九州大学 研究者情報
研究者情報 (研究者の方へ)入力に際してお困りですか?
基本情報 研究活動 教育活動 社会活動
中尾 実樹(なかお みき) データ更新日:2021.06.20

教授 /  農学研究院 生命機能科学部門 生物機能分子化学講座


主な研究テーマ
魚類の補体系の構造、機能および多様性の解明
キーワード:魚類、補体、構造、機能、多様性
1993.04.
水生生物の自然免疫因子に関する比較免疫学的研究
キーワード:魚類、水族、無脊椎動物、比較免疫学、自然免疫
2000.04.
魚類における自然免疫と獲得免疫の相互作用に関する研究
キーワード:魚類、自然免疫、獲得免疫、細胞性免疫、相互作用
2004.04.
従事しているプロジェクト研究
感染症リサーチコア
2005.04, 代表者:柳 雄介, 九州大学医学研究院, 九州大学.
研究業績
主要著書
1. 中尾実樹, 新版 魚病学概論, 恒星社厚生閣, 第2章 魚類の生体防御と耐病性育種, 2020.09.
2. 中尾実樹, 動物学の百科事典「補体の進化」, 丸善, 2018.09.
3. Miki Nakao, Tomonori Somamoto, The evolution of complement system functions and pathways in vertebrates. in THE EVOLUTION OF THE IMMUNE SYSTEM: A BALANCE BETWEEN CONSERVATION AND DIVERSITY, Elsevier, in press, 2015.08, An ancestral complement system is considered to be an opsonic system that seems a combination of the lectin and alternative pathways known in mammalian complement. The ancestral system equipped with lectin-like pattern-recognition molecule linked with specific proteases homologous to MASP and factor B, which cleave C3 into physiologically active forms with inflammatory and opsonic functions, as seen in primitive invertebrate species. In vertebrates, two rounds of whole-genome duplication have generated two additional reaction cascades, the classical and lytic pathway, providing jawed vertebrates with much more specific and efficient ability of pathogen elimination. A trace of molecular and functional evidence that represent a transient status from invertebrate prototypic complement to full equipped system can be found in extant jawless species such as lamprey. A striking diversity of complement component isoforms unique to teleost fish is also discussed in a functional context..
4. 中尾実樹、杣本智軌, 補体への招待 2-5-2. 補体系の進化:脊椎動物, メジカルビュー, 2011.04.
主要原著論文
1. Yumie Tokunaga, Masamichi Shirouzu, Ryota Sugahara, Yasutoshi Yoshiura, Ikunari Kiryu, Mitsuru Ototake, Takahiro Nagasawa, Tomonori Somamoto, Miki Nakao, Comprehensive validation of T- and B-cell deficiency in rag1-null zebrafish
Implication for the robust innate defense mechanisms of teleosts, Scientific Reports, 10.1038/s41598-017-08000-2, 7, 1, 2017.12, [URL], rag1 -/- zebrafish have been employed in immunological research as a useful immunodeficient vertebrate model, but with only fragmentary evidence for the lack of functional adaptive immunity. rag1-null zebrafish exhibit differences from their human and murine counterparts in that they can be maintained without any specific pathogen-free conditions. To define the immunodeficient status of rag1 -/- zebrafish, we obtained further functional evidence on T- and B-cell deficiency in the fish at the protein, cellular, and organism levels. Our developed microscale assays provided evidence that rag1 -/- fish do not possess serum IgM protein, that they do not achieve specific protection even after vaccination, and that they cannot induce antigen-specific CTL activity. The mortality rate in non-vaccinated fish suggests that rag1 -/- fish possess innate protection equivalent to that of rag1 -/- fish. Furthermore, poly(I:C)-induced immune responses revealed that the organ that controls anti-viral immunity is shifted from the spleen to the hepatopancreas due to the absence of T- and B-cell function, implying that immune homeostasis may change to an underside mode in rag-null fish. These findings suggest that the teleost relies heavily on innate immunity. Thus, this model could better highlight innate immunity in animals that lack adaptive immunity than mouse models..
2. Kolder IC, van der Plas-Duivesteijn SJ, Tan G, Wiegertjes GF, Forlenza M, Guler AT, Travin DY, Miki Nakao, Moritomo T, Irnazarow I, den Dunnen JT, Anvar SY, Jansen HJ, Dirks RP, Palmblad M, Lenhard B, Henkel CV, Spaink HP, A full-body transcriptome and proteome resource for the European common carp., BMC Genomics, 10.1186/s12864-016-3038-y, 17, 701-1-701-12, 2016.09, [URL], BACKGROUND:
The common carp (Cyprinus carpio) is the oldest, most domesticated and one of the most cultured fish species for food consumption. Besides its economic importance, the common carp is also highly suitable for comparative physiological and disease studies in combination with the animal model zebrafish (Danio rerio). They are genetically closely related but offer complementary benefits for fundamental research, with the large body mass of common carp presenting possibilities for obtaining sufficient cell material for advanced transcriptome and proteome studies.
RESULTS:
Here we have used 19 different tissues from an F1 hybrid strain of the common carp to perform transcriptome analyses using RNA-Seq. For a subset of the tissues we also have performed deep proteomic studies. As a reference, we updated the European common carp genome assembly using low coverage Pacific Biosciences sequencing to permit high-quality gene annotation. These annotated gene lists were linked to zebrafish homologs, enabling direct comparisons with published datasets. Using clustering, we have identified sets of genes that are potential selective markers for various types of tissues. In addition, we provide a script for a schematic anatomical viewer for visualizing organ-specific expression data.
CONCLUSIONS:
The identified transcriptome and proteome data for carp tissues represent a useful resource for further translational studies of tissue-specific markers for this economically important fish species that can lead to new markers for organ development. The similarity to zebrafish expression patterns confirms the value of common carp as a resource for studying tissue-specific expression in cyprinid fish. The availability of the annotated gene set of common carp will enable further research with both applied and fundamental purposes..
3. Nur I, Abdelkhalek NK, Motobe S, Nakamura R, Tsujikura M, Tomonori Somamoto, Miki Nakao, Functional analysis of membrane-bound complement regulatory protein on T-cell immune response in ginbuna crucian carp, Molecular Immunology, 10.1016/j.molimm.2015.11.010, 70, 1-7, 2016.02, [URL], Complements have long been considered to be a pivotal component in innate immunity. Recent researches, however, highlight novel roles of complements in T-cell-mediated adaptive immunity. Membrane-bound complement regulatory protein CD46, a costimulatory protein for T cells, is a key molecule for T-cell immunomodulation. Teleost CD46-like molecule, termed Tecrem, has been newly identified in common carp and shown to function as a complement regulator. However, it remains unclear whether Tecrem is involved in T-cell immune response. We investigated Tecrem function related to T-cell responses in ginbuna crucian carp. Ginbuna Tecrem (gTecrem) proteins were detected by immunoprecipitation using anti-common carp Tecrem monoclonal antibody (mAb) and were ubiquitously expressed on blood cells including CD8α(+) and CD4(+) lymphocytes. gTecrem expression on leucocyte surface was enhanced after stimulation with the T-cell mitogen, phytohaemagglutinin (PHA). Coculture with the anti-Tecrem mAb significantly inhibited the proliferative activity of PHA-stimulated peripheral blood lymphocytes, suggesting that cross-linking of Tecrems on T-cells interferes with a signal transduction pathway for T-cell activation. These findings indicate that Tecrem may act as a T-cell moderator and imply that the complement system in teleost, as well as mammals, plays an important role for linking adaptive and innate immunity..
4. Tomonori Somamoto, Yuhei Miura, Teruyuki Nakanishi, Miki Nakao, Local and systemic adaptive immune responses toward viral infection via gills in ginbuna crucian carp, Developmental and Comparative Immunology, 10.1016/j.dci.2015.04.016, 52, 1, 81-87, 2015.07, Recent studies on fish immunity highlighted the significance of gills as mucosal immune tissues. To understand potential of gills as vaccination sites for inducing adaptive systemic immunity, we investigated virus-specific cell-mediated and humoral immune responses following a “per-gill infection method”, which directly exposes virus only to gills. The viral load in crucian carp hematopoietic necrosis virus (CHNV)-infected gills decreased after peaking at a particular time point. Furthermore, the viral titers in the gills following the secondary infection were lower than that after the primary infection, indicating that local adaptive immunity helped the elimination of virus. Gene expression analysis demonstrated that IFN-γ in gills and perforin in kidney were increased after the gill infection. CD8+ cells in kidney leukocytes increased after the secondary infection, whereas IgM+ cells decreased. These results suggest that IFN-γ and CTL contribute in controlling CHNV-replication in gills and kidney. Gill infection could induce specific cell-mediated cytotoxicity of peripheral blood leukocytes (PBL) and secretion of CHNV-specific IgM in serum, indicating that local priming of the gill site can generate adaptive systemic immunity. Thus, the gills could be prospective antigen-sensitization sites for mucosal vaccination.
.
5. Takahiro Nagasawa, Tomonori Somamoto, Miki Nakao, Carp thrombocyte phagocytosis requires activation factors secreted from other leukocytes, Developmental and Comparative Immunology, 10.1016/j.dci.2015.05.002, 52, 2, 107-111, 2015.07, Thrombocytes are nucleated blood cells in non-mammalian vertebrates, which were recently focused on not only as hemostatic cells but also as immune cells with potent phagocytic activities. We have analyzed the phagocytic activation mechanisms in common carp (Cyprinus carpio) thrombocytes. MACS-sorted mAb+ thrombocytes showed no phagocytic activity even in the presence of several stimulants. However, remixing these thrombocytes with other anti-thrombocyte mAb− leukocyte populations restored their phagocytic activities, indicating that carp thrombocyte phagocytosis requires an appropriate exogenous stimulation. Culture supernatant from anti-thrombocyte mAb− leukocytes harvested after PMA or LPS stimulation, but not culture supernatant from unstimulated leukocytes, could activate thrombocyte phagocytosis. This proposed mechanism of thrombocyte phagocytosis activation involving soluble factors produced by activated leukocytes suggests that thrombocyte activation is restricted to areas proximal to injured tissues, ensuring suppression of excessive thrombocyte activation and a balance between inflammation and tissue repair..
6. Masakazu Tsujikura, Takahiro Nagasawa, Satoko Ichiki, Ryota Nakamura, Tomonori Somamoto, Miki Nakao, A CD46-like Molecule Functional in Teleost Fish Represents an Ancestral Form of Membrane-Bound Regulators of Complement Activation, JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGY, 10.4049/jimmunol.1303179, 194, 1, 262-272, 2015.01, In the complement system, the regulators of complement activation (RCA) play crucial roles in controlling excessive complement activation and in protecting host cell from misdirected attack of complement. Several members of RCA family have been cloned from cyclostome and bony fish species and classified into soluble and membrane-bound type as in mammalian RCA factors. Complement-regulatory functions have been described only for soluble RCA of lamprey and barred sand bass; however, little is known on the biological function of the membrane-bound RCA proteins in the lower vertebrates. In this study, a membrane-bound RCA protein, designated teleost complement-regulatory membrane protein (Tecrem), was cloned and characterized for its complement-regulatory roles. Carp Tecrem, an ortholog of a zebrafish type 2 RCA, ZCR1, consists of four short consensus repeat modules, a serine/threonine/proline-rich domain, a transmembrane region, and a cytoplasmic domain, from the N terminus, as does mammalian CD46. Tecrem showed a ubiquitous mRNA expression in carp tissues, agreeing well with the putative regulatory role in complement activation. A recombinant Chinese hamster ovary cell line bearing carp Tecrem showed a significantly higher tolerance against lytic activity of carp complement and less deposition of C3-S, the major C3 isotypes acting on the target cell, than control Chinese hamster ovary (mock transfectant). Anti-Tecrem mAb enhanced the depositions of carp C3 and two C4 isotypes on autologous erythrocytes. Thus, the present findings provide the evidence of complement regulation by a membrane-bound group 2 RCA in bony fish, implying the host-cell protection is an evolutionarily conserved mechanism in regulation of the complement system..
7. Takahiro Nagasawa, Chihaya Nakayasu, Aja M. Rieger, Daniel R. Barreda, Tomonori Somamoto, Miki Nakao, Phagocytosis by thrombocytes is a conserved innate immune mechanism in lower vertebrates. , Frontiers in Immunology, doi: 10.3389/fimmu.2014.00445, 5, 445, Article 445, 2014.09, Thrombocytes, nucleated hemostatic blood cells of non-mammalian vertebrates, are regarded as the functional equivalent of anucleated mammalian platelets. Additional immune functions, including phagocytosis, have also been suggested for thrombocytes, but no conclusive molecular or cellular experimental evidence for their potential ingestion and clearance of infiltrating microbes has been provided till date. In the present study, we demonstrate the active phagocytic ability of thrombocytes in lower vertebrates using teleost fishes and amphibian models. Ex vivo, common carp thrombocytes were able to ingest live bacteria as well as latex beads (0.5-3 μm in diameter) and kill the bacteria. In vivo, we found that thrombocytes represented nearly half of the phagocyte population in the common carp total peripheral blood leukocyte pool. Phagocytosis efficiency was further enhanced by serum opsonization. Particle internalization led to phagolysosome fusion and killing of internalized bacteria, pointing to a robust ability for microbe elimination. We find that this potent phagocytic activity is shared across teleost (Paralichthys olivaceus) and amphibian (Xenopus laevis) models examined, implying its conservation throughout the lower vertebrate lineage. Our results provide novel insights into the dual nature of thrombocytes in the immune and homeostatic response and further provide a deeper understanding of the potential immune function of mammalian platelets based on the conserved and vestigial functions..
8. Abdel-Salam, Soha G. R., Masakazu Kondo, Masakazu Tsujikura, Tomonori Somamoto, Miki Nakao, Purification and functional characterization of complement C3 and a novel zymosan-binding protein in tilapia serum, Fisheries Science, 10.1007/s12562-014-0700-7, 80, 2, 301-310, 2014.03, Zymosan, a yeast cell wall preparation that binds activated forms of complement C3, is a useful model target to activate the complement system. In our trial to analyze C3 diversity in Nile tilapia at the protein level using zymosan, we found that a novel 240-kDa serum protein (ZBP-240) also bound to zymosan in addition to C3-derived fragments. In the present study, we aimed to characterize tilapia C3 and ZBP-240, focusing on their immune-related functions. Four distinct C3 isoforms were purified from tilapia serum and shown to possess an intrachain thioester bond. ZBP-240 was also isolated from tilapia serum and examined for its binding properties to various microbial targets. As a result, ZBP-240 showed a wide spectrum of binding to Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria and yeasts. Amino acid sequence analysis of CNBr fragments of ZBP-240 suggested that this is a novel protein with no homologous sequence in protein databases. It was also suggested that the binding of ZBP-240 to microbes largely depends on hydrophobic interactions in a divalent-cation-independent manner, and that there may be a divalent-cation-dependent factor that enhances the binding of ZBP-240 in tilapia serum. Interestingly, ZBP-240 showed opsonic activity for tilapia kidney phagocytes at a level comparable to that of C3, implying that ZBP-240 is a novel teleost opsonic serum protein..
9. Indriyani Nur, Hikari Harada, Masakazu Tsujikura, Tomonori Somamoto, Miki Nakao, Molecular characterization and expression analysis of three membrane-bound complement regulatory protein isoforms in the ginbuna crucian carp Carassius auratus langsdorfii., Fish Shellfish Immunol., 10.1016/j.fsi.2013.08.002, 35, 4, 1333-1337, 2013.10.
10. Ichiki S, Kato-Unoki Y, Somamoto T, Nakao M., The binding spectra of carp C3 isotypes against natural targets independent of the binding
specificity of their thioester., Developmental and Comparative Immunology, 10.1016/j.dci.2012.03.004., 38, 1, 10-16, 2012.08.
11. Forlenza M, Nakao M, Wibowo I, Joerink M, Arts JA, Savelkoul HF, Wiegertjes GF, Nitric oxide hinders antibody clearance from the surface of Trypanoplasma borreli and increases susceptibility to complement-mediated lysis., Molecular Immunology, 46, 16, 3188-3197, 2009.10.
12. VO Kha Tam, Masakazu TSUJIKURA, Tomonori SOMAMOTO, and Miki NAKAO, Expression responses of the complement components in zebrafish organs after stimulation with poly I:C, mimicry of viral infection, Journal of Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, 54, 2, 389-395, 2009.10.
13. VO Kha Tam, Masakazu TSUJIKURA, Tomonori SOMAMOTO, and Miki NAKAO, Identification of cDNA sequences encoding the complement components of zebrafish (Danio rerio), Journal of Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, 54, 2, 373-387, 2009.10.
14. Nevien K. Abdelkhalek, Asuka Komiya, Yoko Kato-Unoki, Tomonori Somamoto, Miki Nakao, Molecular evidence for the existence of two distinct IL-8 lineages of teleost CXC-chemokines, Fish & Shellfish Immunology, 27, 6, 763-767, 2009.09.
15. Dong-Ho Shin, Barbara M. Webb, Miki Nakao, Sylvia L. Smith, Characterization of shark complement factor I gene(s): Genomic analysis of a novel shark-specific sequence, Molecular Immunology, doi:10.1016/j.molimm.2009.04.002, 2009.05.
16. Nomiyama H, Hieshima K, Osada N, Kato-Unoki Y, Otsuka-Ono K, Takegawa S, Izawa T, Yoshizawa A, Kikuchi Y, Tanase S, Miura R, Kusada J, Nakao M, Yoshie O, Extensive Expansion and Diversification of the Chemokine Gene Family in Zebrafish: Identification of a Novel Chemokine Subfamily CX, BMC Genomics, 9: 222., 2008.05.
17. Nonaka S, Somamoto T, Kato-Unoki Y, Ototake M, Nakanishi T, Nakao M, Molecular cloning of CD4 from ginbuna crucian carp Carassius auratus langsdorfii , Fisheries Science, 74(2): 341-346, 2008.04.
18. Shin DH, Webb B, Nakao M, Smith SL, Molecular cloning, structural analysis and expression of complement component Bf/C2 genes in the nurse shark, Ginglymostoma cirratum
, Dev Comp Immunol, 31(11):1168-1182, 2007.04.
19. Nakao M, Kajiya T, Sato Y, Somamoto T, Kato-Unoki Y, Matsushita M, Nakata M, Fujita T, Yano T, Lectin pathway of bony fish complement: Identification of two homologues of the mannose-binding lectin associated with MASP2 in the common carp (Cyprinus carpio), Journal of Immunology, 177(8): 5471-5479, 2006.10.
20. Somamoto T, Yoshiura Y, Sato A, Nakao M, Nakanishi T, Okamoto N, Ototake M., Expression profiles of TCRbeta and CD8alpha mRNA correlate with virus-specific cell-mediated cytotoxic activity in ginbuna crucian carp., Virology, 348(2): 370-377, 2006.05.
21. Mutsuro J, Tanaka N, Kato Y, Dodds AW, Yano T, Nakao M, Two divergent isotypes of the fourth complement component from a bony fish, the common carp (Cyprinus carpio)., Journal of Immunology, 175, 7, 4508-4517, 175(7): 4508-4517, 2005.10.
22. Ishikawa J, Imai E, Moritomo T, Nakao M, Yano T, Tomana M, Characterisation of a fourth immunoglobulin light chain isotype in the common carp., Fish & Shellfish Immunology, 10.1016/j.fsi.2003.06.002, 16, 3, 369-379, 16 (3), 369-379, 2004.03.
23. Kato Y, Nakao M, Mutsuro J, Zarkadis IK, Yano T (2003), The complement component C5 of the common carp (Cyprinus carpio) : cDNA cloning of two distinct isotypes that differ in a functional site., Immunogenetics, 10.1007/s00251-002-0528-7, 54, 11, 807-815, 54: 807-815., 2003.01.
24. Nakao M, Hisamatsu S, Nakahara M, Kato Y, Smith SL, Yano T, Molecular cloning of the complement regulatory factor I isotypes from the common carp (Cyprinus carpio)., Immunogenetics, 10.1007/s00251-002-0518-9, 54, 11, 801-806, 54: 801-806., 2003.01.
25. Fujiki K, Nakao M, Dixon B, Molecular cloning and characterization of a carp (Cyprinus carpio) cytokine-like cDNA that shares sequence similarity with IL-6 subfamily cytokines CNTF, OSM and LIF., Developmental and Comparative Immunology, 10.1016/S0145-305X(02)00074-5, 27, 2, 127-136, 27: 127-136., 2003.01.
26. Nakao M, Fujiki K, Kondo M, Yano T, Detection of complement receptors on head kidney phagocytes of the common carp (Cyprinus carpio)., Fisheries Science, 10.1046/j.1444-2906.2003.00709.x, 69, 5, 929-935, 69: 927-933., 2003.01.
27. Nakao M, Uemura T, Yano T, Characterization of the soluble membrane attack complex (SMAC) of carp (Cyprinus carpio) complement., Journal of Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, 48, 1-2, 127-134, 48: 127-134., 2003.01.
28. Kono T, Fujiki K, Nakao M, Yano T, Endo M, Sakai M, The immune responses of common carp, Cyprinus carpio L., injected with carp interleukin-1b gene., Journal of Interferon and Cytokine Research, 10.1089/10799900252952190, 22, 4, 413-419, 22: 413-419., 2002.01.
29. Shimasaki Y, Oshima Y, Yokota Y, Kitano T, Nakao M, Kawabata S, Imada N and Honjo T, Purification and identification of a tributyltin-binding protein from serum of Japanese flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus., Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 10.1897/1551-5028(2002)021<1229:PAIOAT>2.0.CO;2, 21, 6, 1229-1235, 21: 1229-1235., 2002.01.
30. Nakao M, Matsumoto M, Nakazawa M, Fujiki K and Yano T, Diversity of complement factor B/C2 in the common carp (Cyprinus carpio): Three isotypes of B/C2-A expressed in different tissues., Developmental and Comparative Immunology, 10.1016/S0145-305X(01)00083-0, 26, 6, 533-541, 26: 533-541., 2002.01.
31. Tomana M, Ishikawa J, Imai E, Moritomo T, Nakao M, Yano T, Characterization of immunoglobulin light chain isotypes in the common carp., Immunogenetics, 10.1007/s00251-002-0447-7, 54, 2, 120-129, 54: 120-129., 2002.01.
32. Nakao M, Osaka K, Kato Y, Fujiki K, Yano T, Molecular cloning of the complement C1r/C1s/MASP2-like serine proteases from the common carp (Cyprinus carpio)., Immunogenetics, 52, 3-4, 255-263, 52: 255-263., 2001.01.
33. Fujiki K, Bayne CJ, Shin DH, Nakao M, Yano T, Molecular cloning of carp (Cyprinus carpio) C-type lectin and pentraxin by use of suppression subtractive hybridisation., Fish & Shellfish Immunology, 10.1006/fsim.2000.0331, 11, 3, 275-279, 11:275-279., 2001.01.
34. Bayne CJ, Gerwick L., Fujiki K., Nakao M, Yano T, Immune relevant genes identified in the liver of rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss, by means of suppression subtractive hybridization., Developmental and Comparative Immunology, 10.1016/S0145-305X(00)00057-4, 25, 3, 205-217, 24: 205-217., 2001.01.
35. Muturo J, Nakao M, Fujiki K, Yano T, Multiple forms of a2-macroglobulin from a bony fish, the common carp (Cyprinus carpio): Striking sequence diversity in functional sites., Immunogenetics, 10.1007/s002510000216, 51, 10, 847-855, 51: 847-855., 2000.01.
主要総説, 論評, 解説, 書評, 報告書等
1. 中尾実樹, 「補体系の進化」 生物学の百科事典 第9章, 丸善, 2018.10.
2. 中尾実樹, 生物の進化と補体学の歴史, 腎と透析(東京医学社), 2017.10, 哺乳類の補体系は、血漿タンパク質および細胞膜上のレセプター・制御因子を含めると30種以上の成分から構成される自然免疫因子である。構成成分が属するタンパク質ファミリーは、C3、B因子(以下、Bf)、mannose-binding lectin-associated serine protease (以下MASP)、C6、I因子(以下、If)など多様である。それらファミリーそれぞれにおいて遺伝子重複とドメインのシャッフリングが起こって成分が多様化し、現在我々に備わっているような、古典経路、第2経路、レクチン経路、溶解経路および補体レセプター・制御因子から構成される、高度に発達した補体系が完成したと考えられる。その結果、哺乳類の補体系は、様々なパターン認識分子による異物認識、異物細胞のオプソニン化と破壊、炎症反応の惹起、獲得免疫応答の制御など、多彩な生体防御機能を担っている。
本稿では、補体の進化的な起源と系統発生を概観するとともに、あたかも補体系の進化の流れを遡るように歩んだ補体活性化経路の解明の歴史を振り返る。さらに近年明らかになりつつある、補体の細胞内活性化やホメオスタシスにおける新機能を紹介する。.
3. Van Muiswinkel WB, Miki Nakao, A short history of research on immunity to infectious diseases in fish, Dev Comp Immunol. , doi: 10.1016/j.dci.2013.08.016, 2013.08, This review describes the history of research on immunity to infectious diseases of fish in the period between 1965 and today. Special attention is paid to those studies, which are dealing with the interaction between immune system and invading pathogens in bony fish. Moreover, additional biographic information will be provided of people involved. In the 1960s and 1970s the focus of most studies was on humoral (Ig, B-cell) responses. Thorough studies on specific cellular (T-cell) responses and innate immunity (lectins, lysozyme, interferon, phagocytic cells) became available later. In the period between 1980 and today an overwhelming amount of data on regulation (e.g. cell cooperation, cytokines) and cell surface receptors (e.g. T-cell receptor; MHC) was published. It became also clear, that innate responses were often interacting with the acquired immune responses. Fish turned out to be vertebrates like all others with a sophisticated immune system showing specificity and memory. These basic data on the immune system could be applied in vaccination or in selection of disease resistant fish. Successful vaccines against bacterial diseases became available in the 1970s and 1980s. Effective anti-viral vaccines appeared from the 1980s onwards. There is no doubt, that Fish Immunology has become a flourishing science by the end of the 20th century and has contributed to our understanding of fish diseases as well as the success of aquaculture..
4. 辻倉正和・杣本智軌・鵜木陽子・中尾実樹, 魚類における膜型補体制御因子の同定と機能解析:次世代魚病ワクチンアジュバントへの展開に向けて, 生物機能研究 Vol 14, 2010.11.
5. Nakao M, Tsujikura M, Ichiki S, Vo TK, Somamoto T., The complement system in teleost fish: Progress of post-homolog-hunting researches., Dev Comp Immunol. , Epub, 2011.05.
6. 中尾実樹、杣本智軌, 補体活性化の系統発生, 臨床免疫・アレルギー科, 48(1): 80-85, 2007.07.
7. Nakao M, Kato-Unoki Y, Nakahara M, Mutsuro J and Somamoto T, Diversified components of bony fish complement system: More genes for robuster innate defense?, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, 586: 121-138, 2006.03.
8. Nakao M, Mutsuro J, Nakahara M, Kato Y, Yano T, Expansion of genes encoding complement components in bony fish: biological implications of the complement diversity., Developmental and Comparative Immunology, 27: 749-762., 2003.01.
主要学会発表等
1. 鳥居爽花・長澤貴宏・中尾実樹, イヌザメ血清レクチンの構造・機能解析, 日本水産学会春季大会, 2020.03.
2. Rosli N, Yamamoto A, Nagasawa T, Somamoto T, Nakao M, Functional analysis of two complement C4 isotypes of carp using recombinant proteins, The 1st Congress of Asican Society of Developmental and Comparative Immunology, 2019.11.
3. 友井千帆里, 長澤貴宏, 濵 虹花, 杣本智軌, 中尾実樹, ドチザメ血清中のザイモサン結合タンパク質の同定, 日本比較免疫学会学術集会, 2019.09, [URL].
4. 中尾実樹, 魚類補体研究の最近の進展と動向, 日本補体学会学術集会, 2019.08, [URL].
5. 中尾実樹, 木村美智代, 長澤 貴宏, 杣本智軌, 特異抗体を利用したコイ補体成分C5の迅速精製, 日本水産学会春季大会, 2019.03, 【目的】魚類における補体の自然免疫機能を正確に理解するには、タンパク質レベルでの機能解析が必要である。しかし、補体成分の多くは、魚類では特に不安定で、活性を保持した補体成分の精製が困難である。本研究では、特異抗体のアフィニティーカラムを用い、活性を保持した補体成分C5を高純度に精製するための、迅速法の確立を目指した。
【方法】(1)抗コイC5の作成:コイC5-1アイソタイプのnetrinドメインを、N末端に6xHisタグを付加した組換タンパク質として大腸菌で発現させ、Ni-カラムで精製後、ウサギに免疫注射して抗血清を得た。 (2)アフィニティーカラムの調製: L-lysineおよび抗コイC5-1ウサギIgGをNHS-活性化HiTrapカラム(各1 ml)にそれぞれ固定化後、TBSで平衡化した。(3)溶血活性測定:抗体感作ヒツジ赤血球を標的としたCH50補体価測定法に準拠した。
【結果】コイ血清(10 ml)を、直列に接続したLysine-HiTrap→抗C5-HiTrapカラムにシリンジで負荷した。この直列カラムを20 mlのTBSで洗浄後、Lysine-HiTrapカラムを外し、抗C5-HiTrapカラム出口をHiTrap Desaltingカラム入口に接続した。5 mlの0.1 M glycine-HCl (pH 2.5)を送って抗C5-HiTrapカラムにトラップされたC5を脱離させると同時に、TBSへの緩衝液交換を済ませた。本法により1.5時間以内で精製されたC5は、SDS-PAGEでα鎖(110 kDa)とβ鎖(70 kDa)の典型的な二本鎖構造を示し、C5除去コイ血清と組み合わせると溶血活性を保持していることが確認された。
.
6. 斎藤武尊, 長澤 貴宏, 杣本智軌, 中尾実樹, , 魚類炎症反応におけるC5aの役割解明のための抗ゼブラフィッシュC5a抗体の作成, 日本水産学会春季大会, 2019.03.
7. 塩田昂明, 助田将樹, 中西照幸, 長澤 貴宏, 杣本智軌, 中尾実樹,, 繊毛虫Ichtyophthirius multifiliisの成長段階の違いによるギンブナの免疫応答の比較, 日本水産学会春季大会, 2019.03.
8. Nagasawa T, Somamoto T, Nakao M, Type I IFN production by carp thrombocytes as professional antiviral leukocytes, like mammalian plasmacytoid dendritic cells, via IRF signaling pathway, Asian Invertebrate Immunity Symposium, 2018.09.
9. 中尾実樹, 岩永彩代、長沢貴宏、杣本智軌、, 硬骨魚類における古典経路の機能解析から系統発生学的考察, 日本補体学会学術集会, 2018.08.
10. 吉迫郁子, 黒木将武, 長澤貴宏, 杣本智軌, 中尾実樹, コイ体表粘液中に存在する補体成分の検出, 日本比較免疫学会学術集会, 2018.08.
11. Nakao M, Iwanaga S, Nagasawa T, Somamoto T, Phylogenetic inference on functions of the classical complement pathway in bony fish, 14th Congress of International Society of Developmental and Comparative Immunology, 2018.06, [URL], Bony fish is one of the ancestral vertebrates that possess immunoglobulins, on which the classical pathway of complement system relies for target recognition. To access the role of the classical pathway in bony fish complement, we have analyzed the hemolytic reaction and C3b-deposition on the target surface of the common carp (Cyprinus carpio) complement, using carp serum immunochemically depleted of factor D (Df), a serine protease responsible for activation of the alternative pathway, an activation and amplification cascade that bypasses the classical pathway. To our surprise, the Df-depletion abolished hemolytic activities of the serum both through the classical and alternative pathways, when assayed using antibody-sensitized and non-sensitized sheep and rabbit erythrocytes. However, a low level of C3b-deposition, probably resulted from the classical pathway activation in the absence of Df was demonstrated on various target surfaces by flow cytometry and ELISA. In addition, Df-depletion inhibited C5-deposition essential for the cytotoxic complex formation on the target cells. The C3b-bound erythrocytes were hemolyzed by serum but easily lysed by Mg-EGTA-serum, probably triggering the alternative pathway amplification more efficiently than unbound erythrocytes. These results, taken together, suggest that an ancestral classical pathway alone lacks C5-activating ability but tags target cells with a small amount of C3b, which triggers enhanced C3-activation by the alternative pathway, leading to completion of the terminal cytolytic pathway..
12. Nagasawa T, Somamoto T, Nakao M, Viral ligands recognition of carp thrombocytes as natural type I interferon producing cells, 14th Congress of International Society of Developmental and Comparative Immunology, 2018.06, [URL].
13. 助田将樹, 長澤 貴宏, 中尾 実樹, 杣本智軌, ギンブナCD8+Tリンパ球の細胞外寄生原虫に対する細胞障害機構の解明, 日本水産学会春季大会, 2018.03.
14. Prakash H, Motobe S, Nagasawa T, Somamoto T, Nakao M, Homeostatic functional analysis of Tecrem, a CD46-like complement regulatory protein, on epithelial cells in carp fish, 日本水産学会春季大会, 2018.03.
15. Nakao M, Noguchi M, Akahoshi S, Nagasawa T, Somamoto T, Functional diversity of two C7 isotypes in bony fish, a primitive vertebrate model, European Meeting on Complement in Human Disease, 2017.09, [URL].
16. Prakash H, Motobe S, Nagasawa T, Somamoto T, Nakao M, Functional analysis of Tecrem, a CD46-like complement regulatory protein, on epithelial cells in the common carp, The JSFS 85th Anniversary-Commemorative International Symposium, 2017.09.
17. 赤司小百合、長沢貴宏、杣本智軌、中尾実樹, コイ補体成分B/C2-Bの組換え体作成と機能解析, 日本比較免疫学会学術集会, 2017.08.
18. 長沢貴宏、杣本智軌、中尾実樹, コイ栓球のI型インターフェロン産生能, 日本比較免疫学会学術集会, 2017.08.
19. 黒木将武、吉岡和紀、長沢貴宏、杣本智軌、中尾実樹, コイ補体Properdinアイソタイプの機能解析, 日本補体学会学術集会, 2017.08.
20. 野口真代、長沢貴宏、杣本智軌、中尾実樹, コイ補体C7アイソタイプの機能解析, 日本補体学会学術集会, 2017.08.
21. 新内悠介, 満崎敬子, 福田圭佑, 長澤 貴宏, 中尾 実樹, 杣本智軌, ギンブナの細胞性免疫抑制によるKHV病発症, 日本水産学会春季大会, 2017.03.
22. 助田将樹, 長澤 貴宏, 中尾 実樹, 杣本智軌, 繊毛虫 Ichthyophthirius multiliis に対するギンブナT 細胞の傷害活性, 日本水産学会春季大会, 2017.03.
23. 野口真代, 長澤 貴宏, 中尾 実樹, 杣本智軌, コイ補体 C7 アイソタイプの機能解析, 日本水産学会春季大会, 2017.03.
24. Harsha Prakash, Shiori Motobe, Takahiro Nagasawa, Tomonori Somamoto, Miki Nakao, Expression and homeostatic functions of Tecrem, a CD46-like complement regulatory protein on epithelial cells in bony fish., 26th International Complement Workshop, 2016.09, [URL], Mammalian CD46 has been reported as a multitasking immune modulator, which regulates complement activation on host cells, T cell-mediated adaptive responses, and wound repair by involving epithelial cells. It is of particular interest to explore the evolutionary path of such versatile functions of CD46.

Our group has identified a CD46-like molecule, termed teleost complement regulatory membrane protein or Tecrem, in a few cyprinid fish species and has shown its regulatory function on complement activation at the protein level. Furthermore, we have also found that Tecrem expressed on T cells modulates mitogen-induced T cell proliferation in ginbuna crucian carp, indicating that modulation of adaptive immunity is one of the evolutionarily conserved functions of the CD46-like complement regulator. In the present study, we have explored a homeostatic role of Tecrem in the maintenance of fish epithelium, by analyzing expression behavior of Tecrem on an epithelial cell line (KF-1) derived from carp fin.

Flow cytometric analysis of Tecrem expression on KF-1 using anti-carp Tecrem monoclonal antibody (MAb) (1F12) suggested that Tecrem expression may be affected by cell aggregation and adhesion. Fluorescent microscopic observation and ELISA-based assay for Tecrem also indicated a role of Tecrem in the adhesion of KF-1 to the surface of culture media. Furthermore, 1F12 MAb deposited on the culture plate significantly enhanced an early stage of cell adhesion process of KF-1.

Towards further functional analyses of carp Tecrem, we have prepared recombinant Tecrem proteins in the bacterial expression system. Among the four short consensus repeat (SCR) modules making up the extracellular domains of Tecrem, the N-terminal two SCRs (rSCR1-2) and the C-terminal two SCRs (rSCR3-4) were separately expressed as 6xHis-tagged soluble protein using pCold-I vector and Origami B strain. Interaction of the two recombinant domains with carp C3 isotypes and their inhibition of carp complement activation cascades are currently analyzed in parallel with raising polyclonal antibodies, for the clarification of functional modules and their mode of action.
.
25. Kazuki Yoshioka, Yoko Kato-Unoki, Takahiro Nagasawa, Tomonori Somamoto, Miki Nakao, Carp properdin: structural and functional diversity of two isotypes., 26th International Complement Workshop, 2016.09, [URL], The alternative pathway (ACP) of the complement system is an antibody-independent activation pathway, in which properdin (Pf) has been known as a positive regulator of the activation and a possible pattern-recognition molecule to trigger ACP activation. Teleost complement system has a striking feature that some of its components are diversified into multiple isoforms with different functions. However this diversity is less characterized for teleost Pf, especially at the protein level. The present study was aimed at elucidating isotypic diversity and functional differentiation of Pf in the common carp. Molecular cloning of carp Pf revealed two distinct full-length cDNA sequences, CaPf1 and CaPf2, that predicts mature proteins composed of seven thrombospondin type1 domains (TSP0-TSP6), sharing 77% amino acid sequence identity. Genomic Southern hybridization suggested that CaPf1 and CaPf2 are encoded by single each gene in carp genome. Real-time quantitative PCR indicated that expression level of CaPf1 is most abundant in the spleen, whereas CaPf2 was detected mainly in head kidney and renal kidney. Rabbit antibodies were raised against their recombinant proteins corresponding to TSP4-6 domains. Western blotting using anti-CaPf1 and anti-CaPf2 revealed that CaPf1 and CaPf2 are mainly present as a hexamer of polypeptide with molecular weights of 49,000 and 48,000, respectively, in carp serum. Interestingly, CaPf1 and CaPf2 showed different spectra of binding to various microbes, suggesting their functional diversity..
26. 木村美智代, 畑中大作, 一木昭土, 長澤 貴宏, 杣本 智軌, 和合治久, 中尾 実樹, コイ血清レクチン(MFAP4)の構造および機能解析, 日本比較免疫学会学術集会, 2016.08.
27. 鵜木(加藤)陽子, 杣本 智軌, 中尾 実樹, 獲得免疫欠損ゼブラフィッシュにおけるミエロペルオキシダーゼ遺伝子のノックアウト, 日本水産学会春季大会, 2016.03.
28. 岡田幸浩, 杣本 智軌, 中尾 実樹, 長澤 貴宏, 畑中晃昌, 青木直人, 平澤徳高, 梅田奈央子, 大豆タンパク質含有飼料が魚類の抗体産生応答に与える影響, 日本水産学会春季大会, 2016.03.
29. Kazuki Yoshioka, Yoko Kato-Unoki, Tomonori Somamoto, Miki Nakao, Structural and functional diversity of properdin isotypes in the common carp complement system. , 13th Congress of the International Society for Developmental and Comparative Immunology, 2015.06, [URL], The alternative pathway (ACP) of the complement system is an antibody-independent activation pathway, in which properdin (Pf) has been known as an essential positive regulator of the activation and possibly as a pattern-recognition molecule to trigger ACP activation. Teleost complement system has a striking feature that some of its components are diversified into multiple isoforms with different functions. However this diversity is less characterized for teleost Pf, especially at the protein level. The present study was aimed at elucidating isotypic diversity and functional differentiation of Pf in the common carp. Molecular cloning of carp Pf revealed two distinct full-length cDNA sequences, CaPf1 and CaPf2, that predicts mature proteins composed of seven thrombospondin type1 domains (TSP0-TSP6), sharing 77% amino acid sequence identity. Genomic Southern hybridization suggested that CaPf1 and CaPf2 are encoded by single each gene in carp genome. Real-time quantitative PCR indicated that expression level of CaPf1 is most abundant in the spleen, whereas CaPf2 was detected mainly in head kidney and renal kidney. Rabbit antibodies were raised against their recombinant proteins corresponding to TSP4-6 domains. Western blotting using anti-CaPf1 and anti-CaPf2 revealed that CaPf1 and CaPf2 are mainly present as a hexamer of polypeptide with molecular weights of 49,000 and 48,000, respectively, in carp serum. Interestingly, CaPf1 and CaPf2 showed different spectra of binding to various microbes, suggesting their functional diversity..
30. 満崎敬子, 中尾 実樹, 杣本 智軌, コイとギンブナにおけるコイヘルペスウイルスへの免疫応答の比較, 日本水産学会春季大会, 2015.03.
31. 吉岡和紀, 鵜木陽子, 杣本 智軌, 中尾 実樹, コイ補体 Properdin アイソフォームの機能解析, 日本水産学会春季大会, 2015.03.
32. 前田佑佳, 杣本 智軌, 鶴田幸成, 中尾 実樹, 穴あき病発症時におけるコイ補体成分の組織内分布, 日本水産学会春季大会, 2015.03.
33. 菅原亮太, 吉浦康寿, 杣本 智軌, 中尾 実樹, Rag1欠損ゼブラフィッシュの免疫調節機構, 日本水産学会秋季大会, 2014.09.
34. 元部詩織, 辻倉正和, 中村亮太, 杣本 智軌, 中尾 実樹, CD46 様コイ補体制御因子(Tecrem)の上皮細胞における表面発現動態, 第51回補体シンポジウム, 2014.08.
35. 吉岡和紀, 鵜木陽子, 杣本 智軌, 中尾 実樹, コイ補体 Properdin アイソフォームの多様性と機能解析, 日本比較免疫学会学術集会, 2014.07.
36. 長澤貴宏, 中易千早, Aja M. Rieger, Daniel R. Barreda, 杣本 智軌, 中尾 実樹, 魚類栓球の異物分解・殺菌作用, 日本水産学会春季大会, 2014.03.
37. 柳 綾佳, 畑中晃昌, 青木直人, 杣本 智軌, 中尾 実樹, 無魚粉飼料が魚類の補体に及ぼす影響, 日本水産学会秋季大会, 2013.09.
38. 多治見誠亮, 杣本 智軌, 中西照幸, 中尾 実樹, 不活化ウイルスの経腸管感作によって誘導されるギンブナT細胞の免疫応答及び感染防御効果, 日本水産学会秋季大会, 2013.09.
39. Indriyani Nur, 原田光利, 杣本 智軌, 中尾 実樹, 中村亮太, 辻倉正和, Characterizations of membrane-bound complement regulatory protein in Ginbuna Crucian Carp Carassius auratus langsdorfii, 日本比較免疫学会学術集会, 2013.08.
40. 長澤貴宏, 中易千早, 杣本 智軌, 中尾 実樹, コイ栓球は他の白血球により活性化され貪食能を示す, 日本水産学会春季大会, 2013.03.
41. 白水正道, 杣本 智軌, 吉浦康寿, 中尾 実樹, Rag1欠損ゼブラフィッシュにおけるT細胞の機能不全の検証, 日本水産学会九州支部大会, 2013.01.
42. 福田圭佑, 杣本 智軌, 中尾 実樹, ギンブナにおけるコイヘルペスウイルスに対する防御機構の解明, 日本水産学会九州支部大会, 2013.01.
43. 中村亮太, 辻倉正和, 杣本 智軌, 中尾 実樹, コイ膜型補体制御因子cTecremのモノクローナル抗体作製と機能解析, 日本水産学会九州支部大会, 2013.01.
44. 鵜木陽子, 辻倉正和, 一木智子, 杣本 智軌, 中尾 実樹, コイ補体成分ProperdinのcDNAクローニングと構造解析, 日本水産学会九州支部大会, 2013.01.
45. 中村亮太、原田光利、長澤貴宏、Indriyani Nur、辻倉正和、一木智子、杣本智軌、中尾実樹, 魚類CD46様補体制御因子の多様性と機能の解析, 補体シンポジウム, 2012.08.
46. Takahiro Nagasawa, Chihaya Nakayasu, Tomomasa Matsuyama, Aja M. Rieger, Daniel R. Barreda, Tomonori Somamoto, Miki Nakao, Phagocytosis and bactericidal abilities of teleost thrombocytes, 12th Congress of International Society of Developmental and Comparative Immunology, 2012.07, Thrombocytes have been recognized as haemostatic cells in non-mammalian vertebrates. Unlike mammalian
platelets, thrombocytes are nucleated cells with a lymphocyte-like morphological feature, and possible
involvement of thrombocytes in innate immune function has been considered in addition to the haemostatic
function. In the present study, we report phagocytic abilities of some teleost thrombocytes. Using a monoclonal
antibody specific for thrombocytes of common carp (Cyprinus carpio), thrombocytes were isolated from
peripheral blood and examined for expression of various immune-related genes, resulting in detection of
significant level of lysozyme, iNOS and MHC class II using RT-PCR. Upon flow cytometry-based phagocytosis
assay, a number of thrombocytes ingested fluorescent latex particles (0.5 μm, 1 μm, 2 μm and 3 μm), bacteria
(Escherichia coli) and zymosan particles. Phagocytosis by the thrombocytes was also confirmed by fluorescent
microscopy and transmission electron microscopy, which revealed internalization of these particles into
thrombocytes. We also observed that thrombocytes of the olive flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) had similar
phagocytic behavior. These data indicate that thrombocytes of those species are potent phagocytes, suggesting
that those phagocytic characteristics of thrombocytes are widely conserved in teleosts. We also assessed a
phagolysosome formation ability of teleost thrombocytes against the ingested pathogens, for detecting
intracellular bactericidal activities of those thrombocytes. By using an ImageStream multi-spectral flow
cytometer, we assessed phagolysosome fusion of goldfish (Carassius auratus) thrombocytes. On this analysis
we detected that lysosomes of these thrombocytes visualized with fluorescent dextran were co-localized with the
ingested small beads and formed a ring around large beads like other typical phagocytes. Overall, the results
indicate that teleost thrombocytes have dual functions as not only haemostatic cells but also as phagocytic
immune cells against microbial infections..
47. Haruka Tsukamoto, Yutaka Fukuda, Tomonori Somamoto, Miki Nakao, Functions of CD8-positive and CD4-positive lymphocytes against virus-infection in ginbuna crucain carp, 12th Congress of International Society of Developmental and Comparative Immunology, 2012.07, Two serotypes of Streptococcus parauberis, pathogens of streptococcosis in Japanese flounder (Paralichthys
olivaceus), have caused severe losses of the livestock, due to the lack of effective vaccine and its resistance to
antibiotics approved for flounder culture. These strains show different virulence, but their mechanisms of their
pathogenicity are totally unknown, and identification of virulence factors are needed for effective vaccine
development. The present study, therefore, was aimed at clarifying effect of S. parauberis culture supernatant on
flounder. Since the diseased flounder shows anaemia, we examined the effects of S. parauberis on flounder
peripheral blood. As a result, S. parauberis -injected flounder showed decreased numbers of peripheral
erythrocytes, suggesting that S. parauberis may produce a haemolytic factor. To characterize the haemolytic
factor, a supernatant of S. parauberis culture (25°C for 48h in Todd Hewitt broth) was mixed with sheep
erythrocytes, resulting in significant level of haemolysis. The haemolytic factor was stable on heating at 100°C
for 10 min, and passed through an ultrafiltration membrane with a 5 kDa cut off limit (Amicon Ultra15),
indicating that the factor is not proteinaceous haemolysin but a heat-resistant low molecular mass substance. We
also investigated the effects of the culture supernatant on flounder leukocytes. Peripheral leukocytes were
separated from flounder and carp using Percoll discontinuous density gradient centrifugation and cultured with
the supernatant in 96-well plate. The stimulated flounder cells showed agglutination and significant proliferation
as assayed by BrdU uptake, while carp cells did not. These results suggest that S. parauberis secrets a mitogen
specific for flounder leucocytes. Characterization of the mitogen and resulting leucocyte response is in progress..
48. Tomokazu Yamaguchi, Kazufumi Takamune, Masakazu Kondo, Yukinori Takahashi, Miki Nakao, Yoko Kato-Unoki, Tamotsu Fujii, Identification of Pattern Recognition Molecules in Hagfish Complement System, 12th Congress of International Society of Developmental and Comparative Immunology, 2012.07, All extant jawed vertebrates share a common adaptive immune system in which immunoglobulin domain-based
molecules act as antigen receptors. On the other hand, jawless vertebrates, lamprey and hagfish, use variable
lymphocyte receptors composed of leucine-rich repeat cassettes for antigen recognition. Since invertebrates and
primitive chordates do not have an adaptive immune system, the immune system seems to change dramatically
in the course of evolution from primitive chordates to gnathostomes. From a phylogenic perspective of defence
mechanisms, previously we found complement C3 and mannose-binding lectin-associated serine protease 1
(MASP-1) in hagfish and suggested the involvement of lectin pathway in hagfish innate immune system. In this
study, we focused on the pattern recognition molecules in the hagfish, Eptatretus burgeri, and tried to purify
them from serum by affinity chromatography. When the serum was treated with GlcNAc-agarose, followed by
successive elution of the binding molecules with GlcNAc and EDTA, mainly four proteins (31 kDa, 27 kDa, 26
kDa, and 19 kDa) and 26 kDa protein were detected in the GlcNAc-eluate and EDTA-eluate, respectively.
Collagenase treatment showed the presence of collagen-like domain only in the 26 kDa protein in the EDTAeluate.
Since common pattern recognition molecules such as mannose-binding lectins possess collagen-like
domains, we examined the entity of the 26 kDa protein by sequencing its N-terminal amino acids and cDNA
obtained by 3’ and 5’ RACE methods, and identified it as a member of C1q family. Herein, it will be referred to
as hagfish C1q (hagC1q). Western blot analyses using anti-hagC1q, MASP-1, and complement C3 antibodies
showed that hagC1q associated with MASP-1 and complement C3 in the serum and had binding ability to
Escherichia coli as a divalent cation-dependent manner. These results suggest that hagC1q plays an important
role in hagfish innate immune system..
49. Vo Kha Tam, Chie Okura, Masakazu Kondo, Tomonori Somamoto, Miki Nakao, Isotypic diversity in the ontogenetic expression of the complement component in the common carp (Cyprinus carpio), 12th Congress of International Society of Developmental and Comparative Immunology, 2012.07, Isotypic diversity of complement components is a striking feature of the teleost complement system. As a first
line of innate defence, the complement system has been considered as an important clue to humoral defence in
early development however functional diversity of the isotypes during teleost ontogeny is poorly understood.
The present study aimed at clarifying comprehensive picture of ontogenetic expression of the diversified
complement component isotypes in carp. Real-time quantitative PCR detected embryonic expression of C1r/s,
MASPs, factor B/C2, C3, C4, C5, C6, C7, C8, C9, and factor I. A remarkable difference in the expression time
course was noted between the isotypes in C3, C4, and C5. Especially, teleost-specific isotypes of C3 and C4
(non-histidine-type) started around hatching, in contrast to evolutionarily common isotypes (histidine-type),
which showed much earlier expression. Whole-mount in situ hybridization of carp embryos revealed some
difference in embryonic expression sites of two major C3 isotypes (C3-H1 and C3-S) in addition to common
expression sites such as the yolk syncytial layer. The temporal and spatial differences in expression among the
isotypes suggest that the isotypes are functionally differentiated in teleost early development..
50. 辻倉正和, 中尾 実樹, 杣本 智軌, ゲノムデータからみた魚類補体制御因子の多様性, アクアゲノム研究会東京大会, 2012.03.
51. 徳永弓枝, 白水正道, 安住 薫, 吉浦康寿, 乙竹 充, 田代 康介, 杣本 智軌, 中尾 実樹, rag-1遺伝子欠損によるゼブラフィッシュの獲得免疫不全の検証と遺伝子の発現変動, 日本水産学会秋季大会, 2011.10.
52. 中尾 実樹, 補体の内外に見るホメオスタシス:活性化制御と視細胞クリアランス, 日本動物学会第82回大会シンポジウム「第1回ホメオスタシスバイオロジーシンポジウム」, 2011.09.
53. 辻倉正和, 杣本 智軌, 鵜木陽子, 中尾 実樹, 魚類における補体活性化制御因子の多様性, 第23回日本比較免疫学会, 2011.08.
54. 長沢貴宏, 中易千早, 松山知正, 杣本 智軌, 中尾 実樹, 魚類栓球の貪食作用とその活性化に伴う形態変化, 第23回日本比較免疫学会, 2011.08.
55. Miki Nakao, Masakazu Tsujikura, Satoko Ichiki, Vo Kha Tam, Tomonori Somamoto, Structural and functional diversity of the complement system, an innate immune factor, in fish, 8th International Congress of Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry, ICCPB-Nagoya, 2011.06.
56. Miki Nakao, Satoko Ichiki, Masakazu Tsujikura, Vo Kha Tam, Tomonori Somamoto, Complement system in teleost fish: Isotypic diversity in pathogen-recognition, activation cascade, and ontogeny, Comparative Immunology and Pathology Workshop Edmonton 2011, 2011.05.
57. Takahiro Nagasawa, Chihara Nakayasu, Tomomasa Matsuyama, Tomonori Somamoto, Miki Nakao, Phagocytic activities of carp (Cyprinus carpio ) thrombocytes, Comparative Immunology and Pathology Workshop Edmonton 2011, 2011.05.
58. 長澤貴宏・松山知正・中易千早・杣本智軌・中尾実樹, 魚類栓球の異物貪食作用, 日本水産学会春季大会, 2011.03.
59. 一木昭土、塚本春香、杣本智軌、中尾実樹, コイ補体レクチン経路に関連するコレクチンの異物認識多様性, 第47回補体シンポジウム, 2010.09.
60. Nakao, M., Ichiki, S., Mutsuro, J., Tsujikura, M., and Somamoto, T., Functional diversity of the complement component isotypes in bony fish innate immunity: a model study using the common carp., 9th International Congress on the Biology of Fish, 2010.07.
61. 赤星佐和・辻倉正和・一木智子・杣本智軌・中尾実樹, コイ補体成分 C7 アイソタイプの機能分化, 日本水産学会春季大会, 2010.03.
62. 一木昭土, 塚本春香, 杣本 智軌, 中尾 実樹, コイ補体関連血清レクチンアイソタイプの異物認識多様性, 日本水産学会春季大会, 2010.03.
63. 中尾実樹, 硬骨魚類補体成分の高度な多様化と機能分化, 第46回補体シンポジウム, 2009.08.
64. 市居 敬、辻倉正和、杣本智軌、鵜木陽子、加藤愼一、吉国通庸、中尾実樹, コイC1複合体の亜成分組成, 第46回補体シンポジウム, 2009.08.
65. Vo Kha Tam、大蔵千恵、杣本智軌、中尾実樹, コイ初期発生におけるC3アイソタイプの発現パターン, 第46回補体シンポジウム, 2009.08.
66. 一木智子、鵜木 (加藤) 陽子、杣本智軌、中尾実樹, 魚類C3アイソタイプの生体防御における機能分化, 第46回補体シンポジウム, 2009.08.
67. 中村一規・杣本智軌・中西照幸・中尾実樹, ギンブナFas ligandのcDNAクローニングと発現解析, 日本比較免疫学会, 2009.08.
68. 長澤貴宏・中易千早・杣本智軌・中尾実樹, コイ栓球は異物を貪食する, 日本比較免疫学会, 2009.08.
69. 市居 敬・辻倉正和・杣本智軌・鵜木陽子・加藤愼一・吉国通庸・中尾実樹, コイ補体C1複合体を構築するサブユニットの同定, 日本比較免疫学会, 2009.08.
70. Soha Gomaa, Tomonori Somamoto and Miki Nakao, Cloning, purification and characterization of zymosan-binding proteins in Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) , 日本比較免疫学会, 2009.08.
71. Miki Nakao, STRUCTURAL AND FUNCTIONAL DIVERSITY OF COMPLEMENT COMPONENTS IN BONY FISH: IMMUNOLOGICAL AND OTHER BIOLOGICAL IMPLICATIONS, The 2009 International Symposium on Fish Defense Mechanisms against Invading Pathogens, 2009.07.
72. Shinichi Urabe, Tomonori Somamoto, Shiro Sameshima, Teruyuki Nakanishi, Mitsuru Ototake, and Miki Nakao, Characterization of MHC class I genes in clonal ginbuna crucian carp, Carassius auratus langsdorfii, 11th Congress of International Society of Developmental and Comparative Immunology, 2009.06.
73. Satoko Ichiki, Yoko Kato-Unoki, Tomonori Somamoto, and Miki Nakao, FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS OF CARP COMPLEMENT C3 ISOTYPES USING MONOCLONAL ANTIBODIES, 11th Congress of International Society of Developmental and Comparative Immunology, 2009.06.
74. Takashi Ichii, Tomonori Somamoto, and Miki Nakao, MOLECULAR ARCHITECTURE OF C1 COMPLEX, THE FIRST COMPLEMENT COMPONENT, IDENTIFIED FROM THE COMMON CARP, 11th Congress of International Society of Developmental and Comparative Immunology, 2009.06.
75. 中尾実樹・杣本智軌・辻倉正和・一木智子, 魚類における抗体依存的な補体活性化経路の構成成分, 第12回日本マリンバイオテクノロジー学会, 2009.05.
76. Satoko ICHIKI, Yoko KATO-UNOKI, Tomonori SOMAMOTO, and Miki NAKAO, Functional Analysis of Carp Complement C3 Isotypes Using Monoclonal Antibodies, World Fisheries Congress 2008, 2008.10.
77. Sawa AKAHOSHI, Tomonori SOMAMOTO, and Miki NAKAO, Identification and Expression Analysis of Two Isotypes of Carp Complement Component C7, World Fisheries Congress 2008, 2008.10.
78. Masakazu TSUJIKURA, Tomonori SOMAMOTO, Yoko KATO-UNOKI, and Miki NAKAO, Molecular Identification of a Novel Regulator of Complement Activation in Teleost Immune System, World Fisheries Congress 2008, 2008.10.
79. Miki NAKAO, Tomonori SOMAMOTO, Yoko KATO-UNOKI, and Junichi MUTSURO, The Complement System of Teleost: Isotypic Diversity of Its Components in the Structure, Expression, and Functions., World Fisheries Congress 2008, 2008.10.
80. Miki Nakao, Functional divergence and its biological significance of complement component isotypes in bony fish., Swedish-Japan STINT-meeting on Innate Immunity, 2008.10.
81. 占部慎二、鮫島史朗、杣本智軌、中西照幸、中尾実樹, ギンブナ由来細胞株における4種のMHCクラスI遺伝子のクローニングおよび、CHNV感染後の発現動態, 日本比較免疫学会, 2008.08.
82. 辻倉正和・杣本智軌・鵜木陽子・中尾実樹, コイおよびゼブラフィッシュの膜型補体制御因子, 日本比較免疫学会, 2008.08.
83. 一木昭土、畑中大作、杣本智軌、中尾実樹, 補体レクチン経路に関与するコイ血清レクチンの多様性, 日本比較免疫学会, 2008.08.
84. Miki Nakao, Junichi Mutsuro, Yoko Kato-Unoki, Tomoki Yano, and Alister W. Dodds., C3 and C4 isotypes with a non-catalyzed thioester in carp fish: phylogenetic implications, Immunochemistry in Oxford Symposium, 2008.07.
85. 赤星佐和、辻倉正和、杣本智軌、中尾実樹, コイ補体成分C7アイソタイプのクローニングと発現解析, 補体シンポジウム, 2008.07.
86. Miki Nakao, Junichi Mutsuro, Yoko Kato-Unoki, and Tomonori Somamoto, Structural and functional diversity of the complement components in bony fish: implication for innate immune defense., International Conference of Advanced Research on Marine Bioresources, 2008.05.
87. Miki Nakao, Junichi Mutsuro, Yoko Kato-Unoki, and Tomonori Somamoto, Structural and functional diversity of the complement components in bony fish: implication for innate immune defense, International Conference of Advanced Research on Marine Bioresources, 2008.05.
88. 杣本智軌・中西照幸・乙竹 充・中尾実樹, ウイルス特異的障害活性を有するギンブナ培養リンパ球のCD8αとTCRβのmRNAの発現解析, 日本水産学会, 2008.03.
89. 岩谷健太郎・杣本智軌・鵜木陽子・中尾実樹, コイ補体B因子アイソタイプ遺伝子の構造と発現制御, 日本水産学会, 2008.03.
90. 辻倉正和・杣本智軌・鵜木陽子・中尾実樹, 魚類における新規補体制御因子の同定, 日本水産学会, 2008.03.
91. 野中誠子・杣本智軌・中西照幸・乙竹充・中尾実樹, 2種類のギンブナCD4様分子, 日本水産学会九州支部会, 2008.01.
92. Miki Nakao, Antibacterial substances from bony fish: structure, function, and application, Philippines Society of Microbiology, 2007.10.
93. Satoko Ichiki, Yoko Kato-Unoki, Tomonori Somamoto, and Miki Nakao, Functional analysis of carp C3 isotypes using monoclonal antibodies, Japan-Germany International Cooperative Project on Education and Research, 2007.09.
94. Nevien K. Abdelkhalek, Asuka Komiya, Yoko Kato-Unoki, Tomonori Somamoto, Miki Nakao , Identification and expression analysis of a novel interleukine 8 (IL-8)-like CXC chemokine in carp (Cyprinus carpio), 日本魚病学会, 2007.09.
95. 鮫島史朗、鵜木陽子、杣本智軌、中尾実樹, ギンブナ頭腎、体腎、脾臓の Expressed Sequence Tag 解析, 日本比較免疫学会, 2007.08.
96. 杣本智軌、占部慎二、鮫島史朗、中西照幸、中尾実樹1, クローンギンブナ由来細胞株におけるMHCクラスIによる抗原提示機構関連遺伝子のクローニング, 日本比較免疫学会, 2007.08.
97. 大蔵千恵、杣本智軌,近藤昌和,中尾実樹, コイの個体発生における補体成分アイソタイプの発現解析, 日本比較免疫学会, 2007.08.
98. 市居 敬、杣本 智軌、鵜木(加藤)陽子、中尾実樹, コイ補体成分C1タンパク質の同定, 補体シンポジウム, 2007.08.
99. 一木智子、鵜木(加藤)陽子、杣本智軌、中尾実樹, モノクローナル抗体を用いたコイC3アイソタイプの機能解析, 補体シンポジウム, 2007.08.
100. 辻倉正和、杣本智軌、鵜木(加藤)陽子、中尾実樹, 魚類における新規補体制御因子の同定, 補体シンポジウム, 2007.08.
101. 中尾実樹、加藤陽子、市居 敬、杣本智軌, コイ補体成分C4, C5の組換え体の発現と機能解析, 日本水産学会大会, 2007.03.
102. 新原美樹、杣本智軌、Vo Kha Tam、加藤陽子、中尾実樹, ゼブラフィッシュ補体成分の遺伝子の同定と発現解析, 日本水産学会大会, 2007.03.
103. 大蔵千恵、新原美樹、杣本智軌、中尾実樹、近藤昌和, 発現パターンから見た魚類補体の生体防御機能の推定, 南中九州・西四国水族防疫会議, 2007.02.
104. Yoko Kato-Unoki, Asuka Komiya, Shiro Sameshima, Miki Nakao, EST Analysis of mRNAs Expressed in Gill and Intestine of Carp (Cyprinus carpio. L), Asia-Pacific Aquatic Genomics Symposium 2006, 2006.11.
105. Miki Shinbara, Vo Kha Tam, Yoko Kato-Unoki, Tomonori Somamoto, and Miki Nakao, Identification of the genes encoding complement components from the zebrafish genome database, Asia-Pacific Aquatic Genomics Symposium 2006, 2006.11.
106. Miki Nakao, Taishi Yoshida, Jose P. Peralta and Aklani Rose D. Hidalgo, Molecular cloning of C3d, a fragment from complement component C3 with possible adjuvant activity, from marine cultured fish, International Forum on the Coastal Environment and Utitlization of Fisheries Resources, 2006.09.
107. 辻倉正和・杣本智軌・加藤陽子・中尾実樹 , ゼブラフィッシュ新奇補体制御因子のcDNAクローニング, 日本魚病学会, 2006.09.
108. 吉田大志、杣本智軌,加藤陽子,中尾実樹, コイの新奇補体制御因子のcDNAクローニング, 日本比較免疫学会学術集会, 2006.08.
109. 杣本智軌、Vo Kha Tam、加藤陽子、中尾実樹, コイ補体C1q A,B,C鎖のcDNAのクローニング, 補体シンポジウム, 2006.08.
110. Chie Okura, Kentaro Iwatani, Daisuke Shibata, Yoko Kato-Unoki, Tomonori Somamoto and Miki Nakao, DIVESIFICATION OF COMPLEMENT COMPONENT ISOTYPES IN THE COMMON CARP: EXPRESSION PATTERN AND SOME FUNCTIONAL ASPECTS, 10th Congress of International Society for Developmental and Comparative Immunology, 2006.07.
111. Tomonori Somamoto, Seiko Nonaka, Yoko Kato, Mitsuru Ototake, Teruyuki Nakanishi and Miki Nakao, MOLECULAR CLONING AND CHARACTERIZATION OF CD4 IN GINBUNA CRUCIAN CARP, 10th Congress of International Society for Developmental and Comparative Immunology, 2006.07.
112. Tomonori Somamoto, Vo Kha Tam, Yoko Kato-Unoki and Miki Nakao, Molecular cloning and characterization of the complement C1q A, B, and C chains in common carp , 10th Congress of International Society for Developmental and Comparative Immunology, 2006.07.
113. Miki Nakao, THE COMPLEMENT SYSTEM IN INVERTEBRATES AND LOWER VERTEBRATES, 10th Congress of International Society for Developmental and Comparative Immunology, 2006.07.
学会活動
所属学会名
International Socienty for Developmental and Comparative Immunology
International Complement Society
日本魚病学会
補体研究会
日本アクアゲノム研究会
日本水産学会
学協会役員等への就任
2020.09~2022.08, 日本比較免疫学会, 会長.
2020.09~2022.08, 一般社団法人日本補体学会, 理事.
2018.11~2020.10, Asian Society of Developmental and Comparative Immunology, 副会長.
2018.09~2021.08, 一般社団法人日本補体学会, 理事.
2015.09~2018.08, 一般社団法人日本補体学会, 理事.
2015.07~2018.06, International Society for Developmental and Comparative Immunology, Past President.
2014.09~2015.08, 一般社団法人日本補体学会, 理事.
2012.07~2015.06, International Society for Developmental and Comparative Immunology, 会長.
2012.09, 日本比較免疫学会, 副会長.
2011.08~2013.08, 補体研究会, 運営委員.
2006.07~2009.06, International Society for Developmental and Comparative Immunology, 副会長.
2009.07~2012.06, International Society for Developmental and Comparative Immunology, President Elect.
2005.08~2009.08, 補体研究会, 運営委員.
2008.08~2009.08, 補体研究会, 集会長.
2000.04~2006.03, 日本比較免疫学会, ホームページ委員.
2004.04~2006.03, 日本水産学会九州支部会, 評議員.
2006.04~2012.08, 日本比較免疫学会, 幹事.
2006.04~2008.03, 日本水産学会, シンポジウム企画委員会委員.
学会大会・会議・シンポジウム等における役割
2019.08.23~2019.08.24, 日本補体学会学術集会, 座長.
2019.09.04~2019.09.06, 日本比較免疫学会第31回学術集会, シンポジウムオーガナイザー.
2019.03.26~2019.03.29, 日本水産学会春季大会, 座長.
2018.12.18~2018.12.18, 農学部・ 大学院生物資源環境科学府・大学院農学研究院「新キャンパス」キックオフ! セミナー, 主催者.
2018.09.06~2018.09.07, Asian Insect Immunology Symposium, 座長(Chairmanship).
2018.08.31~2018.09.01, 第55回 補体学会学術集会, 座長(Chairmanship).
2017.08.31~2017.09.01, 第54回 補体学会学術集会, 座長(Chairmanship).
2015.06.28~2015.07.03, 13th Congress of International Society of Developmental and Comparative Immunology, 座長(Chairmanship).
2013.07.05~2013.07.06, 第50回 補体シンポジウム, 座長(Chairmanship).
2012.08.24~2012.08.25, 第49回 補体シンポジウム, 座長(Chairmanship).
2012.07.09~2012.09.13, 12th Congress of International Society of Developmental and Comparative Immunology, 座長(Chairmanship).
2011.09.02~2011.09.03, 第48回 補体シンポジウム, 座長(Chairmanship).
2011.08.21~2010.08.23, 第23回 日本比較免疫学会, 座長(Chairmanship).
2010.09.10~2010.09.11, 第47回 補体シンポジウム, 座長(Chairmanship).
2010.08.02~2010.08.04, 第22回 日本比較免疫学会, 座長(Chairmanship).
2010.03.26~2010.03.30, 日本水産学会, 座長(Chairmanship).
2009.06.28~2009.07.04, 11th Congress of the International Society of Developmental and Comparative Immunology, 座長(Chairmanship).
2008.10.20~2008.10.25, World Fisheries Congress 2008, 座長(Chairmanship).
2008.08.25~2008.08.27, 第20回 日本比較免疫学会, 座長(Chairmanship).
2008.08.21~2008.08.22, 第46回 補体シンポジウム, 座長(Chairmanship).
2008.07.10~2008.07.12, 第45回 補体シンポジウム, 座長(Chairmanship).
2007.09.17~2007.09.19, 日本魚病学会, 座長(Chairmanship).
2007.08.24~2007.08.25, 第44回 補体シンポジウム, 座長(Chairmanship).
2007.08.21~2007.08.23, 第19回 日本比較免疫学会, 座長(Chairmanship).
2007.03.27~2007.03.31, 日本水産学会, 座長(Chairmanship).
2006.08.23~2006.08.25, 第18回 日本比較免疫学会学術集会, 座長(Chairmanship).
2006.08.18~2006.08.19, 第43会補体シンポジウム, 座長(Chairmanship).
2006.04.01~2006.04.04, 日本水産学会, 座長(Chairmanship).
2005.08.24~2005.08.26, 第17回 日本比較免疫学会学術集会, 座長(Chairmanship).
2004.08.25~2004.08.27, 第16回 日本比較免疫学会, 座長(Chairmanship).
2004.08.20~2004.08.21, 第41回 補体シンポジウム, 座長(Chairmanship).
2004.04.01~2004.04.04, 日本水産学会, 座長(Chairmanship).
2003.08.29~2003.08.30, 第15回 日本比較免疫学会学術集会, 座長(Chairmanship).
2002.08.25~2002.08.28, 第14回 日本比較免疫学会学術集会, 座長(Chairmanship).
2014.09.22~2014.09.23, 平成26年度 日本魚病学会秋季大会, 大会長.
2014.09.19~2014.09.22, 平成26年度 日本水産学会秋季大会, 大会役員.
2012.07.09~2012.07.13, 12th Congress of International Society of Developmental and Comparative Immunology, Congress Chair.
2011.06.03~2011.06.03, 8th International Congress of Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry (ICCPB Nagoya), Symposium Organizer of "Evolution and diversity of innate and adaptive immune systems".
2010.08.02~2010.08.04, 日本比較免疫学会 第22回学術集会, 集会事務局長.
2009.08.21~2009.08.22, 第46回補体シンポジウム, 集会長.
学会誌・雑誌・著書の編集への参加状況
2021.01~2022.03, Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, 国際, 編集委員.
2017.03, Frontiers in Immunology, Comparative Immunology section, 国際, 編集委員.
2014.05~2016.05, Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, 国際, 編集委員.
2012.01~2014.12, Developmental and Comparative Immunology, 国際, 編集委員.
学術論文等の審査
年度 外国語雑誌査読論文数 日本語雑誌査読論文数 国際会議録査読論文数 国内会議録査読論文数 合計
2019年度 20        20 
2018年度 24        24 
2017年度 30        30 
2016年度 38        38 
2015年度 22        22 
2014年度 22        22 
2013年度 23        23 
2012年度 32        32 
2011年度 25        25 
2010年度 21      27 
2009年度 23      26 
2008年度 10        10 
2007年度 16      20 
2006年度    
2005年度    
2004年度      
2003年度 14  14 
2002年度
その他の研究活動
海外渡航状況, 海外での教育研究歴
Kasetsart University, Thailand, 2020.02~2020.02.
Dalian Ocean University, Dalian Zhongxia Garden Hotel, China, 2019.11~2019.11.
Frontiers Media office, Fairmont Montreux Palace, Switzerland, 2019.04~2019.04.
Novotel, Yangon, Myanmar, 2018.08~2018.08.
La Fonda on the Plaza, Santa Fe, NM, UnitedStatesofAmerica, 2018.06~2018.06.
REX Hotel, Ho Chi Minh City, Lotte Hotel Hanoi, Vietnam, 2017.09~2017.10.
Hotel Scandic Copenhagen, Denmark, 2017.09~2017.09.
Northern Arizona University, UnitedStatesofAmerica, 2017.03~2017.03.
Khon Kaen University, Thailand, 2017.02~2017.02.
Pathein University, Myanmar, 2016.12~2016.12.
Northern Arizona University, UnitedStatesofAmerica, 2016.03~2016.03.
James Cook University, Australia, 2016.03~2016.03.
Northern Arizona University, UnitedStatesofAmerica, 2015.03~2015.03.
Wageningen Unviersity, Netherlands, 2015.03~2015.03.
Auditorium and Convention Center: Victor Villegas, Murcia, Spain, 2015.06~2015.07.
在バンコク日本大使館, Thailand, 2014.06~2014.06.
Maharashtra Institute of Technology, Pune, Hotel Lalit, New Delhi, India, 2014.08~2014.08.
Kangwon National University, Korea, 2014.11~2014.11.
Royal Society, British Council, UnitedKingdom, 2014.11~2014.11.
University of Philippines, School of Visayas, Philippines, 2013.03~2013.03.
York Hotel, Singapore, 2013.05~2013.05.
Division of Cell Biology and Immunology, Wageningen University, Netherlands, 2011.03~2011.03.
University of Alberta, Canada, 2011.05~2011.05.
東北育才外国語学校(遼寧省瀋陽市), China, 2011.05~2011.05.
SMA1 High School, Indonesia, 2011.09~2011.09.
国立台湾大学, Taiwan, 2010.03~2010.03.
東北師範大学付属中学校(吉林省長春市), China, 2010.03~2010.03.
国立台湾大学, Regal Hongkong Hotel , Taiwan, Hong Kong , 2010.06~2010.06.
MRC Centre for Transplantation, King's College London, Guy's Hospital, London, UK., Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain, UnitedKingdom, Spain, 2010.06~2010.07.
Freshwater Fisheries Research Center, Chinese Academy of Fisheries Sciences, China, 2010.09~2010.09.
University of Pennsylvania, UnitedStatesofAmerica, 2009.03~2009.03.
Freshwater Fisheries Research Center, Chinese Academy of Fisheries Sciences, China, 2009.03~2009.03.
Diplomat Hotel, Prague, CzechRepublic, 2009.06~2009.07.
Aquatic Biotechnology Center, Gyeongsang National University, Korea, 2009.07~2009.07.
MRC Immunochemistry Unit, Department of Biochemistry, The University of Oxford, Gatty Marine Laboratory, University of St. Andrews, UnitedKingdom, 2008.01~2008.01.
National Taiwan Ocean University, Taiwan, 2008.05~2008.05.
MRC Immunochemistry Unit, University of Oxford, UnitedKingdom, 2008.07~2008.07.
Pusan National University, Deaprtment of Microbiology, Korea, 2007.04~2007.04.
University of Philippine, School of Visayas, Philippines, 2007.10~2007.10.
Florida International University, Department of Biological Sciences, UnitedStatesofAmerica, 2007.10~2007.10.
Charleston Place Hotel, Chaleston, SC, UnitedStatesofAmerica, 2006.06~2006.07.
University of Philippine, School of Visayas, Philippines, 2006.09~2006.09.
Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology, University of Hawaii, UnitedStatesofAmerica, 2006.11~2006.11.
Hilton Conference Center, Rhodes, Greece, 2005.06~2005.06.
University of Philippine, School of Visayas, Philippines, 2005.07~2005.08.
Academia Sinica (Taipei), Taiwan, 2005.11~2006.11.
Hawaii University, UnitedStatesofAmerica, 2004.06~2004.06.
University of St. Andrews, UnitedKingdom, 2003.06~2003.07.
Palermo Palace Hotel, Italy, 2002.09~2002.09.
外国人研究者等の受入れ状況
2016.06~2016.09, 1ヶ月以上, Khon Khen University, Thailand, .
2015.03~2015.03, 2週間未満, Northern Arizona University, UnitedStatesofAmerica, .
2015.02~2015.02, 2週間未満, Wageningen University, Netherlands, 学内資金.
2013.09~2013.03, 1ヶ月以上, Mansoura University, Egypt, .
2010.09~2011.09, 1ヶ月以上, Ho Chi Minh City University of Food Industry, Vietnam, .
2011.02~2011.03, 2週間以上1ヶ月未満, 中国水産研究院, China, 日本学術振興会.
2010.11~2011.01, 1ヶ月以上, 中国水産研究院, China, 日本学術振興会.
2009.11~2010.01, 1ヶ月以上, 中国水産研究院, China, 日本学術振興会.
2009.10~2009.12, 1ヶ月以上, University of St. Andrews, UnitedKingdom, 日本学術振興会.
2009.08~2009.08, 2週間未満, MRC Centre for Transplantation, King's College London, Germany, 学内資金.
2009.03~2009.03, 2週間未満, University of St. Andrews, UnitedKingdom, 学内資金.
2008.10~2008.12, 1ヶ月以上, 中国水産研究院, China, 日本学術振興会.
2008.03~2008.03, 2週間未満, Veterinary School, University of Pennsylvania, UnitedStatesofAmerica, 文部科学省.
2008.03~2008.03, 2週間未満, Univeristy of Philippines, School of Visayas, Philippines, 文部科学省.
2008.03~2008.03, 2週間未満, Univeristy of Philippines, School of Visayas, Philippines, 文部科学省.
2007.11~2007.11, 2週間未満, University of Philippines School of Visayas, Philippines, 日本学術振興会.
2007.11~2007.11, 2週間未満, University of Philippines School of Visayas, Philippines, 日本学術振興会.
2007.11~2008.01, 1ヶ月以上, 中国水産研究院, China, 日本学術振興会.
2006.11~2006.12, 2週間以上1ヶ月未満, University of Philippines School of Visayas, Philippines, 日本学術振興会.
2006.11~2006.11, 2週間以上1ヶ月未満, University of Philippines School of Visayas, Philippines, 日本学術振興会.
2005.10~2005.10, 2週間以上1ヶ月未満, University of Philippines School of Visayas, Philippines, 日本学術振興会.
2005.10~2005.10, 2週間以上1ヶ月未満, University of Philippines School of Visayas, Philippines, 日本学術振興会.
2002.07~2002.08, 1ヶ月以上, Oregon State University, UnitedStatesofAmerica, .
受賞
日本比較免疫学会 古田賞, 日本比較免疫学会, 2015.08.
研究資金
科学研究費補助金の採択状況(文部科学省、日本学術振興会)
2016年度~2018年度, 基盤研究(B), 代表, 補体のホメオスタシス機能を活用した魚類粘膜の自然免疫バリアの強化.
2016年度~2018年度, 挑戦的萌芽研究, 代表, インタラクトーム解析で切り拓く魚類補体成分の血液外での新機能同定.
2013年度~2015年度, 基盤研究(B), 代表, 栓球による魚類免疫応答の活性化と制御の分子機構.
2010年度~2012年度, 基盤研究(B), 代表, 魚類における補体活性化制御因子を活用した免疫応答の最適化.
2006年度~2008年度, 基盤研究(B), 代表, 多様化した魚類補体成分アイソタイプが構築する補体活性化ネットワークの解明.
2005年度~2006年度, 萌芽研究, 代表, 幅広い魚種で機能する補体マスターキー分子の作出.
2002年度~2003年度, 基盤研究(C), 代表, コイ補体制御因子の分子クローニングおよび機能解析:C3断片化の分子機構.
2001年度~2003年度, 基盤研究(B), 分担, 魚類のC3レセプタータイプ2(CR2)の構造と機能:補体による獲得免疫の制御機構.
共同研究、受託研究(競争的資金を除く)の受入状況
2004.11~2005.03, 代表, 補体系を利用した細菌の特異的溶菌法の開発.
学内資金・基金等への採択状況
2010年度~2011年度, 教育の質向上支援プログラム, 分担, 実験・演習の英語教材の開発.
2003年度~2003年度, 農学研究院教育研究特別経費, 代表, ストレス応答の統合生物学:各種ストレスに対する資源生物の防御機構.

九大関連コンテンツ

pure2017年10月2日から、「九州大学研究者情報」を補完するデータベースとして、Elsevier社の「Pure」による研究業績の公開を開始しました。
 
 
九州大学知的財産本部「九州大学Seeds集」