japanese Body-Part Terms", Altaistic Studies, 2, 71-103, 2008.03.
主要総説, 論評, 解説, 書評, 報告書等
1. PAUWELS, RUBEN G.A., "East Asian Loanword Triplets and Quadruplets Containing Japanese and Tungusic Etyma", Korean and Japanese: Studies on Language and Culture, 5, pp. 141-142, 2018.10, In this presentation, several “gaps” in two- or three-way lexical comparisons of Koguryŏ language with surrounding languages (mainly involving Japanese and Korean) found in previous research have been filled by adding Tungusic members. As result, the total number of three-way etymologies (containing Japanese, Koguryŏ, and Tungusic counterparts) and four-way etymologies (containing Japanese, Koguryŏ, Korean, and Tungusic counterparts) has increased..
2. PAUWELS, RUBEN G.A., "Tungusic Morphology in Old Japanese: From the Perspective of Contact Linguistics", Korean and Japanese: Studies on Language and Culture, 4, pp. 119-131, 2016.09.
主要学会発表等
1. PAUWELS, RUBEN G.A., "East Asian Loanword Triplets and Quadruplets Containing Old Japanese, Tungusic, and Koguryŏ Etyma", International Society for the Comparative Study of Korean and Japanese | 国際日韓比較言語学会 | 국제한일비교언어학회, 2018.10, In this presentation, several “gaps” in two- or three-way lexical comparisons of Koguryŏ language with surrounding languages (mainly involving Japanese and Korean) found in previous research have been filled by adding Tungusic members. As result, the total number of three-way etymologies (containing Japanese, Koguryŏ, and Tungusic counterparts) and four-way etymologies (containing Japanese, Koguryŏ, Korean, and Tungusic counterparts) has increased..
2. PAUWELS, RUBEN G.A., "Possible Evidence in the Reflexes of Tungusic Medial Voiced Consonants and Medial Consonant Clusters in Japanese for Multiple Waves of Contact between Tungusic and Japanese", International Society for the Comparative Study of Korean and Japanese | 国際日韓比較言語学会 | 국제한일비교언어학회, 2017.09, The objective of this paper is to study and analyze the reflexes of Tungusic medial voiced consonants and medial consonant clusters consisting of two consonants in Old Japanese borrowings (or loanwords) of Tungusic origin..
3. PAUWELS, RUBEN G.A., "Possible Evidence in the Reflexes of Tungusic Medial Consonant Clusters in Japanese for Multiple Waves of Contact between Tungusic and Japanese", Language Variation and Change Network, 2017.05, [URL], The objective of this paper is to study and analyze the reflexes of Tungusic medial consonant clusters consisting of two consonants in Old Japanese borrowings (or loanwords) of Tungusic origin..
4. PAUWELS, RUBEN G.A., "Tungusic Morphology in Old Japanese: From the Perspective of Contact Linguistics", International Society for the Comparative Study of Korean and Japanese | 国際日韓比較言語学会 | 국제한일비교언어학회 , 2016.09, Tungusic and Old Japanese share morphology. The objective of the presentation is explaining why Tungusic and Old Japanese possess this shared morphology. More specifically, the hypothesis of language contact (linguistic convergence) will be studied..
5. PAUWELS, RUBEN G.A., "Tungusic Morphology in Old Japanese from the Perspective of Contact Linguistics", Language Variation and Change Network, 2016.05, [URL], Tungusic and Old Japanese share morphology. The objective of the presentation is explaining why Tungusic and Old Japanese possess this shared morphology. More specifically, the hypothesis of language contact (linguistic convergence) will be studied..
6. PAUWELS, RUBEN G.A., "Once Again on the Reflexes of Tungusic Medial Consonant Clusters in Old Japanese", Language Variation and Change Network, 2015.05, [URL], Early contact between Tungusic and Japanese resulted in loanwords from Tungusic. The focus of the presentation was on the reflexes of Tungusic medial clusters consisting of two consonants in Old Japanese in those loanwords based principally on an ongoing analysis of entries in Vera Ivanovna Cincius’s Sravnitel’nyj slovar’ tunguso-man’čžurskix jazykov: Materialy k ėtimologičeskomu slovarju [Comparative Dictionary of the Manchu-Tungusic languages: Materials for an Etymological Dictionary]. An attempt has been made to formulate rules which explain and predict how original proto-Tungusic medial consonant clusters evolved in proto-Japanese. These rules make it possible to answer two questions: (1) which one of the two consonants in the cluster was preserved in Japanese, and (2) whether the preserved consonant underwent prenasalization or not..
7. PAUWELS, RUBEN G.A., "The Reflexes of Tungusic Medial Consonant Clusters in Old Japanese", International Society for the Comparative Study of Korean and Japanese | 国際日韓比較言語学会 | 국제한일비교언어학회, 2014.09, The objective of this paper is to study and analyze the reflexes of Tungusic medial consonant clusters consisting of two consonants in Old Japanese borrowings (or loanwords) of Tungusic origin. The paper aims to clarify how medial consonant clusters of Tungusic donor words have changed in the corresponding borrowing (or loanwords) from Tungusic into Japanese, in order to fit into the phonotactic constraints of the proto-Japanese language, which does / did not possess consonant clusters (with the exception of nasal consonant clusters; i.e., *-np-, *-nt-, *-nk-, and *-ns-)..
8. PAUWELS, RUBEN G.A., 「日本語はツングース語系の言語であるか?」[Is Japanese a Tungusic Language?], 東アジア日本語教育・日本文化研究学会(2008年度国際学術大会)| East Asian Research Society for Japanese Language Education and Japanese Culture (2008 International Academic Conference), 2008.10.
9. PAUWELS, RUBEN G.A., 「古代日本語におけるツングース祖語の *(-)e- の反射形」[The Reflexes of Proto-Tungusic *(-)e- in Old Japanese], 東アジア日本語教育・日本文化研究学会(2007年度国際学術大会)| East Asian Research Society for Japanese Language Education and Japanese Culture (2007 International Academic Conference), 2007.10.
学会活動
所属学会名
日本語語源研究会
日本歴史言語学会
国際日韓比較言語学会 | 국제한일비교언어학회
比較文明学会
九州法学会
学協会役員等への就任
2016.08~2019.07, 比較文明学会九州支部 | The Japan Society for the Comparative Studies of Civilizations, Kyushu Chapter, 理事.

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