Kyushu University Academic Staff Educational and Research Activities Database
List of Papers
Ashir Ahmed Last modified date:2018.07.04

Associate Professor / Department of Advanced Information Technology / Faculty of Information Science and Electrical Engineering


Papers
1. N. Hossain, 2F. Yokota, A. Fukuda, and A. Ahmed, Factors affecting rural patients’ primary compliance with e-prescription: a developing country perspective, Telemedicine and e-Health, 2018, 2018.06.
2. N. Hossain, F. Yokota, N. Sultana and A. Ahmed, Factors Influencing Rural End-Users’ Acceptance of e-Health in Developing Countries: A study on Portable Health Clinic in Bangladesh, Telemedicine and e-Health, 2018, 2018.04, [URL].
3. K. M. Hossein, F. Yokota, M. Nishikitani, R. Islam, H. Kitaoka, H. Okajima, and A. Ahmed, Factors Associated to Online Shopping at the BoP Community in Rural Bangladesh, International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications, 8, 10, 46-51, 2017.06, [URL], Online shopping is getting popular even in the rural areas of developing countries. However, few research has
been conducted to identify the factors associated to online shopping by the poor villagers. Whereas people living at the bottom of the economic pyramid (BoP) has an aggregate purchase power which is a huge market and online shopping has the potentiality in reducing BoP penalty by removing unnecessary middlemen from the supply chain. In this research, we have conducted a field survey on 600 households in the western part of rural Bangladesh to find out current status of
online shopping use by the BoP people and the demographic and behavioral factors associated with online shopping. Chi-square test of association and multi variate logistic regression test have been performed to analyze data. Result shows that cell phone use, computer use, social media use, and mobile money transfer use have significant relationship in online shopping use at the BoP community..
4. M. N. Hossain, H. Okajima, H. Kitaoka, and A. Ahmed, Consumer Acceptance of eHealth among Rural Inhabitants in Developing Countries (A Study on Portable Health Clinic in Bangladesh), Procedia Comput. Sci.,, 111, 2015, 471-478, 2017.04, [URL], This paper explores and analyzes the current level of, reasons behind and factors affecting consumer acceptance of Portable Health Clinic (PHC), an e-Health initiative in Bangladesh. Our findings revealed that, 40% of the respondents have idea of using ICT in healthcare while 21% have their own experience of using any of the existing mHealth or eHealth systems. On the other hand, PHC’s acceptance rate among our respondents is 32% i.e. they have received healthcare services from PHC at least once. This research also analyzed consumer’s demographic and socio-economic factors that affect their acceptance of eHealth. Our finding says, consumer’s age, occupation and purchasing power have very strong influence on their acceptance of eHealth services while their gender, level of education, access to cell phone and previous eHealth knowledge have very insignificant or weaker impact..
5. M. N. Hossain and A. Ahmed, Maximizing Social Return on Investment: The Role of Investment Destination and Social Business Portfolio Selection, Dhaka University Journal of Business Studies, 37, 3, 185-195, 2016.06.
6. Takuzo Osugi, REBEIRO-HARGRAVE ANDREW, Jecinta Kamau, Abdullah Emran, Ashir Ahmed, Healthcare Service on Wheels for Unreached Communities, International Journal of Social Science and Humanity, 6 (5), pp. 594-599, 2016., 6, 5, 594-599, 2016.04, This article introduces an ICT based transport system called Social Services on Wheels (SSW) that provides multiple social services especially healthcare delivery to the unreached communities. A community car brings healthcare devices, PC and team members (Village entrepreneur, healthcare worker, IT assistant) to pre-allocated service points within villages. The measuring devices and applications are supported by a back-end data operations office using Internet. The villager walks to the nearest service point and interfaces with the healthcare and information systems. Social Service on Wheels has been tested in two rural villages in Bangladesh during October 2013 to February 2014. The results showed that 4,496 long distance trips were reduced because the villager were satisfactorily served without leaving their village. The villagers tended to associate the delivery of six social services with the Toyota community car rather than the SSW teams who performed the tests or helped with IT issues. SSW empowered the community by hiring locally and training the SSW teams. The sustainability of SSW project is a challenging area and is still being investigated..
7. Mehdi Hasan, Mamoru Ito, Ashir Ahmed, Dissemination of Personalized Agricultural Knowledge for Farmers in Bangladesh, International Journal of Innovative Research and Development (IJIRD), 5, 3, 65-69, 2016.02, [URL], Bangladesh is predominately an agricultural country. To feed her 160 million people from 8.2 million hectares of cultivable land
is a tough task. 15, 089,000 families out of total 17,600,804 families are directly or indirectly involve with the agriculture. Every
year, almost 0.20 million people are being added to the total population whereas the estimated annual shrinkage of agricultural
land is about 0.08 million hectares due to various non-agricultural activities like constructions of houses, roads, etc. In 1971,
agriculture was the first contributor to the GDP 71% which is currently 20.60%. In terms of employment, agriculture still
remains to the largest source. To continue the sustainable agricultural development, farmers need updated knowledge. Currently
they have various sources to get knowledge as like TV, mobile phone, radio, private group and so on. However, 60% farmers are
still expecting knowledge from the government agriculture extension officers. But it is quite difficult to disseminate personalize
agricultural knowledge for 12,000 extension officers to 16 million farmers around the country. This research will identify the
existing gap for getting agricultural knowledge from the most preferable sources and propose the improved service design which
can support to disseminate personalize agricultural knowledge for farmers in Bangladesh..
8. Ashir Ahmed, Kazi Mozaher Hossein, Md. Asifur Rahman, Takuzo Osugi, Akira Fukuda, Hiroto Yasuura, Expansion of e-Commerce Coverage to Unreached Community by using Micro-Finance Infrastructure , International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications (ijacsa), 10.14569/IJACSA.2015.060904, 6, 9, 2015.09, Most people at the BOP (base of the economic pyramid, the largest but the poorest community in the world comprising 69% of world population) do not have access to e-commerce services. The way e-commerce is designed and practiced today does not enable their participation. The reasons are: their purchasing power is low, they do not have any means to make online payments, and there is no infrastructure to deliver the purchased items to their doors. To enable the participation of the people at BOP, we propose an e-commerce framework by engaging MFI resources and our recently developed ePassbook system. This paper shows how the BOP community can enjoy the benefits of the e-commerce service by using the proposed model. The advantages of making e-commerce available to the BOP are discussed, in addition to the challenges involved in implementing the model. .
9. Takuzo Osugi, REBEIRO-HARGRAVE ANDREW, Jecinta Kamau, Abdullah Emran, Ashir Ahmed, Healthcare Service on Wheels for Unreached Communities , Proceedings of the International Conference on Social Sciences and Humanities, 2015.04, This article introduces an ICT based transport system called Social Services on Wheels (SSW) that provides multiple social services especially healthcare delivery to the unreached communities. A community car brings healthcare devices, PC and team members (Village entrepreneur, healthcare worker, IT assistant) to pre-allocated service points within villages. The measuring devices and applications are supported by a back-end data operations office using Internet. The villager walks to the nearest service point and interfaces with the healthcare and information systems. Social Service on Wheels has been tested in two rural villages in Bangladesh during October 2013 to February 2014. The results showed that 4,496 long distance trips were reduced because the villager were satisfactorily served without leaving their village. The villagers tended to associate the delivery of six social services with the Toyota community car rather than the SSW teams who performed the tests or helped with IT issues. SSW empowered the community by hiring locally and training the SSW teams. The sustainability of SSW project is a challenging area and is still being investigated..
10. Nohara Yasunobu, Eiko Kai, Partha Pratim Ghosh, Rafiqul Islam Maruf, Ashir Ahmed, Masahiro Kuroda, Sozo Inoue, Tatsuo Hiramatsu, Michio Kimura, Naoki Nakashima, Health Checkup and Telemedical Intervention Program for Preventive Medicine in Developing Countries: Verification Study, Journal of Medical Internet Research , 10.2196/jmir.3705, 17, 1, 2015.01, Background: The prevalence of non-communicable diseases is increasing throughout the world, including developing countries.
Objective: The intent was to conduct a study of a preventive medical service in a developing country, combining eHealth checkups and teleconsultation as well as assess stratification rules and the short-term effects of intervention.
Methods: We developed an eHealth system that comprises a set of sensor devices in an attaché case, a data transmission system linked to a mobile network, and a data management application. We provided eHealth checkups for the populations of five villages and the employees of five factories/offices in Bangladesh. Individual health condition was automatically categorized into four grades based on international diagnostic standards: green (healthy), yellow (caution), orange (affected), and red (emergent). We provided teleconsultation for orange- and red-grade subjects and we provided teleprescription for these subjects as required.
Results: The first checkup was provided to 16,741 subjects. After one year, 2361 subjects participated in the second checkup and the systolic blood pressure of these subjects was significantly decreased from an average of 121 mmHg to an average of 116 mmHg (P<.001). Based on these results, we propose a cost-effective method using a machine learning technique (random forest method) using the medical interview, subject profiles, and checkup results as predictor to avoid costly measurements of blood sugar, to ensure sustainability of the program in developing countries.
Conclusions: The results of this study demonstrate the benefits of an eHealth checkup and teleconsultation program as an effective health care system in developing countries..
11. Jecinta Kamau, REBEIRO-HARGRAVE ANDREW, Ashir Ahmed, Villager Centered Transport System in Unreached Communities, The 2014 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (SMC2014), 2014.10.
12. REBEIRO-HARGRAVE ANDREW, Hiroshi Nakajima, Ashir Ahmed, Keiichi Obayashi, Naoki Nakashima, Mitsuo Kuwabara, Islam Rafiqul, Toshikazu Shiga, Investigation into Blood Pressure Variability in Japan and Bangladesh by ICT based Healthcare Systems, The 2014 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (SMC2014), 2014.10, Blood Pressure readings are widely accepted as a measure to determine the risk of non-communicable diseases such as hypertension and stroke. Affordable healthcare devices and sensors allow individuals to monitor blood pressure at home or at a local service point on a daily basis. ICT based healthcare systems interpret the readings and give feedback to individuals or may trigger a telemedicine call to a remote doctor. This paper introduces case studies for ICT healthcare studies undertaken in Japan and Bangladesh. Blood Pressure data collected by the Omron WellnessLink (500,000 readings) and the Kyushu University/Grameen Portable Heath Clinic (21,252 readings) are examined for similarities and differences. The results show similarities in gender and temporal influences. Males have higher blood pressure and readings appear to be rhythmic according to day and month. The differences indicate that the mean Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP) for Japanese males is higher than Bangladesh males and SBP for Bangladesh females is higher than Japanese females. The impact of climate is stronger on Japanese SBP than Bangladesh SBP. The Bangladesh data shows progressive increase in SBP in each ten year age category until 80 years; this is also reflected by BMI categories. The study reveals that affordable devices connected to basic ICT based healthcare systems reveal underlying factors in the Blood Pressure variability..
13. Seddiq Alabbasi, Ashir Ahmed, Kunihiko Kaneko, Data types managed database design for dynamic content, Proceedings of IEEE TENCON 2014, 2014.10.
14. Eiko Kai, Nohara Yasunobu, Naoki Nakashima, Ashir Ahmed, Evolving Health Consultancy by Predictive Caravan Health Sensing in Developing Countries, SmartHealthSys 2014 : ACM UbiComp International Workshop on Smart Health Systems and Applications, 2014.09.
15. Ashir Ahmed, REBEIRO-HARGRAVE ANDREW, Rafiqul Islam Maruf, Sozo Inoue, Naoki Nakashima, Applicability of Portable Health Clinic for ageing Society, Human-Computer Interaction (HCI International), Springer LNCS, LNCS 8530, 533-544, 2014.08, [URL], Portable Health Clinic is adapted to provide primary care to a super aged society. A super aged society occurs when, one third of the population is 65+ years and one fifth is 85+ years. The combination of aging society and incidence of non-communicable diseases increases the prevalence of elderly disability and places pressure on health care systems, health costs, and existing social norms. The goal is to reposition the Portable Health Clinic as a health information and af- fordable disability prevention system. In this paper, we show how the healthcare worker can supplement her competence on medical risk factors with sensor tech- nology and share her knowledge with elderly patients within the community. We suggest that the remote telemedicine call center should be used to support distant screening and surveillance programs and provide early intervention to diseases. We investigate 18,278 Portable Health Clinic Electronic Health Records between 2012 and 2013 to see what are the most important risk factors for ill health in Bangladesh. The field data implies that elevated blood pressure and blood sugar and protein in the urine and the most important risk factors for the elderly popula- tion (>65 years) when compared to younger population (<65 years)..
16. Seddiq Alabbasi, Ashir Ahmed, REBEIRO-HARGRAVE ANDREW, Kunihiko Kaneko, Hiroto Yasuura, Design of a personal health book for ensuring healthcare data portability, International Conference on Applied and Theoretical Information Systems Research, 2014.06.
17. Ashir Ahmed, Andrew REBEIRO-HARGRAVE, Raiqul Islam, Sozo Inoue, Naoki Nakashima, Applicability of Portable Health Clinic for ageing Society, International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (HCI International), LNCS, 8530, 533-544, 2014.06, Portable Health Clinic is adapted to provide primary care to a super aged society. A super aged society occurs when, one third of the population is 65+ years and one fifth is 85+ years. The combination of aging society and incidence of non-communicable diseases increases the prevalence of elderly disability and places pressure on health care systems, health costs, and existing social norms. The goal is to reposition the Portable Health Clinic as a health information and affordable disability prevention system. In this paper, we show how the healthcare worker can supplement her competence on medical risk factors with sensor technology and share her knowledge with elderly patients within the community. We suggest that the remote telemedicine call center should be used to support distant screening and surveillance programs and provide early intervention to diseases. We investigate 18,278 Portable Health Clinic Electronic Health Records between 2012 and 2013 to see what are the most important risk factors for ill health in Bangladesh. The field data implies that elevated blood pressure and blood sugar and protein in the urine and the most important risk factors for the elderly population (>65 years) when compared to younger population (<65 years)..
18. Seddiq Alabbasi, Ashir Ahmed, Andrew REBEIRO-HARGRAVE, Kunihiko Kaneko, Akira Fukuda, Design of a personal health book for ensuring healthcare data portability, Proceedings of ATISR 2014, 2014.06, Personal Health Records (PHR) are digitized and stored for efficient patient management in hospitals or clinics. At the patient side, the health records are not digitally stored and thus difficult to manage. In this work, we propose a new framework, we call it Personal Health Book (PHB) where a patient can own, operate, manage by herself and can also share her own data with other authorized parties. We are investigating what database design would be suitable for PHB. We considered three different database designs (wide direction, long direction and decomposed) and compared their performances. We set up a simulator and measured performance indicators to compare their performances. We observed that decomposed design has more advantage than the other two. Decompose design itself will help in managing data types along with the better results we got in a simulation we designed to compare long direction versus decomposed..
19. Jecinta Kamau, Andrew REBEIRO-HARGRAVE, Hiroaki Saito, Emran Abdullah, Hiroshi Okajima, Ashir Ahmed, Social Services on Wheels: A sustainable model to improve access in unreached communities, Proceedings of the IEEE IST-Africa, 2014.05, Unreached communities require access to fundamental social services such as healthcare, education, learning and purchasing opportunities to improve their economic sustainability. Unreached communities are characterized by informal and unsafe transport. Villagers have to travel long distances to urban centres to attain social services. In this article, we introduce an Information Communication Technology (ICT) concept called Social Services on Wheels (SSW) to provide quality transit and overcome access problems by bringing e-services directly to the community. SSW is based on a community vehicle that is as a college bus service and mobile ICT platform. SSW takes a healthcare worker, an ICT assistant and their equipment to a service point allowing villagers to access telemedicine and Internet services. SSW was tested on a rural community in Bangladesh in 2012 and 2013. A cost analysis shows that 52% of the total operating cost was covered using the existing business model. The research contributes to the discussion on sustainable ICT for Development (ICT4D)..
20. Eiko Kai, Andrew REBEIRO-HARGRAVE, Sozo Inoue, Nohara Yasunobu, Naoki Nakashima, Rafiqul Islam, Ashir Ahmed, Empowering the healthcare worker using the Portable Health Clinic, Proceedings of 28th IEEE-AINA, 2014.05, We present a remote healthcare consultancy system that enables healthcare workers to identify noncommunicable diseases in unreached communities. The healthcare system combines medical sensors with mobile health and is called a Portable Health Clinic. The Portable Health Clinic fits into a briefcase and is operated by the healthcare worker. The goal of this research is to empower the healthcare worker further by allowing her to recognize spurious measurements and to make lifestyle recommendations. In this paper, we show how to process the data: combine, link and compare – captured in patient electronic health records stored in database. We applied association rule technique to find common set of rules in order to build a clinical decision support system. We also showed examples of the meaningful information from the analyzed data to build a better clinical decision support..
21. Ashir Ahmed, バングラデシュにおけるICTを用いた農業情報支援による貧困層農家の所得向上, 農学国際協力, 2014.04.
22. Ashir Ahmed, REBEIRO-HARGRAVE ANDREW, Nohara Yasunobu, Eiko Kai, Zahidul Hussein Ripon, Naoki Nakashima, Targeting morbidity in unreached communities using Portable Health Clinic System, IEICE Trans. Special Issue on Information and Communication Technology for Medical and Healthcare Applications, 540-545, 2014.03, This study looks at how an e-Health System can reduce morbidity (poor health) in unreached communities. The e-Health system combines affordable sensors and Body Area Networking technology with mobile health concepts and is called a Portable Health Clinic. The health clinic is portable because all the medical devices fit inside a briefcase and are carried to unreached communities by a health assistant. Patient mor- bidity is diagnosed using software stratification algorithm and categorized according to triage color-coding scheme within the briefcase. Morbid pa- tients are connected to remote doctor in a telemedicine call center using the mobile network coverage. Electronic Health Records (EHR) are used for the medical consultancy and e-Prescription is generated. The effec- tiveness of the portable health clinic system to target morbidity was tested on 8690 patients in rural and urban areas of Bangladesh during Septem- ber 2012 to January 2013. There were two phases to the experiment: the first phase identified the intensity of morbidity and the second phase re- examined the morbid patients, two months later. The experiment results show a decrease in patients to identify as morbid among those who partici- pated in telemedicine process..
23. Ashir Ahmed, Andrew REBEIRO-HARGRAVE, Nohara Yasunobu, Eiko Kai, Zahidul Hossein Ripon, Naoki Nakashima, Targeting morbidity in unreached communities using Portable Health Clinic System, IEICE Transaction on Communications, 10.1587/transcom.E97.B.540, E97-B, 3, 540-545, 2014.03, This study looks at how an e-Health System can reduce morbidity (poor health) in unreached communities. The e-Health system combines affordable sensors and Body Area Networking technology with mobile health concepts and is called a Portable Health Clinic. The health clinic is portable because all the medical devices fit inside a briefcase and are carried to unreached communities by a healthcare assistants. Patient morbidity is diagnosed using software stratification algorithm and categorized according to triage color-coding scheme within the briefcase. Morbid patients are connected to remote doctor in a telemedicine call center using the mobile network coverage. Electronic Health Records (EHR) are used for the medical consultancy and e-Prescription is generated. The effectiveness of the portable health clinic system to target morbidity was tested on 8690 patients in rural and urban areas of Bangladesh during September 2012 to January 2013. There were two phases to the experiment: the first phase identified the intensity of morbidity and the second phase re-examined the morbid patients, two months later. The experiment results show a decrease in patients to identify as morbid among those who participated in telemedicine process. .
24. Kunihiko Kaneko, Ashir Ahmed, Seddiq Alabbasi, A Data Explorer System and Rulesets of Table Functions, Proceedings of ICSIT 2014, 2014.03, In this paper, we present a data analysis and visualization system named "Data Explorer". The system read a data table, and produce analysis and visualization results interactively. The system include many types of table functions. There are different numbers and types of options for each table function. A problem to be tackled is the difficulty to set option values of the table functions. There will be many user mistakes in the option values. To solve the problem, we propose a rule set to decide a candidate set of the option values of the table functions. Here, the data-description data (i.e. metadata) of data table is employed to decide the candidate set. We use the metadata to decide the applicability of table functions, also. The feasibility of the idea is evaluated using two types of dataset. They are iris and the hospital dataset..
25. Akinori Ozaki, Md. Abiar Rahman, Kazuo Ogata, Ashir Ahmed, Ikuo Miyajima, Takashi OKAYASU, Takuzo Osugi, D. K. Choudhury, N. Al Amin, Impact of ICT based Farming knowledge Dissemination on Farmers Income- Experience of Income Generation Project for Farmers using ICT in Bangladesh, Bulletin of the Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Kyushu University, 36, 96-112, 2013.12.
26. Seddiq Alabbasi, Ashir Ahmed, Andrew REBEIRO-HARGRAVE, Kazuaki Murakami, Hiroto Yasuura, Personal lifetime data and its smart management, Proceedings of ISISE2013, 2013.11, Personal data is information that identifies a person. Information in the personal data landscape is often unavailable or underused by the individual. This article defines personal data in terms of persistent data and transitory data. It suggests personal data store are a suitable repository for persistent records to be accessed by the individual using Personal Information Module. It recommends smart cards as a convenient medium to interface with data networks and capture high volumes of transitory data. Smart cards can lead to reduction of application forms, improve contract accuracy and allow individuals to record and manage their consumption behavior. Personal data can be modeled on lifetime scale and this allows for new hypothesis and general inferences to be made. .
27. Partha Pratim Ghosh, Rafiqul Islam, Naoki Nakashima, Nohara Yasunobu, Ashir Ahmed, Effectiveness of Preventive Healthcare through Telemedicine in Bangladesh, The 18th ISfTeH International Conference , 2013.09.
28. Ashir Ahmed, Partha Pratim Ghosh, Energy for small scale rural ICT centers , IMPRES2013: International Symposium on Innovative Materials for Processes in Energy Systems 2013, 2013.09.
29. Eiko Kai, Partha P. Ghosh, Sozo Inoue, Ashir Ahmed, GramHealth BigData for Smart Healthcare Applications, Proceedings of EMBC 2013, 2013.07.
30. Ashir Ahmed, Lutfe Kabir, Eiko Kai, Sozo Inoue, GramHeath: A bottom-up approach to provide preventive healthcare services for unreached community, Proceedings of EMBC 2013, 2013.07.
31. Ashir Ahmed, Sozo Inoue, Eiko Kai, Naoki Nakashima, Nohara Yasunobu, Portable Health Clinic: A Pervasive Way to Serve the Unreached Community for Preventive Healthcare, Proceedings of HCI International 2013, Published by Springer, LNCS 8028, 265-274, 2013.07.
32. Seddiq Alkhan, Ashir Ahmed, Social information infrastructure and bigdata for smart services, Proceedings of e-CASE2013, 2013.04, Our lab has proposed and designed a social information infrastructure (SII) for BOP (Base of the Pyramid, the poorest but the largest economic group in the world). In order to make the social services of SII easily accessible by the low-literate and low-income people, an adaptation layer in SII has been proposed. We are proposing a new adaptor in the adaptation layer; we named it Labiba to be deployed in the adaptation layer of the SII model to make the access smarter. We focus on three issues- (1) data portability issue (2) service portability issue and (3) Information visualization for BOP community. In this article, we introduce Labiba, its functionality and applications and demonstrate how Labiba framework can deal with these issues. .
33. Ashir Ahmed, Takuzo Osugi, Rafiqul Islam Maruf, Naoki Nakashima, Evolution of remote health-consultancy over mobile phone, Proceedings of the 2013 IEICE, 2013.03.
34. Eiko Kai, Ashir Ahmed, Technical Challenges in Providing Remote Health Consultancy Service for Unreached Community, Proceedings of AINA 2013, 2013.03.
35. Eiko Kai, Ashir Ahmed, Remote health consultancy service for unreached community: Amazing facts and technical challenges, Proceedings of MJIIT-JUC Joint Symposium 2012, 2012.11.
36. Akinori Ozaki, Takashi OKAYASU, Md. Abiar Rahman, D. K. Choudhry, Kazuo Ogata, Ikuo Miyajima, Ashir Ahmed, Takuzo Osugi, Eiji Inoue, Potential of Informatization Agriculture in Bangladesh –Installation and Utilization of Field Monitoring System in Agriculture, Proceedings of Environmental Aspects Bangladesh 2012, 77-80, 2012.10.
37. Adnan Quadri Montasir Farhan Kazi Mehedi Hasan Elizabeth Anne Ali Ashir Ahmed, Next Generation Communication Technologies: Wireless Mesh Network For Rural Connectivity, Proceedings of IEEE Globecom 2011, 2011.12, The opportunities and challenges of traditional communication technologies in the area of rural communication calls for a change in perspective and usual trends of wire line and wireless connectivity. In the quest to improve rural communication with the urban market, use of smart hand held devices and easy-to-deploy wireless connectivity is catalytic according to our findings. To eradicate digital divide, we have presented a holistic approach to overcome the challenges of language barrier and information asymmetry. This paper provides an insight of $100 tablets, an interactive hand-held communication device, which allows low-literate farmers to share their information onto the network. These smart communication devices stay connected to the global network through the easy deployment of wireless mesh network (WMN) in a rural area. QoS constraints are imposed in the WMN setup and significant observation has been made regarding spectrum resource utilization at every hop by achieving certain level of cognition at the user end..
38. Ashir Ahmed, Reaching the Unreached by ICT and Social Business, Proceedings of IEEE Globecom 2011, 2011.12, The way that technologies have been commoditized does not serve the poor, the largest community in the world. Many problems in health, education, business, and agriculture can be solved simply if developers, managers and distributors of technologies consider the requirements of this largely unreached population. Kyushu University in Japan and Grameen Communications in Bangladesh undertook initiatives to explore the field of social-needs-based technology and product development. This article introduces some of our initiatives in the areas of healthcare, information platform and agriculture. Each of these projects has been developed with the involvement of industries, academia, government and the community which the product will serve. However, a central entity is required to effectively collaborate with all these organizations and to deploy them for the target population through social business. Our Grameen Technology Lab is a model to respond to these needs..
39. Ashir Ahmed, Income generation for the villagers: can ecommerce help?, Wheel business magazine, 2011.10.
40. Ashir Ahmed Akinori Ozaki Kazuo Ogata Ikuo Miyajima Takuzou Osugi, Income Generation Project for rural female Farmers using ICT (IGPF), Proceedings of e-Asia 2011, 2011.08, Greedy market strategies of agro-chemical industries have encouraged Bangladeshi farmers to work under the motto “More fertilizer, more product”. Similar misconceptions apply to the use of pesticides and food processing chemicals. At best careful and controlled use of such chemicals is required. They do not simply improve yield, nor does their use build customer-trust. In order to address this problem, our Income Generation Project for Farmers (IGPF) targets rural female farmers to generate income through the production and marketing of organic vegetables. Farmers will be using their fallow homesteads to grow vegetables under the supervision of IGPF experts and through our developed BIGBUS system. Information Communication Technology is used to train the farmers in crop selection and maintenance, and then to market and sell the products at a price to reflect the higher quality. Presently, we are working in two locations with 36 model-farmers. The produce is sold through a third-party e-commerce site. Demand among the affluent has been confirmed. In two years, we envision that the project will be a sustainable business benefitting thousands of farmers and consumers. .
41. Ashir Ahmed, Asifur Rahman, Takuzo Osugi, eCommerce for the unreached community, Proceedings of ICT 2011, 2011.07.
42. Ashir Ahmed, Koji Ishida, Masaharu Okada, Hiroto Yasuura, Poor-Friendly Technology Initiative in Japan: Grameen Technology Lab, The journal of social business, 1, 1, 2011.01, The way that technologies have been commoditized does not serve the poor, the largest community in the world. Many problems in health, education, business, and agriculture can be solved simply if developers, managers and distributers of technologies consider the requirements of this largely unreached population. Kyushu University in Japan and Grameen Communications in Bangladesh undertook initiatives to explore the field of social-needs-based technology and product development. This article introduces some of our innovations: ePassbook as an electronic gadget; a social information platform to bring new business opportunities to rural people; a portable clinic for the unreached patients. Each of these projects has been developed with the involvement of industries, academia, government and the community which the product will serve. However, a central entity is required to effectively collaborate with all these organizations and to deploy them for the target population through social business. Our Grameen Technology Lab is a model to respond to these needs. .
43. Ashir Ahmed, ePassbook: An electronic gadget for the poor, Wheel Business Magazine, 2010.12.
44. Mohammad Sabbir Alam, Michael Cohen, Juliçn Villegas, and Ashir Ahmed, Narrowcasting for Articulated Privacy and Attention in SIP Conferencing, JMM: J. of Mobile Multimedia, , 5, 9, 12-28, 2009.03.