Kyushu University Academic Staff Educational and Research Activities Database
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Shinichiro Yoshida Last modified date:2024.05.01

Assistant Professor / Division of Endodontology and Operative Dentistry, Division of Oral Rehabilitation, Faculty of Dental Science, Kyushu University
Oral Rehabilitation
Kyushu University Hospital

Graduate School

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 Reseacher Profiling Tool Kyushu University Pure
Academic Degree
DDS, Ph.D.
Country of degree conferring institution (Overseas)
Field of Specialization
Endodontology and Operative Dentistry
Total Priod of education and research career in the foreign country
Research Interests
  • Development of novel regenerative therapy of periodontal tissue.
    keyword : periodontal ligament, stem cell, regeneration
  • Development of novel method to regenerate dentin-pulp complex using stem cells, signaling molecules and scaffolds.
    keyword : pulp, dentin, stem cell, regeneration
Academic Activities
1. Shinichiro Yoshida, Atsushi Tomokiyo, Daigaku Hasegawa, Sayuri Hamano, Hideki Sugii, Hidefumi Maeda., Insight into the Role of Dental pulp Stem Cells in Regenerative Therapy, Biology, 2020.07, Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have the capacity for self-renewal and multilineage differentiation potential, and are considered a promising cell population for cell-based therapy and tissue regeneration. MSCs are isolated from various organs including dental pulp, which originates from cranial neural crest-derived ectomesenchyme. Recently, dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) and stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHEDs) have been isolated from dental pulp tissue of adult permanent teeth and deciduous teeth, respectively. Because of their MSC-like characteristics such as high growth capacity, multipotency, expression of MSC-related markers, and immunomodulatory effects, they are suggested to be an important cell source for tissue regeneration. Here, we review the features of these cells, their potential to regenerate damaged tissues, and the recently acquired understanding of their potential for clinical application in regenerative medicine..
1. Yoshida S, Sugii H, Itoyama T, Kadowaki M, Hasegawa D, Tomokiyo A, Hamano S, Ipposhi K, Yamahita K, Maeda H., Development of a novel direct pulp-capping material using 4-META/MA-TBB resin with nanohydroxyapatite., Materials Science and Engineering: C, 10.1016/j.msec.2021.112426, 2021.11, In the case of dental pulp exposure, direct pulp capping is often performed to preserve vital dental pulp tissue. Numerous studies regarding the development of direct pulp-capping materials have been conducted, but materials with an appropriate sealing ability, which induce dense reparative dentin formation, have not been developed. Although nano hydroxyapatite (naHAp) is a bone-filling material with bioactivity and biocompatibility, the inductive effects of naHAp on reparative dentin formation remain unclear. In the present study, the effects of dental adhesive material 4-methacryloxyethyl trimellitate anhydride/methyl methacrylate tri-n-butylborane [4-META/MMA-TBB or Super-bond (SB)], which included 10%, 30%, and 50% naHAp (naHAp/SB) on odontoblastic differentiation of dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) and reparative dentin formation were investigated. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer analysis were performed to verify the existence of naHAp particles on the surface of naHAp/SB discs. The tensile adhesive strength of naHAp/SB was measured using a universal testing machine. As a result, 10% naHAp/SB and 30% naHAp/SB showed almost the same tensile adhesive strength as SB but 50% naHAp/SB showed significantly lower than the other experimental group. WST-1 proliferation assay and SEM analysis revealed that naHAp/SB did not affect the proliferation of DPSCs. Calcium release assay, quantitative RT-PCR, and western blotting analysis demonstrated that naHAp/SB did not release calcium ion but 30% naHAp/SB increased the expression of calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) in DPSCs. Additionally, quantitative RT-PCR, western blotting analysis, Alizarin Red S- and von Kossa staining revealed that 30% naHAp/SB induced odontoblastic differentiation of DPSCs, which was inhibited by a MEK/ERK inhibitor and CaSR antagonist. Furthermore, 30% naHAp/SB promoted dense reparative dentin formation in an experimentally-formed rat dental pulp exposure model. These findings suggest that 30% naHAp/SB can be used as an ideal direct pulp capping material..
2. Shinichiro Yoshida, Naohide Yamamoto, Naohisa Wada, Atsushi Tomokiyo, Daigaku Hasegawa, Sayuri Hamano, Hiromi Mitarai, Satoshi Monnouchi, Asuka Yuda, Hidefumi Maeda, GDNF from Human Periodontal Ligament Cells Treated with Proinflammatory Cytokines Promotes Neurocytic Differentiation of PC12 Cells., Journal of Cellular Biochemistry, 2016.07, Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) is known to mediate multiple biological activities such as promotion of cell motility and proliferation, and morphogenesis. However, little is known about its effects on periodontal ligament (PDL) cells. Recently, we reported that GDNF expression is increased in wounded rat PDL tissue and human PDL cells (HPDLCs) treated with proinflammatory cytokines. Here, we investigated the associated expression of GDNF and the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β) in wounded PDL tissue, and whether HPDLCs secrete GDNF which affects neurocytic differentiation. Rat PDL cells near the wounded area showed intense immunoreactions against an anti-GDNF antibody, where immunoreactivity was also increased against an anti-IL-1β antibody. Compared with untreated cells, HPDLCs treated with IL-1β or tumor necrosis factor-alpha showed an increase in the secretion of GDNF protein. Conditioned medium of IL-1β-treated HPDLCs (IL-1β-CM) increased neurite outgrowth of PC12 rat adrenal pheochromocytoma cells. The expression levels of two neural regeneration-associated genes, growth-associated protein-43 (Gap-43) and small proline-rich repeat protein 1A (Sprr1A), were also upregulated in IL-1β-CM-treated PC12 cells. These stimulatory effects of IL-1β-CM were significantly inhibited by a neutralizing antibody against GDNF. In addition, U0126, a MEK inhibitor, inhibited GDNF-induced neurite outgrowth of PC12 cells. These findings suggest that an increase of GDNF in wounded PDL tissue might play an important role in neural regeneration probably via the MEK/ERK signaling pathway..
3. Shinichiro Yoshida, Naohisa Wada, Daigaku Hasegawa, Hirofumi Miyaji, Hiromi Mitarai, Atsushi Tomokiyo, Sayuri Hamano, Hidefumi Maeda, Semaphorin 3A Induces Odontoblastic Phenotype in Dental Pulp Stem Cells, Journal of Dental Research, 2016.06, In cases of pulp exposure due to deep dental caries or severe traumatic injuries, existing pulp-capping materials have a limited ability to reconstruct dentin-pulp complexes and can result in pulpectomy because of their low potentials to accelerate dental pulp cell activities, such as migration, proliferation, and differentiation. Therefore, the development of more effective therapeutic agents has been anticipated for direct pulp capping. Dental pulp tissues are enriched with dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs). Here, the authors investigated the effects of semaphorin 3A (Sema3A) on various functions of human DPSCs in vitro and reparative dentin formation in vivo in a rat dental pulp exposure model. Immunofluorescence staining revealed expression of Sema3A and its receptor Nrp1 (neuropilin 1) in rat dental pulp tissue and human DPSC clones. Sema3A induced cell migration, chemotaxis, proliferation, and odontoblastic differentiation of DPSC clones. In addition, Sema3A treatment of DPSC clones increased β-catenin nuclear accumulation, upregulated expression of the FARP2 gene (FERM, RhoGEF, and pleckstrin domain protein 2), and activated Rac1 in DPSC clones. Furthermore, in the rat dental pulp exposure model, Sema3A promoted reparative dentin formation with dentin tubules and a well-aligned odontoblast-like cell layer at the dental pulp exposure site and with novel reparative dentin almost completely covering pulp tissue at 4 wk after direct pulp capping. These findings suggest that Sema3A could play an important role in dentin regeneration via canonical Wnt/β-catenin signaling. Sema3A might be an alternative agent for direct pulp capping, which requires further study..
Membership in Academic Society
  • The Japanese Society of Regenerative Medicine
  • International Association for Dental Research
  • Japan Endodontic Association
  • The Japanese Society of Conservative Dentistry
Other Educational Activities
  • 2024.04.