Kyushu University Academic Staff Educational and Research Activities Database
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Akito Yasuda Last modified date:2019.06.17





E-Mail
Academic Degree
Ph.D.(Area Studies)
Country of degree conferring institution (Overseas)
No
Field of Specialization
African Area Studies, Environmental Sociology
Total Priod of education and research career in the foreign country
01years00months
Outline Activities
[Research]
1. Research "Co-existence between human and Wildlife and Sustainability", with conducting fieldwork in Africa, Hokkaido and Kyushu,Japan, focusing on sport hunting or recreational hunting.
2. Study the subject of "Why human kills wildlife for recreation?", considering the point of view of wildlife and hunting in the past and at the present.

[Education]
Train student who have a critical and multiple points of view, communication and creative skill for this global society, through seminars and lecture based on the result of my research  

[Social activities]
promote outreach activities in NPO or local community where conduct the fieldwork
Research
Research Interests
  • "Sustainability" and Environmental Governance of sport hunting and local community
    -Case studies in Cameroon, Africa and Simukappu Village and Nishiokeppe Village, Japan-
    keyword : sport hunting, wildlife, Sustainability, Environmental Governance
    2013.04.
Current and Past Project
  • 1.Overall goal
    Sustainable use of wildlife and NTFPs is reinforced in Southeast Cameroon on the local people's initiative, with a view to contributing to biodiversity conservation in the TRIDOM landscape.

    2.Project purpose
    A road map is built for sustainable use of wildlife and NTFPs in Southeast Cameroon based on an involvement of local people and their initiative.

    3.Expected outputs
    Output I: A model of sustainable use of wildlife is elaborated based on a wildlife monitoring method that is manageable for local people.
    Output II: Production and processing system of NTFPs is built to alternate bushmeat income.
    Output III: A process for implementing sustainable forest resources management model combined Outputs I & II is proposed to conservation agencies.
  • Project Name:
    "The Eco-iconization of living resources and the politics of the resourcialisation for tourism"
    This project aims 1. to consider critically the dynamism of the people who try to use rare and symbolic species which registered on CITES lists as a resource of tourism promotion, and 2. to survey the way of tourism promotion based on the conservation of the lifestyle and culture of local people.
Academic Activities
Books
1. Yasuda, A. "Killing for 'Protection'?" sport hunting in Africa and "Sustainability" of local community, Keisho Shobo..
2. Yasuda, A. 2010, "Roar of a gun and missing voice: sport hunting in Northern Cameroon", in Kimura, D. and Kitanishi, K. eds. Ecological history of Tropical Forest, Kyoto Univ. Press..
3. Akito Yasuda, Toshio Meguro, Moses M. Okello, Mordecai O. Ogada, Yumi Yamane, Nobuko Nishizaki, Yukino Iwai, David Western, Itsuhiro Hazama, Re-conceptualization of Wildlife Conservation: Toward Resonation between Subsistence and Wildlife, ACTS Press, 2009.03, 本書は、2008年7月にケニア・ナイロビで開催した国際ワークショップのプロシーディング集である。各著者は、ケニア、タンザニア、エチオピア、カメルーンでのフィールドワークをもとに野生動物保全政策の現状を取り上げ、野生動物保護・保全を再概念化することを目的とした。唯一スポーツハンティングの事例を紹介し、野生動物管理および観光利用にともなう住民に対する弊害について報告した.
4. Yasuda, A. 2009, "Politics and Ethics of 'Sustainable' Wildlife management: an aspect over wildlife in Africa", Kitoh, S. and Fukunaga, M. eds. Environmental Ethics, Tokyo Uni. Press..
Papers
1. Akito Yasuda, Is sport hunting a breakthrough wildlife conservation strategy for Africa? –A case study of northern Cameroon, FACTS (Field Actions Science) , 6, 2012.03, Sport hunting is one of the oldest known recreational activities using wildlife. Some researchers have suggested that sport hunting can benefit the development and economy of local communities, thereby promoting the protection of wildlife resources as well as both ecological and economic sustainability. However, important debates remain regarding the social impacts of conservation and tourism on local communities near protected areas.
This study using a case study from northern Cameroon aimed to 1) analyze the social impacts of sport hunting on local people and 2) discuss sustainability of sport hunting. Approximately two years of fieldwork, mainly based on interviews and observations in two villages, showed that sport hunting generated tax revenues of approximately US$1.2 million in one season as well as provided profit sharing and employment opportunities for local communities. However, the local people were affected by regulations of their rights to use natural resources. Moreover, some villages experienced forced migration for the beginning of sport hunting.
Many officers and hunting operators insist that sport hunting entails ecological and economic sustainability because it is operated under strict regulations and generates enormous tax revenues. This is in contrast to hunting by local people, who do not consider the hunting regulation nor pay taxes. The question remains, however, whether the term “sustainability” should only encompass ecological and economic factors. Even if sport hunting plays an important role in community conservation, the social impacts on local communities should be considered before the activity is considered as a viable tactic for wildlife conservation..
2. Akito Yasuda, The Impacts of Sport Hunting on the Livelihoods of Local People: A Case Study of Bénoué National Park, Cameroon, International Association for Society and Natural Resources, 10.1080/08941920.2010.486394, 24, 860-869, 2011.03, This article highlights the social impacts of sport hunting on the livelihoods of local
people using a case study around Be´noue´ National Park, Northern Cameroon. Sport
hunting is a way for local people to receive economic benefits from wildlife resources
concerning community conservation. However, social impacts on local people,
including displacement and restriction of access to natural resources, have rarely
been considered. Nineteen months of fieldwork, mainly based on interviews and
observations in one village, showed that sport hunting in Northern Cameroon generated
tax revenues of about US$1.2 million in 2008 and also provided profit sharing
and employment opportunities to local communities. However, this figure is less than
that in other African countries such as Tanzania, as both employment opportunities
and profit sharing are inequitable in this community. Simultaneously, locals’ rights
over natural resource use, especially hunting rights, even for their livelihoods, were
regulated..
3. Yasuda, A. 2008, "The significance of sport hunting in conservation policy and the impact on the livelihood of local people: A case study of Bénoué National Park, Cameroon", Journal of African Studies 73: 1-15. .
4. Yasuda, A. 2008, "The “Wild” as the Hunted One, the Problems Involved in Sport Hunting in Africa A Case Study of Bénoué National Park, Cameroon", Journal of Environmental Sociology 14: 38-54..
Presentations
1. Akito Yasuda, Hunting and wild meat eating in Japan, World Social Science Forum 2018, 2018.08, In recent years, human-wildlife conflicts, notably against wild boar and deer, have become a serious problem in Japan. Particularly highlighted has been agricultural crop damage, the damage of which has caused an average loss of 20.4 billion yen annually between 1999 and 2016, peaking at 23.8 billion yen in 2010. In effort to regulate the noxious wildlife population, hunting of specific species is permitted throughout the year, regardless of the hunting seasons. In 2016, approximately 520,000 wild boars and 590,000 deer were captured between common hunting and pest control efforts. However, only 83,000 were made available for human consumption, which makes merely 7.5 percent of the total captured. Conversely, this means that the remaining 92.5 percent was disposed of through either burial or incineration.
The Government of Japan and Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF) reacted to this trend by implementing a new policy to promote wild meat consumption to better utilize the captured wildlife, along with local economic revitalization. The mass media took up this initiative which resulted in the current “gibier (wild meat) boom”.
How will such social trends to promote such forms of resource use impact human-wildlife relations? This paper will attempt to untangle the history of hunting and the consumption of wild meat in Japan, and also discuss the future prospects of human-wildlife relations through showcasing actual practices of hunting and wild meat utilization.
.
2. Akito Yasuda, Recreational hunting in Cameroon:“Meat” or “Poison” for local community, Vth International Wildlife Management Congress, 2015.07, Recreational hunting is one of the oldest known tourism activities using wildlife. Leader-Williams (2009) defined it as the hunting where the hunter or hunters pursue their quarry for recreation or pleasure. Some researchers have suggested that controlled recreational hunting can benefit the development of local communities in Third world, thereby promoting the protection of wildlife resources as well as both ecological and economic sustainability. However, important debates remain regarding the social impacts of conservation and tourism on local communities.
This presentation aimed to introduce a social impact of recreational hunting on local community in Cameroon. Approximately two years of fieldwork, mainly based on interviews and observations, showed that recreational hunting in North Province, Cameroon generated tax revenues more than safari in National parks did. A part of economical benefits shared with local communities as profit sharing and employment opportunities. However, the local inhabitants were affected by regulations of their rights to use natural resources. Moreover, some villages experienced forced migration because of the beginning of hunting tourism in this area.
Recreational hunting brings to local community not only positive impacts such as profit sharing and employment opportunity, but also negative one as control of the livelihoods of local people and forced migration. Even if recreational hunting can play an important role in community conservation and wildlife management with its great economic benefit, the independence of local people and their connection with wildlife should be considered to re-conceptualize "Sustainability".
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3. 安田 章人, Recreational hunting in Africa: “Meat” or “Poison” for local community
, XVIII ISA (International Sociological Association) World Congress of Sociology2014, 2014.07, [URL], Recreational hunting is one of the oldest known tourism activities using wildlife. Leader-Williams (2009) defined recreational hunting as the hunting where the hunter or hunters pursue their quarry for recreation or pleasure. Same as in colonial period, hunters, mainly from Europe and U.S.A., range over hill and dale in developing country to obtain trophy of big game and their pleasure.
Some researchers have suggested that controlled recreational hunting can benefit the development of local communities, thereby promoting the protection of wildlife resources as well as both ecological and economic sustainability. However, important debates remain regarding the social impacts of conservation and tourism on local communities.
This presentation aimed to introduce a social impact of recreational hunting on local community in Cameroon. Approximately two years of fieldwork, mainly based on interviews and observations, showed that recreational hunting in North Province, Cameroon generated tax revenues of approximately 0.9 million US dollars in 2009/2010, that is, 200 times as large as than safari in National parks did in the same year. A part of economical benefits shared with local communities as profit sharing and employment opportunities. However, the local inhabitants were affected by regulations of their rights to use natural resources. Moreover, some villages experienced forced migration because of the beginning of hunting tourism in this area.
Recreational hunting brings to local community not only positive impacts such as profit sharing and employment opportunity, but also negative one as control of the livelihoods of local people and forced migration. Even if recreational hunting can play an important role in community conservation and wildlife conservation with its great economic benefit, the independence of local people and their connection with wildlife should be considered to re-conceptualize "Sustainability".
.
4. Akito Yasuda, The village named "obligation": forced migration of local people for sport hunting in North Province, Cameroon, Society and Natural Resources, The 18th International Symposium on Society and Resource Management, 2012.06.
5. Yasuda, A. "Killing for Conservation? Potential and Problem on sport hunting in Africa", Society for the Study of Human Animal Relation, Tokyo Uni., Mar. 11th, 2012..
6. Yasuda, A. "Light and Shadow of Sport hunting; Community Conservation, Ethical Critics and Local Community", Tokyo University of Agriculture, Wildlife Conservation Society Japan, Oct. 15th, 2011..
7. Yasuda, A. "Sport hunting and Community Conservation", Japan Association For African Studies, Hirosaki Uni., Japan, May 22th, 2011..
8. Akito Yasuda, The concept of sustainability and the social influences of sport hunting on the livelihoods of local people: A case study of Bénoué National Park, Cameroon, Society and Natural Resources, The 16th International Symposium on Society and Resource Management, 2010.06.
9. Akito Yasuda, The Impact of Sport Hunting on the Local People in North Province, Cameroon, International Symposium Biological Conservation and Local Community's Needs Lessons from Field Studies on Nature-Dependent Societies, 2009.02.
10. Akito Yasuda, The significance of sport hunting in conservation policy and impact on the livelihood of the local people: A case study of Bénoué National Park, Cameroon, International Workshop Re-conceptualization of wildlife conservation: toward resonatable action for living people, 2008.08.
11. Yasuda, A. "Killing for Conservation?; Potential and Problem of Sport hunting in Africa", the Japanese Association for Environmental Sociology, Minakami, Gunma, Japan, June 8th, 2008..
Membership in Academic Society
  • non-profit organization "AFRIC Africa"
  • Yezo Deer Association
  • Association of Wildlife and Human Society
  • Society for the Study of Human Animal Relations
  • The Japanese Association for Environmental Sociology
  • Japan Association For African Studies
Educational
Educational Activities
Have a chair of seminars and classes in Faculty of Arts and Science to contribute the cultivation of "Active Learner"
Social
Professional and Outreach Activities
I have participated in social activities as a member of NPO "AFRIC-AFRICA," which have the objective of self-sustaining development of local community in Africa, and promotion of understanding of Africa in Japan. .