|Toshiya Kobayashi||Last modified date：2021.07.01|
Associate Professor /
|1.||Toshiya Kobayashi Akio Nagahira, Role of Public Relations Staff in Collecting Social Needs of Universities and Other Research Institutions, 2017 International Conference on Business and Information, 2017.07, In 2004, the Japanese government policy gave the domestic university the third mission following education and research. That is social contribution. Social contribution means that the universities endeavor to solve such issues that Japanese society is facing as environmental issues, energy issues, aging society, advancement in industries and so on through their research functions. This requires the researchers in the universities in Japan to conduct studies that address these social needs. In order for the Japanese universities to smoothly promote such social contribution, it is necessary that the universities systematically collect information regarding the current social needs. It thus requires clarifying the means by which the public relations department in the universities carries out their tasks as their duty is to publicly communicate with society representing the universities. In this study, a questionnaire survey was conducted targeting 150 universities in Japan and 93 replies were analyzed in an effort to clarify the situation regarding the above theme..|
|2.||Toshiya Kobayashi, Investigation of Social Needs through Science and Technology Communication, International Conference on Engineering and Technology 2016, 2016.10, Currently in Japan, in addition to the traditional mission of education and research at universities, importance has been placed on social contribution. In order for universities to promote social contribution, it is necessary for the needs of society to be appropriately collected. How are the needs of society collected by Japanese University organizations? Japan's Universities are reinforcing science and technology communications at the 5th Science and Technology Basic Plan, which was approved by the Cabinet on January 22 of this year, and it was specified that exchanges with society should be promoted. In the activities being conducted by Universities for science and technology communications, collection of the needs of society is being promoted. In this report, from the results of the questionnaire survey conducted at universities and other research organizations, focus will be placed on the actual circumstances surveyed and analyzed and the results will be reported..|
|3.||Toshiya Kobayashi, Cases of Research Ethics Education at Graduate Schools in Japan - Kyushu University’s Case, International Scientific Events Education, Research & Development, 2016.09, [URL], In the spring of 2014, a research fraud case by a young researcher (STAP cell scandal) was uncovered in Japan, and a scientific research institution’s authority was greatly damaged. In response to such frequent occurrences in Japan over this past decade, the Japanese government implemented anti-fraud measures in 2014. Consequently, research ethics education has been enhanced at Japan’s graduate schools since April 2015. The e-learning program in use is effective in teaching graduate students concrete knowledge about research ethics within a relatively short time frame. However, it is in the format of short test quizzes and is considered insufficient for voluntarily learning of ethics. As a voluntary learning means, advanced researchers in Japan believe that science communication activities are important. The activities make it possible to instill and foster ethics that e-learning cannot cover. Kyushu University actually provides education that adopts science communication. This paper introduces details of the activities..|
|4.||Toshiya Kobayashi, Trend in Outreach Activities at Japanese Universities , International Conference Media and Mass Communication 2014, 2014.09, [URL], The Japanese government disbursed over sixty-trillion yen in total to research institutions including universities nationally from 1996 to 2011 to promote science and technology. Therefore, it is necessary to clearly transmit the achievements of scientific research to taxpayers. As part of their mission, researchers are also required to facilitate understanding and fulfill expectations of the public. To meet such requirements from the government and society, research institutions including universities have strengthened “Science and Technology Communication” activities since 2005. The Japanese cabinet adopted the “4th Science and Technology Basic Program” on August 19, 2011, and the “Promotion of Science and Technology Communication Activities” has spread across Japan.
The objectives of this study clarify cooperation between institutions and researchers and specify elements to be prioritized to enhance cooperation. This paper clarified cooperation among university administrators, public relations departments and researchers based on results of a questionnaire sent to institutions in March 2010.