Kyushu University Academic Staff Educational and Research Activities Database
List of Papers
TAKURO ISODA Last modified date:2021.07.02

Assistant Professor / Department of Clinical Radiology / Department of Clinical Medicine / Faculty of Medical Sciences


Papers
1. Takuro Isoda, Shingo Baba, Yasuhiro Maruoka, Yoshiyuki Kitamura, Keiichiro Tahara, Masayuki Sasaki, Hiroshi Honda, Impact of patient age on the iodine/FDG “flip-flop” phenomenon in lung metastasis from thyroid cancer, Annals of Nuclear Medicine, 10.1007/s12149-016-1104-9, 30, 8, 518-524, 2016.10, Objectives: Radioiodine therapy is an effective treatment for lung metastasis from thyroid cancer. However, cases of lung metastasis without iodine uptake are often encountered. In such cases, FDG accumulation in lung lesions is often observed. There is a reverse relationship between iodine and FDG accumulation in thyroid cancer lesions, the so-called “flip-flop” phenomenon. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between patient age and the occurrence of the flip-flop phenomenon. Methods: Eighty-six patients who underwent radioiodine therapy for lung metastasis were studied retrospectively (age 17–73 years; median 60 years; males:females 22:64). We compared the clinical data and imaging findings (size and FDG uptake of lung nodules) between patients with (n = 44) and without (n = 42) iodine uptake in lung metastasis. Results: Significantly more young patients showed iodine accumulation in lung metastasis than old patients (p = 0.0025). Lung metastases with larger size or greater FDG uptake showed no iodine uptake more frequently with significant difference (p = 0.015 and <0.001, respectively). Among patients with FDG uptake in the lung metastasis, 57.1 % of young patients (<60 years) and 24.3 % of the old patients (≥60 years) showed iodine uptake (p = 0.0029). Conclusions: Higher patient age and lung nodules with large size or FDG accumulation are negative factors for iodine accumulation in lung metastases from thyroid cancer. In addition, our results show that young patients have a greater likelihood of iodine uptake even when FDG accumulates in lung metastasis, in contrast to old patients..
2. Koji Yamashita, Hiwatashi Akio, Osamu Togao, kazufumi kikuchi, Yoshiyuki Kitamura, Masahiro Mizoguchi, Koji Yoshimoto, Daisuke Kuga, Satoshi Suzuki, Shingo Baba, Takuro Isoda, Toru Iwaki, Koji Iihara, Hiroshi Honda, Diagnostic utility of intravoxel incoherent motion mr imaging in differentiating primary central nervous system lymphoma from glioblastoma multiforme, Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 10.1002/jmri.25261, 44, 5, 1256-1261, 2016.11, Purpose: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) MR imaging and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) in differentiating primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) from glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). Materials and Methods: Fifty patients, 17 with PCNSL and 33 with GBM, were retrospectively studied. From the 3 Tesla IVIM data, the perfusion fraction (f) and diffusion coefficient (D) were obtained. In addition, the maximum standard uptake value (SUVmax) was obtained from the FDG-PET data. Each of the three parameters was compared between PCNSL and GBM using Mann-Whitney U-test. The performance in discriminating between PCNSL and GBM was evaluated using receiver-operating characteristics analysis and area-under-the-curve (AUC) values for the three parameters. Results: The fmax and Dmin values were significantly higher in GBM than in PCNSL (P < 0.01 and P < 0.0001, respectively). In addition, the SUVmax value was significantly lower in GBM than in PCNSL (P < 0.0005). The AUC values for fmax, Dmin, and SUVmax were 0.756, 0.905, and 0.857, respectively. The combination of the fmax and Dmin increased the diagnostic performance (AUC = 0.936) of fmax (P < 0.05), but this value was not significantly different from the values for Dmin (P = 0.30). Conclusion: IVIM-MR imaging noninvasively provides useful quantitative information in distinguishing between PCNSL and GBM. J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2016;44:1256–1261..
3. Yoshihiro Matsumoto, Shingo Baba, Makoto Endo, Nokitaka Setsu, Keiichiro Iida, Jun-Ichi Fukushi, Kenichi Kawaguchi, Seiji Okada, Hirofumi Bekki, Takuro Isoda, Yoshiyuki Kitamura, Hiroshi Honda, Yasuharu Nakashima, Metabolic Tumor Volume by (18)F-FDG PET/CT Can Predict the Clinical Outcome of Primary Malignant Spine/Spinal Tumors, BioMed Research International, 10.1155/2017/8132676, 2017, 8132676, 2017, BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Primary malignant spine/spinal tumors (PMSTs) are rare and life-threatening diseases. In this study, we demonstrated the advantage of volume-based (18)F-FDG PET/CT metabolic parameter, metabolic tumor volume (MTV), for assessing the aggressiveness of PMSTs.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 27 patients with PMSTs and calculated SUVmax, MTV, and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) to compare their accuracy in predicting progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to compare the reliability of the metabolic parameters and various clinical factors.
RESULTS: MTV exhibited greater accuracy than SUVmax or TLG. The cut-off values for PFS and OS derived from the AUC data were MTV 45 ml and 83 ml and TLG 250 SUV⁎ml and 257 SUV⁎ml, respectively. MTV above cut-off value, but not TLG, was identified as significant prognostic factor for PFS by log-lank test (p = 0.04). In addition, MTV was the only significant predictive factors for PFS and OS in the multivariate analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: MTV was a more accurate predictor of PFS and OS in PMSTs compared to TLG or SUVmax and helped decision-making for guiding rational treatment options..
4. Yasuhiro Maruoka, Michinobu Nagao, Shingo Baba, Takuro Isoda, Yoshiyuki Kitamura, Yuzo Yamazaki, Koichiro Abe, Masayuki Sasaki, Kotaro Abe, Hiroshi Honda, Three-dimensional fractal analysis of 99m Tc-MAA SPECT images in chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension for evaluation of response to balloon pulmonary angioplasty
Association with pulmonary arterial pressure, Nuclear Medicine Communications, 10.1097/MNM.0000000000000673, 38, 6, 480-486, 2017.05, Objective Balloon pulmonary angioplasty (BPA) is used for inoperable chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH), but its effect cannot be evaluated noninvasively. We devised a noninvasive quantitative index of response to BPA using three-dimensional fractal analysis (3D-FA) of technetium-99m-macroaggregated albumin (99m Tc-MAA) single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). Patients and methods Forty CTEPH patients who underwent pulmonary perfusion scintigraphy and mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP) measurement by right heart catheterization before and after BPA were studied. The total uptake volume (TUV) in bilateral lungs was determined from maximum intensity projection 99m Tc-MAA SPECT images. Fractal dimension was assessed by 3D-FA. Parameters were compared before and after BPA, and between patients with post-BPA mPAP more than 30 mmHg and less than or equal to 30 mmHg. Receiver operating characteristic analysis was carried out. Results BPA significantly improved TUV (595±204-885±214 ml, P<0.001) and reduced the laterality of uptake (238±147-135±131 ml, P<0.001). Patients with poor therapeutic response (post-BPA mPAP≥30 mmHg, n=16) showed a significantly smaller TUV increase (P=0.044) and a significantly greater post-BPA fractal dimension (P<0.001) than the low-mPAP group. Fractal dimension correlated with mPAP values before and after BPA (P=0.013 and 0.001, respectively). A post-BPA fractal dimension threshold of 2.4 distinguished between BPA success and failure with 75% sensitivity, 79% specificity, 78% accuracy, and area under the curve of 0.85. Conclusion 3D-FA using 99m Tc-MAA SPECT pulmonary perfusion scintigraphy enables a noninvasive evaluation of the response of CTEPH patients to BPA..
5. Yasuhiro Maruoka, Shingo Baba, Takuro Isoda, Yoshiyuki Kitamura, Koichiro Abe, Masayuki Sasaki, Hiroshi Honda, Association between volumetric analysis of lung metastases on F-18-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography and short-term progression after i-131 therapy for differentiated thyroid carcinoma, Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine, 10.4103/ijnm.IJNM_43_17, 32, 3, 167-172, 2017.07, Purpose: Lung metastases (LMs) and their radioiodine uptake affect prognosis in patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC). We herein investigate the value of metabolic tumor volume (MTV) in LMs on positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) using 2-[F-18]-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (F-18 FDG PET/CT) in predicting short-term progression after initial I-131 therapy in DTC patients. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 111 DTC patients with LMs. Diagnostic CT and I-131 scintigraphy were performed within 1 week of I-131 therapy. Maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) and total MTV (MTVtotal) were compared between patients with I-131-positive and I-131-negative LMs and between patients with and without short-term progression. Correlation analyses were performed between F-18 FDG PET/CT parameters and thyroglobulin (TG) level, and predictive factors for short-term progression were analyzed by logistic regression and receiver operating characteristic curve analysis.Results: Patients with short-term progression had significantly higher SUVmax and MTVtotal than those without. TG levels were significantly correlated with SUVmax (r = 0.21) and MTVtotal (r = 0.51) after I-131 therapy. MTVtotal showed significant association (χ2 = 16.5, odds ratio = 0.02) with short-term progression after initial I-131 therapy and had the highest predictive value of all the putative risk factors. Conclusions: MTVtotal in LMs on F-18 FDG PET/CT is an independent predictive factor with a high predictive value for short-term progression of DTC after initial I-131 therapy. It is recommended that F-18 FDG PET/CT be performed before planning therapy during the evaluation of DTC patients with LM..
6. Yasuhiro Maruoka, Shingo Baba, Takuro Isoda, Yoshiyuki Kitamura, Koichiro Abe, Masayuki Sasaki, Horoshi Honda, A functional scoring system based on salivary gland scintigraphy for evaluating salivary gland dysfunction secondary to 131I therapy in patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma, Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, 10.7860/JCDR/2017/27340.10431, 11, 8, TC23-TC28, 2017.08, Introduction: Radioiodine therapy with 131I (131I therapy) after total or near-total thyroidectomy has been established as an effective treatment for Differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma (DTC), but can induce dry mouth symptoms by salivary gland damage and impair the patients’ quality of life. Aim: To propose a functional scoring system based on Salivary Gland Scintigraphy (SGS) findings that evaluates development of salivary gland dysfunction secondary to 131I therapy in patients with DTC. Materials and Methods: This retrospective study evaluated the records of 279 DTC patients who underwent SGS after one or more round(s) of 131I therapy, using 370 MBqof 99mTc-pertechnetate. The SGS results were assessed using a novel functional scoring system in the Parotid Glands (PGs) and Submandibular Glands (SMGs) according to visual evaluations based on a three-point uptake score, Washout Rate (%WR) score after lemon-juice stimulation, and functional score. The scores were compared among pretreatment, low-dose (<10 GBq), and high-dose (>10 GBq) groups and among pretreatment, symptom-positive, and symptom-negative groups. Risk factors for dry mouth were analyzed by univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses. Results: Dry mouth symptoms developed in 15.4% of the DTC patients after 131I therapy. The three-point uptake, %WR, and functional scores in both the PG and SMG were statistically significant between low-dose and high-dose groups, and between symptom-positive and symptom-negative groups. The PG/SMG functional scores were independent risk factors for dry mouth (odds ratio, 0.03 and 0.0007 respectively). Conclusion: SGS-based PG and SMG functional scores were effective biomarkers to objectively evaluate salivary gland dysfunction, with the high strength of association with dry mouth symptoms..
7. Takuro Isoda T, Shingo BaBa, Yasuhiro Maruoka, Yoshiyuki Kitamura, Keiichiro Tahara, Masayuki Sasaki , Masamitsu Hatakenaka, Hiroshi Honda, Influence of the Different Primary Cancers and Different Types of Bone Metastasis on the Lesion-based Artificial Neural Network Value Calculated by a Computer-aided Diagnostic System, BONENAVI, on Bone Scintigraphy Images, Asia Oceania Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Biology, 2016.10, OBJECTIVES:
BONENAVI, a computer-aided diagnostic system, is used in bone scintigraphy. This system provides the artificial neural network (ANN) and bone scan index (BSI) values. ANN is associated with the possibility of bone metastasis, while BSI is related to the amount of bone metastasis. The degree of uptake on bone scintigraphy can be affected by the type of bone metastasis. Therefore, the ANN value provided by BONENAVI may be influenced by the characteristics of bone metastasis. In this study, we aimed to assess the relationship between ANN value and characteristics of bone metastasis.
METHODS:
We analyzed 50 patients (36 males,14 females; age range: 87-42 yrs median age:72.5 yrs) with prostate, breast, or lung cancer who had undergone bone scintigraphy and were diagnosed with bone metastasis (32 cases of prostate cancer, nine cases of breast cancer, and nine cases of lung cancer). Those who had received systematic therapy over the past years were excluded. Bone metastases were diagnosed clinically, and the type of bone metastasis (osteoblastic, mildly osteoblastic, osteolytic, and mixed components) was decided visually by the agreement of two radiologists. We compared the ANN values (case-based and lesion-based) among the three primary cancers and four types of bone metastasis.
RESULTS:
There was no significant difference in case-based ANN values among prostate, breast, and lung cancers. However, the lesion-based ANN values were the highest in cases with prostate cancer and the lowest in cases of lung cancer (median values: prostate cancer, 0.980; breast cancer 0.909; and lung cancer, 0.864). Mildly osteoblastic lesions showed significantly lower ANN values than the other three types of bone metastasis (median values: osteoblastic,; 0.939 mildly osteoblastic; 0.788, mixed type; 0.991, and osteolytic. 0.969) The possibility of a lesion-based ANN value below 0.5 was %10.9 for bone metastasis in prostate cancer, %12.9 for breast cancer, and %37.2 for lung cancer. The corresponding possibility were %14.7 for osteoblastic metastases, %23.9 for mildly osteoblastic metastases, %7.14 for mixed-type metastases, and %16.0 for osteolytic metastases.
CONCLUSION:
The lesion-based ANN values calculated by BONENAVI can be influenced by the type of primary cancer and bone metastasis..
8. 磯田 拓郎, Abnormality in Wnt signaling is causatively associated with oxidative stress-induced intestinal tumorigenesis in MUTYH-null mice., International Journal of Biological Sciences, 10.7150/ijbs.9241. eCollection 2014., 10, 8, 940-947, 2014.08, MUTYH is a DNA glycosylase that excises adenine paired with 8-oxoguanine to prevent mutagenesis in mammals. Biallelic germline mutations of MUTYH have been found in patients predisposed to a recessive form of familial adenomatous polyposis (MAP: MUTYH-associated polyposis). We previously reported that Mutyh-deficient mice showed a high susceptibility to spontaneous and oxidative stress-induced intestinal adenoma/carcinoma. Here, we performed mutation analysis of the tumor-associated genes including Apc, Ctnnb1, Kras and Trp53 in the intestinal tumors of Mutyh-deficient mice. In the 62 tumors, we identified 25 mutations in Apc of 18 tumors and 36 mutations in Ctnnb1 of 36 tumors. Altogether, 54 out of the 62 tumors (87.1%) had a mutation in either Apc or Ctnnb1; no tumor displayed mutations simultaneously in the both genes. Similar to MAP, 60 out of 61 mutations (98.3%) were identified as G:C to T:A transversions of which 85% occurred at either AGAA or TGAA sequences. Immunohistochemical analyses revealed the accumulation of β-catenin in the nuclei of tumors. No mutation was found in either Kras or Trp53 in the tumors. These results indicate that the uncontrolled activation of Wnt signaling pathway is causatively associated with oxidative stress-induced intestinal tumorigenesis in the Mutyh-deficient mice..
9. 磯田 拓郎, Nabothian Cyst a Predominant Cause of False-Positive Iodine Uptake in Uterus Comparison of SPECT/CT and Pelvic MRI, CLINICAL NUCLEAR MEDICINE, 39, 8, 680-684, 2014.08.