Kyushu University Academic Staff Educational and Research Activities Database
List of Reports
Shindo Koji Last modified date:2024.06.26

Lecturer / Department of Surgery and Oncology / Gastrointestinal Surgery (1) / Kyushu University Hospital

1. Shindo K, Aishima S, Okido M, Ohshima A, A Poor Prognostic Case ofMucoepidermoid Carcinoma of theThyroid: A Case Report, Case Rep Endocrinol, 2012.04, Abstract
Mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) of the thyroid is very rare and low-grade indolent neoplasm. In past reports of the thyroid MEC, only seven cases were described as poor prognosis. A 91-year-old woman presented with a rapidly growing mass of the left upper neck. She was followed thyroid papillary carcinoma (PC) without operation for two years. Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) showed undifferentiated cells. Total thyroidectomy and bilateral neck dissection were performed. In pathological findings, the tumor had two areas of MEC and PC. The boundary of them was mixed. She died of multiple lung metastases only after four months from the operation. We report a rare case of thyroid MEC which had an aggressive behavior and poor prognosis. This case is a precious in that thyroid MEC occurred during observation of PC and suggests a possibility of the transformation from PC to MEC..
2. Tamura K, Ohtsuka T, Ideno N, Aso T, Kono H, Nagayoshi Y, Shindo K, Ushijima Y, Ueda J, Takahata S, Ito T, Oda Y, Mizumoto K, Tanaka M, Unresectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma in the remnant pancreas diagnosed during every-6-month surveillance after resection of branch duct intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm: a case report, JOP, 10(14):450-453, 2013.04, Abstract


There are few studies regarding the surveillance period and interval of resected or observed branch duct intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs) of the pancreas in terms of early detection of concomitant pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. Despite a strict surveillance protocol, some patients are diagnosed with metastatic distinct ductal adenocarcinoma after resection of IPMN.


We herein report a patient with unresectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma that developed in the remnant pancreas 18 months after resection of branch duct IPMN. Although the patient was surveyed every 6 months after the operation and imaging studies at 6 and 12 months postoperatively demonstrated no evidence of recurrence, invasive ductal adenocarcinoma with liver metastasis appeared 18 months after the operation. The patient subsequently underwent chemotherapy; however, he died 9 months after the diagnosis of metachronous pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma.


In some patients with branch duct IPMNs, 6-month surveillance seems to be insufficient to detect resectable concomitant pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. Therefore, identification of high-risk patients who require surveillance at shorter intervals is urgently needed.
3. Shindo K, Ueda J, Aishima S, Aso A, Ohtsuka T, Takahata S, Ishigami K, Oda Y, Tanaka M, Small-sized, flat-type invasive branch duct intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm: a case report, Case Rep Gastroenterol, 9;7(3):449-454, 2013.04, Recent improvements in diagnostic modalities are increasing the frequency of detection of small-sized branch duct intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (BD-IPMNs). International consensus guidelines for IPMN recommend surveillance without immediate resection for small-sized (
4. Shindo K, Ueda J, Toubo T, Nakamura M, Oda Y, Eguchi T, Tanaka M, Primary carcinoid tumor in a retroperitoneal mature teratoma: report of a case, Surg Today, 43(6):694-697, 2013.04, Primary retroperitoneal teratoma in an adult is rare, as is the occurrence of a malignant tumor within a mature teratoma, known as "malignant transformation". A 24-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital for investigation of an abdominal mass. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a multilocular mass in the right upper abdomen. The tumor consisted of fat, soft tissue, and bone, with a slightly enhanced solid component. The tumor was diagnosed preoperatively as a retroperitoneal mature teratoma with an immature component, and excised. Histologically, it was composed mainly of mature fat, soft tissue, and bone, accompanied by a solid component of prostate-like tissue. In addition, a latent carcinoid tumor was recognized in the middle of the tumor. The tumor was finally diagnosed as a primary carcinoid tumor within the retroperitoneal mature teratoma. The patient has been followed-up for 24 months since her operation without any evidence of recurrence. We report this case to highlight the possibility of malignant transformation in adult retroperitoneal teratoma, even when the preoperative diagnosis is benign mature teratoma..
5. Shindo K, Nagai E, Nabae T, Eguchi T, Moriyama T, Ohuchida K, Manabe T, Ohtsuka T, Oda Y, Hashizume M, Nakamura M, Successful video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery in prone position in patients with esophageal cancer and aberrant right subclavian artery: report of three cases, Surg Case Rep, 10.1186/s40792-017-0360-9., 3
(1):86-86, 2017.04, Abstract
An aberrant right subclavian artery (ARSA) with an associated nonrecurrent right inferior laryngeal nerve (NRILN) is a relatively rare anomaly that occurs at a frequency of 0.3 to 2.0% of the general population. NRILN has been mainly documented in the head and neck region; it has been rarely described in patients with esophageal cancer, especially those undergoing thoracoscopic surgery. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery for esophageal cancer (VATS-E) is becoming more widespread as a reliable minimally invasive surgical procedure associated with reduced perioperative complications.
Herein, we report three cases of esophageal cancer with ARSA and NRILN which underwent successful VATS-E. Case 1, a 53-year-old male who had early stage esophageal cancer was performed VATS-E. Upper gastrointestinal (GI) series showed "Bayonet sign" (T1aN0M0, pStageIA in UICC). Case 2, a 75-year-old male who had advanced esophageal cancer was performed neoadjuvant chemotherapy and following VATS-E. This case had right thoracic duct and "Bayonet sign" on upper GI series (T1bN2M0, pStage IIIA in UICC). Case3, a 72-year-old male who had advanced esophageal cancer was performed neoadjuvant chemotherapy and following VATS-E (T3N2M0, pStageIIIB in UICC). All of these three cases were performed VATS-E and discharged without any complication.
VATS-E in the prone position is a feasible procedure that can reduce the risk of complications with an enlarged and clear view, and knowledge of this type of anomaly is very important for surgeons who perform esophagectomy.
Aberrant right subclavian artery; Esophageal cancer; Nonrecurrent right inferior laryngeal nerve; Prone position; Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery.
6. Oyama K, Ohuchida K, Shindo K, Moriyama T, Hata Y, Wada M, Ihara E, Nagai S, Ohtsuka T, Nakamura M, Thoracoscopic Surgery Combined With Endoscopic Creation of a Submucosal Tunnel for a Large Complicated Esophageal Leiomyoma, Surgical case report, 10.1186/s40792-020-00854-5, 6(1):92, 2020.04.
7. Tsutsumi C, Moriyama T, Ohuchida K, Shindo K, Nagai S, Yoneda R, Fujiwara M, Oda Y, Nakamura M, Numerous lymph node metastases in early gastric cancer without preoperatively enlarged lymph nodes: a case report, Surg Case Rep, 10.1186/s40792-020-0795-2, 6(1):30, 2020.04, Background: According to the 2018 Japanese gastric cancer treatment guidelines (ver. 5), a reduced extent of lymphadenectomy (D1 or D1+) is indicated for cT1 N0 tumors that do not meet the criteria for endoscopic resection. However, early gastric cancer with multiple lymph node metastases is not unknown, and cases have been reported. We report a case of a patient with early gastric cancer and numerous nodal metastases who underwent laparoscopic proximal gastrectomy based on a preoperative diagnosis of T1 N0.

Case presentation: A 69-year-old woman underwent emergent endoscopic hemostasis for massive hematemesis of the stomach, and endoscopic examination showed ulceration with a visible vessel. Pathological biopsy examination of the ulcer identified poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma with signet ring cells. The patient was diagnosed with early gastric cancer that was not indicated for endoscopic resection because of the ulceration and histological type. Endoscopic ultrasound showed that the third layer was poorly demarcated at the ulcer scar, indicating invasion to the submucosal layer. Computed tomography did not reveal enlarged lymph nodes or distant metastasis. The preoperative diagnosis was early gastric cancer of the fundus without nodal metastasis, and laparoscopic proximal gastrectomy with D1+ lymphadenectomy was performed. The initial postoperative pathological diagnosis was intramucosal carcinoma without lymphovascular invasion; however, the presence of 26 lymph node metastases was revealed unexpectedly. Additional pathological examination of more resected specimens transected every 2-3 mm revealed that only one lesion contained a small number of cancer cells in the lymphatic duct below the muscularis mucosa.

Conclusions: We report a case of early gastric cancer with 26 nodal metastases in which lymph node involvement was not identified prior to surgery. These findings indicate that the extent of lymphadenectomy and the surgical procedure should be carefully decided even in cT1 N0 early gastric cancer when several risk factors for lymph node metastasis are present.
8. Shindo K, Ohuchida K, Moriyama T, Kinoshita F, Koga Y, Oda Y, Eto M, Nakamura M, A rare case of PSA-negative metastasized prostate cancer to the stomach with serum CEA and CA19-9 elevation: a case report, Surg Case Rep, 10.1186/s40792-020-01074-7, 6(1):303, 2020.04, Abstract
Background: Metastatic cancer to the stomach is relatively rare. Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a reliable biomarker used in the screening and management of patients with prostate cancer. However, it is difficult to definitively diagnose a PSA-negative metastatic gastric tumor of prostate cancer because the cancer sometimes resembles primary gastric cancer in clinical images. It is also difficult to distinguish metastatic cancer from primary cancer even in the pathological examination of biopsy samples when the lesion is poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma. There is a possibility that the characteristics of the cancer are changed during treatment such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy. Therefore, careful consideration is required for surgical indication.
Case presentation: A 60-year-old male underwent radical prostatectomy and subsequent radiation therapy for advanced prostate cancer (pT3N1M0) 10 years previously, and hormone therapy was started for metachronous multiple bone metastasis 10 months before. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed an irregular depressed lesion with a convergence of folds at the greater curvature of the upper gastric body. Biopsy showed poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma that was negative for PSA upon immunohistochemistry. He had high serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) (946.1 ng/ml) and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) (465.1 U/ml) levels with no elevation of PSA (0.152 ng/ml). The tumor was diagnosed as primary gastric cancer based on the clinical imaging and pathological examination of the biopsy sample including the PSA staining. Based on the diagnosis, laparoscopic proximal gastrectomy with lymphadenectomy was performed. However, pathological examination of the resected specimen revealed poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma that was positive for other prostate markers such as androgen receptor. Thus, the patient was diagnosed with metastasized prostate cancer to the stomach.
Conclusions: We report a case of metastatic gastric cancer of prostate cancer 10 years after radical prostatectomy. In the present case, it was difficult to diagnose a metastatic gastric tumor of prostate cancer preoperatively, because of its resemblance to primary gastric cancer without PSA expression and no serum PSA elevation. Although a rare case entity, it is important to consider the possibility of a metastatic gastric tumor when the surgical indication is determined in cases with another co-existing cancer.
9. Masaya Kai, Makoto Kubo, Sawako Shikada, Saori Hayashi, Takafumi Morisaki, Mai Yamada, Yuka Takao, Akiko Shimazaki, Yurina Harada, Kazuhisa Kaneshiro, Yusuke Mizuuchi, Koji Shindo, Masafumi Nakamura, A novel germline mutation of TP53 with breast cancer diagnosed as Li-Fraumeni syndrome, Surg Case Rep, 10.1186/s40792-022-01546-y, 8(1):197, 2022.04, TP53 is a tumor suppressor gene and, when dysfunctional, it is known to be involved in the development of cancers. Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS) is a hereditary tumor with autosomal dominant inheritance that develops in people with germline pathogenic variants of TP53. LFS frequently develops in parallel to tumors, including breast cancer. We describe a novel germline mutation in TP53 identified by performing a multi-gene panel assay in a breast cancer patient with bilateral breast cancer.
Keywords: Breast cancer; Genetic medicine; Genetic testing; Hereditary cancer; Li–Fraumeni syndrome; Multi-gene panel assay; TP53 pathogenic variant..
10. Ohtsuka T, Tomosugi T, Kimura R, Nakamura S, Miyasaka Y, Nakata K, Mori Y, Morita M, Torata N, Shindo K, Ohuchida K, Nakamura M, Clinical assessment of the GNAS mutation status in patients with intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm of the pancreas, Surg Today, 10.1007/s00595-019-01797-7 , 49(11):887-893, 2019.04, Abstract
Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) of the pancreas is characterized by cystic dilation of the pancreatic duct, caused by mucin hypersecretion, with slow progression via the adenoma-carcinoma sequence mechanism. Mutation of GNAS at codon 201 is found exclusively in IPMNs, occurring at a rate of 41-75%. Recent advances in molecular biological techniques have demonstrated that GNAS mutation might play a role in the transformation of IPMNs after the appearance of neoplastic cells, rather than in the tumorigenesis of IPMNs. GNAS mutation is observed frequently in the intestinal subtype of IPMNs with MUC2 expression, and less frequently in IPMNs with concomitant pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Research has focused on assessing GNAS mutation status in clinical practice using various samples. In this review, we discuss the clinical application of GNAS mutation assessment to differentiate invasive IPMNs from concomitant PDAC, examine the clonality of recurrent IPMNs in the remnant pancreas using resected specimens, and differentiate pancreatic cystic lesions using cystic fluid collected by endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA), duodenal fluid, and serum liquid biopsy samples