||Mei Kodama, Kaori Abe, Kana Fukushima, Eri Hayashi, Zhiyi Hua, Min Jiang, Ping Kang, Emi Nishida, Shinji Sakai, Yoichi Tomiura, Yukiko Watanabe, and Emi Ishita, Content Analysis of Library Use on Microblog: Pre-coding Results, Proceedings of the 9th Asia-Pacific Conference on Library & Information Education and Practice (A-LIEP 2019), 423-428, 2019.11, Today people commonly use social network services (SNSs), such as Twitter, to announce their thoughts and share their opinions freely. An analysis
of content posted on SNSs may generate insights that differ from those which the existing methods like interviewing or administering questionnaire surveys
can obtain. In this research, Twitter was chosen as the focus because it is the most popular open SNS. The goal of the research is to enhance library services and propose new services to meet user expectations. In this paper, 123 tweets containing the word “library” were collected, as a sample data set. Then, open coding was conducted to identify labels for a “library use” coding frame. The coders on the team discussed the identified labels and assigned labels to each tweet over the course of five meetings. In total, 13 labels were identified, including: studying, browsing materials, reading, facility, events participation (intention), collecting information, and public relations..
||Hideaki Uchiyama, Emi Ishita, E., Yukiko Watanabe, Yoichi Tomiura, Atsushi Shimada, and Masanori Yamada, A Framework for Sharing Learner Generated Contents in Collaborative Learning, Proceedings of the 9th Asia-Pacific Conference on Library & Information Education and Practice (A-LIEP 2019), 477-479, 2019.11, Background: It is important to incorporate students’/learners’ viewpoints into the process of education improvement. Especially, the methodology
to share the learners’ ways of understanding yielded in the self-learning process is required to enhance the efficiency of education in collaborative learning.
Objectives: As a novel functionality of future university libraries, our aim is to collect, index, and sharing the understanding-related contents such as a note generated by learners, referred to as learner generated contents (LGC), so that the learners can exchange their understanding methodologies efficiently. Such contents indicate the essential or confusing points of lectures, and are helpful for both learners and lecturers.
Methods: Our framework is designed based on one of our online services that provides useful resources complied by the librarians in the university. First, learners post LGC. Next, lecturers check LGC to guarantee the quality and reliability. Then, LGC are indexed by criteria such as lecture names and keywords, and finally are published on the web.
Results: A prototype system is developed, and a protocol to collect LGC from the learners is designed.
Contributions: A framework for sharing LGC is proposed as a way of enhancing education quality by university libraries. With the framework, learners
can proactively share LGC, which are not shared before, to reflect and to overcome their weaknesses with collaborative learning. Also, lecturers can understand the depth of learners’ understanding by analysing LGC. Both learners and lecturers can benefit from the proposed framework..
||Kana Fukushima, Emi Ishita, Yoichi Tomiura, Yukiko Watanabe, and Hideaki Uchiyama, Photovoice for Student Out-of-Class Learning, Proceedings of the 9th Asia-Pacific Conference on Library & Information Education and Practice (A-LIEP 2019), 489-491, 2019.11, Background. In recent years, active learning has been introduced in higher education in Japan. Students are also expected to learn actively out of
class. In universities, different departments and institutions have been providing support services for student out-of-class learning. However, student out of class learning is considered to be diverse, unlike learning in the classroom. Thus, it is difficult to assess whether the support services are useful and effective for out of-class learning.
Objectives. The purpose of this research is to investigate the actual situation of student learning out of class on a large scale and understand that what students consider as learning and how they are learning.
Methods. A photovoice survey will be employed for collecting students’ actual learning situations. This qualitative method is used to capture actual situations with photos as objective information. On the other hand, it is an unsuitable method for collecting large-scale data. In this study, we will introduce a system for analyzing a large quantity of photos and information.
Contributions. The results of the survey will contribute to discussions about improvements in existing learning support services and the development of new ones..
||Emi Ishita, Yasuko Hagiwara, Yukiko Watanabe, and Yoichi Tomiura., Which Parts of Search Results do Researchers Check when Selecting Academic Documents?, Proceedings of the 18th ACM/IEEE on Joint Conference on Digital Libraries (JCDL'18), DOI:10.1145/3197026.3203867, 2018, 345-346, 2018.06, Our goal is to propose an alternative retrieval system of academic documents based on researcher’s behavior in practice. In this study, a questionnaire survey was conducted. Question items were developed from findings in the previous observational study for researcher’s behavior. From the results of 46 respondents, the top three elements checked in the search results were title, abstract, and the full-text version. They also checked structure “Introduction” in the full-text rather than other structures when they found previous research in an unfamiliar field. These results indicate that researchers use different ways for selecting documents based on the type of documents they look for..
||Yasuko Hagiwara, Emi Ishita, Emiko Mizutani, Kana Fukushima, Yukiko Watanabe, Yoichi Tomiura, Identifying Key Elements of Search Results for Document Selection in the Digital Age: An Observational Study, Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Asia-Pacific Digital Libraries (ICADL 2017), LNCS 10647, 237-242, 2017.11, Academic database systems are vitally important tools for enabling researchers to find relevant, useful articles. Identifying how researchers select documents from search results is an extremely useful measure for improving the functions or interfaces of academic retrieval systems. This study aims to reveal which elements are checked, and in what order, when researchers select from among search results. It consists of two steps: an observational study of search sessions performed by researchers who volunteered, and a questionnaire to confirm whether extracted elements and patterns are used. This article reports findings from the observational study and introduces questions we developed based on the study. In the observational study we obtained data on nine participants who were asked to search for documents using information retrieval systems. The search sessions were recorded using a voice recorder and by capturing screen images. The participants were also asked to state which elements they checked in selecting documents, along with the reasons for their selections. Three patterns of order of checking were found. In pattern 1, seven researchers used titles and abstracts as the primary elements. In pattern 2, the others used titles and then accessed the full text before making a decision on their selection. In pattern 3, one participant searched for images and accessed the full text from the link in those pictures. We also found participants used novel elements for selecting. We subsequently developed items for a questionnaire reflecting the findings..
||Kana Fukushima, Emi Ishita, Yukiko Watanabe, Exploring Issues and Challenges in Writing Support in Japanese Universities, Proceedings of the 8th Asia-Pacific Conference of Library & Information Education and Practice (A-LIEP 2017), 98-107, 2017.11, Background. In recent years, a decline in the academic ability of Japanese university students is regarded as a problem. Contemporaneous with this decline and concerns about students’ poor writing skills, a number of universities that introduced academic writing education in courses are increasing with some universities providing writing support outside courses. However, the outside courses supports have some differences in the management units or instructional contents.
Objectives. This paper aimed to examine the diversity of writing supports in Japan and to clarify the issues of these supports.
Methods. We surveyed the writing support websites of all 86 national universities in Japan using site search. In the event the websites lacked certain information, we searched the related literature. The survey items were as follows: size of university, name of writing support, management unit, instructor, instructors’ training, instructional contents, targeted student, supporting language, start year, and the URL of the writing support.
Results. In all 86 national universities, 28 universities (32.5%) provided 36 different writing supports. The main management unit was libraries, accounting for 58%. Regarding to instructors, 21 of 36 supports employed graduate students. Seven supports employ only professional staffs. There were two supports provided by undergraduate students along with graduate students. Focusing on library units, 16 libraries provided supports by only graduate students. Graduate students played the main role as the instructor in writing supports. Most of the supports provided only academic writing support.
Contributions. These results and considerations contribute toward the future direction of writing supports in universities..
||Emi Ishita, Yukiko Watanabe, Yasuko Hagiwara, Kana Fukushima, Emiko Mizutani, Xi Li, Christopher S.G. Khoo, Use of Social Network Services and Information Sharing: Comparison of Japan and Singapore, Proceedings of the 8th Asia-Pacific Conference of Library & Information Education and Practice (A-LIEP 2017), 15-25, 2017.11, Background. In the changing IT environment of the digital age, many people are accessing the Internet and social networking services (SNS) using mobile media several times a day. In particular, the percentage of people using SNS is especially high. We assume that what and how people communicate and share information on SNS among young people are affected by the changing IT environment but also the national environment and culture.
Objectives. The purpose of this study is to clarify the use of SNS and information sharing on SNS among the young generation, especially university students in Japan and Singapore, using questionnaire surveys. The survey is part of an international research collaboration.
Methods. We conducted the questionnaire survey in Japan in July 2017, and in Singapore in November 2016 and March 2017 in Singapore. We obtained 388 respondents in Japan and 180 respondents in Singapore.
Results. The survey results between Japan and Singapore shows different characteristics of use of SNS, time spent on the respondent’s primary SNS, and the number of friends/followers. In both countries, there is a high percentage of SNS access via smartphones. The most popular type of information shared on SNS is entertainment and leisure information. Regarding the perceived benefits of using SNS, students in both countries are entertained by SNS content and think it is useful for maintaining human relationships.
Contributions. The results are useful basic data for comparing with other countries. We plan to conduct the same survey in different Asian countries..
||Sachiko Nakajima, Yukiko Watanabe, Sachio Hirokawa, Survey on Japanese Academic Library Reference Services, Proc. AROB2016, 403-408, 2016.01, The authors analyzed Japanese academic libraries’ websites for reference-related activities, especially how libraries inform users of terminology as well as virtual reference materials through email or web-forms on their main webpages. Major differences were found in a comparison with a survey of US academic libraries..
||Yasuko Hagiwara, Meizhi Wu, Emiko Mizutani, Yukiko Watanabe, Emi Ishita, Yoichi Tomiura, An Experiment to Identify How Researchers Select Documents from Search Results, Proceedings of CiSAP Workshop (The annual meeting of the Consortium of iSchools Asia-Pacific), 8-11, 2015.12.
||Emiko Mizutani, Emi Ishita, Yukiko Watanabe, Motofumi Yoshida, The Supporting Role of College and University Libraries in Student Success, Proceedings of CiSAP Workshop (The annual meeting of the Consortium of iSchools Asia-Pacific), 12-16, 2015.12.
||Yukiko Watanabe, Kenshi Hyodo, Harumi Masumori, Determining Required Proficiencies for Student Assistants Providing Learning Support in Academic Libraries, Proceedings of CiSAP Workshop (The annual meeting of the Consortium of iSchools Asia-Pacific), 2015, 32-35, 2015.12, To effectively collaborate with student assistants providing learning support in academic libraries, it is necessary to determine required proficiencies for student assistants based on their role. This paper examines the Kyushu University Library as a cas.
||Yukiko Watanabe, Kenshi Hyodo, Staff Development of Academic Librarians to Improve Information Literacy Education in the Digital Age, Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Asia-Pacific Digital Libraries (ICADL 2015), 10.1007/978-3-319-27974-9, 324-325, 2015.12, For enhancing skills related to information literacy instruction in the digital age, we developed an education program for academic librarians, based on knowledge of learning science and educational technology. We evaluated the program in practice and dis.
||Shinji Sato, Yukiko Watanabe, Emi Ishita, Evaluating Individual Artists' Use of SNS as a Method for Providing Information, Proceedings - 2015 IIAI 4th International Congress on Advanced Applied Informatics (AAI 2015), July 12-16, 2015, Okayama Convention Center, Okayama, Japan
, DOI 10.1109/IIAI-AAI.2015.211, 160-165, 2015.07, To verify whether the use of social networking service (SNS) as a method for providing information by individual artists is effective, the authors conducted a survey based on the results of a preliminary survey. First, one of the authors discussed with individual artists the method of providing information via SNS. Second, the study observed how individual artists provided information via SNS to SNS users. Third, a questionnaire survey was conducted on concert visitors, particularly on their source of information for such events, for analysis. Lastly, the authors examined users’ reactions to SNS content posted by the individual artists. The results indicated that 88.7% of the surveyed visitors used SNS, but 67.1% of them obtained the concert information from flyers and friends’ recommendation. This finding suggests that artists cannot expect to draw concert visitors who are not aware of such artists through SNS promotion. This information-sharing method may be effective for visitors who have come to an artist’s performance at least once. In other words, a hybrid method combining traditional media and SNS would be more effective. If artists posted richer and more varied content on SNS, they could attract more users’ attention. Further, different music genres may be a factor in the difference in fans’ preference for obtaining information..
||Shinji Sato, Yukiko Watanabe, Emi Ishita, Preliminary Survey on the Information-Providing Method in the Music Industry According to the Levels of SNS Media, Proceedings - 2014 IIAI 3rd International Conference on Advanced Applied Informatics (IIAI-AAI 2014), Kitakyushu, Japan, 31 August-4 September 2014, 10.1109/IIAI-AAI.2014.44, 173-176, 2014.09, In order to verify the effectiveness of the information-providing method for individual artists according to the levels of Social Networking Service (SNS) media, we conducted a preliminary survey of musical artists. The preliminary survey technique was as follows: (1) one of the authors gave lectures to the participating artists, (2) individual artists used the information-providing method according to each level of SNS media in order to deliver information, (3) artists performed a concert, and (4) we conducted interviews with the artists and evaluated the method. We found that our proposed method was effective in shortening the distance between artists and users, and the participating artists were aware of the effects of the method. We also found that it was necessary to select the appropriate information provided via each SNS due to artists’concerns. In addition, shifting users’ media from participating media to continuation media and from experience, participating, and continuation media to purchase media, our preliminary survey showed the effectiveness of the method. In this survey, we conducted interviews with guitarists, who served as the information providers. We also need to focus on users and their information-seeking behavior, which served to define information access. We plan to conduct additional interviews with users and to evaluate our proposed method in detail using quantitative evaluation methods, such as tracing the timeline of each SNS media source as well as the number of comments and individual accesses..
||Changing Role of the Academic Librarian. .
||Naoya Mitani, Emi Ishita, Yukiko Watanabe, The Viewpoint of Library Directors on the Introduction of E-book Services in Japanese Public Libraries, Proceedings of iConference 2014 (Berlin, Germany, March 4-7, 2014), 860-863, 2014.03, In this paper, we aim to make clear what problems might occur when public libraries in Japan introduce e-books. We conducted semi-structured interviews with nine public library directors. These interviews revealed a wide range of opinions about e-book use in public libraries. Seven main factors emerged: a) necessity of e-book introduction, b) recognition of e-books, c) budget for e-books, d) management of e-books, e) difference between public library users and e-book users, f) accessibility of e-books, and g) digitalization of library resources. We also analyzed the differences in perspectives on e-books between two kinds of public library management styles..
||Emi Ishita, Yukiko Watanabe, Naoya Mitani, Miki Horiuchi, Yuiko Higa, Takako Oda, Ai Yamaguchi, Citation Analysis of the Availability of Conference Proceedings Cited in Doctoral Dissertations, The 5th International Conference on Asia-Pacific Library and Information Education and Practice (A-LIEP2013), 272-282, 2013.07, In the digital age, librarians must rethink their policies and approaches regarding collection development. In this paper, we have focused on conference proceedings cited in doctoral dissertations. We tried to determine how researchers and students obtain conference proceedings and which proceedings are available or unavailable. We examined doctoral dissertations in engineering because we assumed that researchers in this field refer more often to conference proceedings than do researchers in other disciplines. We focused on the following three objectives: (1) identifying the number of items cited in the average engineering doctoral dissertation, (2) examining the type of item cited in each citation, with an emphasis on identifying conference proceedings, and (3) determining the number of conference proceedings from among these that were available on the Web and the number accessible from the Kyushu University Library. Consequently, we employed a citation analysis of 111 dissertations (Doctor of Engineering theses) written from 2010 to 2012 by doctoral students from the Faculty of Engineering and the Graduate School of Information Science and Electrical Engineering at Kyushu University. We developed a citation list for those dissertations by means of the following four procedures: (1) We obtained photocopies of the bibliography sections of the identified dissertations from the university library; (2) Each copy was converted to a PDF; (3) The text was extracted from the PDF using the optical character recognition (OCR) function of Adobe Acrobat Pro; and (4) All citations (references) were manually recorded on a spreadsheet. Each citation in the spreadsheet included a title (article, journal, or book title, as appropriate), authors, volume, number, starting and ending page numbers, publisher (for a book), and year of publication. Many errors occurred as the text was extracted from the PDFs, but we manually corrected only title and year errors on the basis of comparisons with the photocopies.
To determine the availability of these proceedings on the Web, we used the Google search engine to search for each of the 805 papers that were cited in the dissertations, and we examined whether the full text was available on the Web. Next, we examined the titles of the proceedings to determine which languages were used. In addition, we manually searched “Cute.Catalog” (the online public access catalog [OPAC] of the Kyushu University Library) to examine which of these proceedings the library owned—that is, whether they were accessible via the library. Of 12,520 citations, 858 were from conference proceedings. Of 805 conference papers (after elimination of duplicates), a total of 515 were available on the Web; of these, 292 (36.3%) were available free of charge and 223 (27.7%) for a fee. Of the 696 papers written in English (or other languages), 498 (71.6%) were available on the Web. Of these, 40.1% were open access publications. In contrast, only 17 of 109 papers written in Japanese (15.6%) were available on the Web. This shows that the digitalization of papers written in English is further advanced than that of papers written in Japanese. Thus, a total of 597 papers were available. Of these, 515 papers (86.3%) were available on the Web, and 340 (57.0%) were available in the library. These results show that the Web fills the role of main provider of papers included in conference proceedings for researchers and students in the field of engineering. Further, the survey regarding availability of conference proceedings shows that the university’s library does not have a comprehensive collection for the field of engineering, but many papers are available on the Web. .
||Emi Ishita, Yukiko Watanabe, Ai Yamaguchi, Takako Oda, Yuiko Higa, Miki Horiuchi, Naoya Mitani, The Ratio of Conference Papers in Citations of Engineering Dissertations at Kyushu University, Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Asia-Pacific Digital Libraries (ICADL 2012), 59-62, 2012.11, Conference proceedings are important research resources, especially for researchers and graduate students in the science, technology, and medicine disciplines. For the development of comprehensive conference proceedings collections in academic libraries, we focused on three objectives: (1) identifying the number of items cited in doctoral dissertations, (2) examining the contents of each citation, and (3) determining the number of conference proceedings accessible from the Kyushu University library. We analyzed 148 dissertations produced by doctoral students at the faculty of engineering in Kyushu University, and 13,177 citations were classified on the basis of citation type, such as journal article, book, and conference proceeding. Among these citations, 1,458 (11.2%) were papers from conference proceedings. The conference proceedings available in the library were then examined to determine the number of items available in electronic format: 28.1% of the proceedings were available as printed materials, 9.0% could be accessed online, and 16.1% were available in both formats..
||Emi Ishita, Yukiko Watanabe, The Department of Library Science at Kyushu University and Our Collaboration with Librarians, The proceedings of 4th Workshop of the Asia Library and Information Research Group, 145, 2012.03, Kyushu University established the Department of Library Science at the Graduate School of Integrated Frontier Sciences in April 2011. In the current rapidly changing information environment, emerging issues include how to manage information and knowledge properly and how to provide secure information access. In order to educate information professionals, our department offers integrated programs in library and information science, archival study, and records management. We develop highly capable specialists in these fields. Our department curriculum includes theoretical, methodological, and practical elements. We also collaborate with the University Library and Archives and other related institutions. For example, one active librarian at the University Library is involved with our department as a full-time lecturer, and other librarians teach students about cutting-edge information services and systems in academic libraries, such as cataloging, e-resource management, institutional repositories, university digital collections, and discovery services. We believe that this attempt benefits both students and librarians..