Kyushu University Academic Staff Educational and Research Activities Database
List of Presentations
Kazuto (Real name: Kazuo) Misumi Last modified date:2023.03.22

Professor / Social Change / Department of Social Studies / Faculty of Social and Cultural Studies

1. Socio-economic Vulnerability through Cumulative Disaster Damages.
2. Structural Vulnerability in terms of the Pandemic.
3. The Pandemic and Social Networks.
4. Disaster and Community Free Rider: Kumamoto Earthquake and Takeo Flood .
5. Community Free Riders Contribute: Disaster and Social Capital.
6. Potentiality of Community Free Rider: In case of Kumamoto Earthquake.
7. Cooperative Actions at the Time of Disaster and Community Involvement: In case of 2016 Kumamoto Earthquake.
8. 三隅 一人(本名:一百), Managing Free Riders for Community Resilience: In Search of ‘Crossroad’ Questions, 2nd Congress of East Asian Sociological Association, 2021.10, In the field research on Kumamoto earthquake disaster, we found that successful evacuation shelters had rich social capital including volunteers among victims who were ordinary free riding on community management. We explain this switching from free riders into contributors in terms of two processes within rational choice framework. One is overt urgent demand for solidarity at the time of disaster, and the other is cooperative characteristics of free riders. In a sense free rider could be potential social capital in order to increase community resilience. We define community as the social system to supply community public goods. It includes core contributors and free riders according to interests in public goods. Since there are various public goods in a community, core contributors are different from each other. We discuss community module complex that enables to hold free riders and propose ‘Crossroad’ style questions to develop empirically study of this mechanism..
9. Conception of Community Module Complex and Coleman Model.
10. A New Socilogical Educational Tool by 'Crossroad'.
11. Sociological Analysis Framework for 'Crossroad'.
12. Resilience of Module Community.
13. 'Crossroad' from the Viewpoint of Comparative Study.
14. 三隅 一人(本名:一百), Comparative Analysis of 'Crossroads' in Disaster, 1st Congress of East Asian Sociological Association , 2019.03, ‘Crossroad’ is the card game style educational tool for disaster prevention that was developed by Prof. Yamori and his colleagues (Yamori et al. 2005). Participants make choices between YES or NO for several crossroad questions, and exchange opinions to learn different viewpoints each other. The important property of this tool is that every crossroad question is based on a dilemma people experienced in real situations at the time of disaster (earthquake disaster specifically). On the other hand, the meanings as dilemmas in most questions are not clear; so that the relationships between questions are hard to understand as a whole. It is valuable to clarify theoretical arrangement of ‘crossroads.’ Then, by treating crossroad questions as cases, we conduct the secondary comparative analysis of crossroads. The main purpose is to clarify the meaning as dilemma in each question by applying theoretical frameworks in game theory, theory of public goods, decision making theory, and so on. We additionally extract actors, uncertainty conditions, and relevant factors in each case. In terms of this analysis, we theoretically reinterpret relationships between the cases by grasping the point of dilemma in structural situations.
Keywords: Crossroad, disaster, social dilemmas
15. 三隅 一人(本名:一百), Functioning of Free Rider for Community Resilience:A Social Capital Theory of Disaster, World Social Science Forum 2018, 2018.09, Based on field research of the 2016 Kumamoto earthquake disaster, we discuss role of social capital in shelter management from the viewpoint of free rider. Comparing some successful shelters that were autonomously managed by victims, we find key social capital: leadership at the early stage, bridging personal networks outwards and among leaders, and volunteers from victims who are in the periphery in daily regional life. Especially the third one is important because it unexpectedly suggests functioning of free rider to save social capital in a community. We discuss theoretical conditions under which holding free riders could have rationality. At first, keeping high-level solidarity requires a lot of cost; however, following Durkheim, it can be efficiently realized when necessary by making the rhythm of boiling and cooling down in a community. Secondly, joint goods are supplied not only by a community as a whole, but by various social groups; then, community is a union of group solidarity of various kinds. Holding free riders means to accept that a contributor to some joint goods enjoy free riding for other joint goods. Thus, giving theoretical reasoning for disaster utopia, we finally discuss positive meaning of free rider for community resilience in general.
Keywords: Free rider, social capital, community resilience.
16. 三隅 一人(本名:一百), Tolerant Solidarity from the Viewpoint of Normative Conflict, XIX World Congress of Sociology, ISA (International Sociological Association), 2018.07, In this paper we formally discuss compositions of tolerant solidarity from the viewpoint of normative conflict. Defining solidarity as via net-base symbols (Schutz,1962), we formalize believes that represent what symbols are significant for in terms of Boolean equations. Tolerant solidarity is confronted with contradiction between universalism and relativism. Then, “less conflictual solutions” (LCS: Murakami,1994) will be an excellent guide for tolerance when we define it as restriction of normative conflict. In addition LCS works as the standard of tolerance in the acceptance process of meta-believes that specify desirable beliefs based on certain ideal goals. We consider 6 type meta-beliefs as indicated in the following Boolean equations. (Ragin,1987. We call each term in equations presentation pattern.)
(1) Liberal universalism: W=S(A+B)=SAb+SaB+SAB
(2) Universalism: W=Sab
(3) Homogeneous universalism: W=SAb、W=SaB
(4) Particularism: W=sAb、W=saB
(5) Relativism: W=s(A+B)=sAb+saB+sAB
(6) Privatized particularism: W=sab
Suppose that there is a group where members commonly accept concrete net-base symbols, A and B, for solidarity W; however, they are divided into two subgroups on acceptance of an abstracted net-base symbol, S. In this case, each sub-group may have 18 different types of belief in general. If a meta-belief is perfectly included in a belief, namely all the presentation patterns in the former also appear in the latter, a person who has the belief will not experience any conflict when accepting the meta-belief in question. Thus we examine tolerance of each meta-belief from the viewpoint of LCS, and will conclude that LCS does not guarantee that liberal universalism is the most tolerant meta-belief; however, it might best fit with tolerant solidarity because it holds moderate tolerance and a consistent ideal goal at the same time. The above-mentioned analysis may suggest a general mechanism that explains acceptance and rejection of normative discourses.
Keywords: Solidarity, tolerance, norm, Boolean approach.
17. Utility of 'Crossroad' as a Research and Educational Tool.
18. Kumamoto Earthquake and Social Capital: From the Viewpoint of Free Rider.
19. 三隅 一人(本名:一百), Social Capital and Disaster: Rationality to Hold Free Riders, International Workshop RC45 ISA, 2017.09.
20. Social capital and the long-term unusual: Kumamoto earthquake disaster.
21. 三隅 一人(本名:一百), Free Rider Facilitated by Trust, International Conference on Glocal Culture and Regional Development, 2016.11.
22. Tolerance and Regional Community.
23. 三隅 一人(本名:一百), Trust in Community and Free Rider, 3rd ISA Forum of Sociology, 2016.07, Trust is believed to contribute on escape from the free rider problem. However, considering the discussion based on threshold models of social dilemmas, if we assume that an actor’s cognitive threshold for cooperating is related with trust, it is possible to say that trust should enhance free rider. This is because an actor will be more likely to stay as a free rider (namely, to have a high threshold) when they trust in community for its ability to provide public goods. Trust of this kind is close to trust in abstract systems, and as Giddens suggests, it is based on trust in interpersonal relationships. Then, we need to explore how trust in community and general trust are related to each other, and how these two kinds of trust determine people’s cooperative behaviors. Considering the case of residential community and utilizing survey data, in this study we make an empirical approach to these questions. At first, by conducting principal component analysis for the variables like neighborhood evaluations and trust at the municipality levels, we extract two components: trust in community and residential attachment. We additionally extract two components through the similar analysis for the variables relevant to participation in community events; voluntary participation and free riding participation. (The latter indicates participation only in joyful events.) Multiple-regression analysis shows while trust in community strongly determines voluntary participation, it also enhances free riding participation. In both cases, the effects of general trust seem to be observed in the effect of trust in community. Thus our results suggest that general trust and trust in community are not necessarily complementary to each other in order to enhance community participation, and that trust in community could strengthen both cooperation and free riding at the same time. We will further discuss the meaning these paradoxical results imply. .
24. Capturing Free Riders in Regional Community.
25. Trust for Regional Society and Free Rider.
26. 三隅 一人(本名:一百), Social Capital and Urban Community
, Korea-Japan Joint Seminar on Urban Studies (Joint Seminar between The University of Seoul and Faculty of Social and Cultural Studies, Kyushu University), 2015.12.
27. Social Structure by Blau and Net-base.
28. 三隅 一人(本名:一百), Net-base Theory of Social Capital, International Sociological Association (18th World Congress of Sociology), 2014.07, The concept of social capital has been widely accepted; however its theoretical significance in sociology is not clear yet. In this paper, we propose a theoretical device in order to make this analogical concept the key to integrate relation-theories (theories of social relation, social networks, and social structure) in sociology. Social capital is analogy, the aim of which is to capture such mechanism that is similar to capital accumulation process in social structure. Every element of social structure and every relation-theory as well should have relation to this concept to some degree. As a rule it inevitably has multiple meanings; on the other hand, it should work as a hub by which various relation-theories are consistently connected to each other. In order to extract this unifying power, we introduce the ‘net-base.’ Net-base is a common attribute that provides a basis of social ties. Thus net-base implies a corresponding socio-centric network that consists of all the members who share it; moreover, configuration of various net-bases implies interrelationship between multiple socio-centric networks. We assume that accumulation of social capital is oriented by socio-centric networks embedded in social structure; then, net-base is an indicator in terms of which we can infer how network mechanisms in social structure condition the accumulation process of social capital. In making the inference we often need to access different type relation-theories, which will provide an opportunity of theory integration. Additionally, net-base is easily measurable by questionnaires on personal networks and group participation in ordinal individual-base survey. Thus, net-base theory makes it possible to locate ‘social capital’ in the storage house of relation-theories and to empirically find valid inference in regard to network mechanisms of capital accumulation. More extendedly, it should have integrity with the rational choice research program of social capital proposed by Flap and Völker (2004)..
29. Solidarity in the Tolerant Society.
30. How Social Structure Generates Social Capital .
31. Net-base mechanism of Solidarity: From the Viewpoint of Generalized Reciprocity .
32. Does Generalized Reciprocity Enhance Solodarity? .
33. Weak Tie and Generalization of Attitudes: New Development of Social Capital Theory .
34. Weak Tie and Generalized Reciprocity .
35. Network Theory of Abstracted Solidarity.
36. Solidarity in Tolerant Society: A Theoretical Approach .
37. New type of solidarity based on social networks and trust .
38. Triple-Formalization and Sociological Theory: Classical Theory, Typification, and Case Study.
39. Possibility of Neoclassical Sociology by Interpretive Formalization.
40. Gender Bias in the Employment Sequence: Korea and Japan.
41. The Gender Structure of Job History: An Introductory Analysis of SSM 2005 Data.
42. Forward Comparrative Case Study of Cooperative Relationship.
43. Revisiting Role Set through Boolean Role Model.
44. Whole-net Base and Social Capital: The Stratified Opportunity Structure of Friendship Capital.
45. Social Capital and Whole-net Base: Intermediating between Personal-net and Whole-net.
46. Whole-net Base as the Set of Networks: Focusing on Social Capital.
47. Whole-net Analysis on Personal-net Data: From the Viewpoint of Whole-net Base.
48. Comparative Narratives as the Secondary Analysis of Life History.
49. A Model of Normative Change of Role.
50. Decision Making between Normative Direction and Rationarity.
51. The Possibility of Interpretive Sociology by Comparative Narratives.
52. An Analysis of Multi-response Data by Boolean Algebra.
53. Dyscommunication with Regard of Role Discrimination.
54. Logic of Multi-response and Its Statistical Test.
55. A Boolean Role Theory.
56. Changing Sexual Division of Labor from the Viewpoint of Role Image Accordance.
57. Reconsidering the Concept of Role through Boolean Approach.
58. An Analysis of Community Conflict by the Narrative Method.
59. Comparative Case Study by the Narrative Method.
60. Examination of Blau's propositions on Inter-marriage.
61. Examination of Blau's propositions based on a Combination Model.
62. On the relationship between Social Support and Social Networks.
63. Social Planning and Sociological Theory.
64. Scope of Simulation in Sociology.
65. Toward a General Theory of Social Dilemmas.
66. Innercity Life and Development: A Survey in Central District of Fukuoka.
67. A Markov Model of Urbanization.
68. Mechanism of Reginal Mobility: A Markov Model.
69. Processes Implied in the Concept of Role.
70. Management of Commons in Urbanizing Areas: Simulation Analysis of 'Iri-ai'.
71. Some Questions on Role.
72. Is Middle Range Theory Effective?.
73. Social Dilemmas and Social Conflict on 'Iri-ai'.
74. Factors That Affect Class Identification.
75. Model of Reference Group Process to Explain Class Consciousness.
76. Status Inconsistency from the Viewpoint of Reference Group Theory.
77. Comparative Stratification between Urban and Rural Areas: 1985 SSM Local Survey in Kyushu.
78. Structure of Reginal Integration in Case of Hisayama.
79. Circulate / Structural Mobility in Log-linear Models.
80. Analysis and Interpretation of Mobility Tables.
81. Structure and Process of Interaction System: A Rational Choice Model.