|KIMIHIKO HYAKUMURA||Last modified date：2020.07.03|
Associate Professor / Department of Integrated Sciences for Global Society / International Development Section / Institute of Tropical Agriculture
|1.||KAY KHINE, KIMIHIKO HYAKUMURA , TAKAHIRO FUJIWARA , NARIAKI ONDA, Determinants of User Group Members’ Participation in Community Forestry-based Coffee Plantation in Myanmar, 第29回⽇本熱帯⽣態学会, 2019.06.|
|2.||Ehara Makoto, Samejima Hiromitsu, Yamanoshita Makino, Asada Yoko, Shogaki Yutaro, Yano Masato, Hyakumura Kimihiko, REDD+Engagement Types Preferred by Japanese Private Firms, 第130回日本森林学会大会, 2019.03.|
|3.||ISLAM Kazi Kamrul, HYAKUMURA, Kimihiko, Forestland grabbing, land rights and sustainable development of Sal forests：insight from Bangladesh, 第130回日本森林学会大会, 2019.03.|
|4.||Kazi Kamrul Islam, Kimihiko Hyakumura, Forestland Grabbing by the Foreigners in Hokkaido, Japan and the question of sustainable forest development, 林業経済学会2018年秋季大会, 2018.11.|
|5.||KAY KHINE, KIMIHIKO HYAKUMURA , TAKAHIRO FUJIWARA , NARIAKI ONDA, Opportunities and Challenges for Community Forest-Based Enterprise Development in Myanmar, 第28回⽇本熱帯⽣態学会, 2018.06.|
|6.||Kazi Kamrul Islam、Kimihiko Hyakumura, In the lens of actors' power: the challenges of social forest management in the tropical forests area of Bangladesh, International Society of the Tropical Foresters Conference, 2018.02.|
|7.||Kazi Kamrul Islam, Noriko Sato, Kimihiko Hyakumura, Political Economy of People-oriented Forest Management in Bangladesh, 林業経済学会2017年秋季大会, 2017.11.|
|8.||Makoto Ehara, KIMIHIKO HYAKUMURA, Hisako Nomura, Toshiya Matsuura, Heng Sokh, Chivin Leng, Identifying households taking maladaptive coping strategies：Case study of deforestation in Cambodia, 第128回日本森林学会大会, 2017.03.|
|9.||Vatthanatham Southida, KIMIHIKO HYAKUMURA, Boutthavong Saykham, Trend of Policy and Legal Framework on NTFPｓ Development in Laos, 第72回九州森林学会大会, 2016.11.|
|10.||KHOUNTHIKOUMMANE Somsanouk, KIMIHIKO HYAKUMURA, Consumers behavior of organic vegetable in Vientiane Capital, Lao PDR, The 26thd Annual Meeting of the Japan Society of Tropical Ecology, 2016.06.|
|11.||Makoto Ehara, KIMIHIKO HYAKUMURA, Reviewing the characteristics of people vulnerable to changes in ecosystem service provisions by tropical deforestation, 第127回日本森林学会大会, 2016.03.|
|12.||KIMIHIKO HYAKUMURA, The Opportunities and Challenges of REDD+ Demonstration Activities in Cambodia: From the Viewpoints of Social Safeguard, International Workshop on Evaluating Market-Driven Natural Resource Management in the Tropics – Case studies of Forest Certification Schemes, REDD+, and PES in Southeast Asia, Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Kyoto, Japan, 2015.06.|
|13.||Somsanouk Khounthikoummane, KIMIHIKO HYAKUMURA, Kazuo Ogata, Consumers and producers behavior of organic vegetable in Vientiane Capital, Lao PDR , 第25回 日本熱帯生態学会年次大会（京都大学）, 2015.06, Organic agriculture has been identified as one of the agricultural development strategy which aims to improve living standard, income, and welfare for farmers as well as conserve biodiversity. And the development of locally based organic agriculture certification system has also been identified as one of marketing development strategies that expect to control food safety and secure the qualification of food as well as protect these consumers. Vientiane Capital is first place to opened organic market in Laos and the fresh vegetable is one of commodity that it is important for people to consume food for daily, and for framers to get more income use small area to growing organic vegetable. The objective of this study is to identify behaviors of consumers and producers to promoting organic vegetable.
In this study, we collected 43 sample from consumers and 21 sample from producers in Vientiane Capital, Laos. The interview surveys were conducted at the two organic market in Thadluang and Chao Faguam as well as one individual organic products shop “Setha Fresh” in April 2015.
The results reveal that the characteristic of the consumers are relatively old people and high education level. And the most of consumer recognized these organic market from mouth to mouth with friends and they come by car or motorcycle that can be easily transported once or twice a week. And major purchased product are leaf vegetable and seasoning items such chili and aroma herb. And the main reason buying organic vegetable is good health and safety. Regarding the recognition of organic labeling system, only 46% consumers know the meaning of label and only half of them could provide correct recognition of organic labelling.
The results reveal that characteristic of producers are past middle age and they have low educational level and middle and high status income. All of respondents who sell in this market are women such as wives and head of family has responsible technical matter. And most of respondents started to sell organic product about 1 to 5 years in both market and setha shop. And the main reasons to sell organic product are good income, safety and health. Regarding the recognition of organic label, all of respondents don’t recognize the meaning of the label. .
|14.||Iwanaga Seiji, Yokota Yasuhiro, KIMIHIKO HYAKUMURA, Study on the issue for development of social safeguards in REDD+ initiatives, 第126回日本森林学会大会, 2015.03, REDD+ is an approach to reduce deforestation and forest degradation, using economic incentives. The need for safeguards has emerged to prevent negative social and environmental impacts because of over-emphasis of these economic incentives. In addition to the UNFCCC’s official efforts, voluntary activities (initiatives) have attempted to formulate principles, criteria, indicators and guidelines. We clarify the elements to enhance social safeguards and discuss what kinds of initiative is the most-to-least the elements. We review literature about SEPC, SESA and REDD+SES initiatives. We find that benefit-sharing is an important aspect of social safeguards, and that more discussion is needed to enhance initiatives. REDD+SES has received little criticism in literature to date and has the best-covered elements including íbenefit-sharingî in the three initiatives. At the same time, practical experience and identification of problems and solutions are advantage of SEPC and SESA..|
|15.||KIMIHIKO HYAKUMURA, SEIJI IWANAGA, YASUHIRO YOKOTA, For enhancing social safeguards effectively in REDD-plusA comparison of three major REDD+ safeguard initiatives through existing literatures, International Workshop on REDD+ and Sustainable Land use Management in Myanmar, 2014.12.|
|16.||KIMIHIKO HYAKUMURA, Social Safeguard on REDD-plus Demonstration activities in Cambodia, Asia Forest Workshop 2013 in Cambodia, 2013.12, Due to deforestation and forest degradation in tropical countries, RED-plus scheme have been discussed as s mitigation of global warming countermeasure recently. The objective of REDD-plus implementation is aims to prevent and maintain Co2 emissions from forests in developing countries. But forests have a fundamental function for securing local people livelihoods as well as forest governance. These matters are discussed as a social safeguard of REDD-plus under UNFCCC. In this poster, I discussed the challenging and opportunities of social safeguard through a case study of REDD-plus demonstration activities .|
|18.||TAKAHIRO FUJIWARA, San Afri Awang, Wahyu Tri Widayanti, Bariatul Himmah, Ratih Madya Septiana, KIMIHIKO HYAKUMURA, NORIKO SATO, Impacts of Community-based Forest Certification on Small-scale Teak Forestry -Case Study in Gunung Kidul, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, IUFRO 2013 Joint Conference of 3.08 & 6.08, 2013.09.|
|19.||Thant Sin Kyaw, KIMIHIKO HYAKUMURA, Kazuo Ogata, Exploring the Challenges in Community Forestry Development in Myanmar; A Literature Review, The 23rd Annual Meeting of the Japan Society of Tropical Ecology, 2013.06, Nowadays, community forestry (CF) is regarded as an effective approach to address the livelihood challenges related to the sustainable use and management of natural resources in developing countries. In Myanmar, community forestry practice has been adopted since 1995 with the issuance of Community Forestry Instructions (CFIs). Community Forestry has been implemented for the purpose of regaining environmental stability, addressing basic livelihood needs of local communities, and supporting the economic development of the country. As of March 2012, about 48,000 hectares of community forests were established. As community forestry has been practiced for about 18 years in Myanmar, many challenges or limitations were reported. The purpose of this study is to identify the challenges that impede community forestry development progress in Myanmar. To achieve this purpose, the existing literature including scientific papers, reports and legislation about community forestry were reviewed. We identify five major challenges of CF development in Myanmar. (1) Weakness in awareness of CF users: Two studies pointed out that nearly half of CF users’ groups did not know about their duties and responsibilities and management plan of CF. The members would not be able to know if the extension staff did not explain well at the initial stage. (2) Disobedience of CF management plan: One study revealed that 69% of users’ groups did not submit annual reports to FD. In another study, about 80% of users’ groups did not carry out maintenance operations as prescribed in management plan. This shows a weakness in management system. (3) Limited support from government sector: 75% of users’ groups in one study received moderate to poor support from FD. Although CFIs and Forest Policy mentioned to provide technical assistance and to create an awareness of CF, it seems unclear whether CF is one of FD’s normal responsibilities or whether FD has budget allocation for these support activities. (4) Improper formation of CF users’ groups: One study showed that 4 out of 16 users’ groups were seemed improperly formed with few proportion of the whole village households; and 3 of these four users’ groups faced with severe level of conflicts related with social exclusion. If the users’ groups were not properly defined, some legitimate users might be excluded, leading to conflicts during implementation. This implies the formation of users’ group needs to be revised. (5) Incapability for participation: One study showed that poverty is the cause for about 30% of non-CF members who don’t have willingness/ capability to be involved in the CF program. The poorest are too preoccupied with food security and lack of time to participate in CF programs. There are risks of noninclusion
of the poorest because after CF establishment, they might be excluded from the forestland which they depend on formerly. The first three challenges were caused by insufficient trainings, extension works and monitoring activities mainly supported by government sector to local people. And, improper formation of users’ groups and existence of social conflicts mean users’ groups were not well institutionalized. Also, poverty still remains the major barrier that excludes poor villagers from community forestry program. Overall, community forestry needs to be prioritized and revitalized from both government sector and local people in order to meet its purposes..
|20.||Saykham Boutttavong, KIMIHIKO HYAKUMURA, Challenges and Opportunity of the Local Community Involvement in Forest Carbon Measurement and Monitoring toward REDD+: Some experienced from Community Carbon Accounting Action Research Project in Sangthong District, Vientiane, Lao PDR, The 23rd Annual Meeting of the Japan Society of Tropical Ecology , 2013.06, Currently, the government of Laos being designed and implemented policy and programs of promoting sustainable forest management for Reducing Emission from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) and enhancing carbon stock. Various activities under REDD+ mechanism are promoted, explored and tested for incorporating of technologies, information systems and participation of concerned stakeholders including community. Integrated community level into forest carbon measuring activities is one of the meaningful way for community participation in REDD+ monitoring. The benefits from this scheme are also expected to support the development of new community livelihood opportunities. This study aimed to examine the challenges and opportunities of local villagers participation in forest carbon measuring and monitoring. The implementation progress of Community Carbon Accounting Project was observed. Inventory information of forest biomass measurement conducted by community team was entered into data sheet, analyzed and compared the result with technical expert survey. Community’s experienced, local knowledge for forest monitoring and utilization was interviewed and analyzed at household level. Analyzed data reflect that one-third of the total interviewed household was skilled in traditional tree measurement. The local knowledge and practices of managing, utilization of a forest resource was experienced in this community, with limited understanding level toward REDD+ concepts. Field activities on establishment sample plots, carried out inventory, identifying different tree species, tree diameter and height measurement and data record was performed well by community`s trained team with the guidance of local expert. Moreover, the living tree carbon stock estimation from the community team measurement fall well within the range of uncertainty for forest estimation in similar forest type. The findings suggest that an early assessment of the community will be useful in determining REDD+ capacity building
activities for the community and integrated forest resources monitoring system. The measurement data recorded by community team has the potentiality for monitoring forest carbon with professional analysis like GIS and Remote Sensing technologies. Further, limitation of data accuracy and reliability of community team`s recorded data might need to be assessed and compared with professional and expert survey. Ability of community in forest biomass measurement in the field was found rational and so REDD+ should seek for community involvement in measurement and monitoring forest carbon. .
|21.||Kazi Kamrul Islam, TAKAHIRO FUJIWARA, KIMIHIKO HYAKUMURA, NORIKO SATO, Economic contribution of social forestry programs towards livelihoods improvement of Sal forests dependent people in Bangladesh, The 23rd Annual Meeting of the Japan Society of Tropical Ecology, 2013.06, Social forestry management paradigms have become major forest policy trends in many of the world’s developing countries during the last decade. Forest resources and their management are also increasingly observed to play a role in rural development, providing the resources necessary to drive local poor livelihoods improvement and poverty alleviation strategies. The government of Bangladesh has set utmost priority on social forest management since 1980s, and this approach was commenced in the degraded Sal forest areas in 1989. This study tries to identify the economic contribution of two most important social forestry programs at Sal forests area on livelihoods improvement of rural poor. Data were collected through in depth interview of randomly selected participants at the study area. The results revealed that both social forestry programs, i.e. woodlot and agroforestry have had the strong ability to augment household’s total income. In a broad sense, both programs have the similar strategies to conserve forest resources and livelihoods improvement of rural poor. However, the economic analysis of the two programs revealed that woodlot program was better for tree outputs, and crop production was higher in agroforestry program. In general, the net income was high in agroforestry program. Regarding to the livelihoods improvement, both programs were mainly attributed to the financial asset of the participants, although other livelihood assets face constraints and difficulties. In addition, inequity issues and conflict between local Forest Department and participants results in social forestry program’s having partial success in creating sustainable livelihoods for the rural poor. However, the social forestry program can be considered a financial success as a tree-crop production lifting strategy in Bangladesh..|
|22.||Makoto Ehara, HYAKUMURA KIMIHIKO, Yasuhiro Yokota, Analysis of REDD+ safeguard initiatives for biodiversity and ecosystem services: Options for optimal use of their standards/systems in national approaches
, 第124回日本森林学会大会, 2013.03.
|23.||Saykham Bouttavong, Houngphet Chanthavong, HYAKUMURA KIMIHIKO, Participatory of the Rural Community on Forest Resources Management: A case study of Nadii Village, Neighboring the Namkading National Protected Area, Viengthong District, Bolikhamxay Province, Laos, 第124回日本森林学会大会, 2013.03.|
|24.||The “slippage” implementation of forest policies by local officials: A Case Study of the Protected Areas of Savannakhet Province in Lao P.D.R..|