Kyushu University Academic Staff Educational and Research Activities Database
List of Presentations
Toshihide Kuroki Last modified date:2020.06.30

Professor / Clinical Psychology Practice / Department of Human Sciences / Faculty of Human-Environment Studies


Presentations
1. Toshihide Kuroki, Ishu Ishiyama, Morita therapy and trauma care, The 10th International Congress of Morita Therapy, 2019.08, In contrast to how clinical practice and research on psychological trauma began in the West in response to the need for support for wounded soldiers and veterans, trauma care work and research has been developing in Japan since the 1990’s in response to each occurrence of a major natural disaster in the country. Shortly after the time when Dr. Masatake Morita had developed his unique psychotherapy, the Great Kanto Earthquake struck the Kanto area in 1923 and caused an enormous damage to the Japanese society. While he promoted the therapeutic principle of "obedience to nature" in his treatment and pointed out the futility of resisting nature, it should be noted that he was not promoting a passive way of living and being dictated by one’s fate. He considered that our agony and distress and even anxiety and fear were all part of nature and that our emotions were changeable and ephemeral like external nature. However, changing our way of thinking alone would not serve much of a practical purpose by itself. Rather, Morita encouraged us to move forward in life with bravery by leaving anxiety as it is; he recommended that we do what is needed here and now in a factual reality-based manner. Morita’s idea of obedience to nature was probably reflected in the way the people came to accept the tragedy of the Great Kanto Earthquake disaster as it was in an arugamama way and felt the need to act on their hope for recovery and regeneration. How can we apply such a Moritian perspective to our psychological care for people suffering various kinds of trauma? Morita therapy thus offers an interesting trauma care model in comparison to how trauma care is conceptualized and practiced in other cultures..
2. 黒木 俊秀, Outcome research on traditional Morita Therapy and the notation of therapeutic recovery in Morita Therapy., The 9th International Congress of Morita Therapy, 2016.09, The efficacy of traditional Morita therapy has been discussed by Dr. Morita and his followers using a number of clinical case studies and case illustrations. Researchers have also used follow-up outcome survey data for both descriptive and non-inferential statistics for analysis. The researchers who have reported these studies are practitioners of Morita therapy themselves, and according to them, over 80% of residential clients became able to resume a normal and active life after the treatment. It should be noted that successful treatment of shinkeishitsu clients using traditional Morita therapy does not require the elimination or minimization of anxiety symptoms and other ego-threatening feelings and traits. Recovered clients may still experience anxiety from time to time, but they do not stay preoccupied with resisting anxiety and uncomfortable feelings any longer. One traditional Morita therapist has said: “A cure is achieved by a non-cure.” This notion of therapeutic recovery in traditional Morita therapy may not be compatible with the modern outcome research methodology for evaluating therapeutic effects of psychotherapy..
3. Beyond evidence: Contemporary science of psychotherapy.
4. Illness may be attributed to personality traits: The impact of personality psychology on the DSM-5 development..
5. Forensic psychiatry and DSM: Debates on validity and utility of psychiatric diagnosis.
6. Psychological interview with adolescents who are taking psychotropic medicine.
7. Toshihide Kuroki, Morita therapy efficacy research: Formal discussion, The 8th International Congress of Morita Therapy.
8. 黒木 俊秀, Impact of DSM-III and IV on the modern psychiatry in Japan: a retrospective view, Tokyo Conference on Psychiatry and Philosophy, 2013.09, Historically, Japanese psychiatry as well as other medical disciplines had been much influenced by German medicine since the Meiji Restoration of the end of the 1860s. This tradition was unchallenged and succeeded even after the World War II, whereas dynamic psychiatry had a limited influence on Japan, unlike Korea. Although psychiatrists in Japan also had a hard time of the anti-establishment and antipsychiatry movements in the early 1970s, fine and sophisticated research on psychopathology of schizophrenia was shortly developed, blending Japanese own therapeutic culture with Western thoughts of psychiatry and reaching the highest and peerless peak with a rich fragrance. At the time, the emergence of DSM-III (1980) gave a shock like "the Black Ships" on most Japanese psychiatrists who were overwhelmed by a radical shift from dynamic psychiatry to biological psychiatry in the U.S.A. However, they were little aware of the context of DSM-III development and initially thought its effect would be limited in Japan. It was the 1990s that a significant impact of DSM, the newly released version (DSM-IV), on Japanese psychiatry began to expand, which effect was accompanied by official adoption of ICD-10 (1992) by the government, alteration of generations of academic leaders and the globalization of the psychotropic drug market..
9. Between the basic pharmacology and clinical practice for the second generation of antipsychotics in terms of neurocognitive effects on schizophrenics.
10. Traditional Japanese psychiatry and its integration with Western psychiatry.