Kyushu University Academic Staff Educational and Research Activities Database
List of Books
Ashir Ahmed Last modified date:2021.11.02

Associate Professor / Advanced Information and Communication Technology / Department of Advanced Information Technology / Faculty of Information Science and Electrical Engineering


Books
1. Tetsukazu Yahara, Wataru Tanaka, Yukako Inoue, Jounghun Lee, Kun Qian, Firouzeh Javadi, Nariaki Onda, Fumihiko Yokota, Kumi Eguchi, Mariko Nishikitani, Kimiyo Kikuchi, Akira Kawasaki, Yukyong Jeong, Jun’ichiro Ide, Tetsuji Ota, Takahiro Fujiwara, Tadatsugu Hosoya, Yuichi Kano, Megumi Sugimoto, Ashir Ahmed, Yukihiro Shimatani, Shota Tokunaga, Ai Nagahama, Michikazu Hiramatsu, Takahiro Murakami, Decision Science for Future Earth
Book Chapter: Decision Science for Future Earth: A Conceptual Framework
, Springer, ISBN-13: 978-981-15-8631-6, 2021.01, [URL], The purpose of this chapter is to review progress in our understanding of human behavior and decision-making relevant to future earth research agenda, and propose Decision Science as a hub of knowledge networks connecting disciplinary and interdisciplinary sciences with the practice of problem-solving. This review is composed of four sections. First, we describe the conceptual framework of “decision science for a sustainable society” and argue that evolutionary biology of the human nature is key to construct this framework. Second, we review how our group decision-making often fails due to various cognitive biases and argue that participatory approaches of co-design and co-production do not guarantee reasonable decision-making. Third, we review success stories of problem-solving in local communities and consider how we can connect those successes in local communities to successful national and global decision-making. Fourth, learning from both failures and successes, we argue that the adaptive learning of society is a process enabling us to transform our society toward a sustainable future. We review some positive global trends toward sustainability and consider the cognitive processes and behavioral mechanisms behind those trends that would provide clues for finding successful ways to transform our society..
2. Fumihiko Yokota, Manish Biyani, Rafiqul Islam, Ashir Ahmed, Mariko Nishikitani, Kimiyo Kikuchi, Rieko Izukura, Yasunobu Nohara, Naoki Nakashima, Decision Science for Future Earth
Book Chapter: Co-design, Co-production, and Co-evaluation Processes for a Mobile Health Check-Up Research Project in Jaipur, India: A Case Study of the Portable Health Clinic, 2016–2020
, Springer, ISBN-13: 978-981-15-8631-6, 2021.01, [URL], This chapter summarizes the co-design, co-production, and co-evaluation processes of a mobile health check-up research project in Jaipur, India, from March 2016 to June 2020. It is the continuation of our previous paper which was published in November 2018 at Sustainability. The main focus of this chapter is to describe the processes of co-production, co-implementation, and co-evaluation research activities after November 2018. To accomplish this, all documents and materials related to the research processes of co-design, co-production, and co-evaluation were thoroughly reviewed, including minutes from meetings, consultations, workshops, trainings, presentation slides, pictures, and reports. After reviewing the past 4 year’s research process, the road map of a sustainable mobile health check-up project in India was proposed..
3. Rafiqul Islam-Maruf, Ashir Ahmed, Fumihiko Yokota, Kimiyo Kikuchi, Mariko Nishikitani, Rieko Izukura, Yoko Sato, Yasunobu Nohara, Naoki Nakashima, Portable Health Clinic as a Telemedicine System with Appropriate Technologies for Unreached Communities, IOS Press Ebooks, 10.3233/SHTI210028, pp. 57-67, 2021.04, [URL], Poor healthcare infrastructure is the main barrier for providing quality healthcare services to rural communities in developing countries. Thus, these populations remain unreached, and there is a need to establish a method for ensuring the provision of appropriate and adequate healthcare services to these individuals. The portable health clinic (PHC) system has been developed as an effective telemedicine system to meet this objective. A trained village health worker can use this simple system for collecting vital information of the patient, upload the data to the online server, and connect village patients with a remote doctor to enable the provision of online consultancy using video conferencing. Although the PHC was initially developed to ensure primary healthcare service with a focus on non-communicable diseases, a major cause of death, gradually, tele-pathology, tele-eye care, maternal and child health care, and COVID-19 care modules have been added to provide special treatment in these areas as per local needs. The modular PHC system will continue to grow with the addition of novel features that aim to address the local needs. The low-cost and easy operation of the PHC system make it ideal for ensuring global health coverage in communities where inadequate medical facilities and poor-quality healthcare resources remain major issues.

This book brings together joint work in mHealth projects across multiple disciplines (software, healthcare, mobile communications, entrepreneurship and business and social development). Bringing together research from different institutions and disciplines, the editors illustrate the technical and entrepreneurial aspects of using mobile technologies for healthcare development in remote regions. Chapters are grouped into five key themes: the global challenge, portable health clinics, sustainable and resilient mHealth services, mHealth for the elderly, and mHealth for chronic illnesses.

The book will be of particular interest to engineers, entrepreneurs, NGOs and researchers working in healthcare in sustainable development settings..
4. Naoki Nakashima, Yuandong Hu, Rafiqul Islam Maruf, Ashir Ahmed, Mobile Technologies for Developing in Remote, Rural and Developing Regions
Book Chapter: Personal health record in Japan, China, and Bangladesh
, IET (The Institute of Engineering and Technology), ISBN-13: 978-1-83953-048-7, 2020.08, [URL], The personal health record (PHR) is known not only as a self-healthcare/disease management tool by the citizens/patients but also as a communication tool between patients and the medical staff. Moreover, recently the PHR has been considered as an indispensable tool for patient engagement in the area of noncommunicable diseases (NCD) and has gained importance. In this chapter, we aim to introduce Asian PHR especially focusing on those in Japan, China, and Bangladesh, in three different situations..
5. Pradeep Kumar Ray, Naoki Nakashima, Ashir Ahmed, Soong-Chul Ro, Yasuhiro Soshino, Mobile Technologies for Developing in Remote, Rural and Developing Regions, IET (The Institute of Engineering and Technology), ISBN-13: 978-1-83953-047-0, 2020.07, [URL], This edited book explores the use of mobile technologies such as phones, drones, robots, apps, and wearable monitoring devices for improving access to healthcare for socially disadvantaged populations in remote, rural or developing regions. This book brings together examples of large scale, international projects from developing regions of China and Belt and Road countries from researchers in Australia, Bangladesh, Denmark, Norway, Japan, Spain, Thailand and China. The chapters discuss the challenges presented to those seeking to deploy emerging mobile technologies (e.g., smartphones, IoT, drones, robots etc.) for healthcare (mHealth) in developing countries and discuss the solutions undertaken in these case study projects.

This book brings together joint work in mHealth projects across multiple disciplines (software, healthcare, mobile communications, entrepreneurship and business and social development). Bringing together research from different institutions and disciplines, the editors illustrate the technical and entrepreneurial aspects of using mobile technologies for healthcare development in remote regions. Chapters are grouped into five key themes: the global challenge, portable health clinics, sustainable and resilient mHealth services, mHealth for the elderly, and mHealth for chronic illnesses.

The book will be of particular interest to engineers, entrepreneurs, NGOs and researchers working in healthcare in sustainable development settings..
6. Ashir Ahmed, Mehdi Hasan, Masuda Begum Sampa, Kazi Mozaher Hossein, Yasunobu Nohara and Naoki Nakashima, Mobile Technologies for Developing in Remote, Rural and Developing Regions
Book Chapter: Portable health clinic: concept, design and implementation, technical, and social
challenges
, IET (The Institute of Engineering and Technology), ISBN-13: 978-1-83953-047-0, 2020.07, [URL], Portable health clinic (PHC) is a remote healthcare system, jointly developed by Grameen Communications in Bangladesh and Kyushu University in Japan with the aim to providing affordable primary healthcare services to people who do not have regular access to healthcare facilities including the low-income population living in rural unreached communities.
This chapter introduces the basic concept and architecture of PHC; status of different pilot projects, findings, and observations; the technical and social challenges the projects faced during the implementation..
7. Nazmul Hossain, Hiroshi Okajima, Hironobu Kitaoka, Fumihiko Yokota, Ashir Ahmed, Behavior Engineering and Applications, Book Chapter: eHealth Consumer Behavior, Springer, ISBN 978-3-319-76430-6, 2018.07, [URL], This study discussed the significance of understanding consumer behavior of eHealth systems especially from the perspective of a developing country like Bangladesh. It explored the current level of knowledge and awareness of eHealth among rural consumers. We found approximately 40% of the rural respondents have knowledge about using ICT in obtaining healthcare services while 32% have their own experience of receiving eHealth care services from PHC. The study has also identified the major reasons for using PHC which include affordable price (30.3%), faster service (29.7%), and opportunity of virtual consultation with specialist doctors (18.8%). On the other hand, the major reasons for not using PHC include lack of consumer’s readiness to switch from conventional healthcare platform to e-Health (38.2%), the irregular presence of PHC (16.6%), and lack of knowledge on eHealth (13.5%)..
8. Ashir Ahmed, REBEIRO-HARGRAVE ANDREW, Nohara Yasunobu, Rafiqul Islam Maruf, Partha Pratim Ghosh, Naoki Nakashima, Hiroto Yasuura, Smart Sensors and Systems
Chapter: Portable Health Clinic: A Telehealthcare System for UnReached Communities
, Springer, 2015.03, [URL], One billion people (15% of the world population) are unreached in terms of access to quality healthcare services largely as a result of the paucity of healthcare facilities and medical experts in rural areas. We have prototyped “portable health clinic (PHC), a compact telehealth system with diagnostic equipment and GramHealth software for archiving and searching patients’ past health records. The back-end of the system consists of data servers and a medical call center. The front-end has the instances of portable briefcase consisting of medical sensors and measuring equipment operated by healthcare workers living in unreached communities. The front-end data transmission system and Skype telemedicine calls connect with the back-end using mobile network coverage and Internet. Doctors at the medical call center access GramHealth data cloud through the In-ternet or have a copy of the database in the call center server. Upon receiving a multimedia call from a patient, the doctor can find that patient’s previous EHR record and then create and send an e-Prescription. The healthcare worker’s PHC briefcase is designed to be low cost and portable. It is envisioned as costing less than US$300 (an amount an entrepreneur can borrow from micro-finance institu-tions such as Grameen Bank in Bangladesh) and light enough to be carried by a female health assistant. The PHC briefcase will be owned and operated by a vil-lage health assistant. This will be a sustainable business model as the health assis-tant can build a professional relationship with her local clientele. We carried out experiments in three remote villages and in two commercial organizations in Bangladesh by collaborating with local organizations to observe the local adoption of the technology. We are looking at the applicability of our PHC system for aging societies in developed countries..
9. Sabbir Alam, Michael Cohen, Ashir Ahmed, and Juliçn Villegas, SIP Handbook: Services, Technologies, and Security of Session Initiation Protocol, Taylor & Francis Group, 2008.01.