Kyushu University Academic Staff Educational and Research Activities Database
List of Papers
Jun Maki Last modified date:2023.06.12

Lecturer / Intensive Care Unit / Kyushu University Hospital

1. Yuji Shono, Satomi Mezuki, Tomohiko Akahoshi, Masaaki Nishihara, Noriyuki Kaku, Jun Maki, Kentaro Tokuda, Takanari Kitazono, Prediction of intracranial lesions in patients with consciousness disturbance by ultrasonography in the intensive care unit., The Journal of international medical research, 10.1177/03000605221119358, 50, 9, 3000605221119358-3000605221119358, 2022.09, OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to evaluate the correlation between parameters measured by bedside ultrasonography and detection of intracranial organic lesions in patients with impaired consciousness in an intensive care unit (ICU) setting. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who were admitted to our ICU from April 2017 to July 2019. Patients who underwent computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging examination and measurement of the flow velocity of the carotid and intracranial arteries and the optic nerve sheath diameter by ultrasonography were selected for analysis. RESULTS: In total, 64 patients were analyzed in this study. Of these, intracranial lesions were detected by computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging in 17 (27%) patients. The left:right ratio of the end-diastolic velocity of the bilateral common carotid artery (CCA-ED ratio) and the pulsatility index of the middle cerebral artery (MCA-PI) were significantly higher in patients with than in those without intracranial lesions. The cut-off value of the CCA-ED ratio was 1.55 (sensitivity, 66.7%; specificity, 81.6%), and that of the MCA-PI was 1.21 (sensitivity, 57.1%; specificity, 76.7%). CONCLUSION: Bedside ultrasonography is useful for predicting intracranial lesions requiring therapeutic intervention in ICU patients with impaired consciousness..
2. Kazuhiro Shirozu, Keiko Nobukuni, Jun Maki, Kanako Nagamatsu, Ryudo Tanaka, Kaiki Oya, Kouta Funakoshi, Midoriko Higashi, Ken Yamaura, Redistributional Hypothermia Prevention by Prewarming with Forced-Air: Exploratory, Open, Randomized, Clinical Trial of Efficacy., Therapeutic hypothermia and temperature management, 10.1089/ther.2022.0009, 2022.08, Avoiding redistributional hypothermia that decreases core temperature by 0.5-1.5°C within the 1st hour of surgery is difficult. The efficacy of prewarming using a forced-air warming (FAW) device with a lower-body blanket on redistribution hypothermia during epidural procedures have not been investigated. After ethics approval, 113 patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery under general anesthesia combined with epidural anesthesia were enrolled. Intervention (prewarming) group patients who were warmed from operating room entry, including during epidural anesthesia, was compared with the control group that was warmed from just before surgery started. In total, 104 patients (52, control; 52, prewarming) were analyzed. In the prewarming group, compared to the control group, the core temperature 20 minutes after anesthesia induction (36.9 ± 0.4 vs. 37.1 ± 0.4°C, p 
3. Jun Maki, Makoto Sumie, Tomoko Ide, Masako Nagamatsu, Katsuyuki Matsushita, Kazuhiro Shirozu, Midoriko Higashi, Ken Yamaura, A pressure-resistant peripherally inserted central catheter is as useful as a central venous catheter for rapid fluid infusion: an in vitro study., BMC anesthesiology, 10.1186/s12871-022-01738-x, 22, 1, 205-205, 2022.07, BACKGROUND: Although peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) have been widely used, they have not been frequently used in anesthesia practice. The central venous pressure measured via PICCs are reportedly as accurate as that measured via central venous catheters (CVCs), but the findings concerning rapid infusion are unclear. This study examined whether or not pressure-resistant PICCs could be used for rapid fluid infusion.  METHODS: The in-line pressure was measured in similar-sized double-lumen catheters-4-Fr PICC (55, 45 and 35 cm) and 17-G CVC (20 and 13 cm)-at flow rates of saline decided using a roller pump system. We also examined the flow rate at an in-line pressure of 300 mmHg, which is the critical pressure at which hemolysis is considered to occur during blood transfusion. RESULTS: The pressure-resistant PICCs obtained a high flow rate similar to that of CVCs, but the in-line pressures increased in proportion to the flow rate and catheter length. Flow rates at an intra-circuit pressure of 300 mmHg were not significantly different between the 45-cm PICC and 20-cm CVC. CONCLUSION: Pressure-resistant PICCs can be used for rapid fluid infusion..
4. Toshifumi Fujiwara, Kentaro Tokuda, Kenta Momii, Kyohei Shiomoto, Hidetoshi Tsushima, Yukio Akasaki, Satoshi Ikemura, Jun-Ichi Fukushi, Jun Maki, Noriyuki Kaku, Tomohiko Akahoshi, Tomoaki Taguchi, Yasuharu Nakashima, Prognostic factors for the short-term mortality of patients with rheumatoid arthritis admitted to intensive care units., BMC rheumatology, 10.1186/s41927-020-00164-1, 4, 1, 64-64, 2020.12, BACKGROUND: Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have high mortality risk and are frequently treated in intensive care units (ICUs). METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study. This study included 67 patients (20 males, 47 females) with RA who were admitted at the ICU of our institution for ≥48 h between January 2008 and December 2017. We analyzed the 30-day mortality of these patients and the investigated prognostic factors in RA patients admitted to our ICU. RESULTS: Upon admission, the median age was 70 (range, 33-96) years, and RA duration was 10 (range, 0-61) years. The 5-year survival after ICU admission was 47%, and 30-day, 90-day, and 1-year mortality rates were 22, 27, and 37%, respectively. The major reasons for ICU admission were cardiovascular complications (24%) and infection (40%) and the most common ICU treatments were mechanical ventilation (69%), renal replacement (25%), and vasopressor (78%). In the 30-day mortality group, infection led to a fatal outcome in most cases (67%), and nonsurvival was associated with a significantly higher glucocorticoid dose, updated Charlson's comorbidity index (CCI), and acute physiology and chronic health evaluation (APACHE) II score. Laboratory data obtained at ICU admission showed that lower platelet number and total protein and higher creatinine and prothrombin time international normalized ratio (PT-INR) indicated significantly poorer prognosis. The multivariate Cox proportional hazard model revealed that nonuse of csDMARDs, high updated CCI, increased APACHE II score, and prolonged PT-INR were associated with a higher risk of mortality after ICU admission. CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated that the nonuse of csDMARDs, high updated CCI, elevated APACHE II score, and coagulation abnormalities predicted poorer prognosis in RA patients admitted to the ICU..
5. Soichi Mizuguchi, Yoshitomo Motomura, Jun Maki, Rieko Baba, Yuko Ichimiya, Kentaro Tokuda, Noriyuki Kaku, Hidetoshi Takada, Yoshihiko Maehara, Shouichi Ohga, Tracheal Size and Morphology on the Reconstructed CT Imaging., Pediatric critical care medicine : a journal of the Society of Critical Care Medicine and the World Federation of Pediatric Intensive and Critical Care Societies, 10.1097/PCC.0000000000001996, 20, 8, e366-e371, 2019.08, OBJECTIVES: To characterize the real size and morphology of tracheas in childhood for the optimal selection of endotracheal tube. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study of pediatric patients who received CT scan of the cervical spine from July 2011 to March 2018. Cross-sectional CT images vertical to trachea were reconstructed and the accurate tracheal diameters were measured. The validity of the traditional age-based formula for predicting the endotracheal tube size was assessed for the best fit to trachea. SETTING: Tertiary Emergency and Critical Care Center of Kyushu University Hospital. PATIENTS: Children, who are 1 month to 15 years old, received CT scan of the cervical spine. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: We enrolled 86 children with median age of 53 months. The cross-sectional shape of pediatric trachea was circular at the cricoid level and elliptical at the infraglottic level. The narrowest part of pediatric trachea was the transverse diameter at the infraglottic level at any age. Significant positive correlation between age and the narrowest diameter was observed. When compared the transverse diameter at the infraglottic level with the outer diameter of endotracheal tubes, uncuffed endotracheal tubes selection based on the traditional age-based formula ran a significant risk of oversized endotracheal intubation until 10 years old compared with cuffed endotracheal tubes selection (60.0% vs 23.8%; p
6. Yuji Shono, Tomohiko Akahoshi, Satomi Mezuki, Kenta Momii, Noriyuki Kaku, Jun Maki, Kentaro Tokuda, Tetsuro Ago, Takanari Kitazono, Yoshihiko Maehara, Clinical characteristics of type A acute aortic dissection with CNS symptom., The American journal of emergency medicine, 10.1016/j.ajem.2017.06.011, 35, 12, 1836-1838, 2017.12, BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Accurate diagnosis of acute aortic dissection (AAD) is sometimes difficult because of accompanying central nervous system (CNS) symptoms. The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical characteristics of Type A AAD (TAAAD) with CNS symptoms. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 8403 patients ambulanced to our emergency and critical care center between April 2009 and May 2014. RESULTS: We identified 59 TAAAD patients for the analysis (mean age, 67.3±10.5years; 37 (62.0%) male). Eleven patients (18.6%) presented CNS symptoms at the onset of TAAAD, and these patients complained less frequently of typical chest and back pain than those without CNS symptoms (p
7. Rebecca C Johnson, Sanjeev A Datar, Peter E Oishi, Stephen Bennett, Jun Maki, Christine Sun, Michael Johengen, Youping He, Gary W Raff, Andrew N Redington, Jeffrey R Fineman, Adaptive right ventricular performance in response to acutely increased afterload in a lamb model of congenital heart disease: evidence for enhanced Anrep effect., American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology, 10.1152/ajpheart.01018.2013, 306, 8, H1222-30, 2014.04, Patients with pulmonary hypertension associated with congenital heart disease survive longer with preserved right ventricular (RV) function compared with those with primary pulmonary hypertension. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that superior RV performance can be demonstrated, at baseline and when challenged with increased RV afterload, in lambs with chronic left-to-right cardiac shunts compared with control lambs. A shunt was placed between the pulmonary artery and the aorta in fetal lambs (shunt). RV pressure-volume loops were obtained 4 wk after delivery in shunt and control lambs, before and after increased afterload was applied using pulmonary artery banding (PAB). Baseline stroke volume (8.7 ± 1.8 vs. 15.8 ± 2.7 ml, P = 0.04) and cardiac index (73.0 ± 4.0 vs. 159.2 ± 25.1 ml·min(-1)·kg(-1), P = 0.02) were greater in shunts. After PAB, there was no difference in the change in cardiac index (relative to baseline) between groups; however, heart rate (HR) was greater in controls (168 ± 7.3 vs. 138 ± 6.6 beats/min, P = 0.01), and end-systolic elastance (Ees) was greater in shunts (2.63 vs. 1.31 × baseline, P = 0.02). Control lambs showed decreased mechanical efficiency (71% baseline) compared with shunts. With acute afterload challenge, both controls and shunts maintained cardiac output; however, this was via maladaptive responses in controls, while shunts maintained mechanical efficiency and increased contractility via a proposed enhanced Anrep effect-the second, slow inotropic response in the biphasic ventricular response to increased afterload, a novel finding in the RV. The mechanisms related to these physiological differences may have important therapeutic implications..
8. Sanjeev A Datar, Peter E Oishi, Wenhui Gong, Stephen H Bennett, Christine E Sun, Michael Johengen, Jun Maki, Rebecca C Johnson, Gary W Raff, Jeffrey R Fineman, Altered reactivity and nitric oxide signaling in the isolated thoracic duct from an ovine model of congenital heart disease with increased pulmonary blood flow., American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology, 10.1152/ajpheart.00841.2013, 306, 7, H954-62, 2014.04, We have previously shown decreased pulmonary lymph flow in our lamb model of chronically increased pulmonary blood flow, created by the in utero placement of an 8-mm aortopulmonary shunt. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that abnormal lymphatic function in shunt lambs is due to impaired lymphatic endothelial nitric oxide (NO)-cGMP signaling resulting in increased lymphatic vascular constriction and/or impaired relaxation. Thoracic duct rings were isolated from 4-wk-old shunt (n = 7) and normal (n = 7) lambs to determine length-tension properties, vascular reactivity, and endothelial NO synthase protein. At baseline, shunt thoracic duct rings had 2.6-fold higher peak to peak tension and a 2-fold increase in the strength of contractions compared with normal rings (P
9. Jun Maki, Mayumi Hirano, Sumio Hoka, Hideo Kanaide, Katsuya Hirano, Involvement of reactive oxygen species in thrombin-induced pulmonary vasoconstriction., American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine, 10.1164/rccm.201002-0255OC, 182, 11, 1435-44, 2010.12, RATIONALE: Pulmonary vascular thrombosis and thrombotic arteriopathy are common pathological findings in pulmonary arterial hypertension. Thrombin may thus play an important role in the pathogenesis and pathophysiology of pulmonary arterial hypertension. OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to elucidate the contractile effect of thrombin in the pulmonary artery and clarify its underlying mechanisms. METHODS: The changes in cytosolic Ca²(+) concentrations ([Ca²(+)](i)), 20-kD myosin light chain (MLC20) phosphorylation, and contraction were monitored in the isolated porcine pulmonary artery. The production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) was evaluated by fluorescence imaging. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: In the presence of extracellular Ca²(+), thrombin induced a sustained contraction accompanied by an increase in [Ca²(+)](i) and the phosphorylation of MLC20. In the absence of extracellular Ca²(+), thrombin induced a contraction without either [Ca²(+)](i) elevation or MLC20 phosphorylation. This Ca²(+)- and MLC20 phosphorylation-independent contraction was mimicked by hydrogen peroxide and inhibited by N-acetyl cysteine. Fluorescence imaging revealed thrombin to induce the production of ROS. A Rho-kinase inhibitor, Y27632, inhibited not only the thrombin-induced Ca²(+)- and MLC20 phosphorylation-dependent contraction, but also the Ca²(+)- and MLC20 phosphorylation-independent contraction and the ROS production. These effects of thrombin were mimicked by a proteinase-activated receptor 1 (PAR₁)-activating peptide. CONCLUSIONS: This study elucidated the Ca²(+)- and MLC20 phosphorylation-independent ROS-mediated noncanonical mechanism as well as Ca²(+)- and MLC20 phosphorylation-dependent canonical mechanism that are involved in the thrombin-induced PAR₁-mediated pulmonary vasoconstriction. Rho-kinase was suggested to play multiple roles in the development of thrombin-induced pulmonary vasoconstriction..
10. Jun Maki, Mayumi Hirano, Sumio Hoka, Hideo Kanaide, Katsuya Hirano, Thrombin activation of proteinase-activated receptor 1 potentiates the myofilament Ca2+ sensitivity and induces vasoconstriction in porcine pulmonary arteries., British journal of pharmacology, 10.1111/j.1476-5381.2009.00591.x, 159, 4, 919-27, 2010.02, BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Thrombus formation is commonly associated with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Thrombin may thus play an important role in the pathogenesis and pathophysiology of PAH. Hence, we investigated the contractile effects of thrombin and its mechanism in pulmonary artery. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: The cytosolic Ca(2+) concentrations ([Ca(2+)](i)), 20 kDa myosin light chain (MLC20) phosphorylation and tension development were evaluated using the isolated porcine pulmonary artery. KEY RESULTS: Thrombin induced a sustained contraction in endothelium-denuded strips obtained from different sites of a pulmonary artery, ranging from the main pulmonary artery to the intrapulmonary artery. In the presence of endothelium, thrombin induced a transient relaxation. The contractile effect of thrombin was abolished by either a protease inhibitor or a proteinase-activated receptor 1 (PAR(1)) antagonist, while it was mimicked by PAR(1)-activating peptide (PAR(1)AP), but not PAR(4)AP. The thrombin-induced contraction was associated with a small elevation of [Ca(2+)](i) and an increase in MLC20 phosphorylation. Thrombin and PAR(1)AP induced a greater increase in tension for a given [Ca(2+)](i) elevation than that obtained with high K(+)-depolarization. They also induced a contraction at a fixed Ca(2+) concentration in alpha-toxin-permeabilized preparations. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: The present study revealed a unique property of the pulmonary artery. In contrast to normal arteries of the systemic circulation, thrombin induces a sustained contraction in the normal pulmonary artery, by activating PAR(1) and thereby increasing the sensitivity of the myofilament to Ca(2+). This responsiveness of the pulmonary artery to thrombin may therefore contribute to the pathogenesis and pathophysiology of PAH..