Kyushu University Academic Staff Educational and Research Activities Database
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Chisako T. MASUO Last modified date:2018.04.12

Graduate School
Undergraduate School

Academic Degree
Ph. D. (University of Tokyo)
Country of degree conferring institution (Overseas)
Field of Specialization
Chinese Studies (Foreign Policy and Politics), International Relations in East Asia
Total Priod of education and research career in the foreign country
Outline Activities
Chisako Teshima MASUO is an Associate Professor at the Graduate School of Social and Cultural Studies, Kyushu University. She received her Ph.D. in international relations from the University of Tokyo in 2008. She was a coordinate research scholar working with Professor Ezra F. Vogel at Harvard-Yenching Institute in 2014-2015. Before assuming her current position at Kyushu University, she worked for Waseda University as a lecturer, for Professor Vogel as his research assistant, and for the Japan Institute of International Affairs (JIIA) as a research fellow. Her research topics include Chinese foreign policy, international relations in East Asia, One Belt One Road, and Sino-Japanese relations.

Chisako is the author of "China Looks Back: Mao's Legacy in the Open-Door Era" (University of Tokyo Press, 2010 in Japanese) and and the first author of "A Diplomatic History of China" (University of Tokyo Press, 2017 in Japanese) . She has worked with other scholars and officials in publishing "World Strategy in Chinese Diplomacy: Straggles with Japan, America and Asia" (co-author, Akashi Publishers, 2011 in Japanese), "Significant Issues for Japan in 2000s: Questions in Diplomacy and Security" (Toshihiro Minohara ed., Kashiwa Publishers, 2011 in Japanese) etc. She has written papers and articles in English and Chinese.
Research Interests
  • Diversification of Chinese actors related to foreign-policy-making
    keyword : China, diplomacy, foreign-policy-making, actors
  • China's Ascendance and East Asian Security Environment
    keyword : China, East Asia, Security
  • China in East Asian Reginal Integration
    keyword : Reginal integration, reginal cooperation, China, East Asia, Asia-Pacific
Academic Activities
1. A History of the People's Republic of China, in Japanese, Univ. of Tokyo Press, 2017, first author..
1. This paper analyzes the development process and future direction of China’s South China Sea (SCS) policy, focusing on the organizational history of its State Oceanic Administration (SOA) that oversees the maritime administration under the State Council. Most previous studies on China have examined the SCS issue from a diplomatic, if not military, perspective. However, coastal states, in general, take two kinds of approach toward the disputed maritime zones they lay claim to. Recognizing the not-yet-demarked status of the disputed water, the international approach respects other claimants’ potential rights and seeks to control frictions in a cooperative manner before permanent delimitation. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs often carries this responsibility in domestic bureaucracy. The second approach, that is, the domestic approach puts higher priority on establishing effective control over the disputed water, by exclusively strengthening their administration against other states. In China, the SOA has devoted itself to this mission for decades, aiming to protect China’s maritime rights but only won recognition from central leaders after 2006.

The paper solves two puzzles regarding external Chinese behaviors. First, it answers why Chinese leaders shifted from a cooperative SCS policy to an aggressive one, using paramilitary forces belonging to the SOA in mid-2000. Chinese leaders first allowed SOA to initiate a regular patrolling system over the disputed water of the East China Sea in the summer of 2006, considering the soaring anti-Japanese nationalism in domestic society. Supported by the People’s Liberation Army Navy, SOA used the opportunity to expand the patrolling system over all of Chinese “jurisdiction water” the next year. Second, it reveals why China began reclamation of seven disputed maritime features in Spratly Islands in mid-2010. Given the tailwind of the domestic politics, SOA successfully achieved the legislation of “Island Protection Law” in 2009 that enabled it to establish administrative measures to enhance island control. Cooperating with the military authorized to manage offshore islands in the Chinese domestic system, SOA stepped forward to prepare reclamation plans to consolidate Chinese presence in the SCS.

Unlike Hu Jintao administration that was vulnerable to the domestic criticism and therefore accepted SOA’s proposals without much consideration, Xi Jinping tightened his control over the SOA. He continues to prioritize the domestic approach, but aims at not raising international tension over maritime issues. The SOA was given the new task of establishing Maritime Silk Road under his initiative. Regarding the SCS, China is trying to find a way to make other claimants respect its rising influence by providing economic carrots to them in the new scheme, in the near future. .
2. Chisako Teshima MASUO, “Extending Domestic Governance Over the Seas: China’s Reinforcement of the State Oceanic Administration,” Project 2049 Occasional Paper, Project 2049, 2015.08, [URL].
3. Chisako Teshima MASUO, "Governing a Troubled Relationship: Can the Field of Fisheries Breed Sino-Japanese Cooperation?", Japanese Journal of Political Science, Vol.14 Part1 (March 2013), 10.1017/S1468109912000345, 14, 1, 51-72, 2013.03.
4. Chisako T. Masuo, "Nanning Jumps into the World: The Role of Guangxi Government in China's Regionalism", Monthly Journal of Chinese Affairs, Vol.64, No.11, pp. 28-40..
1. Chisako T. MASUO, Strategic Landscape of the Indo-Pacific Region, Japan-U.S.-China Workshop: Trilateral Relations and Perspectives on the Indo-Pacific, 2016.05.
2. Chisako T. MASUO, “New Eurasia in the Making”, The Return of Geopolitics  (hosted by the Brookings Institution), 2016.03.
3. Chisako T. MASUO, “Undesired Contestation: Changes in Japanese Diplomatic Options over the East China Sea Issues with China”, International Studies Association Annual Convention 2016, 2016.03.
4. Chisako Teshima MASUO, “Senkaku/Diaoyu Dispute and the U.S.-Japan Alliance: Is a New Power Sharing Line Emerging between Washington and Beijing?”, Asian Studies on the Pacific Coast conference, 2015.06.
5. Chisako Teshima MASUO, “Extending Domestic Governance over the Seas: China’s Reinforcement of the State Oceanic Administration”, Symposium: China’s Military Development and the U.S.-Japan Alliance (hosted by Project 2049 Institute), 2015.03.
6. MASUO Teshima Chisako, "Competing to Cooperate: Roles of Regional Governments in Chinese Approach to Regionalism,” TB53 (Panel), Economic and Security relations and their Domestic Sources in the Asia-Pacific, Hilton Hotel, San Francisco. , International Studies Association Annual Convention 2013, 2013.04.
7. "China Factor in Japanese Security Policy in Last Forty Years: Changes and Future Directions".
Membership in Academic Society
  • Japan Association for Asian Studies
  • The Japan Association of International Relations
  • Japan Association for International Security
Educational Activities
For those who wish to enroll ISGS international course under my supervision:
I only accept students who can also participate the discussions sometimes carried in Japanese.
My seminars are conducted in a bilingual style in Japanese and English. You may express your idea in English, but you are requested to read some papers and listen to other peoples opinion expressed in Japanese. No exception allowed.