Kyushu University Academic Staff Educational and Research Activities Database
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Akihiko Shinozaki Last modified date:2019.05.27

Professor / International Business Analysis
Department of International Economy and Business
Faculty of Economics


Graduate School
Undergraduate School


Homepage
http://www.econ.kyushu-u.ac.jp/~shino/top.html
Academic Degree
Ph.D. in Economics (Kyushu University)
Field of Specialization
Information Economy, Fixed Investment Analysis
Total Priod of education and research career in the foreign country
04years00months
Outline Activities

2010-2012  Executive Adviser to the President, Kyushu University
2004-present Professor, Graduate School of Economics, Kyushu University
2001-2003 Visiting Scholar, Harvard-Yenching Institute, U.S.A.
1999-2004 Associate Professor, Kyushu University
1995-1999 Senior Economist, Deputy Director, Japan Development Bank
1993-1995 Representative, New York Office, Japan Development Bank
1988-1990 Economist, Research Bureau of Economic Planning Agency
1984 Graduate from Kyushu University and entered Japan Development Bank


A: Empirical studies of the impact of information technology to the economy
B: Global studies of the technological innovations and socioeconomic changes


Graduate school: Advanced Research on Information Economy
Under graduate : Introductory Economics, Information Economy, Technological Changes and Its Impact on the Economy


Served as a professional advisory member of several Japanese government committees regarding telecommunications policy and economic policy organized by the Cabinet Office, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, and Ministry of Economy Trade and Industry.


(1) Docomo Mobile Science Award for Empirical Analysis on the Economic Impact of ICT, by The Mobile Communication Fund (2010)
(2) Telecom Social Science Award for Joho Kakumei no Kozu, by The Telecommunications Advancement Foundation (2000)
(3) Fujita Future Management Economic Award for Joho Kakumei no Kozu, by Mainichi Newspapers and Fujita Institute of Future Management (1999)
(4) Most Outstanding Book Award for Nihon Keizai no Gurobaru-ka, by The Trade Promotion Foundation (1998)


(1) Information Economy (infomeshon ekonomi),NTT Publishing, vi+279 pages, March 2014, in Japanese.
(2) Accelerating Japan’s Economic Growth, F. Gerard Adams, Lawrence R Klein(Nobel Laureate), Kumasaka Yuzo, Shinozaki Akihiko, Routledge, xix +182 pages, October 2007.
(3) “Simulating Japan’s Alternative Growth Paths: Production Function Model Analysis on the Impact of Information Technology,” InfoCom Research, Inc., InfoCom REVIEW, No.47, March 2009, pp. 44-53.
Research
Research Interests
  • Impact of ICT on tourism as an information business
    keyword : ICT-enabled business, Tourism, Globalization, Mobility, Non-resident population
    2019.04.
  • Global surge in mobility driven by innovation in ICT

    keyword : ICT, Globalization, Mobility, Cross-border movement of human resource
    2018.04.
  • Economic Impact of the Information Technology:Firm-level Study
    keyword : Information Technology, Firm-level Study
    2016.04.
  • Global views on the socio-economic impact of ICTs: From digital divide to development opportunities
    keyword : Economic development, Information and Communication Technology, International Comparison, Digital Divide
    2012.04.
  • Smulations of Japan's economic growth based on macro econometric model which incorporates ICT capital stock
    keyword : Economic growth, Information Technology, Macro Econometric Model
    2012.04.
  • Empirical Studies of the Impact of Information and Communication Technology to the Global Economic Development
    keyword : Productivity, Information Technology
    2011.04.
  • Economic Impact of the Information Technology
    keyword : Productivity, Information Technology
    2008.04.
  • Firm-level Impact of the Information Technology
    keyword : Information Technology Firm-level
    2006.12~2016.12.
Current and Past Project
  • International Comparisons on the Impact of Information Technology to the Economic Development
Academic Activities
Books
1. Information Economy.
2. F. Gerard Adams, Lawrence R Klein (Nobel Laureate), Kumasaka Yuzo, Akihiko Shinozaki, Accelerating Japan’s Economic Growth, Routledge, Taylor & Francis, U.K., xix +182 pages, 2007.10, [URL], 情報技術革新が生産性や経済成長に及ぼす影響を、日米比較研究を交えて、理論、実証、事例研究の三面から体系的に分析し、人口減少下にある日本経済の基礎力と成長可能性を詳細に検証すると同時に、その実現に向けた政策のあり方を検討(日米の経済学者による国際的な共同研究)。.
3. Joho Gijutsu Kakushin no Keizaikoka [Economic Impact of Information Technology Innovation], in Japanese, Nippon Hyoron-Sha, Tokyo, 2001..
4. IT Keizai Nyumon [Introductory of IT Economy], in Japanese, Nihon Keizai Shinbun-Sha, Tokyo, 2001..
5. Joho Kakumei no Kozu [The Nature of Information Technology Revolution], in Japanese, Toyo Keizai Shinpo-Sha, Tokyo, 1999..
6. Nihon Keizai no Gurobaru-ka [Globalization of Japanese Economy], in Japanese, Toyo Keizai Shinpo-Sha, Tokyo, 1998 (Top of co-author).
Reports
1. , [URL].
2. Akihiko SHINOZAKI, “Capital-investment rebound shows promising trends,” The Nikkei Weekly, March 10, 1997.
, The Nikkei Weekly, March 10, 1997., 1997.03.
Papers
1. Hidemichi Fujii, Akihiko Shinozaki, Shigemi Kagawa, Shunsuke Managi, “How Does Information and Communication Technology Capital Affect Productivity in the Energy Sector? New Evidence from 14 Countries, Considering the Transition to Renewable Energy Systems”, Enegies, https://doi.org/10.3390/en12091786, 12, 9, 1-16, Vol.12, No.9, pp. 1-16., 2019.05, [URL], By focusing on a distributed energy system that has been widely diffused for efficient utilization of renewable energy generation in recent years, this paper investigates the relationship between productivity growth and information and communications technology capital in the energy sector. Information and communications technology is a key factor in operating distributed energy systems in a way that balances energy supply and demand in order to minimize energy loss and to enhance capacity utilization. The objective of this study is to clarify the determining factors that affect productivity growth, focusing on three different information and communications technologies: information technology capital, communication technology capital and software capital. Our estimation sample covers energy sectors in 14 countries from 2000 to 2014. The results show that information technology and software capital contribute to increasing material productivity and capital productivity in the energy sector, respectively. Meanwhile, communication technology capital negatively affects these two productivity indicators..
2. Akihiko Shinozaki, Digital innovation and analog complements: Making the digital economy prosperous, SLRC Discussion Paper Series, Vol.14, No.1, pp.1-15., Vol.14, No.1, 1-15, 2019.01, This is a proceeding of the first keynote speech at Session 1: G20 and the Digital Economy, for an international joint conference entitled “Global Governance and the Digital Economy: Prospects and Challenges,” held in Shanghai on November 29, 2018. Session 1 is designated to explore the broader state of discussions among G20 members and serves as an assessment of the initiatives and plans in the run-up to the Japanese G20 presidency in 2019. For this purpose, the presentation addresses two aspects of digital economy, which are digital dividends and analog complements. It then considers the critical role of the G20 summit in a prosperous digital economy. Finally, it shares the concept of the Japanese Government’s latest strategies—“Grab the Chance by Change with Technology”—to encourage insightful discussions among participants, which will assist in constructing a common framework of digital rules and guidelines as well as reshaping a multilateral partnership toward a promising digital economy..
3. Akihiko Shinozaki, Shigehiro Kubota, “The role of cross-border networks of skilled labor in offshore outsourcing: Empirical evidence based on the network theory”, The Review of Socionetwork Strategies, 10.1007/s12626-018-0028-3, Vol.12, No.2, pp. 153-165., 2018.11, [URL], This study investigates the determinant role of the cross-border movement of skilled labor in the expansion of service trade between the US, and both developed and developing countries. For this purpose, we employ the key concepts of network theory as an analytical framework and conduct panel data analysis and graphical modeling analysis for 31 countries from 1999 to 2008. In this decade, offshore outsourcing in the service trade took off worldwide. We use data for each country’s service exports to the US, number of H-1B visas issued, GNI per-capita, network readiness index, and an English dummy for the official language. We illustrate the trajectory and interactions between these factors. These analyses yield three observations. First, service trade with the US is more intensive among higher income countries. Second, the number of H-1B visas issued has a positive effect on service exports to the US. Third, individuals in lower income countries tend to desire H-1B visas and create intensive skilled labor networks with the US, the path through which developing countries such as India expanded their service exports to the US..
4. In this paper, we discuss how innovations in information technology have transformed the global economy over the last quarter-century. We then illustrate, from an economic perspective, the manner in which new technology and subsequent innovation will reshape the workplace in the 21st century. Our study yielded three observations. First, innovation revitalizes even sluggish economies of developed countries when the innovations involve drastic changes in business processes and human resource management. Second, global information networks provide a new growth trajectory, which enables “leapfrogging” development of lower-income countries. Third, “economies of alliance” in the gig-economy are reshaping the workplace so that individuals with diverse skills are able to do multiple jobs. To benefit fully from innovation, we need to work together with technology, not compete against it. For this to happen, it is critical that we invest intensively in education to foster knowledge in the humanities and the social sciences as well as in the natural sciences and technology..
5. The purpose of this paper is to observe how ICTs have been diffusing around the world based on the available long-run dataset, reviewing the global discussions on the social-economic impact of ICTs over the last two decades. For this purpose, we built the global dataset that represents the pervasion of fixed telephone, mobile phone, and Internet as well as social-economic performances such as GDP per capita and adult literacy rate among 213 countries and regions. This study reveals that digital technologies, especially mobile phone, rapidly spread out in the mid-2000s even in the least developed countries where GDP per capita and adult literacy rate are considerably low. As a result, Gini coefficient demonstrates that digital divide is beginning to close now..
6. Akihiko SHINOZAKI, Measurement of IT Capital Stock and It’s Impact: A Case Study of Japan for Further International Comparisons , Journal of Political Economy (Keizaigaku=Kenkyu),Kyushu University, 77, 4, pp.33-53, Vol. 77, No. 4, pp.33-53., 2011.01.
7. Akihiko Shinozaki, “Simulating Japan’s Alternative Growth Paths: Production Function Model Analysis on the Impact of Information Technology” , InfoCom REVIEW,, No.47, pp. 44-53., 2009.03.
8. Akihiko Shinozaki, “Japan’s Economic Growth and Information Network Industries: Can IT Make It?” , Research Center on Public Affairs for Sustainable Welfare Society, International Journal of Public Affairs , Vol. 5, March 2009, pp. 91-124., 2009.03.
9. Akihiko SHINOZAKI, “Japan’s IT puzzle: Neither a Solow paradox nor a new economy” , InfoCom Research, Inc., InfoCom REVIEW, No.44, March 2008, pp. 22-31.
, 2008.03, [URL].
10. Akihiko SHINOZAKI, “Boosting IT to escape diminishing economic trend” , Japan Center for Economic Research, Research Report on Information Economy, March 2007, pp.1-6
, 2008.03, [URL].
11. , [URL].
12. Corporate reforms and information technology: Multiple comparisons by firm size, [URL].
13. "Effective Corporate Reforms with Information Technology: Logit Model Analysis on Business Process Reengineering, Business Unit Restructuring, and Human Resource Management", [URL].
14. Akihiko SHINOZAKI, Does the sun rise again in the ubiquitous information age?: Feasibility of a vigorous economic growth for Japan under the diminishing demographic trend, Journal of Political Economy (Keizaigaku=Kenkyu),Kyushu University, Vol. 72, No. 5-6, pp.99-124., 2006.03.
15. Akihiko SHINOZAKI, Aggregate Productivity Growth and the Contribution of Japan’s ICT Assets: Isn’t it Another Puzzle?”, RCSS Discussion Paper Series, Research Center of Socionetwork Strategies, The Institute of Economic and Political Studies, Kansai University, No. 20, September 2004, pp.1-23., 2004.09.
16. Akihiko Shinozaki, Innovation vs. Learning by Ding: Implications of Japan’s ‘Lost Decade’ in the Information Age, RCSS Discussion Paper Series, RCSS Discussion Paper Series, No. 12, October 2003, 2003.10.
17. Akihiko Shinozaki, An Empirical Analysis of Information-related Investment and Its Impact on Japanese Economy, JDB Research Report, No.59-02, The Japan Development Bank, October 1998, pp.1-34, 1998.10.
18. Akihiko SHINOZAKI, The Impact of Information Technology on the Labor Market and Labor Productivity: Comparative Analysis of Investment on IT in Japan and the USA, Proceeding of the International Seminar on Human Capital Formation and SMEs in the Information Society, Institute of Developing Economies, pp.36-61., 1997.03.
19. Akihiko Shinozaki, Analysis of the Primary Causes and Economic Effects of Information-Related Investment in the United States and Trends in Japan, JDB Research Report, No.59, The Japan Development Bank, August 1996, pp.1-53, 1996.08.
Presentations
1. Akihiko SHINOZAKI, “Digital innovation and analog complements: Making the digital economy prosperous”, International joint conference entitled “Global Governance and the Digital Economy: Prospects and Challenges,” organized by The Shanghai Institute for International Studies and The Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, 2018.11, This is the first keynote speech at Session 1: G20 and the Digital Economy, for an international joint conference entitled “Global Governance and the Digital Economy: Prospects and Challenges,” held in Shanghai on November 29, 2018. Session 1 is designated to explore the broader state of discussions among G20 members and serves as an assessment of the initiatives and plans in the run-up to the Japanese G20 presidency in 2019. For this purpose, the presentation addresses two aspects of digital economy, which are digital dividends and analog complements. It then considers the critical role of the G20 summit in a prosperous digital economy. Finally, it shares the concept of the Japanese Government’s latest strategies—“Grab the Chance by Change with Technology”—to encourage insightful discussions among participants, which will assist in constructing a common framework of digital rules and guidelines as well as reshaping a multilateral partnership toward a promising digital economy..
2. Akihiko Shinozaki, Satoshi Washio, Shigehiro Kubota, How does investment in information and communications technology pay off? : Evidence from nationwide survey in Japanese workplaces
, International Atlantic Economic Society, 2018.03, The purpose of this study is to analyze how investment in information and communications technology (ICT) and related corporate reforms affect business performance depending on corporate size. To accomplish this, we implemented a nationwide questionnaire survey in Japanese workplaces. The questionnaire categories were the introduction of ICT, effective use of ICT, corporate reforms accompanying the investment in ICT, and resultant business performance in terms of changes in sales revenues, operating profits, and number of full time jobs. Based on the data from 4,016 valid responses, we conducted a graphical modeling analysis by corporate size to illustrate how each factor interacts with the others, and by what routes they exert their respective effects on business performance. Our study yields three observations. First, introduction of ICT, effective use of ICT, and related corporate reforms positively affect each other and improve business performance. Second, for larger firms whose organizational structures are complicated and sometimes redundant, corporate reforms have the most direct effect on the increase in sales revenues and operating profits, while introduction of ICT has a direct effects on job creation. Third, for small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) whose organizational structures are relatively simple, the most important factor is the effective use of ICT, because SMEs often have difficulty retaining highly skilled employees or experts in new technology when they invest in ICT..
3. Akihiko Shinozaki, Shigehiro Kubota, What determines service trade from developing countries to the U.S.?
―Evidence of the role of human resource networks―, International Atlantic Economic Society, 2017.03, This study uses network theory in an empirical analysis of the growth trajectory in service exports from developing countries to the U.S., with a special focus on cross-border human resource networks. This study clarifies the effect and interactions between the relevant factors of income levels, IT network availability, cross-border human resource networks, and English proficiency factors. Based on this analytical framework, we first conducted a panel data analysis covering 31 countries from 1999 to 2008, the decade in which offshore outsourcing began to take off worldwide. The study used data for each country’s service exports to the U.S., number of H-1B visa issued, GNI per-capita, network readiness index, and English proficiency. We then conducted a graphical modeling analysis to illustrate the trajectory and interaction among these factors. These analyses yield two observations. First, per-capita income and the number of H-1B visa issued have the most direct and positive effect on service exports to the U.S. Second, individuals in lower-income countries tend to desire H-1B visas and create intensive high-skilled human networks with the U.S., the path through which developing countries such as India expanded their service exports to the U.S. Our study helps to clarify how these trade links changed via re-wiring in due to labor movement from developing countries..
4. 篠﨑 彰彦, A role of investment in intangibles: How can IT make it?, 日本生産性本部/科研プロジェクト共催, 2015.07, In this presentation we demonstrate that the Japanese economy has fumbled their chance to reap the benefits of investment in information technology due to a reluctance to carry out drastic corporate reforms in business processes and human resource.
5. In this study we conduct Granger causality test among 213 countries and regions to examine how pervasion of mobile phone and per capita GDP relate in different development stage globally. This study reveals that higher income leads diffusion of mobile phone in 1990s among developed countries while rapid spread of the mobile technology in 2000s promote increase of per capita GDP among not only developed but also developing countries such as African nations..
6. , [URL].
Membership in Academic Society
  • International Atlantic Economic Society
  • Western Economic Association International
  • American Economic Assosiation
  • Nihon Kiezai Gakkai [Japanese Economic Association]
  • Joho Tsushin Gakkai [Japan Society of Information and Communication Research]
  • Keiki Junkan Gakkai [Assosiation of Business Cycle] (board member)
  • The Japan Society for Socio-Information Studies
  • Kyushu Keizai Gakkai[Kyushu Association of Economic Science]
Awards
  • Docomo Mobile Science Award (Social Science)
  • Telecom Social Science Award for Joho Kakumei no Kozu, by The Telecommunications Advancement Foundation (2000)
  • Fujita Future Management Economic Award for Joho Kakumei no Kozu, by Mainichi Newspapers and Fujita Institute of Future Management (1999)
  • Most outstanding Book Award for Nihon Keizai no Gurobaru-ka, by The Trade Promotion Foundation (1998)
Educational
Educational Activities
Graduate school: Advanced Information Economy, International comparison of Natue of the firms, Industrial analysis
UnderGraduate : Introductory Economics, Information Economy, Contemporary US economy, Current economy and business
Other Educational Activities
  • 2015.02.
  • 2014.11.
  • 2014.03.
  • 2014.03.
  • 2013.03.