Kyushu University Academic Staff Educational and Research Activities Database
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CYNTHEA BOGEL Last modified date:2018.05.31

Professor / Faculty of Humanities
Department of Philosophy
Faculty of Humanities


Graduate School
Undergraduate School


E-Mail
Phone
092-642-2370
Fax
092-642-2370
Academic Degree
Ph.D. 1995, Harvard University. M.A. Harvard University. B.A. 1980, Smith College
Field of Specialization
Japanese art history, pre-modern architectural history; East Asian Buddhist Culture and Visual Culture
Outline Activities
Bogel’s research interests are diverse. They focus primarily on Buddhist and other religious visual cultures of Japan, especially the function and reception of icons in the temple and society, technical aspects of statue and painting production, relationships between premodern icons and temples in Japan and East Asia, and contemporary Buddhist popular culture and art. She has also published on prints (ukiyo-e), art historiography, aesthetics, and was formerly a museum curator at the RISD Museum of Art. She taught for almost twenty years in the US at the University of Washington (Seattle) and the University of Oregon. Since 2012 Bogel has served as co-chair of the International Master’s Program (IMAP) and International Doctorate Program (IDOC) in Japanese Humanities, which now comprises five permanent tenured faculty, making it the largest department or program in the Faculty of Humanities, Kyushu University. Bogel teaches graduate seminars (and, occasionally, undergraduate courses) in the areas of Japanese art history, material culture, East Asian Buddhist visual culture, and museum studies. She serves as primary and secondary advisor to graduate students in the IMAP・IDOC programs and external department advisor to graduate and undergraduate students for Japanese-language theses, dissertations, and examinations at Kyūdai. In 2014 she founded the Journal of Asian Humanities at Kyushu University (JAH-Q), for which she serves as chief Editor. A peer-reviewed academic journal with an illustrious editorial board, moving now toward volume 4, JAH-Q has become a notable new publication in Asian studies, especially East Asian religions, art history, literature, and cultural studies. We seek more essays outside of East Asia in future journals on a wide variety of topics. See:
http://www2.lit.kyushu-u.ac.jp/en/impjh/jahq/index.html
Bogel has received JSPS 科研基金grants without interruption since taking up her position (Kiban B, Kiban C, Start-Up), and has been invited twice to the Center for Advanced Study in the Visual Arts (CASVA), National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. アメリカ ナショナル・ギャラリー視覚芸術高等研究所 シニアフェローシップ給費研究員(アメリカ・ワシントンD.C.)as the Ailsa Mellon Bruce Visiting Senior Fellow (2016 and 2017)。She is very active in organizing conferences, workshops, and creating invited-scholar opportunities at Kyūdai, and participates regularly in conferences in Asia, the U.S., and Europe. Her network of collaborators for JSPS grants and other research endeavors includes art historians, religious studies scholars, historians, and museum curators in universities and museums worldwide. Her students have been successful in their admission to Ph.D. or advanced study programs at the U. of Chicago, U. of British Columbia, University of Southern California, Kyushu University, and the Courtauld Institute, London. Students have also been given museum internships ad the St. Louis Museum of Art, the Fukuoka Asian Art Museum, and the Fukuoka City Museum.
Research
Research Interests
  • JSPS (Kaken) Grant, Kiban B category. Primary Investigator. 5-year project.
    The Representation of Wrath and Evil: Conceptions of the World and Expressions of the Wicked and the Converted in Ancient Japan
    keyword : Japanese art history, Japanese visual culture, Buddhist Studies, East Asian Cultural Exchange, Buddhist Visual Culture, Yakushiji temple, Yakushiji, Buddhist icon, Emperor Tenmu, Nara period
    2018.04~2022.03.
  • JSPS (Kaken) Grant, Kiban C category. Research Collaborator of Principal Investigator. Yamamoto Satomi.
    Research on the Genesis and Realization of "Sacrality" (reisei) in the Buddhist Arts of Medieval Japan
    keyword : Japanese art history, Japanese visual culture, Buddhist Studies, East Asian Cultural Exchange, Buddhist Visual Culture, Yakushiji temple, Yakushiji, Buddhist icon, Emperor Tenmu, Nara period
    2018.04~2022.03.
  • Kyushu University QR Jump Research initiative, New Research category grant
    Asian Cosmologies (世界観) in Flux: Changing Concepts and Representation in Tenmu’s Japan
    keyword : Japanese art history, Japanese visual culture, Buddhist Studies, East Asian Cultural Exchange, Buddhist Visual Culture, Yakushiji temple, Yakushiji, Buddhist icon, Emperor Tenmu, Nara period
    2017.04~2018.03.
  • Center for Advanced Study in the Visual Arts (CASVA), National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. Ailsa Mellon Bruce Visiting Senior Fellow, Summer 2017.
    Detailed study of the Yakushiji temple history in Fujiwara and Nara, the icons made for the main hall at each temple, and the surviving Yakushiji triad
    keyword : Yakushiji temple, Yakushiji, Buddhist icon, Emperor Tenmu, Empress Jito, Nara period
    2017.06~2017.08.
  • Center for Advanced Study in the Visual Arts (CASVA), National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. Ailsa Mellon Bruce Visiting Senior Fellow, Spring 2016.
    The research features the central Buddha in Yakushiji, Nara, an early-eighth-century temple
    keyword : Yakushiji temple, Yakushiji, Buddhist icon, Emperor Tenmu, Nara period
    2016.05~2016.07.
  • Kyushu University Short-term International Research Exchange Program, Second Round
    Thangka Conservation and Preservation Center of Bhutan and The Royal University of Bhutan
    keyword : Japanese art history, Japanese visual culture, Buddhist Studies, East Asian Cultural Exchange, Buddhist Visual Culture
    2015.11~2015.12.
  • Kyushu University Interdisciplinary Programs in Education and projects in Research Development (P&P), “Ancient Borders and Crossroads: Transmission, Traces, and Omission” Research member (Primary Investigator: Dr. William John Matsuda)
    keyword : Japanese art history, Japanese visual culture, Buddhist Studies, East Asian Cultural Exchange, Buddhist Visual Culture
    2015.04~2016.03.
  • Kyushu University Interdisciplinary Programs in Education and projects in Research Development (P&P), “A New Proposal for the Eighth-Century Yakushiji Buddha Pedestal: A Copy of the Original and Its Historical Context”
    keyword : Japanese art history, Japanese visual culture, Buddhist Studies, East Asian Cultural Exchange, Buddhist Visual Culture
    2015.04~2016.03.
  • JSPS (Kaken) Grant, Kiban C category. Primary Investigator. Four-year grant.
    Unexplored Avenues: The Esoteric and the Sacred in the Buddhist Arts and Temples of the Nara Period
    keyword : Japanese art history, Japanese visual culture, Buddhist Studies, East Asian Cultural Exchange, Buddhist Visual Culture
    2014.04~2017.03.
  • Kyushu University Interdisciplinary Programs in Education and Projects in Research Development (P&P) Grant
    Fundamental Research Relating to Early Esoteric Buddhist Visual Culture
    keyword : Japanese art history, Japanese visual culture, Buddhist Studies, East Asian Cultural Exchange, Buddhist Visual Culture
    2014.04~2015.03.
  • JSPS (Kaken) Grant for Start-Up Research,
    Ancient Japanese Esoteric Visual Culture, Icons, and Temples
    keyword : Japanese art history, Japanese visual culture, Buddhist Studies, East Asian Cultural Exchange, Buddhist Visual Culture
    2012.09~2014.03.
Current and Past Project
  • This interdisciplinary research-hub project explores the circulation of material objects and performance cultures throughout Asia. Material objects and structures will include buildings, statues, paintings, and crafts; performance cultures will include theatrical genres, musical styles, and embodied practices in a variety of spatial and temporal contexts. We will bring together top researchers from around the world with different academic backgrounds, including art historians, literary scholars, musicologists, performance studies scholars, ritual practitioners, and historians. As an English-language graduate program comprised of five non-Japanese but Japanese-fluent faculty members researching in Japan fields, we IMAP and IDOC faculty (International MA Program in Japanese Humanities, International Doctorate in Japanese Humanities) will strive to pair our knowledge with that of Japanese and non-Japanese colleagues within Kyudai and globally. The project will encourage a holistic rethinking of Asian humanities, resulting in the formulation of new research trajectories and related publications that move beyond national and disciplinary borders. It will introduce Japanese and non-Japanese Kyudai faculty to a global audience.
    In the first year we will build a research network through the following endeavors:
    • Host two international pre-conferences at two venues, National University of Singapore and Kyudai. Top researchers from Japan, Korea, China, Singapore, Europe, and the US will be invited to present papers. A balance of emerging younger voices in each field and established senior scholars will be achieved.
    • Collect and edit the most suitable papers from the two pre-conferences to be published in a special issue of The Journal of Asian Humanities at Kyushu University (JAH-Q), a peer-reviewed (査読) English-language international journal of the Faculty of Humanities.
    In the second year we will hold a major international symposium in September 2019. As with the pre-conferences, several papers will be published in JAH-Q. Additionally, we will collect a group of thematically coherent papers for an essays volume to be published by an international publisher.
Academic Activities
Books
1. Cynthea Jean Bogel, Editor, Journal of Asian Humanities at Kyushu University (JAH-Q), vol. 3, Kyushu University, vol. 3, 2018.03, A double-blind peer-reviewed journal. 160 pages.
2. Cynthea Jean Bogel, Editor, Journal of Asian Humanities at Kyushu University (JAH-Q), vol. 2, Kyushu University, vol. 2, 2017.03, A double-blind peer-reviewed journal. 150 pages.
3. Cynthea Jean Bogel, Volume Special Editor and Editor, Journal of Asian Humanities at Kyushu University (JAH-Q), vol. 1, Kyushu University, vol. 1, 2016.03, A double-blind peer-reviewed journal. 61 pages.
4. Cynthea Jean Bogel, "Buddhist Aesthetics," in Oxford Encyclopedia of Aesthetics, volume 2, ed. ed. Michael Kelly, Oxford University Press, 48-57, 2014.06.
5. Cynthea Jean Bogel, “The Tōji Lecture Hall Statue Mandala and the Choreography of Mikkyō,” in Japan, vol. 3, Esoteric Buddhism and the Tantras in East Asia, ed. Robert Payne , Brill, 936–981, 2011.05.
6. Cynthea Jean Bogel, With a Single Glance: Buddhist Icon and Early Mikkyō Vision, University of Washington, 2009.08, With a Single Glance considers the visual culture of the Japanese esoteric Buddhist tradition, Mikkyo, at the time of its introduction to Japan early in the ninth century. Bogel examines the visual components of Mikkyo through a huge range of sources on art and imagery, philosophy and critical theory, religious studies, cognitive science, cultural analysis, and ritual theory. She presents a framework for understanding the sectarian construction of Japanese Esoteric Buddhist art and doctrine and, for the first time, explores the cultural sources and representational practices that define Mikkyo visual culture.
Recipient of a Getty Foundation publication subvention award and a Metropolitan Center for the Study of Far Eastern Art publication subvention award; recipient of an Association of American University Presses (AAUP), Design award.
7. Cynthea Jean Bogel, "Situating Moving Objects: A Sino-Japanese Catalogue of Imported Items, 800 CE to the Present," Chapter Six in "What’s the Use of Art?: Asian Visual and Material Culture in Context," ed. Morgan Pitelka and Jan Mrazek, University of Hawai'i Press, 142-176, 2008.12.
8. Cynthea Jean Bogel, “Esoteric Art, East Asia,” article in the Encyclopedia of Buddhism, ed. Robert E. Buswell, Jr., Macmillan Reference USA, 252–57, 2004.01.
Reports
1. Cynthea Jean Bogel, Hybridity and Hypothesis: Interpreting Buddhist Imagery in Ancient Japan, CENTER 38, National Gallery of Art, Center for Advanced Study in the Visual Arts, 2018.12.
2. Cynthea Jean Bogel, Sovereign and Cosmology in Two Capitals: An Eighth-Century Buddhist Icon at Yakushiji, CENTER 37, National Gallery of Art, Center for Advanced Study in the Visual Arts, 2017.12.
Papers
1. Cynthea Jean Bogel, Contemplations and Imagery: Issues Relevant to Ancient Japanese Buddhist Icons, Ritual Practice, and Cultural Contexts, Pacific World: Journal of the Institute of Buddhist Studies, 191–222, 2010.09.
2. Cynthea Jean Bogel, The Objects of Transmission and the Subjects of History: Kūkai’s Shōrai mokuroku, Bulletin of the Research Institute of Esoteric Buddhist Culture (Mikkyō Bunka Kenkyūsho Kiyō), 2, 67–99, 2004.10.
3. Cynthea Jean Bogel, Canonizing Kannon
The ninth-century Esoteric Buddhist Altar at Kanshinji, Art Bulletin, 84, 1, 30-64, 2002.03.
Presentations
1. CYNTHEA BOGEL, "Cosmology Beneath the Master of Medicine: The Eighth-Century Pedestal at Yakushiji, Nara", Japan Colloquium Series at Yale University, Council on East Asian Studies at Yale University, 2016.11, Yakushiji temple in Nara houses a 2.5-meter bronze sculpture of the Master of Medicine Buddha with two attendant bodhisattvas; the triad was completed ca. 718. A temple of the same name was vowed by Emperor Tenmu (r. 672–686) in 680 for an earlier capital, Fujiwara, when his chief consort, later Empress Jitō (r. 686–697), became ill. Visually and metaphorically, the 1.5-meter bronze pedestal beneath the Master of Medicine icon supports his promise to quell forces that sicken people and foster chaos. The elegant and powerful blend of Indic foreign figures, Chinese cosmology, grape vines, and symbolic motifs on the pedestal have intrigued scholars for over a century as they seek to explain their possible meanings. Focusing on a search for continental sources, motifs in Buddhist contexts alone, or “Silk Road” origins, and falling back on unrelated meanings for symbolics such as the four directional animals, art historians have overlooked evidence provided by the histories and literature of “ancient Japan” that create and narrate the realm of Tenmu "all under heaven.” What emerges from a reexamination of Yakushiji in two times and places and a review of copious scholarship on the pedestal is, in large part, the creation and maintenance of memory: the Empress and her Emperor carried forward in image and concept to Nara from the old Fujiwara capital, and the representation of Tenmu’s realm—re-presented or imagined—on the pedestal in artistic bronze relief.
2. CYNTHEA BOGEL, “Two Capitals, One Cosmology: Clues to a Dual History of the Temple of the Medicine Master Buddha (Yakushiji in the Fujiwara and Nara Capitals)”, Reassessing Kodai Workshop, ミシガン大学 University of Michigan, 2016.02.
3. CYNTHEA BOGEL, “Moving Icons, Changing Contexts: Statues and Paintings in Ancient Japanese Temples and Comparative Questions for Bhutan”, The Inaugural lecture for the Wellington and Virginia Yee Art Lecture Series, 2015.11.
Membership in Academic Society
  • American Alliance of Museums (AAM), formerly the American Association of Museums
  • Japanese Art History Association
  • Japanese Art History Association, Western Division
  • Association for Asian Studies
  • College Art Association
  • Japanese Art History Association
Educational
Educational Activities
GENERAL COURSES
History of Asian Art and Visual Culture. This survey covers the arts of India, Tibet, Cambodia, China, Korea, and Japan.
Arts of Japan: A Visual and Cultural History. this survey covers the arts of Japan, pre-history to the present.

UPPER LEVEL COURSES
Arts of Japan
Arts of Japan: Jomon (pre-history) to 1200
Arts of Japan: 1200-1500
Arts of Japan: 1500-Present
Arts of Contemporary East Asia
Japanese Ukiyo-e (woodblock prints), Edo Period (1603-1868)
Japanese Prints, Modern and Contemporary
Print Making and Print History in Japan (studio and art history course)
Japanese Painting
Edo Period Painting (1603-1868)
Japanese Buddhist Painting
East Asian Buddhist Visual Culture
Japanese Buddhist Visual Culture
Religious Art and Architecture of Japan
Korean and Chinese Painting

SEMINAR-LEVEL COURSES
Japanese Handscroll Painting, 11th-14th Centuries
Arts of the Heian Period (794-1185) (Japan)
Japanese Crafts: High Art in the Japanese Context (textiles, ceramics, lacquer)
Esoteric Buddhist Representation and Ritual
Japanese Buddhist Painting
Arts of the Edo Period (1603-1868) (Japan)
Edo-Period Painting (Japan)
Japanese Woodblock Prints (Ukiyo-e) I (early artists) (Japan)
Japanese Woodblock Prints (Ukyo-e) II (Utamaro and his contemporaries) (Japan)
Japanese Woodblock Prints (Ukiyo-e) III (19th c., Hokusai and Hiroshige) (Japan)
Kyoto: Tradition and Tradition Redefined (Japan)
Contemporary Japanese Art (1945-present)

3 WEEK-SEMINARS IN JAPAN
Exploration Seminar in Japan: Mountain Pilgrimage and Religious Arts (2010). Planned.
Exploration Seminar in Japan: Buddhist Temples Past and Present (2009). Taught and directed.
Exploration Seminar in Japan: Buddhism and Temples in Kyoto and Nara (2008). Taught and directed.

GRADUATE SEMINARS (ORDERED CHRONOLOGICALLY FROM 2011-1996)
The Art of the Printed Book in China, Korea, and Japan, 1600-1940
Art in the Mountains: Japanese Religious Sites, Pilgrimage Images, and Syncretic Icons
Painting of the Heian Period (794-1185) (Japan)
Methodology of Art History
Hidden Agendas and Visible Differences: Gender, Sexuality, Ethnicity, and Difference in Japanese Art and the Study of Japanese Art
Topics in Japanese Woodblock Prints: Entertainment Culture in the Edo Period
Esoteric Buddhist Visual Culture (Japan) and its Asian Sources: Practice, Form, and Perception
Japanese Medieval Handscroll Painting
Arts and Crafts of the Meiji Period (1868-1912) (Japan)
Japanese Textiles: Contemporary and Traditional Works and Methods (with exhibition)
Methodology of Art History
Topics in Japanese Buddhist Art and Architecture: The Long Eighth Century
Topics in Japanese Woodblock Prints: New Research and Methods
Artistic Exchange Between Korea and Japan
Religious Architecture and Gardens (Japan)
Other Educational Activities
  • 2017.11, Kokugakuin University, Kyoto. Invited speaker. “International Forum: How are Japanese Religions Being Taught?” Presentation in Japanese on Japanese religions in seminars on art history and visual culture. .
Social
Professional and Outreach Activities
Bloomsbury Handbook of Japanese Religions, Editorial Board Member

Consulting and editorial board for Bijutsushi (Art History), Art History Association. Bijutsushi is among the three top art history journals in Japan.

Oxford Bibliographies, Oxford University Press. Buddhism, A peer-reviewed bibliography data base/encyclopedia that is updated regularly. Standing Advisory Board member http://www.oxfordbibliographies.com/obo/page/buddhism

2006–2018 Metropolitan Center for Far Eastern Art Studies (Foundation). The Metropolitan Center (Kyoto, Japan and Palo Alto, CA). Art Advisory Board member. The Center supports East Asian art and visual culture research by graduate students and scholars; grants for museums and other institutions, and library acquisitions. http://www.metcenter-grants.net/.