|Kazuhiko Kawahara||Last modified date：2023.02.23|
Associate Professor / Sound Culture / Art Management / Department of Acoustic Design / Faculty of Design
|1.||The analysis of realistic impression contained in sounds of onomatopoeic instruments --Attempts by using the evaluation grid method--.|
|2.||A study on sound reinforcement acoustic feedback suppression at concerts -- A case study at the Shigakukan high school --.|
|3.||A Study of the Effect of Different Time Microstructures of Reverberation on "Comfortability of Speaking " in Rooms.|
|4.||Design of technical listening training system using audio network.|
|5.||Kazuhiko Kawahara, Masahiro Karakawa, Akira Omoto, Yutaka Kamamoto, Applause detection filter design for remote live-viewing with adaptive modeling filter, Audio Engineering Society 152nd International Convention 2022(eBrief:675), 2022.05, [URL], The COVID-19 pandemic prevents us from enjoying live performances. On the other hand, commercial audio-visual transmission systems, such as live viewing systems, have become more popular and have been increasing. The APRICOT: (APplause for Realistic Immersive Contents Transmission) system was developed and used in some trials to enhance the reality for live viewing. This paper describes an applause sound extraction method for automation of applause sound transmission and a simulation experiment using the sound source recorded live at the venue to assess the applause sound extraction performance. We used an adaptive filter to model the room transfer function. In addition, we designed the inverse filter to emphasize applause sounds and extracted them. The experimental evaluation showed that the system extracted the applause sounds almost correctly under various conditions from the performance sound source..|
|6.||Kazuhiko Kawahara, Jason Corey, Timothy Ryan, Doyuen Ko, Sungyoung Kim, Denis Martin, Zen of Critical Listening: What is the true goal of technical ear training?, AES 2021 International Audio Education Conference, 2021.07, Critical listening is essential for sound recording, mixing, and mastering to obtain high-quality sound. A systematic training curriculum for critical listening can help trainees become expert listeners in a reduced amount of time relative to similar experiences gained in a job setting. The workshop aims to discuss the opinions of educators regarding the necessary features and methods for efficient ear training and to share their in-depth expertise. Furthermore, the workshop aims to share the micro and macro points of view of ear training: training methods, sound samples used, acquired skills by trainees, and social impacts on the audio and electro-acoustic R&D industry..|
|7.||Kazuhiko Kawahara, Syllabus of Technical Listening Training in Kyushu University, AES 2021 International Audio Education Conference, 2021.07, [URL], This paper focuses on the syllabus of a technical listening and ear training course in Kyushu University’s School of Design. The author gives ear training to about 50 students in a class. The first step is discerning a difference. The next step is identification of sound pressure level. Training drills to identify pure tone frequencies and the center frequency of band-passed noise help students to acquire the concepts of frequency and spectrum. Training then proceeds to the identification of the center frequency of octave band equalizers. Results drawn from the past ten years of training data are also described in this paper..|
|8.||Distributed Mode Loudspeaker (DML) potential with application technologies.|
|9.||Kazuma Watanabe, Kazuhiko Kawahara, Hiroko Nishida, Kosuke Okusa, The Reality of the Loudness War in Japan -The Case Study on Japanese Popular Music-, Audio Engineering Society 149th International Convention 2020(#10424), 2020.10, [URL], This paper focused on the loudness statistics of the songs, especially commercially succeeded albums of popular music in Japan during the year of 1989 to 2018. The purpose of this paper was to verify the existence of the “loudness war” in Japan. The statistical results showed there was a leap of loudness in the middle 1990s, which implies the existence of the loudness war was on in Japan. Moreover, the authors employed the time series analysis and estimated the average loudness from 2019 to 2028. The authors proposed the loudness estimation by using the ARIMA model. The model estimated the future average loudness would rise to -4 LUFS, in case of without any regulations..|
|10.||Takashi Minagawa, Kazuhiko Kawahara, Ryo Nakaie, Spatial Timbre Uniformity Analysis of Loudspeakers in Rooms Using MFCC, Audio Engineering Society 149th International Convention 2020(#10415), 2020.10, [URL], Spatial timbre uniformity needs to be considered during public address system design using loudspeakers.
In this paper, an analysis based on Mel-frequency cepstrum coefficient (MFCC) was conducted on room impulse responses produced by different loudspeakers including conventional cone loudspeakers and a Distributed Mode Loudspeaker (DML).
Histograms of Euclidean distances between MFCC vectors of each impulse response was plotted for each loudspeaker. The tail of the histogram which represents the frequency of larger distances was lighter in the histogram of the DML. The results imply that the DML can avoid extreme spatial timbre dissimilarity. The proposed method introduces concept of timbre uniformity, which could be helpful for designing acoustic spaces..
|11.||Development and management of training system of Online Technical Listening Training.|
|12.||What I'm trying to do to transfer sounds through online classes with zoom.|
|13.||Case study of conducting remote technical listening training with online.|
|14.||[Invited Talk] Technical Listening Training – An acoustic education program for acoustic engineers at Kyushu University–.|
|15.||An improvement of applause detection precision on APRICOT system.|
|16.||Acoustic related demonstrations on the open campus at school of design, Kyushu university – case study on the year of 2019
|17.||[Special Talk] Technical Listening Training －An acoustic education program for acoustic engineers at Kyushu University－
|18.||Tajima, Toshiki, Kawahara, Kazuhiko, A Case Study of Cultural Influences on Mixing Preference—Targeting Japanese Acoustic Major Students, Audio Engineering Society 147th International Convention 2019(eBrief #541), 2019.10, [URL], There is no clear rule in the process of mixing in popular music production, so even with the same music materials, different mix engineers may arrive at a completely different mix. In order to solve this highly multidimensional problem, some listening experiments of mixing preference have been conducted in Europe and North America in previous studies. In this study additional experiments targeting Japanese major students in the field of acoustics were conducted in an acoustically treated listening room, and we integrated the data with previous ones and analyzed them together. The result showed a tendency for both British students and Japanese students to prefer (or dislike) the same engineers’ works. Furthermore, an analysis of verbal descriptions for mixing revealed that they gave most attention to similar listening points, such as “vocal,” and “reverb.”.|
|19.||Applause Detection in a viewing site for Ambient Transmission in Live Viewing System.|
|20.||The evaluation of APRICOT system for high-realistic live viewing.|
|21.||Sungyoung Kim,, Jason Corey, Kazuhiko Kawahara, Doyuen Ko, Sean Olive, Timothy Ryan, Towards the New Horizon of Technical Ear Training, 143rd Audio Engineering Society Convention, New York, 2017.10, [URL], Recently, various technical ear-training programs have been introduced to audio and acoustic engineering communities. In the previous workshops, the panels have discussed necessary features and methods for efficient and effective training (AES131, 132, and 141). The current workshop aims to (1) let workshop attendees experience and compare the characteristic functions of various ear-training programs through hands-on demonstrations by the panelists, and (2) discuss the latest development trends and future applications. While the workshop locally aims to provide the attendees with chance to experience theoretical and empirical matters of ear training programs around the world, it also globally aims to consider the importance of “listening” in the current video-oriented society..|
|22.||What can we make kids to explore in the anechoic chamber?.|
|23.||Extraction of Applause from a Sound Field for Ambient Transmission in a Live Viewing System.|
|24.||The evaluation of guessing the number of applauding people for applause sound synthesis..|
|25.||Pilot study of applause detection for applause and handclap feedback on live viewing..|
|26.||A directional microphone application to Applause and Clapping Reproduction System for Live Viewing.|
|27.||Kazuhiko Kawahara, Masayuki Takada, Shin-ichiro Iwamiya, TECHNICAL LISTENING TRAINING AS AN ADVANCED ACOUSTIC EDUCATION PROGRAM, Youngnam Kyushu Joint Conference on Acoustics 2017 (J2), 2017.02.|
|28.||Comparison and investigation of sound field isotropy with various measurement systems.|
|29.||Kazuhiko Kawahara, Masayuki Takada, Shin-ichiro Iwamiya, Advanced Technical Listening Training Program at Kyushu University, 5th joint meeting of the Acoustical Society of America and the Acoustical Society of Japan, 2016.11, This presentation introduces the Advanced Technical Listening Training (TLT) program at Kyushu University. TLT is a systematic training program designed to improve auditory sensitivity; it consists of discrimination and identification tasks for a wide variety of acoustic features (e.g., frequency, sound pressure level, and spectrum pattern). The TLT II class (i.e., the advanced TLT program) provides training in identification of reverberation time, quantization bit depth, mixing level balance, and spectral slope of harmonic tones. TLT facilitates improved understanding of acoustic theory and phenomena, and psychoacoustics..|
|30.||Kazuhiko Kawahara, Akiho Fujimori, Yutaka Kamamoto, Akira Omoto, Takehiro Moriya, Implementation and demonstration of applause and handclapping feedback system for live viewing(e-Brief 299), Audio Engineering Society 141st Internatinal Convention, Los Angeles 2016, 2016.10, Recent progress of network capacity enables real-time distribution of high-quality content of multimedia contents. This paper reports on our attempt to transmit the applause and hand-clapping in music concerts. We built a system that has an efficient implementation scheme for low-delay coding of applause and hand-clapping sounds. The system relayed applause and hand-clapping by viewers back to the performance site to provide these sounds in a synthesized and simulated manner. With this system, we conducted an experimental concert using a network distributed site. We observed some interactions between the performers and the receiver site audience.
Responses to our questionnaire distributed to the audience and performers also confirmed that applause and hand-clapping feedback were effective for improving the sense of unity established in live viewings..
|31.||Sungyoung Kim,, Mark Bassett, Jason Corey, Kazuhiko Kawahara, Sean Olive, Critical Listening: Ear Training in Audio Education, 141st Audio Engineering Society Convention, 2016.10, [URL], Considering the interests and growth of ear training in the audio communities, it is timely and important to have a chance to share and discuss the opinions from the experts about necessary features and methods that assist trainees in acquiring the critical listening ability with efficiency, both for personal and group training.
The current workshop aims to let workshop attendees experience and compare the characteristic functions of various ear-training programs through hands-on demonstrations by the panelists. While the workshop locally aims to provide the attendees with chance to experience theoretical and empirical matters of ear training programs around the world, it also globally aims to consider the importance of “listening” in the current video-oriented society..
|32.||Design and Implementation of Applause and Clapping Reproduction System for Live Viewing.|
|33.||Pilot study of applause and handclap feedback on live viewing..|
|34.||Education for acoustic engineers and sound designers in Department of Acoustic Design, Kyushu University..|
|35.||Case study of Electro-Acoustic Education in Acoustic Experiments at the Department of Acoustic Design, Kyushu University.|
|36.||Pilot study of applause sound generator depending on the listening environment.|
|37.||Investigation of active diffusibility control in enclosed sound field
-Control of acoustic mode in small sized reverberation chamber
and possibility of multi-channel reproduction system-.
|38.||Basic study for realization of an active reverberation box. - Effect of location and dimension of sound sources on the generated sound field -.|
|39.||Kazuhiko Kawahara, Yutaka Kamamoto, Akira Omoto, Takehiro Moriya, Evaluation of the Low-Delay Coding of Applause and Hand-Clapping Sounds Caused by Music Appreciation(#9225), Audio Engineering Society 138th Internatinal Convention Warsaw 2015, 2015.05, Recently, the improvement of network resources enables us to distribute the contents in real-time. This paper presents the low-delay coding of applause sound and hand-clapping sound with less parameters by means of synthesizing these sounds at the receiver site. We found that a number of people clapping their hands were corresponding to a sound volume of applause. In other words, no one considers who is clapping. Additionally, on the hand-clapping sound, the time interval of clapping also should be important. Based on such information, preliminary experiments confirm that our approach, which synthesize applause and hand-clapping sound from a few parameters, successfully generates natural applause and hand-clapping sounds..|
|40.||Vibro-acousitic analysis of a Distributed Mode Loudspeakers introducing viscoelastic properties in its support condition.|
|41.||A study on changes of impressions by introducing “Equalization” in sound field reproduction system.|
|42.||Michiaki Takahashi, Kazuhiko Kawahara, Akira Omoto, COMPARISON OF HOWLING MARGIN IN VARIABLE REFLECTION ACOUSTIC WALL SYSTEM WITH SEVERAL ADAPTIVE ALGORITHMS, Kyushu-Youngnam Joint Conference on Acoustics 2015, 2015.01, To change reverberation in enclosed space for various purposes, Variable Reflection Acoustic Wall System, VRAWS has been proposed. The VRAWS is consisted with microphone, absorbing material and loudspeakers located just behind the absorbing material. Incident sound wave to the system is firstly absorbed by absorbing material. At the same time, the microphone mounted in front of absorbing material detects the sound. The detected sound is then passed some signal processor such as reverb effect or equalizer, and re-radiated by the loudspeakers behind the absorbing material. This system is sound reinforce system with closely located microphone, so the performance is limited by the howling margin. To improve the howling margin, adaptive howling canceller with Least Mean Square (LMS)-type echo canceller is firstly introduced. This echo cancel filter is basically disturbed by so-called double talk. Also, simplified fast transversal filter(SFTF) for howling cancellation is implemented with Digital Signal Processor. The SFTF reduces the computational complexity compared with recursive Least square algorithm (RLS). The performances of several adaptive filters used in the howling canceller are compared with several types of VRAWS by experiment..|
|43.||Technical Listening Training as an acoustic education for freshmen. -System design and evaluation from questionnaire-.|
|44.||Kazuhiko Kawahara, Impression measurement of three different types of loudspeakers’ sound field, 2014 IEEE 3rd Global Conference on Consumer Electronics (GCCE) (pp.517-518), 2014.10, Recently, some new implementations of panel form loudspeakers were proposed. Some of them have quite different radiation characteristics compared with dynamic loudspeakers. Especially Distributed Mode Loudspeaker (DML) has diffused property of radiation. But the subjective impression of this property was needed to investigate. In this paper, 39 adjective and adjective phrases were selected for impression measurement. Two of dynamic loudspeaker models, a DML and an electrostatic loudspeaker were used for this impression measurement. As a result of median test, DML gave the impression of wider sound fields, spatial sense, depth sense and blurred sound fields..|
|45.||Kazuhiko Kawahara, Shin-ichiro Iwamiya, Masayuki Takada, (Invited)Educational Aim and Uniqueness of Technical Listening Training(PJ08-3), 7th Forum Acousticum, (P.1-4), 2014.09, This paper describes the educational aim and uniqueness of Technical Listening Training. Technical Listening Training is a systematic training program to improve the listening ability as a sound professional. This training has been developed in the Department of Acoustic Design, School of Design of Kyushu University. The educational aim of technical listening training is to encourage students to listen as a sound/acoustic professional. The listening ability as a sound professional is constructed by the following three abilities: the ability to discriminate between different sounds, the ability to correlate the auditory difference with the physical properties of sounds, and the ability to imagine the proper sounds when given the acoustic properties of the sounds. The educational uniqueness is the fact that trainings have been carried out as a class of the university curriculum. The class also includes lectures on basic acoustics and audio engineering related to training menus. Through trainings, in addition to improving the listening ability, trainees can share their listening experiences. The shared experience among trainees improves their ability to express their impression with coherent words.
|46.||A study of variable acoustic wall system :In case of distributed mode loudspeakers..|
|47.||Fundamental evaluation for the low-delay coding of applause and hand-clapping sounds caused by
|48.||Vibro-acoustic analysis of Distributed Mode Loudspeaker..|
|49.||DAW application to ear training..|
|50.||A study on the relationship between TLT subject’s performance and their backgrounds.|
|51.||On curriculum of technical listening training..|
|52.||Methods for analyzing vibration characteristics of Distributed Mode Loudspeakers, IEICE Technical Report EA2013-85, pp. 101-106.|
|53.||Sungyoung Kim, Timothy J . Ryan, Jason Corey, Doyuen Ko, Kazuhiko Kawahara, Towards a Systematic Ear - Training Curriculum: Effective and Efficient Learning in Audio Education, AES 50th Conference—Audio Education, 2013.07, Ear Training の有効性を議論するとともに，本学で行っている，聴能形成のカリキュラムを紹介し，その有効性を示した。カリキュラム構成のコンセプトを示すとともに，スピーカ聴取訓練とイヤホン聴取訓練の利点欠点を整理し，議論した。本学は，スピーカ聴取訓練をおこなっており，そのコンセプトは，音を音場を聴き，音響現象を体験することにあることを主張した。.|
|54.||Kazuhiko Kawahara, Masayuki Takada, Shin-ichiro Iwamiya, Effectiveness of technical listening training in Department of Acoustic Design
of Kyushu University, international congress on Acoustics 2013(3aED8), 2013.06, What is the professional listening? Sound/Acoustic Professionals listening categorized into three phases. The ability to discriminate between different sounds. The ability to correlate the auditory difference with the physical properties of sounds. And the ability to imagine the proper sounds when given the acoustic properties of the sounds. The ability can be trained through listening training. Through trainings, trainees can share their auditory experience. The shared experience reinforces trainees to express their auditory impression with coherent words. And the use of coherent words supports smooth communication in their group. This word coherency is also the professional listening ability. In this paper, as a listening training, Technical Listening Training in Kyushu University was described. And we evaluated learning effects of training
with average correct answer ratio among trainees. Trends of increasing correct answer ratio with training times were observed. We could show the effects of Technical Listening Training..
|55.||Case study of Demonstration "Loudspeaker mechanism and measurement" for high school students
-- From "Acoustics and visual communication experiments for high school students" in Kyushu University --.
|56.||A report of acoustic education for fashion design major students.|
|57.||Report of acoustic education for Korean students of music major: A case study of the 2011 school in
college of arts & graduate school of arts of Dong-A university..
|58.||Improvement of Speech Intelligibilty in a Concert Hall.|
|59.||Sound Field Reproduction System Based on Variable Reflection Acoustic Wall System..|
|60.||Acoustic response analysis of Distributed Mode Loudspeaker by the vibro-acoustic analysis..|
|61.||Case study of introduction and planning of “2003 Spring Exibition: Sound and Technology” at The Saga Pref. Space & Science Museum.|
|62.||A study on active noise control by multipole control sources..|
|63.||Multipole End-Fire Loudspeaker Array Based on Spherical Harmonic Expansion..|
|64.||Sound radiation synthesis by using multipole expression of spherical harmonic expansion..|
|65.||Modal analysis and generated sound field simulation of a vibration panel. In case of in a free sound field an d in a rectangular enclosure
, IEICE Technical Report EA2010-89, pp.31-36.
|66.||The first step to frequency analysis..|
|67.||Loudspeaker characteristic evaluation with cross correlation of inter radiation directional impulse responses.|
|68.||Technology transfer of technical listening training education to employees of an acoustic related campany
-- case study i case of technology transter to Yamaha corporation --.
|69.||Technology transfer of technical listening training education to employees of an acoustic related campany
-- case study i case of technology transter to Yamaha corporation --.
|70.||An introduction of "Techincal Listening Training" to employees in acoustic related company.|
|71.||Loudspeaker characteristic evaluation with coherent distance in reverberation room.|
|72.||Loudspeaker characteristic evaluation with coherent distance in reverberation room.|
|73.||Case study of acoustic education in
``Acoustics and visual communication experiments for high school students''.
|74.||Recent technologies for loudspeakers, Distributed mode panel loudspeaker.|
|75.||Selection of adjectives and adjective phrases to evaluate loudspeaker characteristics and impression measurement with them.|
|76.||Design and an imprementation of 24 elements independent driven panel loudspeaker.|
|77.||A system to improve the compatibilty between departure signals and speech announcements.|
|78.||A study on Loudspeaker characteristics evaluation using Inter-Aural Cross-correlation -- Evaluation in Simple reflection --.|
|79.||A study on Loudspeaker characteristics evaluation using Inter-Aural Cross-correlation Coefficient -- Evaluation in Simple reflection --.|
|80.||Acoustic analysis of Distributed Mode Loudspeaker with simple reflection.|
|81.||A study on sound field analysis of A Distributed Mode Loudspeaker.|
|82.||A study on sound field of Distributed Mode Loudspeaker.|
|83.||A study on Loudspeaker charactristics evaluations using room acoustics.|
|84.||Effect of Technical Listening Training os Strange Sound Inspection.|
|85.||A study on near field acoustic measurement of Distributed Mode Loudspeaker.|
|86.||A study on time response with Distributed Mode Loudspeaker.|
|87.||TECHNICAL LISTENING TRAINING:SYSTEMATIC TRAINING PROGRAM DESIGNED TO IMPROVE AUDITROY SENSITIVITY.|
|88.||A study on time response with Distributed Mode Loudspeaker.|
|89.||Sound intensity measurements on Distributed mode loudspeakers.|
|90.||Technical Listening Training: Improvement of Sound Sensitivity
for Acoustic Engineers and Sound Designers.
|91.||A study on Least Mean Square Error methods for Frequency domain Beamforming..|
|92.||EFFECTS OF SPHERE BUFFLE ON BROADBAND BEAMFORMING FOR
FREQUENCY DOMAIN LEAST SQUARE ERROR DESIGN.
|93.||Influence of visual cues on sound localization preformance
using non-individualized HRTFs in a headphones & face mounted display
|94.||Time domain Implementation of Shpere-Baffled microphone array system
designed in frequency domain..
|95.||Directivity Characteristics of Sphere-Baffled Microphone Array
with polar angle incidence..
|96.||Super directivity design for a sphere-buffled microphone array.|
|97.||Beamforming Characteristics Comparison with
Different Microphone Array Geometory.
-- Comparison between Sphere-Baffled Array and Circular Array --.
Unauthorized reprint of the contents of this database is prohibited.