Kyushu University Academic Staff Educational and Research Activities Database
List of Presentations
Masaaki Iwamoto Last modified date:2018.06.06

Assistant Professor / Department of Environmental Design / Faculty of Design


Presentations
1. Phnom Penh 1964: Architecture and Urbanism of GANEFO.
2. 岩元 真明, Vann Molyvann and His Collaborators, mASEANa Project 2016 2nd Conference, 2017.06.
3. 岩元 真明, The Roles of Foreign Experts in the Cambodian Modern Movement of 1950-60s: Focusing on the works of Vann Molyvann, ISAIA (international symposium on architectural interchanges in asia), 2016.09, The paper investigates the roles of foreign experts in the projects of Vann Molyvann (1926-), the representative figure of the Cambodian Modern Movement in 1950-60s called "New Khmer Architecture". The goal of this paper is to clarify the characteristics of Molyvann's international team, in which he realized many large scale projects only within 15 years. Previous studies pointed out the importance of foreign experts in the movement, but the details of their roles were not examined because of the destruction of primary sources in the Civil War. In this paper, the foreign collaborators of Molyvann in late 1950s and their roles in his team will be specified through the investigation of the newly-discovered documents of Chaktomuk Conference Hall (1957), Cambodian Parlement (1958) and Preah Suramarit National Theatre (1958-59); and those in 1960s through the literature research and hearing surveys with Molyvann and his collaborators at that time.
Immediately after the independence in 1953, Cambodia experienced the rapid modernization under the leadership of Norodom Sihanouk, constructing numerous modern infrastructure and public buildings in a short period. Since no higher education institutions for architecture nor engineering existed in French Protectorate, the driving force of these public works were those who sent or born abroad. Educated in École nationale supérieure des beaux-arts in Paris, Vann Molyvann is its prime example. Due to a chronic lack of local resources, Molyvann, as architect and high official of the government, essentially needed the supports of foreign experts from various countries of both Western and Eastern Blocs, specialized in different fields ranging from architecture, engineering, supervising and archaeology. Exploiting the opportunities to collaborate with these experts, Molyvann tried to develop local architectural culture, as well as his own design philosophy and methodology in which international style and Khmer tradition are integrated..