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HOOMAN FARZANEH Last modified date:2021.04.02

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Energy and Environmental Systems Laboratory .
Energy and Environmental Systems|Academic Staff| .
Field of Specialization
Energy systems integration, Energy efficiency and management, Energy policy
Outline Activities
Our research group focuses on identifying strategies and policies that could facilitate solutions for the long term energy-related problems—including global energy supply and environmental challenges facing our society. We pursue this goal through developing analytical methods and using computational models in order to understand the role of science and technology in shaping better energy and environmental policies at all levels.
1) Multiple Benefits Assessment of the Low Emission Development Strategies in Asia Pacific Cities:
This research aims to develop and demonstrate a new strategic planning mechanism for achieving multiple benefits of Low Emission Development Strategies (LEDS) in Asia-Pacific cities, together with a robust analytical framework that can be used to assess those benefits during the development and implementation process. In this research:

- We plan to develop a modeling framework in order to quantify the effect of LEDS on four main areas of energy systems, environment, public health and local economy at the city level;
- We create an executive package of policies with an assessment of implementation challenges in each city and
- We develop a strategic plan of the urban multiple benefits of LEDS based on the comparative analysis among the selected cities as the main output of this research.
The six global cities which are evaluated in detail in this research consists of: Tokyo, Sydney, Shanghai, Kuala Lumpur, Seoul and Delhi. In this research the focus would be on 'Buildings', 'Waste' and 'Transport' as the key sectors as they can offer substantial urban climate mitigation potential through the implementation of LEDS in the selected cities.

2) Modeling of thermal behavior of the Organic Photovoltaic (OPV) greenhouse:
The utilization of photovoltaic technology and integrated systems have led to the development of solar greenhouses. The interest of the developers and designers is now to seek new approaches to combine the electricity and food production optimally. Organic Photovoltaics (OPV) are an emerging technology currently being developed for large scale manufacture and with the potential to be scaled to production speeds of megawatts per day. Yet low efficiency of the technologies may limit their deployment in certain regions due to the large land areas that would be required. Although organic photovoltaics have received huge interest in the academic literature, there has been limited analysis of the application of the technology.
In this research, a micro-simulation model created in TRNSYS software was employed for the simulation of thermal energy use in an innovative solar greenhouse with organic photovoltaic system. The model makes it possible to determine both the energy and the humidity balances in a greenhouse.

3) Toward a CO2 zero emission global energy system in the oil and gas producing countries:
Climate change and energy security are global challenges requiring concerted attention and action by all of the world’s countries. Under these conditions, energy supplier and exporter countries in the Middle East region are experiencing further challenges, such as increasing domestic energy demand while energy exports have to concurrently be kept at high levels. Middle East countries process the largest proven oil and gas reserves in the world and contribute a large fraction of the world's CO2 emissions from the use of these as fuels both domestically and internationally. This research addresses different policies that could dramatically change the future course of the Middle East region towards a zero CO2 emission energy system. To this aim, an integrated energy supply-demand model has been developed to analyze required commitments include renewable energy and energy efficiency targets and the potential of nuclear power, all of which should need to be considered in order to reduce CO2 emissions by 2100.

4) Techno-Economic Analysis of an innovative PV-Hydrogen-Biomass system for off-grid power supply:
Developing the Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems (HRES) offer alternative energy options that could be considered as one of the executive policies to support the low carbon energy system in cities. This research investigates the Techno-Economic Analysis (TEA) of an innovative HRES based on the integration of hydrogen generation from biomass gasification, solar power generation, hydrogen generation from water electrolysis, a hydrogen storage device and a Fuel Cell providing heat and power. The main unique concept of the proposed HRSE in this study is the combination of a Super Critical Water (SCW) biomass gasifier which uses water over its critical point as the gasifying agent with a fuel cell system. The SCW biomass gasifier is still in an early development stage and has an ability to use very wet biomass sources with a high gasification efficiency. The electric power and heat generated by this combination would not be affected by the weather, and could therefore be used in combination with photovoltaic modules, to form a composite energy system capable of all-weather operation. The originality of this study lies in the simultaneous optimization of the power and heat management strategy through the detailed modelling of the components of the proposed HRES in order to manage the time mismatch between energy production and load requirements.
Research Interests
  • Energy systems modelling - Integration of multi-vector energy systems across operation and investment, local district and national level infrastructures
    - Multiple impact assessment of Low Emission Development Strategies in urban areas
    - Techno-Economic Analysis of renewable energy, cleaner fossil energy system, carbon capture technology, Smart grid and Demand Response Technology
    - Energy planning under uncertainties – design of sustainable energy systems under multi-dimensional uncertainties.
    - Integration of renewable energy sources – role and value of emerging technologies and systems in supporting the integration of variable renewable generation and distributed energy resources, system integration costs.
    keyword : Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), Low Carbon Society (LCS), Low Emission Development Strategies (LEDS), Clean energy technologies, Techno-Economic-Analysis, Mathematical programming
Academic Activities
1. Hooman Farzaneh, Eric Zusman, Yeora Chae, Aligning Climate Change and Sustainable Development Policies in Asia, Springer, 2021, 2021.03, This book provides policymakers, researchers, and other interested audiences with knowledge on how to quantify and integrate and advance co-benefits in their decisions. It begins with an introductory chapter that provides an overview of the concept of co-benefits. This followed by a section that details quantitative approaches to estimate co-benefits, particularly in cities. A third section presents a series of case studies from the energy sector in Northeast and Southeast Asia. A final section focuses on new perspectives on co-benefits from linking climate change with biodiversity, social justice, and through new models of co-innovation. The book is particularly timely as many countries in Asia seek to achieve objectives in the national climate policies and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

The climate emergency poses an increasingly severe threat to the health and well-being of more than a billion people in Asia. Policymakers in the region have sought to curb this threat by adopting clean energy, energy efficiency, and other sectoral policies. In some cases, these policies can bring additional benefits beyond mitigating climate change. These so-called “co-benefits” --ranging from improved air quality to better health to socioeconomic equity--could not only offset the costs of climate mitigation but also make Asia’s development more sustainable. Yet all too frequently policymakers lack the analytical methods and practical experiences to incorporate co-benefits into their decisions. This has created difficulties in aligning climate and sustainable development policies in Asia..
2. Hooman Farzaneh, Energy Systems Modeling, Principles and Applications, Springer, 978-981-13-6220-0, 2019.05, This book serves as an introductory reference guide for those studying the application of models in energy systems. The book opens with a taxonomy of energy models and treatment of descriptive and analytical models, providing the reader with a foundation of the basic principles underlying the energy models and positioning these principles in the context of energy system studies.

In turn, the book provides valuable insights into the varied applications of different energy models to answer complex questions, including those concerning specific aspects of energy policy measures dealing with issues of supply and demand. Case studies are provided in all of the chapters, offering real-world examples of how existing models fit the classification methods outlined here.

The book’s remaining chapters address a broad range of principles and applications, taking the reader from the basic principles involved, to state-of-the-art energy production and consumption processes, using modeling and validation/illustration in case studies to do so. With its in-depth mathematical foundation, this book serves as a comprehensive collection of work on modeling energy systems and processes, taking inexperienced graduate students from the basics through to a high-level understanding of the modeling processes in question, while also providing professionals and academic researchers in the field of energy planning with an up-to-date reference guide covering the latest works..
3. Hooman Farzaneh, Devising a clean energy strategy for Asian cities, 978-981-13-0781-2, Springer, 2018.08, This book capitalizes on two hot topics: the Low Carbon Emission Development Strategies and climate change in Asian cities. There is resurgence in making policies to investigate more aspects of the energy-environment spectrum for the global energy market in the future. This book helps the policy makers and researchers to understand which actions should be taken to reduce the environmental impacts of economic activities in different regions in Asia.

The clean energy strategy proposed in this book refers to the development and implementation of policies and strategies that simultaneously contribute to addressing climate change and solving local environmental problems, which also have other development impacts. It provides insights to a wide audience on successful ways to promote, design and implement the clean energy policies in Asian cities.

To determine the global actions, it is necessary to make breakthroughs by promoting further research and to present scenarios that achieve Low Emission Development Strategies (LEDS) goals without dependence upon fossil fuels. The scenarios and case studies discussed in this book are helpful to plan for the SDGs, where various objectives have to be achieved at the same time. The UN 2030 development agenda needs innovative planning to achieve multiple goals with limited resources and generate synergy among sectors. This book will be one of the first books available on this subject..
1. Tatsuya Hinokuma, Hooman Farzaneh and Ayas Shaqour, Techno-Economic Analysis of a Fuzzy Logic Control Based Hybrid Renewable Energy System to Power a University Campus in Japan, Energies, 2021, 14(7), 1960, 2021.04.
2. Tavoos Hassan Bhat , Guo Jiawen and Hooman Farzaneh , Air Pollution Health Risk Assessment (AP-HRA), Principles and Applications, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2021, 18(4), 1935, 2021.02.
3. Hooman Farzaneh, Ladan Malehmirchegini, Adrian Bejan, Taofeek Afolabi, Alphonce Mulumba and Precious P. Daka , Artificial Intelligence Evolution in Smart Buildings for Energy Efficiency, Applied Sciences, 2021, 11(2), 763, 2021.01.
4. Shinji Takeshita, Hooman Farzaneh and Mehrnoosh Dashti , Life‐Cycle Assessment of the Wastewater Treatment
Technologies in Indonesia’s Fish‐Processing Industry, Energies, 2020, 13, 6591, 2020.12.
5. Yuichiro Yoshida, Nagashima Keisuke, Hooman Farzaneh, Optimal Design and Operation of a Residential Hybrid Microgrid System in Kasuga City, EcoDesign and Sustainability II , (2021), 499-512, 2021.01.
6. Naoto Takatsu and Hooman Farzaneh, Techno-Economic Analysis of a Hybrid Solar-Hydrogen-Biomass System for Off-Grid Power Supply, EcoDesign and Sustainability II, (2021),483-497, 2021.01.
7. Adriana Gomez-Sanabria, Eric Zusman, Lena Hoglund-Isaksson, Zbigniew Klimont, So-Young Lee, Kaoru Akahoshi, Hooman Farzaneh, Chairunnisa, Sustainable wastewater management in Indonesia's fish processing industry: Bringing governance into scenario analysis, Journal of Environmental Management ,, 2020, 2020.09.
8. Zifei Nie and Hooman Farzaneh, Adaptive Cruise Control for Eco-Driving Based on Model Predictive Control Algorithm, Applied Sciences, 2020, 10(15), 5271, 2020.07.
9. Ayas Shaqour, Hooman Farzaneh, Yuichiro Yoshida, Tatsuya Hinokuma, Power Control and Simulation of a Building Integrated Stand-Alone Hybrid PV-Wind-Battery System in Kasuga City, Japan, Energy Reports, 6 (2020), 1528-1544, 2020.06.
10. Naoto Takatsu and Hooman Farzaneh, Techno-Economic Analysis of a Novel Hydrogen-Based Hybrid Renewable Energy System for Both Grid-Tied and Off-Grid Power Supply in Japan: The Case of Fukushima Prefecture, Applied Sciences, 2020, 10(12), 4061, 2020.06.
11. Jordi Cravioto, Hideaki Ohgaki, Hang Seng Che, ChiaKwang Tan, Satoru Kobayashi, Hla Toe, Bun Long, Eth Oudaya, Nasrudin Abd Rahim, Hooman Farzeneh, The Effects of Rural Electrification on Quality of Life: A Southeast Asian Perspective, Energies, 2020, 3(10), 2410, 2020.05.
12. Yuichiro Yoshida and Hooman Farzaneh, Optimal Design of a Stand-Alone Residential Hybrid Microgrid System for Enhancing Renewable Energy Deployment in Japan, Energies, 2020, 13(7), 1737, 2020.04.
13. Hooman Farzaneh, Quantifying and Visualising Co-benefits in Asia, Asian Co-benefits Partnership, Newsletter Vol. 17 2019, 2019.12.
14. Hooman Farzaneh and WANG Xin, Environmental and Economic Impact Assessment of the Low Emission Development Strategies (LEDS) in Shanghai, China, APN Science Bulletin,, 2020, 10 (1) 26-33, 2020.04.
15. Hooman Farzaneh, Design of a Hybrid Renewable Energy System Based on Supercritical Water Gasification of Biomass for Off-Grid Power Supply in Fukushima, Energies, 2019, 12(14), 2708, 2019.10, This paper proposes an innovative hydrogen-based hybrid renewable energy system
(HRES), which can be used to provide electricity, heat, hydrogen, and water to the small community
in remote areas. The HRES introduced in this study is based on the integration of solar power
generation, hydrogen generation from supercritical water gasification (SCWG) of wet biomass
feedstock, hydrogen generation from solar water electrolysis, and a fuel cell to convert hydrogen to
electricity and heat. The wet biomass feedstock contains aqueous sludge, kitchen waste, and organic
wastewater. A simulation model is designed and used to investigate the control strategy for the
hydrogen and electricity management through detailed size estimation of the system to meet the
load requirements of a selected household area, including ten detached houses in a subject district
around the Shinchi station located in Shinchi-machi, Fukushima prefecture, Japan. As indicated by
results, the proposed HRES can generate about 47.3 MWh of electricity and about 2.6 ton of hydrogen
per annum, using the annual wet biomass consumption of 98 tons, with a Levelized Cost of Energy
(electricity and heat) of the system at 0.38 $/kWh. The implementation of the proposed HRES in the
selected residential area has GHG emissions reduction potential of about 21 tons of CO2-eq per year..
16. Hooman Farzaneh , Jose A. Puppim de Oliveira , Benjamin McLellan and Hideaki Ohgaki, Towards a Low Emission Transport System: Evaluating the Public Health and Environmental Benefits, Energies, 2019, 12(19), 3747, 2019.12, Climate change mitigation strategies oer significant societal co-benefits such as
improvement in public health, air quality, local economy, and even safety. By considering these
co-benefits during the transportation planning process, local governments would be able to link their
local appreciate mitigation actions into the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), where diverse
objectives should be achieved simultaneously. This study first clarifies the co-benefits approach to
climate change mitigation in the transport system, by introducing an integrated multiple-impact
framework known as A-S-I (Avoid-Shift-Improve) to evaluate the co-benefits. Thereafter, it applies
the quantitative modeling approach to assess public health and environmental co-benefits of the
implementation of the Tehran Transportation Master Plan, “the TTMP” in the city of Tehran, Iran,
which includes targeted interventions such as shifting from private vehicles to the urban transport
system, improving vehicle technologies and introducing alternative fuels. The results from the
application of “the TTMP” reveal a significant reduction of CO2 and other local air pollutant emissions
by 12.9 and 1.4 million tons, respectively, prevention of about 10,000 mortality cases, and more than
USD 35 million savings by 2030.
17. Mohd Amran Mohd Radzi, Nasrudin Abd. Rahim, Hang Seng Che, Hideaki Ohgaki, Hooman Farzaneh, Wallace Shung Hui Wong, and Lai Chean Hung, Optimal solar powered system for long houses in sarawak by using HOMER tool, ASEAN Engineering Journal, Vol 9 No 1 (2019), 2019.11.
18. Miguel Esteban, Joana Portugal-Pereira , Benjamin C. Mclellan , Jeremy Bricker , Hooman Farzaneh, Nigora Djalilova , Keiichi N. Ishihara , Hiroshi Takagi , Volker Roeber, 100% renewable energy system in Japan: Smoothening and ancillary services, Applied Energy, 224 (2018) 698-707, 2018.06, In the aftermath of the Paris Agreements, many countries around the globe have pledged to reduce the amount of greenhouse gas emissions being released into the atmosphere. To do so, it is important that the amount of renewable energy in the electricity grid increases. However, there are worries of the capacity of the grid to cope with intermittent energy sources. To assess the feasibility of a 100% renewable energy system in Japan, the authors conducted an hourly simulation of future electricity production based on wind, solar and tidal data. The system was shown to be stable, and the authors calculated the required capacity of electrical batteries that would be necessary to balance such a system..
19. Hooman Farzaneh, Techno-economic study of an innovative PV-hydrogen-biomass system for off-grid power supply, IET Digital Library, 10.1049/cp.2018.1353, 2018.09.
20. Hooman Farzaneh, Multiple benefits assessment of the clean energy development in Asian Cities, Energy Procedia, 136 (2017 ) 8 – 13, 2017.06.
21. Hideaki Ohgaki, Hooman Farzaneh, Nasrudin Abd Rahim, HangSengChe, Mohd Amran Mohd Radzi, Wallace ShungHui Wong, Lai Chean Hung, Study on Quality of Life Change for Rural Community through Rural Electrification by Renewable Energy: Preliminary Result, ASEAN JOURNAL OF MANAGEMENT & INNOVATION, 10.14456/ajmi.2017.16, 4, 2, 1-8, 2017.06.
22. Hooman Farzaneh, Development of a Bottom-up Technology Assessment Model for Assessing the Low Carbon Energy Scenarios in the Urban System, Energy Procedia, 107, 321 – 326, 2017.06.
23. Hooman Farzaneh, Christopher N.H. Doll and Jose Antonio Puppim de Oliveira, An integrated supply-demand model for the optimization of energy flow in the urban energy system, Journal of Cleaner Production, 14 (2016); 269 – 285, 2016.06.
24. Hooman Farzaneh, Majid Fahimi, Yadollah Saboohi, Optimal power generation from low concentration coal bed methane in Iran, Journal of Energy sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization and Environmental Effects, 38 (2016), 4; 590–596, 2016.06.
25. Hooman Farzaneh, Benjamin McLellan and Keiichi N. Ishihara, Toward a CO2 zero emissions energy system in the Middle East Region, International Journal of Green Energy, 13 (2016),7; 682–694, 2016.06.
26. Jose A. Puppim de Oliveira, Christopher N. H. Doll1, José Siri , Magali Dreyfus , Hooman Farzaneh, Anthony Capon, Urban governance and the systems approaches to health-environment co-benefits in cities, Cad. Saúde Pública, 31 (2015); 25-38, 2015.06.
27. Mehrangiz Ghazi, Majid Amidpour, Madjid Abbaspour, Hooman Farzaneh, Developing of constructal theory concept to the total site cogeneration heat and power retrofit, International Journal of Exergy, 17 (2015) , 2; 171-191, 2015.06.
28. Benjamin C. McLellan, Qi Zhang, N. Agya Utama, Hooman Farzaneh, Keiichi N. Ishihara, Analysis of Japan’s post-Fukushima energy strategy, Energy Strategy Reviews, 190-198, 2013.06.
29. Hooman Farzaneh, Keiichi N. Ishihara, Nuki Agya Utama, Benjamin Mclelan and Tetsuo Tezuka, An optimization supply model for crude oil and natural gas in the Middle East, Zero-carbon energy Kyoto 2012, Green energy and technology, 17-29, 2013.06.
30. Y.Saboohi and Hooman Farzaneh, Model for optimizing energy efficiency through controlling speed and gear ratio, Energy Efficiency Journal, 1 (2008); 37-45, 2008.06.
31. Y.Saboohi and Hooman Farzaneh, Model for developing eco-driving strategy of a passenger vehicle, Applied Energy, 86 (2009), 10; 1925-1932, 2009.06.
  • Multiple Benefits Assessment of the Low Emission Development Strategies in French and Japanese cities
  • Kurata grant from the Hitachi Global Foundation on Integrated energy-environment-public health-economy assessment of the Low
    Emission Development Strategies (LEDS) in the major urban areas in Japan
  • Multiple Benefits Assessment of the Low Emission Development Strategies in Asia-Pacific Cities
Educational Activities
1) Head of the Energy and Environmental systems Laboratory
2) Teaching the following graduate courses:
- Energy Systems Analysis
- Energy Efficiency and Management
- Advanced Topics of Energy and Environmental Engineering
- Renewable and Sustainable Energy Systems
Professional and Outreach Activities
International research project on " Multiple Benefits Assessment of the Low Emission Development Strategies in Asia Pacific Cities"
Funded by: Asia-Pacific Network (APN)
Collaboration Network:
 UNEP-Tongji Institute of Environment for Sustainable Development (IESD), Shanghai, China
 International Cooperation Team, Global Strategy Division, Korea Energy Agency (KEA), South Korea
 Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES), Japan
 United Nations University, Institute for the Advanced Study of Sustainability, Tokyo, Japan
 Indian Society For Applied Research & Development New Delhi, India
 Getulio Vargas Foundation, Brazil
 University of Technology Sydney, Australia
 Institute of Advanced Energy, Kyoto University, Japan
 UMPEDAC, University of Malaya, Malaysia
 Advanced LCA Research Group AIST, Japan