Kyushu University Academic Staff Educational and Research Activities Database
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Ashir Ahmed Last modified date:2019.06.24



Graduate School
Undergraduate School
Other Organization
Administration Post
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E-Mail
Homepage
socialtech.gramweb.net
The UN has defined sustainable development goals (SDGs) to be achieved by the year 2030. These goals focus on reducing social inequalities in healthcare, education, income, and promoting environmental sustainability. SDGs can be advanced by developing ICT (Information and Communication Technology) that complement local needs and resources in lower income countries. However, large scale social programs have not emphasised or included ICT for three major reasons:

a. Socio-economic: Majority of SDGs target population lives on less than $2.5 a day, are illiterate and subject to poor living conditions. Meeting the requirements of affordability, usability and sustainability puts the target population out of reach for many technology developers.

b. Natural calamities: Typical SDG populations are at high risk to natural calamities due to climate change. Communities become unreached due to suddenness of flood, earthquake, and droughts resulting in the local availability of food, healthcare, transportation and energy becoming severely compromised.

c. Political will: Policy issues do not include ICT due to geographical disparity of skilled resources.

SDGs address economic and social challenges facing all countries. In developing nations, unproductive eco systems and unclean energy are detrimental to thriving livelihoods. In developed nations, the demographic changes – the ageing society – will place strain on social services. In all nations, climate change increases the severity of natural calamities and may lead to continued disruption of infrastructure. The current social information infrastructure needs to be redesigned. New action oriented, concise and universally applicable ICT solutions need to be developed.

Areas of Research: Remote Healthcare, Mobility as a Service, iFarm

A. Remote Healthcare

Target
Build Efficient Remote Healthcare System for Rural and Ageing Community

Research topics
1. Usability of the system considering low-literate and ageing community
2. Portability of the system considering the interoperability issues of many hospitals and clinics
3. Visualisation of healthcare data for easy and error-free explanation to patients, doctors and family members
4. Consumer behaviour of the remote healthcare systems
5. Analysis of healthcare BigData for knowledge discovery and to develop decision mechanism
6. Error detection of remote healthcare data
7. Social business models to maximise social impacts

Expected social impact
1. Reduce morbidity
2. Serve unreached community and ageing population

B. Mobility as a Service

Target
Build a new car-sharing model for rural community and urban congested areas in developing countries

Research topics
1. Design a car sharing algorithm to maximise the car usage and reduce idle time
2. Design a scheduling system for multiple number of social services (Healthcare, Education, Learning and Purchase)
3. Impact analysis of college bus service for female high school students

Expected social impact
1. Improve the mobility conditions of rural areas
2. Reduce congestions and environmental pollutions in urban areas

C. iFarM (ICT based Farming and Marketing) system
Target
Smart agriculture system to generate extra income for small farmers

Research topics
1. Design farmer-friendly communication tools: farmer to farmer, farmer to expert and farmer to business
2. Design and implement Farmer-friendly e-Commerce system
3. Design voice navigation system for uploading farming information
4. Quality monitoring system for healthy vegetables

Expected social impact
1. Generate extra income for farmers to reduce poverty
2. Provide healthy and safe vegetables to the consumers .
ghealth.gramweb.net
describes our portable health clinic projects .
conf.gramweb.net
This page describes our International Conference on Healthcare, SDGs and Social Business. .
http://socialtech.gramweb.net/
Our mission is to develop technologies by considering the requirements of the unreached community in the world. In order to accomplish this mission, xTURP researchers and members will periodically organize seminars to share the updates of the projects with researchers, students and community people. .
www.gramweb.net
GramWeb is a web-based platform developed by Global Communications Center (GCC) to provide a point of information storage and sharing for the 85000 villages of Bangladesh. This enables Villagers at the Base of the Pyramid (BoP) to move from information consumers to information producers. They collect their village data and share them worldwide via their own village site to be maintained by a villager called Village Information Entrepreneur (VIE) for promotion, communication and thereby make it a source of their income. For the first time villagers can know and share their village to the whole world resulting a virtual global village.

GramWeb assists villagers to become village information owners and invites the BoP villagers to use their village information as their sources of income. This system increases information transparency and accuracy, and improves villagers' opportunities. .
Phone
092-802-3632
Fax
092-802-3632
Academic Degree
Ph.D (Information Science)
Field of Specialization
Information and Communication Technology
Outline Activities
The UN has defined sustainable development goals (SDGs) to be achieved by the year 2030. These goals focus on reducing social inequalities in healthcare, education, income, and promoting environmental sustainability. SDGs can be advanced by developing ICT (Information and Communication Technology) that complement local needs and resources in lower income countries. However, large scale social programs have not emphasised or included ICT for three major reasons:

a. Socio-economic: Majority of SDGs target population lives on less than $2.5 a day, are illiterate and subject to poor living conditions. Meeting the requirements of affordability, usability and sustainability puts the target population out of reach for many technology developers.

b. Natural calamities: Typical SDG populations are at high risk to natural calamities due to climate change. Communities become unreached due to suddenness of flood, earthquake, and droughts resulting in the local availability of food, healthcare, transportation and energy becoming severely compromised.

c. Political will: Policy issues do not include ICT due to geographical disparity of skilled resources.

SDGs address economic and social challenges facing all countries. In developing nations, unproductive eco systems and unclean energy are detrimental to thriving livelihoods. In developed nations, the demographic changes – the ageing society – will place strain on social services. In all nations, climate change increases the severity of natural calamities and may lead to continued disruption of infrastructure. The current social information infrastructure needs to be redesigned. New action oriented, concise and universally applicable ICT solutions need to be developed.

Areas of Research: Remote Healthcare, Mobility as a Service, iFarm

A. Remote Healthcare

Target
Build Efficient Remote Healthcare System for Rural and Ageing Community

Research topics
1. Usability of the system considering low-literate and ageing community
2. Portability of the system considering the interoperability issues of many hospitals and clinics
3. Visualisation of healthcare data for easy and error-free explanation to patients, doctors and family members
4. Consumer behaviour of the remote healthcare systems
5. Analysis of healthcare BigData for knowledge discovery and to develop decision mechanism
6. Error detection of remote healthcare data
7. Social business models to maximise social impacts

Expected social impact
1. Reduce morbidity
2. Serve unreached community and ageing population

B. Mobility as a Service

Target
Build a new car-sharing model for rural community and urban congested areas in developing countries

Research topics
1. Design a car sharing algorithm to maximise the car usage and reduce idle time
2. Design a scheduling system for multiple number of social services (Healthcare, Education, Learning and Purchase)
3. Impact analysis of college bus service for female high school students

Expected social impact
1. Improve the mobility conditions of rural areas
2. Reduce congestions and environmental pollutions in urban areas

C. iFarM (ICT based Farming and Marketing) system
Target
Smart agriculture system to generate extra income for small farmers

Research topics
1. Design farmer-friendly communication tools: farmer to farmer, farmer to expert and farmer to business
2. Design and implement Farmer-friendly e-Commerce system
3. Design voice navigation system for uploading farming information
4. Quality monitoring system for healthy vegetables

Expected social impact
1. Generate extra income for farmers to reduce poverty
2. Provide healthy and safe vegetables to the consumers
Research
Research Interests
  • A survey on geo characteristics for customization of Portable Health Clinic System
    keyword : Remote Health Care, Geo Characteristics, Portable Health Clinic
    2016.04~2017.03.
  • Support to establish a new society of BOP farmers by using the power of ICT

    keyword : Income generation, ICT, farmers
    2013.10~2017.02.
  • Towards creating social values by introducing a community car to sustainably serve the unreached people
    keyword : Mobility, ICT, Social Values
    2016.04~2017.03.
  • Towards creating social values by introducing a community car to sustainably serve the unreached people
    keyword : Mobility, ICT, Social Values
    2015.04~2016.03.
  • Towards creating social values by introducing a community car to sustainably serve the unreached people
    keyword : Mobility, ICT, Social Values
    2014.04~2015.03.
  • Towards creating social values by introducing a community car to sustainably serve the unreached people
    keyword : Mobility, ICT, Social Values
    2013.06~2014.03.
  • Design and Implementation of an affordable usable and sustainable portable health clinic for healthcare prevention for unreached community
    keyword : portable clinic, healthcare, preventive medicine
    2010.04~2020.03.
  • Income Generation Project for Farmers using ICT (IGPF)
    keyword : Income generation, ICT, farmers
    2010.07~2013.06.
  • GramWeb: A Village Information Platform
    keyword : Village Information, Information Collection, Storage and broadcast
    2007.08~2012.03.
  • Social Services on Wheels to reach the unreached villagers
    keyword : ICT, Social Services, Social Business
    2011.07~2012.03.
  • Design and Implementation of ePassbook for the people at BOP
    keyword : ePassbook, Microcredit, BOP, low income people, electronic card
    2012.10~2012.10.
Current and Past Project
  • The Portable Health Clinic is a remote medical system for promoting health in rural areas of developing countries. A staff member called a health assistant brings several health measuring instruments to a rural area without a doctor and conducts a medical checkup on the villagers. As a result of medical checkup, patients who are judged to need a diagnosis by a doctor can be connected with a doctor in the urban area through a telephone and receive a diagnosis. In rural areas of the country, people can receive a diagnosis. In this system, a doctor diagnoses a patient, takes notes and prescription drugs on a notebook, and after a call, inputs it to a computer to create a prescription. At this time, it is possible to recognize the handwriting written on the notebook, reduce the trouble of predicting the prescription based on the information and inputting it to the computer. , Can save the doctor's time, the doctor can perform more diagnosis of people.
    In this research, we propose an on-line handwritten medical term recognition method using a recursive neural network as an initial study of a system for predicting prescriptions, and SRP (Stroke Rotation and Parallel) as an on-line handwritten character data expansion method. -shift) propose a method.
  • eHealth is considered as one of the most prominent contributions of ICT towards global healthcare. eHealth industry is growing faster than the conventional face-to-face healthcare industry. Rapid advancement and affordable access to ICT, raising health awareness, increasing middle class, and growing elderly population are fueling this global eHealth boom.

    Existing studies related to eHealth are mostly focused on IT design and implementation, system architecture and infrastructural issues. However, the success of health IT doesn’t only depend on its design and infrastructure but also on its consumer acceptance for whom the service is being designed and delivered. It is evident that not enough studies are conducted to explore the overall consumer behavior of eHealth, especially from the perspective of Asian developing countries where most of the worlds’ population resides.

    The goal of this research is to analyze and understand the consumer behavior of eHealth. To attain the overall goal, the study has identified several specific objectives stated below:
    To explore the current level of knowledge and awareness of eHealth among rural consumers.
    To identify the factors that affect consumers’ acceptance of eHealth and to propose an eHealth acceptance model.
    To measure the consumers’ level of trust by assessing their compliance behavior toward e-Prescription and to identify the factors with relative magnitudes that affect the consumers’ compliance behavior.
    To predict the consumer behavior through machine learning and to propose the best performing model in terms of predictive accuracy.
  • eHealth is considered as one of the most prominent contributions of ICT towards global healthcare. eHealth industry is growing faster than the conventional face-to-face healthcare industry. Rapid advancement and affordable access to ICT, raising health awareness, increasing middle class, and growing elderly population are fueling this global eHealth boom.

    Existing studies related to eHealth are mostly focused on IT design and implementation, system architecture and infrastructural issues. However, the success of health IT doesn’t only depend on its design and infrastructure but also on its consumer acceptance for whom the service is being designed and delivered. It is evident that not enough studies are conducted to explore the overall consumer behavior of eHealth, especially from the perspective of Asian developing countries where most of the worlds’ population resides.

    The goal of this research is to analyze and understand the consumer behavior of eHealth. To attain the overall goal, the study has identified several specific objectives stated below:
    To explore the current level of knowledge and awareness of eHealth among rural consumers.
    To identify the factors that affect consumers’ acceptance of eHealth and to propose an eHealth acceptance model.
    To measure the consumers’ level of trust by assessing their compliance behavior toward e-Prescription and to identify the factors with relative magnitudes that affect the consumers’ compliance behavior.
    To predict the consumer behavior through machine learning and to propose the best performing model in terms of predictive accuracy.
  • This study aims to reduce erroneous healthcare data of remote healthcare systems. Concept of “Personalized Triage” will be developed to predict a range of values before the health checkup. Our Portable Health Clinic project (32 locations in Bangladesh) has archived 39,549 health records in the last 7 years. The system generates erroneous data (>13%). Most of them (>82%) occurs when the healthcare workers input the measured data into the software app. Errors in the outliers are easy to detect but difficult for the inliers. A wrong data leads to a wrong decision. Personalized triage will be installed into the software app to detect errors at the earlier stage. This study will define the personalized triage algorithm, examine on 60 cohort patients in Dhaka city for 30 months to evaluate the effectiveness of Personalized Triage concept. We envision that the concept can be re-imported in Japan for elderly people in remote areas.
  • This project aims to solve social issues related to transportation. Almost all the rural areas in the world have the last mile access problem to healthcare, education, government services etc. This project aims to carry all the social services on a car to solve the last mile access problem. We are designing such a vehicle, we call it "social services on wheels". The sponsor of this project is Toyota motor company in Japan.
  • Personal Health Records (PHR) are digitized and stored for efficient patient management in hospitals or clinics. At the patient side, the health records are not digitally stored. They receive their records in printed papers. It is difficult for a patient to search from past records or know the medical statistics. When a patient moves from one place to another, the past health records do not move with the patient. Recently few organizations (Microsoft Health Vault, Indivo etc.) made a great effort to allow the patients to store digitized healthcare data measured by the patient or scanned data from a hospital. The platform offers different statistical tools to analyze and display the required health status and trends and also to visualize the past medical records in an understandable way by the patients. However, the patient/hospital will need to re-input their medical data in a pre-defined format. The patient has limited control over the stored data as the patient loses her ownership of her data.

    In this work, we propose a new framework, we call it Personal Health Book (PHB) where a patient can own, operate, manage by herself and can also share her own data with other authorized parties. In PHB, we introduce a simple algorithm to collect medical records, convert them in a universally accessible format (XML) and store in our Personal Health Book (PHB). There are challenges to store the medical data coming from different sources (hospitals, clinics) with different data structure. Different hospitals produce data in different data type (integer, char, date) or different format (size of each data, storing order of data) and data structure (names and number of columns). Therefore it is necessary to design a database that can accommodate these variable natures of the source data.
  • IGPF aims to assist the female farmers in Bangladesh to generate income by produc-ing healthy semi-organic vegetables (use appropriate or no chemical fertilizers or pesticides) in their homestead and fallow land areas. Healthy vegetables have a high demand in the rich individuals, quality hotels and restaurants and hospitals. The In order to achieve the goal, the project undertook the following action items: (1) de-velop farmer-friendly digitised farming knowledge contents (2) disseminate the contents to rural farmers by using ICT (3) Utilise homestead and surrounding land areas (4) engage women in farming (6) develop necessary ICT tools to communicate with the facility of production, marketing and support.
  • Portable Clinic aims to produce technologies to provide healthcare service to the doors of the unreached. The portable clinic is a health checkup booth or a box with necessary diagnostic tools. A certified nurse will collect FHR (Family Health Record) of each family in a village and upload them to a centralized database. The archive can be an invaluable source of information for the government, NGO, social development organizations to know the area based health situation and trends.
  • IGPF aims to assist the female farmers in Bangladesh to generate income by produc-ing healthy semi-organic vegetables (use appropriate or no chemical fertilizers or pesticides) in their homestead and fallow land areas. Healthy vegetables have a high demand in the rich individuals, quality hotels and restaurants and hospitals. The In order to achieve the goal, the project undertook the following action items: (1) de-velop farmer-friendly digitised farming knowledge contents (2) disseminate the contents to rural farmers by using ICT (3) Utilise homestead and surrounding land areas (4) engage women in farming (6) develop necessary ICT tools to communicate with the facility of production, marketing and support.
  • The project aims at the computerization of the operational bases of Microcredit in order to replace the paper, i.e. the bank passbooks with the IC cards using Kyushu University's Value Right Circulation Control System (VRICS) which is characterized by the highly reliable security and its independence of media. With the application of VRICS, the current problems shall be solved, other infrastructures will be established and real-time information and data transmission will be realized, allowing micro-credit to reconstruct itself as a safe and solid social infrastructure.
  • This project aims to solve social issues related to transportation. Almost all the rural areas in the world have the last mile access problem to healthcare, education, government services etc. This project aims to carry all the social services on a car to solve the last mile access problem. We are designing such a vehicle, we call it "social services on wheels". The sponsor of this project is Toyota motor company in Japan.
Academic Activities
Books
1. N. Hossain, H. Okajima, H. Kitaoka, F. Yokota, and A. Ahmed, Book Chapter: eHealth Consumer Behavior
Book Title: Behavior Engineering and Applications, 1st ed., Springer International Publishing, 2018. ISBN-10: 3319764292.
, Springer, ISBN-10: 3319764292, 2018.06, [URL], Numerous studies have been conducted on eHealth’s structure, technological aspects, current status, problems and prospects. However, there are only a few studies conducted in regards to the consumer behavior of eHealth. This chapter describes the necessity of behavioral research in eHealth. eHealth initiatives and current status in Bangladesh is reported. The chapter also explores and analyzes the current level of, reasons behind and factors affecting consumer acceptance of Portable Health Clinic (PHC), an e-Health initiative in Bangladesh, currently serving on experimental basis. In order to conduct an in-depth consumer behavior research, a sample of 600 rural respondents has been selected through stratified random sampling method. Data has been collected through structured questionnaire survey and analyzed with statistical tools including central tendency, frequency analysis, chi-square test of association and simple linier regression. This chapter also analyzes consumer’s demographic and socio-economic factors that affect their acceptance of eHealth. Our finding says, consumer’s age, occupation and purchasing power have very strong influence on their acceptance of eHealth services from PHC while their gender, level of education, access to cell phone and previous eHealth knowledge have very insignificant or weaker impact. Finally, the major applications of behavioral research are reported through which eHealth initiatives can be more socially acceptable and financially viable..
2. Ashir Ahmed, REBEIRO-HARGRAVE ANDREW, Nohara Yasunobu, Rafiqul Islam Maruf, Partha Pratim Ghosh, Naoki Nakashima, Hiroto Yasuura, Smart Sensors and Systems
Chapter: Portable Health Clinic: A Telehealthcare System for UnReached Communities
, Springer, 2015.03, [URL], One billion people (15% of the world population) are unreached in terms of access to quality healthcare services largely as a result of the paucity of healthcare facilities and medical experts in rural areas. We have prototyped “portable health clinic (PHC), a compact telehealth system with diagnostic equipment and GramHealth software for archiving and searching patients’ past health records. The back-end of the system consists of data servers and a medical call center. The front-end has the instances of portable briefcase consisting of medical sensors and measuring equipment operated by healthcare workers living in unreached communities. The front-end data transmission system and Skype telemedicine calls connect with the back-end using mobile network coverage and Internet. Doctors at the medical call center access GramHealth data cloud through the In-ternet or have a copy of the database in the call center server. Upon receiving a multimedia call from a patient, the doctor can find that patient’s previous EHR record and then create and send an e-Prescription. The healthcare worker’s PHC briefcase is designed to be low cost and portable. It is envisioned as costing less than US$300 (an amount an entrepreneur can borrow from micro-finance institu-tions such as Grameen Bank in Bangladesh) and light enough to be carried by a female health assistant. The PHC briefcase will be owned and operated by a vil-lage health assistant. This will be a sustainable business model as the health assis-tant can build a professional relationship with her local clientele. We carried out experiments in three remote villages and in two commercial organizations in Bangladesh by collaborating with local organizations to observe the local adoption of the technology. We are looking at the applicability of our PHC system for aging societies in developed countries..
Papers
1. F. Yokota, Manish Biyani, Rafiqul Islam, Ashir Ahmed, Mariko Nishikitani, Kimiyo Kikuchi, Yasunobu Nohara, and Naoki Nakashima, Lessons Learned from Co-Design and Co-Production in a Portable Health Clinic Research Project in Jaipur District, India, Sustainability, https://doi.org/10.3390/su10114148, 10, 11, 4148, 2018.10, [URL], Co-design and co-production with non-academic stakeholders has been recognized as a key approach in transdisciplinary sustainability research. The majority of transdisciplinary studies have been conducted in Europe and North America, with a marked lack of such research in the Asian context—particularly with regard to healthcare. Utilizing a case study involving mobile health check-ups performed using a portable health clinic system in Jaipur, India, from March 2016 to March 2018, this study identifies key factors in co-design and co-production that should be considered to ensure the project’s sustainability. Thoroughly reviewing all of the documents and materials related to the case study’s co-design and co-production, this study identifies the following key factors: (1) mutual stakeholder agreement on a long-term research plan, protocol, and budget; (2) harmonizing research objectives, frames, and the scale of stakeholder expectations; (3) stakeholders’ commitment and a sense of ownership derived from their needs and priorities; (4) stakeholder trust; (5) effective coordinators; (6) personality type and characteristics of stakeholder leaders; (7) capacity building and the empowerment of local research staff and participants; and (8) continuous efforts to involve stakeholders throughout the co-design and co-production processes. Facilitating effective co-design and co-production, these factors will help ensure the future sustainability of projects.
2. N. Hossain, F. Yokota, A. Fukuda, and A. Ahmed, Factors affecting rural patients’ primary compliance with e-prescription: a developing country perspective, Telemedicine and e-Health, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1089/tmj.2018.008 1, 25, 5, 2018.06, [URL], Background: The electronic prescription system has emerged to reduce the ambiguity and misunderstanding associated with handwritten prescriptions. The opportunities and challenges of e-prescription system, its impact on reducing medication error, and improving patient's safety have been widely studied. However, not enough studies were conducted to explore and quantify the factors that affect rural patients' compliance with e-prescription, especially from the perspective of Asian developing countries where most of the world's population resides. Objective: The objective of this study is to explore and assess the factors that affect rural patients' primary compliance with e-prescription in Bangladesh. Methods: Data were collected from 95 randomly selected rural patients who received e-prescription through a field survey with a structured questionnaire from Bheramara subdistrict, Bangladesh, during June and July 2016. Logistic regression analysis was performed to test the research hypotheses. Results: The study found patients' gender as the most significantly influential factor (regression coefficient [Coef.] = 2.02, odds ratio [OR] = 7.51, p < 0.05) followed by visiting frequency (Coef. = 0.99, OR = 2.70, p < 0.05); education (Coef. = 0.92, OR = 2.51, p < 0.05); and distance to healthcare facility (Coef. = 0.82, OR = 2.26, p < 0.01). However, patients' age, monthly family expenditure, and use of cell phone were found insignificant. The model explains 59.40% deviance (R2 = 0.5940) in the response variable with its constructs. And the "Hosmer-Lemeshow" goodness-of-fit score (0.99) is also above the standard threshold (0.05), which indicates the data fit well with the model. Conclusions: The findings of this study are expected to be helpful for e-health service providers to gain a better understanding of the factors that influence their patients to comply with e-prescriptions..
3. N. Hossain, F. Yokota, N. Sultana and A. Ahmed, Factors Influencing Rural End-Users’ Acceptance of e-Health in Developing Countries: A study on Portable Health Clinic in Bangladesh, Telemedicine and e-Health, 2018, 10.1089/tmj.2018.0039, 25, 3, 221-229, 2018.04, [URL], BACKGROUND:
Existing studies regarding e-health are mostly focused on information technology design and implementation, system architecture and infrastructure, and its importance in public health with ancillaries and barriers to mass adoption. However, not enough studies have been conducted to assess the end-users' reaction and acceptance behavior toward e-health, especially from the perspective of rural communities in developing countries.

OBJECTIVE:
The objective of this study is to explore the factors that influence rural end users' acceptance of e-health in Bangladesh.

METHODS:
Data were collected between June and July 2016 through a field survey with structured questionnaire form 292 randomly selected rural respondents from Bheramara subdistrict, Bangladesh. Technology Acceptance Model was adopted as the research framework. Logistic regression analysis was performed to test the theoretical model.

RESULTS:
The study found social reference as the most significantly influential variable (Coef. = 2.28, odds ratio [OR] = 9.73, p < 0.01) followed by advertisement (Coef. = 1.94, OR = 6.94, p < 0.01); attitude toward the system (Coef. = 1.52, OR = 4.56, p < 0.01); access to cellphone (Coef. = 1.37, OR = 3.92, p < 0.05), and perceived system effectiveness (Coef. = 0.74, OR = 2.10, p < 0.01). Among demographic variables, age, gender, and education were found significant while we did not find any significant impact of respondents' monthly family expenditure on their e-health acceptance behavior. The model explains 54.70% deviance (R2 = 0.5470) in the response variable with its constructs. The "Hosmer-Lemeshow" goodness-of-fit score (0.539) is also above the standard threshold (0.05), which indicates that the data fit well with the model.

CONCLUSION:
The study provides guidelines for the successful adoption of e-health among rural communities in developing countries. This also creates an opportunity for e-health technology developers and service providers to have a better understanding of their end users..
4. M. N. Hossain, H. Okajima, H. Kitaoka, and A. Ahmed, Consumer Acceptance of eHealth among Rural Inhabitants in Developing Countries (A Study on Portable Health Clinic in Bangladesh), Procedia Comput. Sci.,, 111, 2015, 471-478, 2017.04, [URL], This paper explores and analyzes the current level of, reasons behind and factors affecting consumer acceptance of Portable Health Clinic (PHC), an e-Health initiative in Bangladesh. Our findings revealed that, 40% of the respondents have idea of using ICT in healthcare while 21% have their own experience of using any of the existing mHealth or eHealth systems. On the other hand, PHC’s acceptance rate among our respondents is 32% i.e. they have received healthcare services from PHC at least once. This research also analyzed consumer’s demographic and socio-economic factors that affect their acceptance of eHealth. Our finding says, consumer’s age, occupation and purchasing power have very strong influence on their acceptance of eHealth services while their gender, level of education, access to cell phone and previous eHealth knowledge have very insignificant or weaker impact..
5. Takuzo Osugi, REBEIRO-HARGRAVE ANDREW, Jecinta Kamau, Abdullah Emran, Ashir Ahmed, Healthcare Service on Wheels for Unreached Communities, International Journal of Social Science and Humanity, 6 (5), pp. 594-599, 2016., 6, 5, 594-599, 2016.04, This article introduces an ICT based transport system called Social Services on Wheels (SSW) that provides multiple social services especially healthcare delivery to the unreached communities. A community car brings healthcare devices, PC and team members (Village entrepreneur, healthcare worker, IT assistant) to pre-allocated service points within villages. The measuring devices and applications are supported by a back-end data operations office using Internet. The villager walks to the nearest service point and interfaces with the healthcare and information systems. Social Service on Wheels has been tested in two rural villages in Bangladesh during October 2013 to February 2014. The results showed that 4,496 long distance trips were reduced because the villager were satisfactorily served without leaving their village. The villagers tended to associate the delivery of six social services with the Toyota community car rather than the SSW teams who performed the tests or helped with IT issues. SSW empowered the community by hiring locally and training the SSW teams. The sustainability of SSW project is a challenging area and is still being investigated..
6. Mehdi Hasan, Mamoru Ito, Ashir Ahmed, Dissemination of Personalized Agricultural Knowledge for Farmers in Bangladesh, International Journal of Innovative Research and Development (IJIRD), 5, 3, 65-69, 2016.02, [URL], Bangladesh is predominately an agricultural country. To feed her 160 million people from 8.2 million hectares of cultivable land
is a tough task. 15, 089,000 families out of total 17,600,804 families are directly or indirectly involve with the agriculture. Every
year, almost 0.20 million people are being added to the total population whereas the estimated annual shrinkage of agricultural
land is about 0.08 million hectares due to various non-agricultural activities like constructions of houses, roads, etc. In 1971,
agriculture was the first contributor to the GDP 71% which is currently 20.60%. In terms of employment, agriculture still
remains to the largest source. To continue the sustainable agricultural development, farmers need updated knowledge. Currently
they have various sources to get knowledge as like TV, mobile phone, radio, private group and so on. However, 60% farmers are
still expecting knowledge from the government agriculture extension officers. But it is quite difficult to disseminate personalize
agricultural knowledge for 12,000 extension officers to 16 million farmers around the country. This research will identify the
existing gap for getting agricultural knowledge from the most preferable sources and propose the improved service design which
can support to disseminate personalize agricultural knowledge for farmers in Bangladesh..
7. Ashir Ahmed, Kazi Mozaher Hossein, Md. Asifur Rahman, Takuzo Osugi, Akira Fukuda, Hiroto Yasuura, Expansion of e-Commerce Coverage to Unreached Community by using Micro-Finance Infrastructure , International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications (ijacsa), 10.14569/IJACSA.2015.060904, 6, 9, 2015.09, Most people at the BOP (base of the economic pyramid, the largest but the poorest community in the world comprising 69% of world population) do not have access to e-commerce services. The way e-commerce is designed and practiced today does not enable their participation. The reasons are: their purchasing power is low, they do not have any means to make online payments, and there is no infrastructure to deliver the purchased items to their doors. To enable the participation of the people at BOP, we propose an e-commerce framework by engaging MFI resources and our recently developed ePassbook system. This paper shows how the BOP community can enjoy the benefits of the e-commerce service by using the proposed model. The advantages of making e-commerce available to the BOP are discussed, in addition to the challenges involved in implementing the model. .
8. Takuzo Osugi, REBEIRO-HARGRAVE ANDREW, Jecinta Kamau, Abdullah Emran, Ashir Ahmed, Healthcare Service on Wheels for Unreached Communities , Proceedings of the International Conference on Social Sciences and Humanities, 2015.04, This article introduces an ICT based transport system called Social Services on Wheels (SSW) that provides multiple social services especially healthcare delivery to the unreached communities. A community car brings healthcare devices, PC and team members (Village entrepreneur, healthcare worker, IT assistant) to pre-allocated service points within villages. The measuring devices and applications are supported by a back-end data operations office using Internet. The villager walks to the nearest service point and interfaces with the healthcare and information systems. Social Service on Wheels has been tested in two rural villages in Bangladesh during October 2013 to February 2014. The results showed that 4,496 long distance trips were reduced because the villager were satisfactorily served without leaving their village. The villagers tended to associate the delivery of six social services with the Toyota community car rather than the SSW teams who performed the tests or helped with IT issues. SSW empowered the community by hiring locally and training the SSW teams. The sustainability of SSW project is a challenging area and is still being investigated..
9. Nohara Yasunobu, Eiko Kai, Partha Pratim Ghosh, Rafiqul Islam Maruf, Ashir Ahmed, Masahiro Kuroda, Sozo Inoue, Tatsuo Hiramatsu, Michio Kimura, Naoki Nakashima, Health Checkup and Telemedical Intervention Program for Preventive Medicine in Developing Countries: Verification Study, Journal of Medical Internet Research , 10.2196/jmir.3705, 17, 1, 2015.01, Background: The prevalence of non-communicable diseases is increasing throughout the world, including developing countries.
Objective: The intent was to conduct a study of a preventive medical service in a developing country, combining eHealth checkups and teleconsultation as well as assess stratification rules and the short-term effects of intervention.
Methods: We developed an eHealth system that comprises a set of sensor devices in an attaché case, a data transmission system linked to a mobile network, and a data management application. We provided eHealth checkups for the populations of five villages and the employees of five factories/offices in Bangladesh. Individual health condition was automatically categorized into four grades based on international diagnostic standards: green (healthy), yellow (caution), orange (affected), and red (emergent). We provided teleconsultation for orange- and red-grade subjects and we provided teleprescription for these subjects as required.
Results: The first checkup was provided to 16,741 subjects. After one year, 2361 subjects participated in the second checkup and the systolic blood pressure of these subjects was significantly decreased from an average of 121 mmHg to an average of 116 mmHg (P<.001). Based on these results, we propose a cost-effective method using a machine learning technique (random forest method) using the medical interview, subject profiles, and checkup results as predictor to avoid costly measurements of blood sugar, to ensure sustainability of the program in developing countries.
Conclusions: The results of this study demonstrate the benefits of an eHealth checkup and teleconsultation program as an effective health care system in developing countries..
10. REBEIRO-HARGRAVE ANDREW, Hiroshi Nakajima, Ashir Ahmed, Keiichi Obayashi, Naoki Nakashima, Mitsuo Kuwabara, Islam Rafiqul, Toshikazu Shiga, Investigation into Blood Pressure Variability in Japan and Bangladesh by ICT based Healthcare Systems, The 2014 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (SMC2014), 2014.10, Blood Pressure readings are widely accepted as a measure to determine the risk of non-communicable diseases such as hypertension and stroke. Affordable healthcare devices and sensors allow individuals to monitor blood pressure at home or at a local service point on a daily basis. ICT based healthcare systems interpret the readings and give feedback to individuals or may trigger a telemedicine call to a remote doctor. This paper introduces case studies for ICT healthcare studies undertaken in Japan and Bangladesh. Blood Pressure data collected by the Omron WellnessLink (500,000 readings) and the Kyushu University/Grameen Portable Heath Clinic (21,252 readings) are examined for similarities and differences. The results show similarities in gender and temporal influences. Males have higher blood pressure and readings appear to be rhythmic according to day and month. The differences indicate that the mean Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP) for Japanese males is higher than Bangladesh males and SBP for Bangladesh females is higher than Japanese females. The impact of climate is stronger on Japanese SBP than Bangladesh SBP. The Bangladesh data shows progressive increase in SBP in each ten year age category until 80 years; this is also reflected by BMI categories. The study reveals that affordable devices connected to basic ICT based healthcare systems reveal underlying factors in the Blood Pressure variability..
11. Ashir Ahmed, REBEIRO-HARGRAVE ANDREW, Rafiqul Islam Maruf, Sozo Inoue, Naoki Nakashima, Applicability of Portable Health Clinic for ageing Society, Human-Computer Interaction (HCI International), Springer LNCS, LNCS 8530, 533-544, 2014.08, [URL], Portable Health Clinic is adapted to provide primary care to a super aged society. A super aged society occurs when, one third of the population is 65+ years and one fifth is 85+ years. The combination of aging society and incidence of non-communicable diseases increases the prevalence of elderly disability and places pressure on health care systems, health costs, and existing social norms. The goal is to reposition the Portable Health Clinic as a health information and af- fordable disability prevention system. In this paper, we show how the healthcare worker can supplement her competence on medical risk factors with sensor tech- nology and share her knowledge with elderly patients within the community. We suggest that the remote telemedicine call center should be used to support distant screening and surveillance programs and provide early intervention to diseases. We investigate 18,278 Portable Health Clinic Electronic Health Records between 2012 and 2013 to see what are the most important risk factors for ill health in Bangladesh. The field data implies that elevated blood pressure and blood sugar and protein in the urine and the most important risk factors for the elderly popula- tion (>65 years) when compared to younger population (<65 years)..
12. Ashir Ahmed, Andrew REBEIRO-HARGRAVE, Raiqul Islam, Sozo Inoue, Naoki Nakashima, Applicability of Portable Health Clinic for ageing Society, International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (HCI International), LNCS, 8530, 533-544, 2014.06, Portable Health Clinic is adapted to provide primary care to a super aged society. A super aged society occurs when, one third of the population is 65+ years and one fifth is 85+ years. The combination of aging society and incidence of non-communicable diseases increases the prevalence of elderly disability and places pressure on health care systems, health costs, and existing social norms. The goal is to reposition the Portable Health Clinic as a health information and affordable disability prevention system. In this paper, we show how the healthcare worker can supplement her competence on medical risk factors with sensor technology and share her knowledge with elderly patients within the community. We suggest that the remote telemedicine call center should be used to support distant screening and surveillance programs and provide early intervention to diseases. We investigate 18,278 Portable Health Clinic Electronic Health Records between 2012 and 2013 to see what are the most important risk factors for ill health in Bangladesh. The field data implies that elevated blood pressure and blood sugar and protein in the urine and the most important risk factors for the elderly population (>65 years) when compared to younger population (<65 years)..
13. Jecinta Kamau, Andrew REBEIRO-HARGRAVE, Hiroaki Saito, Emran Abdullah, Hiroshi Okajima, Ashir Ahmed, Social Services on Wheels: A sustainable model to improve access in unreached communities, Proceedings of the IEEE IST-Africa, 2014.05, Unreached communities require access to fundamental social services such as healthcare, education, learning and purchasing opportunities to improve their economic sustainability. Unreached communities are characterized by informal and unsafe transport. Villagers have to travel long distances to urban centres to attain social services. In this article, we introduce an Information Communication Technology (ICT) concept called Social Services on Wheels (SSW) to provide quality transit and overcome access problems by bringing e-services directly to the community. SSW is based on a community vehicle that is as a college bus service and mobile ICT platform. SSW takes a healthcare worker, an ICT assistant and their equipment to a service point allowing villagers to access telemedicine and Internet services. SSW was tested on a rural community in Bangladesh in 2012 and 2013. A cost analysis shows that 52% of the total operating cost was covered using the existing business model. The research contributes to the discussion on sustainable ICT for Development (ICT4D)..
14. Eiko Kai, Andrew REBEIRO-HARGRAVE, Sozo Inoue, Nohara Yasunobu, Naoki Nakashima, Rafiqul Islam, Ashir Ahmed, Empowering the healthcare worker using the Portable Health Clinic, Proceedings of 28th IEEE-AINA, 2014.05, We present a remote healthcare consultancy system that enables healthcare workers to identify noncommunicable diseases in unreached communities. The healthcare system combines medical sensors with mobile health and is called a Portable Health Clinic. The Portable Health Clinic fits into a briefcase and is operated by the healthcare worker. The goal of this research is to empower the healthcare worker further by allowing her to recognize spurious measurements and to make lifestyle recommendations. In this paper, we show how to process the data: combine, link and compare – captured in patient electronic health records stored in database. We applied association rule technique to find common set of rules in order to build a clinical decision support system. We also showed examples of the meaningful information from the analyzed data to build a better clinical decision support..
15. Ashir Ahmed, REBEIRO-HARGRAVE ANDREW, Nohara Yasunobu, Eiko Kai, Zahidul Hussein Ripon, Naoki Nakashima, Targeting morbidity in unreached communities using Portable Health Clinic System, IEICE Trans. Special Issue on Information and Communication Technology for Medical and Healthcare Applications, 540-545, 2014.03, This study looks at how an e-Health System can reduce morbidity (poor health) in unreached communities. The e-Health system combines affordable sensors and Body Area Networking technology with mobile health concepts and is called a Portable Health Clinic. The health clinic is portable because all the medical devices fit inside a briefcase and are carried to unreached communities by a health assistant. Patient mor- bidity is diagnosed using software stratification algorithm and categorized according to triage color-coding scheme within the briefcase. Morbid pa- tients are connected to remote doctor in a telemedicine call center using the mobile network coverage. Electronic Health Records (EHR) are used for the medical consultancy and e-Prescription is generated. The effec- tiveness of the portable health clinic system to target morbidity was tested on 8690 patients in rural and urban areas of Bangladesh during Septem- ber 2012 to January 2013. There were two phases to the experiment: the first phase identified the intensity of morbidity and the second phase re- examined the morbid patients, two months later. The experiment results show a decrease in patients to identify as morbid among those who partici- pated in telemedicine process..
16. Ashir Ahmed, Andrew REBEIRO-HARGRAVE, Nohara Yasunobu, Eiko Kai, Zahidul Hossein Ripon, Naoki Nakashima, Targeting morbidity in unreached communities using Portable Health Clinic System, IEICE Transaction on Communications, 10.1587/transcom.E97.B.540, E97-B, 3, 540-545, 2014.03, This study looks at how an e-Health System can reduce morbidity (poor health) in unreached communities. The e-Health system combines affordable sensors and Body Area Networking technology with mobile health concepts and is called a Portable Health Clinic. The health clinic is portable because all the medical devices fit inside a briefcase and are carried to unreached communities by a healthcare assistants. Patient morbidity is diagnosed using software stratification algorithm and categorized according to triage color-coding scheme within the briefcase. Morbid patients are connected to remote doctor in a telemedicine call center using the mobile network coverage. Electronic Health Records (EHR) are used for the medical consultancy and e-Prescription is generated. The effectiveness of the portable health clinic system to target morbidity was tested on 8690 patients in rural and urban areas of Bangladesh during September 2012 to January 2013. There were two phases to the experiment: the first phase identified the intensity of morbidity and the second phase re-examined the morbid patients, two months later. The experiment results show a decrease in patients to identify as morbid among those who participated in telemedicine process. .
17. Ashir Ahmed, Lutfe Kabir, Eiko Kai, Sozo Inoue, GramHeath: A bottom-up approach to provide preventive healthcare services for unreached community, Proceedings of EMBC 2013, 2013.07.
18. Ashir Ahmed, Sozo Inoue, Eiko Kai, Naoki Nakashima, Nohara Yasunobu, Portable Health Clinic: A Pervasive Way to Serve the Unreached Community for Preventive Healthcare, Proceedings of HCI International 2013, Published by Springer, LNCS 8028, 265-274, 2013.07.
19. Ashir Ahmed, Takuzo Osugi, Rafiqul Islam Maruf, Naoki Nakashima, Evolution of remote health-consultancy over mobile phone, Proceedings of the 2013 IEICE, 2013.03.
20. Ashir Ahmed Akinori Ozaki Kazuo Ogata Ikuo Miyajima Takuzou Osugi, Income Generation Project for rural female Farmers using ICT (IGPF), Proceedings of e-Asia 2011, 2011.08, Greedy market strategies of agro-chemical industries have encouraged Bangladeshi farmers to work under the motto “More fertilizer, more product”. Similar misconceptions apply to the use of pesticides and food processing chemicals. At best careful and controlled use of such chemicals is required. They do not simply improve yield, nor does their use build customer-trust. In order to address this problem, our Income Generation Project for Farmers (IGPF) targets rural female farmers to generate income through the production and marketing of organic vegetables. Farmers will be using their fallow homesteads to grow vegetables under the supervision of IGPF experts and through our developed BIGBUS system. Information Communication Technology is used to train the farmers in crop selection and maintenance, and then to market and sell the products at a price to reflect the higher quality. Presently, we are working in two locations with 36 model-farmers. The produce is sold through a third-party e-commerce site. Demand among the affluent has been confirmed. In two years, we envision that the project will be a sustainable business benefitting thousands of farmers and consumers. .
21. Ashir Ahmed, Asifur Rahman, Takuzo Osugi, eCommerce for the unreached community, Proceedings of ICT 2011, 2011.07.
Works, Software and Database
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10. A software application that can collect, store and display millions of village information
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Presentations
1. Ashir Ahmed, Kai Eiko, Healthcare and Social Business, Institute of Decision Science for Sustainable Society, 2014.04, Insufficient healthcare facilities and unavailability of medical experts in rural areas are the two major reasons that kept the people unreached to healthcare services. Recent penetration of mobile phone and the demand to basic healthcare services, remote health consultancy over mobile phone became popular in developing countries. In this paper, we introduce two such representative initiatives from Bangladesh and discuss the technical challenges they face to serve a remote patient. To solve these issues, we have prototyped a box with necessary diagnostic tools, we call it a “portable clinic” and a software tool, “GramHealth” for managing the patient information. We carried out experiments in three villages in Bangladesh to observe the usability of the portable clinic and verify the functionality of “GramHealth”. We display the qualitative analysis of the results obtained from the experiment. GramHealth DB has a unique combination of structured, semi-structured and un-structured data. We are currently looking at these data to see whether these can be treated as BigData and if yes, how to analyze the data and what to expect from these data to make a better clinical decision support..
2. Ashir Ahmed, Technologies to achieve social goals, Second International Japan-Egypt Conference on Electronics, Communications and Computers, 2013.12, [URL], The UN has defined eight millennium development goals (MDGs) to be achieved by the year 2015. The goals relate to health, education, poverty and the environment. Many of these problems can be effectively solved if technologies could reach the masses. Kyushu University in Japan and Grameen Communications in Bangladesh undertook initiatives to explore this field of social needs based technology and product development. Towards this goal, we have focused on health; micro-finance, energy, agriculture and rural information broadcast issues and developed technical solutions. GramWeb as an information platform for villagers; ePassbook as an electronic gadget for the poor; $300 USD portable clinic as a means of providing health services to the doors of the unreached, are our major innovations. The overview of these projects, technical features, business models and their social impact will be discussed during the talk..
3. Ashir Ahmed, Partha P. Ghosh, Energy for small scale rural ICT centers , IMPRES2013: International Symposium on Innovative Materials for Processes in Energy Systems 2013, 2013.09, [URL], Only 40% of the world population has regular access to grid electricity. Most of these unreached people live in rural areas in developing countries. Recent penetration of ICT devices including mobile phones is contributing to the achievement of development goals in diverse and ever-expanding ways. ICT devices are used to increase the effectiveness and reach of development interventions, to enhance good governance and to lower the delivery costs of many public and private services. When used appropriately, they facilitate the creation and strengthening of new economic and social networks with the potential to advance and even transform the development process. However, ICT devices cannot function without electricity. When grid extension is not an option, a standalone or distributed power system can be installed to generate electricity at a location where the ICT devices can be recharged. Examples of small-scale, standalone power systems include generator sets powered by diesel, solar PV systems, small wind systems, and micro-hydro systems. In this study, we report the energy requirements of a telecenter and present the status and the challenges. We also display the case study results of Grameen-Shakti, an organization in Bangladesh that successfully installed 1 million solar home systems..
4. Ashir Ahmed, Sozo Inoue, Kai Eiko, Naoki Nakashima, Nohara Yasunobu, Portable Health Clinic: A pervasive way to serve the unreached community for preventive healthcare, IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 2013.07, [URL], One billion people (15% of the world population) are unreached in terms of accessing to quality healthcare service. Insufficient healthcare facilities and unavailability of medical experts in rural areas are the two major reasons that kept the people unreached to healthcare services. Recent penetration of mobile phone and the unmet demand to basic healthcare services, remote health consultancy over mobile phone became popular in developing countries. In this paper, we introduce two such representative initiatives from Bangladesh and discuss the technical challenges they face to serve a remote patient. To solve these issues, we have prototyped a portable health clinic box with necessary diagnostic tools, we call it a “portable clinic” and a software tool, “GramHealth” for archiving and searching patients’ past health records. We carried out experiments in three remote villages and in two commercial organizations in Bangladesh by collaborating with local organization to observe the local adoption of the technology. We also monitored the usability of the portable clinic and verified the functionality of “GramHealth”. We display the qualitative analysis of the results obtained from the experiment. GramHealth DB has a unique combination of structured, semi-structured and un-structured data which can be considered as BigData. We have partly analyzed the data manually to find common set of rules to build a better clinical decision support. The model of analyzing the GramHealth BigData is also presented..
5. Ashir Ahmed, Lutfe Kabir, Kai Eiko, Sozo Inoue, GramHealth: A bottom-up approach to provide preventive healthcare services for unreached community, IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 2013.07, [URL], Insufficient healthcare facilities and unavailability of medical experts in rural areas are the two major reasons that kept the people unreached to healthcare services. Recent penetration of mobile phone and the demand to basic healthcare services, remote health consultancy over mobile phone became popular in developing countries. In this paper, we introduce two such representative initiatives from Bangladesh and discuss the technical challenges they face to serve a remote patient. To solve these issues, we have prototyped a box with necessary diagnostic tools, we call it a “portable clinic” and a software tool, “GramHealth” for managing the patient information. We carried out experiments in three villages in Bangladesh to observe the usability of the portable clinic and verify the functionality of “GramHealth”. We display the qualitative analysis of the results obtained from the experiment. GramHealth DB has a unique combination of structured, semi-structured and un-structured data. We are currently looking at these data to see whether these can be treated as BigData and if yes, how to analyze the data and what to expect from these data to make a better clinical decision support..
6. Ashir Ahmed, takuzou ohsugi, Rafiqul Islam Maruf, Naoki Nakashima, Evolution of remote health-consultancy over mobile phone, IEICE General Conference, 2013.03, Access to healthcare should be as local as possible. However, due to the insufficient healthcare facilities and lack of medical experts in rural and disaster areas, more than a billion people in the world remained unreached by quality healthcare services. Mobile phone became a popular tool for remote health consultancy for the unreached community too. We have designed a portable health clinic and a software tool “GramHealth” to meet the requirements of the unreached community. This paper introduces the technical challenges of the current mobile phone based health consultancy system, describes the concept of Portable clinic and GramHealth and displays experimental results obtained from villages in Bangladesh..
7. Ashir Ahmed, GramHealth: An affordable and usable healthcare system for unreached community , ITU Workshop on "E-health services in low-resource settings: Requirements and ITU role” , 2012.02.
8. Ashir Ahmed, Reaching the Unreached by ICT and Social Business, IEEE GlobeCom , 2011.12, The way that technologies have been commoditized does not serve the poor, the largest community in the world. Many problems in health, education, business, and agriculture can be solved simply if developers, managers and distributers of technologies consider the requirements of this largely unreached population. Kyushu University in Japan and Grameen Communications in Bangladesh undertook initiatives to explore the field of social-needs-based technology and product development. This article introduces some of our innovations: ePassbook as an electronic gadget; a social information platform to bring new business opportunities to rural people; a portable clinic for the unreached patients. Each of these projects has been developed with the involvement of industries, academia, government and the community which the product will serve. However, a central entity is required to effectively collaborate with all these organizations and to deploy them for the target population through social business. Our Grameen Technology Lab is a model to respond to these needs..
9. Ashir Ahmed, takuzou ohsugi, eCommerce for the unreached community, Proc. IADIS International Conference ICT, Society and Human Beings (ICT 2011), 2011.07, Most people at the BOP (base of the economic pyramid, the largest but the poorest community in the world comprising 69% of world population) do not have access to e-commerce services. The way e-commerce is designed and practiced today does not enable their participation. The reasons are: their purchasing power is low, they do not have any means to make online payments, and there is no infrastructure to deliver the purchased items to their doors. To include these 4 billion people, we propose an e-commerce framework by engaging MFI resources and our recently developed ePassbook system. This paper shows how the BOP community can enjoy the benefits of the e-commerce service by using the proposed model. The advantages of making e-commerce available to the BOP are discussed, in addition to the challenges involved in implementing the model..
Membership in Academic Society
  • Social Business Academia Network
  • IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Society
  • The Institute of Electronics Information and Communication Engineering
  • International Association for Development of the Information Society
  • IEEE
Awards
  • Best Mobile Innovation Award: Recognizing the most outstanding innovation in mobility.
  • Best presentation award for the presentation on "Healthcare Service on Wheels for Unreached Communities" at the International Conference on Social Science and Humanity, Kyoto, Japan, April 10, 2015.
  • Runner-up paper Award
  • Best Presentation Award
  • IADIS ICT, Society and Human Beings selects one paper as the Best Paper Award. Our paper titled, "E-commerce for the Unreached Community" received was selected for the award.
Educational
Educational Activities
1. Global Communications for the Masses (for Graduate Students)
2. Computer Architecture (for Undergraduate Students)
3. Information Science (for Undergraduate Students)
4. Cyber Security (for Undergraduate Students)
Social
Professional and Outreach Activities
2007.07: Opened a new research area to reach the unreached community in the world by using technology. Signed an agreement between Kyushu University and Grameen Communications, Bangladesh to promote relations, mutual understanding, and carry out collaborative research towards the goal of building a social information infrastructure model in developing countries..