|Last modified date：2023.10.01
Professor / Division of Bioproduction Environmental Sciences
Department of Agro-environmental Sciences
Faculty of Agriculture
Department of Agro-environmental Sciences
Faculty of Agriculture
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Country of degree conferring institution (Overseas)
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On the basis of soil science, I perform education and research activities to establish suitable and sustainable management system of agricultural soils, develop soil evaluation methods, clarify soil chemical reactions, conserve biodiversity, clarify material cycling in ecosystems, etc. In the laboratory experiments, I analyze soils using cutting-edge analytical techniques, such as nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and mass spectroscopy in addition to general chemical analyses. Also, I conduct field survey on Ogasawara Islands and Aso-Kuju National Parks, etc., for their conservation research. In addition, I am a member of Kyushu University Advanced Asian Archaeological Research Center and conduct research to reveal past environmental information by using isotopic ratio mass spectrometer, scanning electron microscope-energy dispersion x-ray spectrometer, x-ray diffractometer, laser Raman spectrometer.
Research InterestsMembership in Academic Society
- Research on the soil formation processes and soil classification based on soil survey
keyword : pedorogy
- Characterization of the ecosystems of Ogasawara Islands by material cycle including soil systems
keyword : feral goats
- Estimation of the rate of soil carbon sequestration
keyword : soil organic carbon, 14C dating
- Regulation of soil environment for the conservation of biodiversity and ecosystems
keyword : avalable phosphate in soils, exchangeable acidity, alien plants, endemic plants
- Interactions between soil components and plant essential elements
keyword : Phosphorous，31P Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
|Masatoshi Ooshima, Noriko Yamaguchi, Yoko Nakanishi, Yoshimi Hitomi, Syuntaro Hiradate, Changes in chemical form of phosphorus in rice bran during fermentation process as determined by 31P nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 10.1080/00380768.2022.2083904, 68, 4, 421-428, 2022.06, Rice bran contains appreciable amount of phosphorus (P), which can be used as P fertilizers. The efficiency of the P in the rice bran to plants, however, is low, and the fermentation of the rice bran is proposed to improve the P availability for plants. In the present study, 20 kg of rice bran was aerobically fermented by adding 5 kg of rice husk, 0.025 kg of mulch, and 7 L of water and incubating for 35 days with 6 times of stirring, and the changes in the chemical form of P during the fermentation process were investigated by 31P nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and chemical extraction. Most part (84%) of P in the raw rice bran was myo-inositol-1,2,3,4,5,6-hexaphosphate (I6P), which is not available for plants. During the fermentation process, I6P was degraded and transformed into plant-available phosphate anions (orthophosphate). The proportions of the orthophosphate increased to 68% after incubating for 19 days with two times of stirring and 92% after incubating for 35 days with six times of stirring. After the fermentation, the orthophosphate was present as plant available precipitates associated with magnesium and the other monovalent cations. In conclusion, rice bran contains low-available I6P as a major P form, and the fermentation of rice bran accelerates the cleavage of the ester bond of I6P and results in the increased proportion of orthophosphate with high availability to plants..
|Jithya Nawodi Wijesinghe, Jun Koarashi, Mariko Atarashi-Andoh, Yoko Saito-Kokubu, Noriko Yamaguchi, Takashi Sase, Mamoru Hosono, Yudzuru Inoue, Yuki Mori, Syuntaro Hiradate, Formation and mobility of soil organic carbon in a buried humic horizon of a volcanic ash soil, GEODERMA, 10.1016/j.geoderma.2020.114417, 374, 2020.09, [URL], A buried humic horizon (C-14 age between 5.4 and 6.8 kyr BP) of a volcanic ash soil in Aomori, Japan, which was collected from the depth between 147 and 187 cm at 5 cm-interval (total eight sub-horizon samples), was investigated to clarify the degree of biological transformation and mobility of soil organic carbon (SOC) fractions. The SOC fractions were prepared from each sub-horizon sample by extraction and precipitation procedures with controlling pH of the extracted solution, resulting in humin, humic acid (HA), and four fulvic acid (FA) fractions (two hydrophilic FA fractions: FA(1) and FA(2), and two hydrophobic FA fractions: FA(3) and FA(IHss)). The prepared SOC fractions were characterized by C-14 age and stable isotopic ratios of C-13 (delta C-13) and N-15 (delta N-15). The hydrophilic FA fractions showed the highest delta C-13 and delta N-15 values, indicating that these SOC fractions had been most enriched with C-13 and N-15 by biological metabolic processes. On the other hand, the HA fraction showed the lowest delta C-13 and delta N-15 values, therefore this fraction would have been less-metabolized, although HA fraction has been regarded as well-processed in general. The C-14 age of the HA fraction was almost same as the deposition age of the corresponding sub-horizon, indicating that the C in the HA fraction would have been fixed in situ right after photosynthesis by plants at the early stage of soil formation and chemically stabilized at soil surface, by fire event, etc. The average rates of vertical translocation of the SOC fractions were low (humin and HA fractions:
|Syuntaro HIRADATE, Properties of Soils of the Ogasawara Islands: Keys to Understand Past Nature and Find Adequate Management for Future, Global Environmental Research, 23, 1&2, 29-36, 2019.12, [URL], Soil profiles under natural forest vegetation on four islands of the Ogasawara Islands, Japan, were compiled and evaluated based on chemical analysis to learn about the natural habitats of the past and determine adequate management measures for conserving the respective ecosystems. The majority of the soils could be characterized as high acidity (high exchangeable acidity, low pH(H2O) with low pH(KCl)), high cation exchange capacity (CEC) and high proportions of exchangeable Mg over exchangeable Ca and K, and those soils are in fairly early stages of weathering, differing from “laterite” and/or “laterite-like soils.” Available P for plants in the soils is bimodal: very low or very high. The very high level of soil-available P was caused by seabird activities in the past. The high proportion of exchangeable Mg would induce Ca and K deficiency in plants, and this situation would have prevailed in the Ogasawara Islands. Available N for plants in the surface horizons of the soils is generally high and does not limit the ecosystem productivity in many cases of natural forest. Soil erosion would cause fatal effects on the ecosystem by removing the surface horizons and exposing subsoil horizons with extremely high levels of soil acidity, high proportions of exchangeable Mg and low levels of available P and N, with inappropriate permeability and aeration ability for plant growth. Such subsoil horizons would provide very poor conditions for growing plants. Conserving soils is essential and important to the recovery and restoration of the natural vegetation and ecosystems..
- Japanese Society of Pedology
- Japanese Society of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition
- THE ECOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF JAPAN
- The Clay Science Society of Japan
- Japan Humic Substances Society
- American Society of Agronomy
- Soil Science Society of America
I teach students soil functions and roles, fundamental soil constituents, soil organisms, soil formation and taxonomy, soil analytical methods, etc. Based on the fundamental knowledge of soil science, I performed education activity on environmental science, agricultural production science, ecology, conservation, etc. In addition, I am a member of Kyushu University Advanced Asian Archaeological Research Center and conduct research to reveal past environmental information.