||Shiyi Zhang, Joseph Wang, Kenshi Hayashi, Fumihiro Sassa, Monolithic processing of a layered flexible robotic actuator film for kinetic electronics, SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 10.1038/s41598-021-99500-9, 11, 1, 2021.10, Low-invasive soft robotic techniques can potentially be used for developing next-generation body-machine interfaces. Most soft robots require complicated fabrication processes involving 3D printing and bonding/assembling. In this letter, we describe a monolithic soft microrobot fabrication process for the mass production of soft film robots with a complex structure by simple 2D processing of a robotic actuator film. The 45 mu g/mm(2) lightweight film robot can be driven at a voltage of CMOS compatible 5 V with 0.15 mm(-1) large curvature changes; it can generate a force 5.7 times greater than its self-weight. In a durability test, actuation could be carried out over 8000 times without degradation. To further demonstrate this technique, three types of film robots with multiple degrees of freedom and a moving illuminator robot were fabricated. This technique can easily integrate various electrical circuits developed in the past to robotic systems and can be used for developing advanced wearable sensing devices; it can be called "Kinetic electronics"..
||Fumihiro Sassa, Gokul Chandra Biswas, Hiroaki Suzuki, Microfabricated electrochemical sensing devices, Lab on a Chip, 10.1039/c9lc01112a, 20, 8, 1358-1389, 2020.04, Electrochemistry provides possibilities to realize smart microdevices of the next generation with high functionalities. Electrodes, which constitute major components of electrochemical devices, can be formed by various microfabrication techniques, and integration of the same (or different) components for that purpose is not difficult. Merging this technique with microfluidics can further expand the areas of application of the resultant devices. To augment the development of next generation devices, it will be beneficial to review recent technological trends in this field and clarify the directions required for moving forward. Even when limiting the discussion to electrochemical microdevices, a variety of useful techniques should be considered. Therefore, in this review, we attempted to provide an overview of all relevant techniques in this context in the hope that it can provide useful comprehensive information..
||Zhongyuan Yang, Fumihiro Sassa, Kenshi Hayashi, A robot equipped with a high-speed LSPR gas sensor module for collecting spatial odor information from on-ground invisible odor sources, ACS Sensors, 10.1021/acssensors.8b00214, 3, 6, 1174-1181, 2018.06, Improving the efficiency of detecting the spatial distribution of gas information with a mobile robot is a great challenge that requires rapid sample collection, which is basically determined by the speed of operation of gas sensors. The present work developed a robot equipped with a highspeed gas sensor module based on localized surface plasmon resonance. The sensor module is designed to sample gases from an on-ground odor source, such as a footprint material or artificial odor marker, via a fine sampling tubing. The tip of the sampling tubing was placed close to the ground to reduce the sampling time and the effect of natural gas diffusion. On-ground ethanol odor sources were detected by the robot at high resolution (i.e., 2.5 cm when the robot moved at 10 cm/s), and the reading of gas information was demonstrated experimentally. This work may help in the development of environmental sensing robots, such as the development of odor source mapping and multirobot systems with pheromone tracing..