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HIDESHI YASUI Last modified date:2024.05.16

Professor / Agricultural Bioresource Sciences
Department of Bioresource Sciences
Faculty of Agriculture

Graduate School
Undergraduate School
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Since its opening in 1920, the Plant Breeding Laboratory has been conducting genetic and breeding research on rice. Using rice, which has great social and biological expectations, as an experimental material, we are conducting research on genetics and genomics, and plant breeding. .
Academic Degree
Degree of Agriculture
Country of degree conferring institution (Overseas)
Field of Specialization
Plant Breeding
Total Priod of education and research career in the foreign country
Outline Activities
The contents of research and education are: (1) Genetic and breeding studies on insect resistance of rice, (2) Studies on genetic analysis of closely related and distantly related wild species of rice, (3) Cytogenetic studies of rice, ( 4) Genetic and breeding studies on other traits such as salinity-stress tolerance in rice, (5) Educational research on production and utilization of rice experimental strains.
Research Interests
  • Genetics of host plant resistance to the planthoppers and the leafhoppers in rice
    keyword : rice, host plant resistance to insects, genetics and breeding
  • Genetic study of tolerance to salinity stress in rice
    keyword : rice, tolerance to salinity stress, genetics and breeding
  • Genetic study of monosomic aliean addtion lines derived from a cross between Oryza sativa and distantly related species in Genus Oryza
    keyword : Oryza, alien chromosome addition lines, rice
  • Studies on genetics and plant breeding in several traits such as morphological and physiological traits in rice
    keyword : rice, QTL, marker-assisted breeding
  • Development of experimental materials and their utilization for genetics and plant breeding
    keyword : rice, Bioresource
  • Cytological and cytogenetical study of anueploids in rice
    keyword : rice, aneuploids, cytogenetics
Current and Past Project
  • To mitigate food depletion and poverty problems in North Vietnam, the project challenge to divide North Vietnam into irrigated areas and rain-fed areas, and to promote the development of new varieties of rice as well as the improvement and diffusion of cultivation methods to match diverse environmental conditions, and promote rice-farming based environment-friendly agriculture and the establishment of rural development models.
    1. To develop next-generation varieties of rice adapted to the diverse ecosystems of North Vietnam.
    2. To improve the seed production system of hybrid rice, facilitate the introduction of domestically produced hybrid varieties of rice, and maintain food security in North Vietnam.
    3. To accumulate know-how of environment-friendly agriculture, establish a rice-farming based agricultural production system that meets the demands of the region, and establish a path to rural development.
    4. To create special model agricultural communities that have achieved the above goals.
Academic Activities
1. HIDESHI YASUI, The genetics of host-plant resistance to rice planthopper and leafhopper. In Planthoppers: new threats to the sustainability of intensive rice production systems in Asia., International Rice Research Institute, pp389-400. 2010, 2010.03.
1. Shar, S.B.D., Nguyen, C.D., Sanada-Morimura, S., (...), Zheng, S.-H., Fujita, D., Development and characterization of near-isogenic lines for brown planthopper resistance genes in the genetic background of japonica rice ‘Sagabiyori’, Breeding Science , 73, 4, 382-392, Article number e2207105120, 2023.01, The brown planthopper (BPH: Nilaparvata lugens Stål) is one of the most destructive insects in rice produc-tion. The use of host plant resistance has potential to reduce damage caused by BPH. The heat tolerance japonica rice ‘Sagabiyori’, with superior grain quality and high soluble starch in the stem, is highly suscepti-ble to damage by BPH. Here, to enhance its BPH resistance, we developed seven near-isogenic lines (NILs) carrying BPH2, BPH17-ptb, BPH32, BPH3, BPH17, BPH20, and BPH21 through marker-assisted selection and evaluated resistance to two BPH populations. Most lines were more resistant to the Hadano-1966 BPH population than Sagabiyori but were less effective against the highly virulent Koshi-2013 population. Never-theless, in antixenosis tests, Koshi-2013 settled less on all NILs than on Sagabiyori. In addition, adult mortal-ity and the percentage of fresh weight loss of lines carrying BPH17 and BPH3 indicated that these lines have higher resistance to Koshi-2013 than Sagabiyori. Current study revealed that BPH resistance of Sagabiyori became stronger by transferring BPH3 and BPH17 genes. Thus, BPH3 and BPH17 might be valuable for breeding programs to enhance BPH resistance of high grain quality rice varieties with heat tolerance. .
2. Hnin Wah Thein, Yoshiyuki Yamagata, Tan Van Mai, Hideshi Yasui, Four resistance alleles derived from oryza longistaminata (A. chev. & roehrich) against green rice leafhopper, nephotettix cincticeps (uhler) identified using novel introgression lines, Breeding Science, 10.1270/jsbbs.19060, 69, 4, 573-584, 2019.06, The green rice leafhopper (GRH, Nephotettix cincticeps Uhler) is a serious insect pest of rice (Oryza sativa L.) in temperate regions of Asia. Wild Oryza species are the main source of resistance to insects. The W1413 accession of African wild rice (O. longistaminata A. Chev. & Roehrich) is resistant to GRH. To analyze its resistance, we developed 28 BC3F3 introgression lines carrying W1413 segments in the genetic background of Nipponbare, a susceptible rice cultivar, and evaluated their GRH resistance. Five BC3F3 populations were used for quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis and seven BC3F4 populations for QTL validation. Four significant QTLs on the long arm of chromosome 2 (qGRH2), short arm of chromosome 4 (qGRH4), short arm of chromosome 5 (qGRH5), and long arm of chromosome 11 (qGRH11) were identified. The contribution of the W1413 allele at qGRH11 was the largest among the four QTLs; the other QTLs also contributed to GRH resistance. Chromosomal locations suggested that qGRH11 corresponds to the previously reported GRH resistance gene Grh2, qGRH4 to Grh6, and qGRH5 to Grh1. qGRH2 is a novel QTL for resistance to GRH. Thus, resistance of O. longistaminata to GRH can be explained by at least four QTLs..
3. Win, K. T., Y. Yamagata, K. Doi, K. Uyama, Y. Nagai, Y. Toda, T. Tani, M. Ashikari, H. Yasui, and A. Yoshimura, A single base change explains the independent origin of and selection for the nonshattering gene in African rice domestication., New Phytologist, 10.1111/nph.14290, 213, 4, 1925-1935, 2017.03.
4. Mai, T. V., A. Yoshimura and H. Yasui, Characterization of resistance to the green rice leafhopper (Nephotettix cincticeps Uhler) in a core collection of landraces in rice (Oryza sativa L.), American Journal of Plant Sci., 10.4236/ajps.2017.82018, 8, 2, 2017.01.
5. Kurokawa, Y., T. Noda, Y. Yamagata, R. Angeles-Shim, H. Sunohara, K. Uehara, T. Furuta, K. Nagai, K.K. Jena, H. Yasui, A. Yoshimura, M. Ashikari, and K. Doi, Construction of a versatile SNP array for pyramiding useful genes of rice., Plant Sci., Plant Sci., 242, 131-139, 2016.06.
6. Mai, T. V., D. Fujita, M. Matsumura, A. Yoshimura and H. Yasui, Genetic basis of multiple resistance to the brown planthopper (Nilaparvata lugens Stal) and the green rice leafhopper (Nephotettix cincticeps Uhler) in the rice cultivar ‘ASD7’ (Oryza sativa L. ssp. indica), Breed. Sci., 65, 420-429., 2015.12.
7. Tamura, Y. M. Hattori, H. Yoshioka, M. Yoshioka, A. Takahashi, J. Wu, N. Sentoku and H. Yasui., Map-based cloning and characterization of a brown planthopper resistance gene BPH26 from Oryza sativa L. ssp. indica cultivar ADR52., Sci. Rep., 10.1038/srep05872, 4, 5872, 2014.07.
8. HIDESHI YASUI, Responses and adaptation by Nephotettix virescens to monogenic and pyramided rice lines with Grh-resistance genes. , Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 150: 179–190. , DOI: 10.1111/eea.12149, 150, 179-190, 2014.02.
9. JIRAPONG Jairin, TETSUYA Kobayashi, HIDESHI YASUI, A Simple Sequence Repeat- and Single-Nucleotide Polymorphism-Based Genetic Linkage Map of the Brown Planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens 
 , DNA Research 20(1): 17-30 , doi:10.1093/dnares/dss030, 20, 17-30, 2013.02, In this study, we developed the first genetic linkage map for the major rice insect pest, the brown planthopper (BPH, Nilaparvata lugens). The linkage map was constructed by integrating linkage data from two backcross populations derived from three inbred BPH strains. The consensus map consists of 474 simple sequence repeats, 43 single-nucleotide polymorphisms, and 1 sequence-tagged site, for a total of 518 markers at 472 unique positions in 17 linkage groups. The linkage groups cover 1093.9 cM, with an average distance of 2.3 cM between loci. The average number of marker loci per linkage group was 27.8. The sex-linkage group was identified by exploiting X-linked and Y-specific markers. Our linkage map and the newly developed markers used to create it constitute an essential re- source and a useful framework for future genetic analyses in BPH.
Key words: Nilaparvata lugens; brown planthopper; genetic linkage map; SSR; SNP.
10. HIDESHI YASUI, Mapping and pyramiding of two major genes for resistance to the brown planthopper (Nilaparvata lugens Sta ̊l) in the rice cultivar ADR52, Theor Appl Genet, DOI 10.1007/s00122-011-1723-4, 124, 3, 494-504, 2012.02, The brown planthopper (BPH), Nilaparvata 11 lugens(Sta ̊l),isoneofthemostseriousanddestructive 12 pests of rice, and can be found throughout the rice-growing 13 areas of Asia. To date, more than 24 major BPH-resistance 14 genes have been reported in several Oryza sativa ssp. 15 indica cultivars and wild relatives. Here, we report the 16 genetic basis of the high level of BPH resistance derived 17 from an Indian rice cultivar, ADR52, which was previously 18 identified as resistant to the whitebacked planthopper 19 (Sogatella furcifera [Horva ́th]). An F2 population derived 20 from a cross between ADR52 and a susceptible cultivar, 21 Taichung 65 (T65), was used for quantitative trait locus 22 (QTL) analysis. Antibiosis testing showed that multiple 23 loci controlled the high level of BPH resistance in this F2 24 population. Further linkage analysis using backcross pop- 25 ulations resulted in the identification of BPH-resistance 26 (antibiosis) gene loci from ADR52. BPH25 co-segregated 27 with marker S00310 on the distal end of the short arm of
A1 Communicated by T. Tai.
A2 K. K. M. Myint and D. Fujita contributed equally to this work.
A3 K. K. M. Myint .
11. Daisuke Fujita, Atsushi Yoshimura and Hideshi Yasui, Development of near-isogenic lines and pyramided lines carrying resistance genes to green rice leafhopper (Nephotettix cincticeps Uhler) using the Taichung 65 genetic background in rice (Oryza sativa L.), Breed. Sci., 60, 1, 18-27, 60(1): 18-27, 2010.03.
12. Myint, K. K. M., Matsumura M, Takagi M and Yasui H , Demographic parameters of long-term laboratory strains of the brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens Stål, (Hompptera: Delphacidae) on resistance genes, bph20(t) and Bph21(t) in rice. , J. Fac. Agr. Kyushu Univ. , 54(1): 159-164, 2009.03.
13. Myint, K. K. M., H. Yasui, M. Takagi and M. Matsumura , Virulence of long-term laboratory populations of the brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens (Stål), and whitebacked planthopper, Sogatella furcifera (Horváth) (Homoptera: Delphacidae), on rice differential varieties. , Appl. Entomol. Zool., 44: 149-153, 44: 149-153, 2009.01.
14. Fujita, D., K. Doi, A. Yoshimura and H. Yasui, Molecular mapping of a novel gene, Grh5, conferring resistance to green rice leafhopper (Nephotettix cincticeps Uhler) in rice, Oryza sativa L., Theor Appl Genet., 113(4):567-73, 2006.08.
15. Yamasaki, M., A. Yoshimura and H. Yasui, Genetic Basis of Ovicidal Response to Whitebacked Planthopper (Sogatella furcifera Horv?h) in Rice (Oryza sativa L.), Molecular Breeding, 10.1023/A:1026018821472, 12, 2, 133-143, 12:133-143, 2003.01.
1. Host plant resistance of near isogenic lines carrying resistance gene(s) for brown planthopper against the Asian brown planthopper strains in rice..
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6. Host plant resistance of nearly-isogenic lines carrying green rice leafhopper resistance gene(s) against the brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens Stål. in rice. Yasui, H., D. Fujita and A. Yoshimura (Fac. Agr., Grad. Sch., Kyushu Univ.) .
7. Genetics of host plant resistance to planthoppers and leafhoppers in rice.
8. Molecular cloning of the genes conferring resistance to green rice leafhopper, Nephotettix cincticeps Uhler, in rice, Hideshi Yasui, Plant Breeding Laboratory, Faculty of Agriculture, Graduate School, Kyushu University, 6-10-1, Hakozaki, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8581, Japan
17th Intl. Plant Resistance to Insects Workshop, West Lafayette, IN, April 9th-12th, 2006.
Membership in Academic Society
  • Japanese Society of Breeding
  • Vietnam National University of Agriculture, Kyushu University, and Nagoya University have contributed to the development of National variety of rice in under JICA / JST (SATREPS) project. "Selective breeding technology" has been introduced to reduce the cost of developing new varieties, reduce the area for trial cultivation, and shorten the breeding period by promoting generations of rice. Normally, it takes about 20 years from the development of promising lines to the registration of national varieties. SATREPS, however, continued to be bred two National varieties of rice within 11 years. It proves the usefulness of the "DNA marker selection breeding technology" introduced in the SATREPS project, and can be applied to breeding of other crops, so it is expected to contribute to the future development of agriculture not only in Vietnam but also in Asian and African countries.
Educational Activities
(Education for Graduate School)
I am in charge of postgraduate education at the Plant Breeding Laboratory, Department of Agricultural and Biological Sciences, Kyushu University Graduate School of Agriculture.

Master's program:
"Special Lecture on Agricultural Biology" "Special Lecture on Genetics and Plant Breeding" "Seminar on Agricultural Bioresource Project" "Seminar on Plant Breeding" "Special Research on Agricultural Bioresources 1" "Special Research on Agricultural Bioresources 2"

Doctoral Program:
"Agricultural Bioresources Special Experiment" "Teaching Exercise" "International Demonstration Technique" "Internship" "Project Exercise" "Agricultural Bioresources Special Study" "Agricultural Bioresources Special Exercise"

(Undergraduate education)
In charge of undergraduate student experiments and graduation thesis guidance in the field of agricultural science, Bioresource Production Science Course, Faculty of Agriculture.
"Introduction to Plant Breeding" "Specific Notes on Plant Breeding" "Training for Biostatistics" "Agricultural Experiment 1" "Agricultural Experiment 2" "Agricultural Experiment 3" "Molecular Biology Experiment" "Science English II"

In charge of the G30 program.
"Genetics and Plant Breeding"

Responsible for common education throughout the university.
"Biological resource production science overview" (shared) "Group biology" (shared).
Professional and Outreach Activities
Contract research: For three years from 1995 to 1997, participated in the comprehensive development research of the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries "Basic research for building next-generation rice cultivation technology by creating epoch-making new varieties", Kyushu Agricultural Experiment Station pest management system As a contract research institute of the laboratory, I was involved in "elucidation of the genetic pattern of the biological defense reaction of paddy rice to spawning of unca". Subsequently, for three years from 1998 to 2000, we promoted contract research under the theme of "identification of genes involved in the egg-killing effect of paddy rice on planthoppers and elucidation of their functions". Participated in the research on "isolation of useful genes of rice genome, elucidation of functions and development of utilization technology" by the Natural Shigen Research Institute for 3 years from 2000 to 2002, and "single resistance gene of rice leafhopper" Promoted contract research under the theme of "separation". Participated in the research on "Isolation of useful genes of rice genome, elucidation of functions and development of utilization technology" by the Natural Shigen Research Institute for 3 years from 2007 to 2009, and participated in "Rice planthopper / horizontal resistance gene". We promoted contract research under the theme of "Isolation and utilization of herds".

1. Promoted international joint research on the International Science and Technology Cooperation Program (SATREPS) "Development of Crop Varieties Adapted to the Mountainous Regions of Northern Vietnam" (Representative: Atsushi Yoshimura) for 6 years from 2010 to 2015. ..
2. For 6 years from 2017 to 2022, Global Science and Technology Cooperation Program (SATREPS) (Biological Resources Field "Research Contribution to Sustainable Production and Utilization of Biological Resources") "Strengthening Rice Genome Breeding System in Myanmar" (Representative: Atsushi Yoshimura) is promoting international joint research.

Kyushu University Museum of Research
Since 2000, he has been in charge of the duties of a concurrent instructor at the Kyushu University Museum of Research, and is engaged in "preservation of rice gene resources and database construction". In 2002, he participated in the public exhibition "Let's know more about plants" (August 16th to September 8th, 2002) sponsored by the Kyushu University Museum of Research, and carried out the management work..