Kyushu University Academic Staff Educational and Research Activities Database
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Chisako T. MASUO Last modified date:2020.01.22

Graduate School
Undergraduate School

Academic Degree
Ph. D. (University of Tokyo)
Country of degree conferring institution (Overseas)
Field of Specialization
Chinese Studies (Foreign Policy and Politics), International Relations in East Asia
ORCID(Open Researcher and Contributor ID)
Total Priod of education and research career in the foreign country
Outline Activities
Chisako Teshima MASUO is an Associate Professor at the Graduate School of Social and Cultural Studies, Kyushu University. She received her Ph.D. in international relations from the University of Tokyo in 2008. She was a visiting scholar to Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and China Foreign Affairs University, each for three months in 2019, and also was a coordinate research scholar working with Professor Ezra F. Vogel at Harvard-Yenching Institute in 2014-2015. Before assuming her current position at Kyushu University, she worked for Waseda University as a lecturer, for Professor Vogel as his research assistant, and for the Japan Institute of International Affairs (JIIA) as a research fellow. Her research topics include Chinese foreign policy, international relations in East Asia, Belt and Road Initiative, China's arctic policy, and Sino-Japanese relations. She speaks and writes in Japanese, Chinese and English.

Chisako is the author of "China Looks Back: Mao's Legacy in the Open-Door Era" (University of Tokyo Press, 2010 in Japanese) and "Principles of Chinese Behaviors: International Relations decided by Domestic Social Tyde" (Chuokoron-Shinsha, 2019 in Japanese). She has also published "A Diplomatic History of China" (College-level textbook, University of Tokyo Press, 2017 in Japanese) as the first author. She has worked with other scholars and officials in publishing "World Strategy in Chinese Diplomacy: Straggles with Japan, America and Asia" (co-author, Akashi Publishers, 2011 in Japanese), "Significant Issues for Japan in 2000s: Questions in Diplomacy and Security" (Toshihiro Minohara ed., Kashiwa Publishers, 2011 in Japanese) etc.
Research Interests
  • China's economic and political expansion toward the Arctic region: Maritime Silk Road, "Beidou", and the rise of China
    keyword : China, Arctic region, maritime silk road, beidou
  • History of State Oceanic Administration of China.
    keyword : State Oceanic Administration, Chinese Coast Guard
  • Diversification of Chinese actors related to foreign-policy-making
    keyword : China, diplomacy, foreign-policy-making, actors
  • China's Ascendance and East Asian Security Environment
    keyword : China, East Asia, Security
Academic Activities
1. A History of the People's Republic of China, in Japanese, Univ. of Tokyo Press, 2017, first author..
2. Alexander Lukin ed. (Chisako T. Masuo contributed “Chapter 7: Japan’s Global Diplomacy to China’s Belt and Road Initiative”), 【共著、1章を貢献】The “Roads” and “Belts” of Eurasia, 2019 or 2020. [Accepted on November 19, 2019. Forthcoming], Palgrave Macmillan, 2020.02.
3. Chisako T. Masuo, “Japan’s Global Diplomacy in Response to Chinese Belt and Road Initiative,” A. V. Lukin and V.I. Yakunin eds., Roads and Belts of Eurasia: National and International Development Projects in Eurasia and Prospects of Their Integration, Moscow: Ves’ Mir, 2019.
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1. Chisako T. Masuo, “Competitive Cooperation for Regional Development: Japan’s New Strategy towards Rising China”, Australian Journal of Politics and History,, 65, 3, 430-448, 2019.09.
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3. This paper analyzes the development process and future direction of China’s South China Sea (SCS) policy, focusing on the organizational history of its State Oceanic Administration (SOA) that oversees the maritime administration under the State Council. Most previous studies on China have examined the SCS issue from a diplomatic, if not military, perspective. However, coastal states, in general, take two kinds of approach toward the disputed maritime zones they lay claim to. Recognizing the not-yet-demarked status of the disputed water, the international approach respects other claimants’ potential rights and seeks to control frictions in a cooperative manner before permanent delimitation. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs often carries this responsibility in domestic bureaucracy. The second approach, that is, the domestic approach puts higher priority on establishing effective control over the disputed water, by exclusively strengthening their administration against other states. In China, the SOA has devoted itself to this mission for decades, aiming to protect China’s maritime rights but only won recognition from central leaders after 2006.

The paper solves two puzzles regarding external Chinese behaviors. First, it answers why Chinese leaders shifted from a cooperative SCS policy to an aggressive one, using paramilitary forces belonging to the SOA in mid-2000. Chinese leaders first allowed SOA to initiate a regular patrolling system over the disputed water of the East China Sea in the summer of 2006, considering the soaring anti-Japanese nationalism in domestic society. Supported by the People’s Liberation Army Navy, SOA used the opportunity to expand the patrolling system over all of Chinese “jurisdiction water” the next year. Second, it reveals why China began reclamation of seven disputed maritime features in Spratly Islands in mid-2010. Given the tailwind of the domestic politics, SOA successfully achieved the legislation of “Island Protection Law” in 2009 that enabled it to establish administrative measures to enhance island control. Cooperating with the military authorized to manage offshore islands in the Chinese domestic system, SOA stepped forward to prepare reclamation plans to consolidate Chinese presence in the SCS.

Unlike Hu Jintao administration that was vulnerable to the domestic criticism and therefore accepted SOA’s proposals without much consideration, Xi Jinping tightened his control over the SOA. He continues to prioritize the domestic approach, but aims at not raising international tension over maritime issues. The SOA was given the new task of establishing Maritime Silk Road under his initiative. Regarding the SCS, China is trying to find a way to make other claimants respect its rising influence by providing economic carrots to them in the new scheme, in the near future. .
4. Chisako Teshima MASUO, “Extending Domestic Governance Over the Seas: China’s Reinforcement of the State Oceanic Administration,” Project 2049 Occasional Paper, Project 2049, 2015.08, [URL].
5. Chisako Teshima MASUO, "Governing a Troubled Relationship: Can the Field of Fisheries Breed Sino-Japanese Cooperation?", Japanese Journal of Political Science, Vol.14 Part1 (March 2013), 10.1017/S1468109912000345, 14, 1, 51-72, 2013.03.
6. Chisako T. Masuo, "Nanning Jumps into the World: The Role of Guangxi Government in China's Regionalism", Monthly Journal of Chinese Affairs, Vol.64, No.11, pp. 28-40..
7. Japan in Chinese "Open-door Policy": Implications of Tokyo's Economic Success for Domestic Politics in Beijing, 1978.
1. Chisako T. Masuo, "Great Power Competition with China and the Alliance", Japan-US Security Seminar (JIIA-CSIS), 2020.01.
2. Chisako T. Masuo, “Japan’s Indo-Pacific Concept and its Implications over the Japan-UD Alliance Relations”, From Asia-Pacific to Indo-Pacific: A New Direction of Regional Cooperation? (Organized by Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) and Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA)), 2019.12.
3. Chisako T. Masuo, ’Functional Cooperation’ between Japan and China?: Japan’s Development Strategy for the next Asia in the Making, 2018 Workshop for Network of Experts on Maritime and Territory in the Asia-Pacific Region: Maritime Cooperation in Implementing New Southern Policy, Organized by Korea Maritime Institute, 2018.10.
4. Chisako T. Masuo, How to Achieve ‘Peace’ in Asia?: Contradicting but Corresponding Views from Japan and China, World Social Science Forum, 2018.09.
5. Chisako T. Masuo, Toward Exclusive Enforcement?: China’s Fisheries Policy and the Prospects of Maritime Governance in Southeast Asia, International Studies Association (ISA), 2018.04.
6. Chisako T. Masuo, Recent Developments in Chinese Maritime Administration: Beyond its ‘Maritime Territory’, 1st India Forum on China: Deciphering China’s Quest for Global and Regional Leadership, 2017.12, 中国の海洋進出を語る際、中国の力の伸長が注目を集めているが、中国が行政力の拡張を進めていることにもっと注意を向けるべきである。.
7. Chisako T. Masuo, American Retreat from Asia and the Future of Taiwan, Cross Strait Relations at Juncture: Japanese and American Perspectives (hosted by the Brookings Institution Center for East Asia Policy Studies), 2017.03, アメリカのトランプ政権がアジア政策で動揺している間に、中国は台湾の国際的圧力を強め、台湾を安全保障的にも追い詰めている。.
8. Chisako T. MASUO, “New Eurasia in the Making”, The Return of Geopolitics  (hosted by the Brookings Institution), 2016.03.
Membership in Academic Society
  • Japan Association for Asian Studies
  • The Japan Association of International Relations
  • Japan Association for International Security
Educational Activities
For those who wish to enroll ISGS international course under my supervision:
I only accept students who can also participate the discussions sometimes carried in Japanese.
My seminars are conducted in a bilingual style in Japanese and English. You may express your idea in English, but you are requested to read some papers and listen to other peoples opinion expressed in Japanese. No exception allowed.
Other Educational Activities
  • 2017.09.