|Sanami Takahashi||Last modified date：2019.06.07|
Ph.D(SLA), Hokkaido University, Japan, 2011
Country of degree conferring institution (Overseas)
Field of Specialization
Religious Studies, Area Stuides (Russia)
Total Priod of education and research career in the foreign country
Orthodox Churches in Russia and Ukraine after the collapse of the USSR
- Genealogy of Monarchism in the Russian Churches
Autocephaly in Ukraine
keyword : Russia, Ukraine, Orthodox Church, Religious Studies, Monarchism, Autocephaly
- The primary purpose of my project is to trace the historical process of the formation of the monarchist ideals after the collapse of the Russian Empire and veneration of the last tsar, Nikolay II.
After the assassination of the royal family in 1918 by the Bolsheviks, they were mainly commemorated among the Russian diaspora. It was only in the late 1980s that monarchist groups appeared in Soviet society and began to venerate Nikolay II in public. The Soviet monarchists imported their style of thought and behavior from the diaspora; however, their influence and continuity remain unexplained.
Paying attention to the transborder relationships between Russian churches, I examined the veneration and canonization of the modern saints. Each canonization has had significance as a representation of their historical memory since the latter half of the 20th century. The exiled Russian bishops established the Temporary Holy Synod in 1922 in Sremski Karlovci, Serbia, which later became the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia (ROCOR). ROCOR often came into conflict with the mother church, (the Russian Orthodox Church, ROC) in terms of the attitude toward the Communist regime, ideology, and historical perceptions. At the same time, ROCOR tried to support the clergies and believers under Soviet oppression morally. Since 1964, when ROCOR began to glorify their own saints without the permission of ROC, the emigrants incorporated their historical ideal into the canonizations, taking into account the international relationships under Cold War.
Analyzing the archival materials of the ROCOR’s Synod, the church publication for the diaspora, I will elucidate the discussion about the veneration and canonization of the last tsar. At the same time, referring to the publication by Russian monarchists, and taking interviews of them, I will consider the possibility of the influence of the diaspora on them. Finally, I will discuss the legacy of the imperial monarchist idea on contemporary Russian politics. This research will show the process of dissemination and development of Russian monarchist thoughts.