Kyushu University Academic Staff Educational and Research Activities Database
List of Papers
Kazuhiro Nishiyama Last modified date:2021.07.02

Lecturer / - / Department of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences / Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences


Papers
1. Intestinal IL-17 Expression in Canine Inflammatory Bowel Disease.
2. Kazuhiro Nishiyama, Chiemi Toyama, Yuri Kato, Tomohiro Tanaka, Akiyuki Nishimura, Ryu Nagata, Yasuo Mori, Motohiro Nishida, Deletion of TRPC3 or TRPC6 Fails to Attenuate the Formation of Inflammation and Fibrosis in Non-alcoholic Steatohepatitis., Biological & pharmaceutical bulletin, 10.1248/bpb.b20-00903, 44, 3, 431-436, 2021.03, Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a disease that has progressed from non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and is characterized by inflammation and fibrosis. Two transient receptor potential canonical (TRPC) subfamily members, TRPC3 and TRPC6 (TRPC3/6), reportedly participate in the development of fibrosis in cardiovascular and renal systems. We hypothesized that TRPC3/6 may also participate in NASH fibrosis. We evaluated the effects of TRPC3 or TRPC6 functional deficiency in a NASH mouse model using choline-deficient, L-amino acid-defined, high-fat diet (CDAHFD). Wild-type (WT) and TRPC3 or TRPC6 gene-deficient (KO) mice were fed with CDAHFD or standard diet for 6 weeks. The CDAHFD-induced body weight loss in TRPC6 KO mice was significantly lower compared with WT mice with CDAHFD. CDAHFD treatment significantly increased TRPC3 mRNA expression level and tissue weight in WT liver, which were suppressed in TRPC3 KO mice. However, either systemic deletion of TRPC3 or TRPC6 failed to attenuate liver steatosis, inflammation and fibrosis. These results imply that TRPC3 and TRPC6 are unlikely to be involved in liver dysfunction and fibrosis of NASH model mice..
3. Yasu-Taka Azuma, Sho Suzuki, Kazuhiro Nishiyama, Taro Yamaguchi, Gastrointestinal motility modulation by stress is associated with reduced smooth muscle contraction through specific transient receptor potential channel., The Journal of veterinary medical science, 10.1292/jvms.20-0490, 2021.02, Excessive stress response causes disability in social life. There are many diseases caused by stress, such as gastrointestinal motility disorders, depression, eating disorders, and cardiovascular diseases. Transient receptor potential (TRP) channels underlie non-selective cation currents and are downstream effectors of G protein-coupled receptors. Ca2+ influx is important for smooth muscle contraction, which is responsible for gastrointestinal motility. Little is known about the possible involvement of TRP channels in the gastrointestinal motility disorders due to stress. The purpose of this study was to measure the changes in gastrointestinal motility caused by stress and to elucidate the mechanism of these changes. The stress model used the water immersion restraint stress. Gastrointestinal motility, especially the ileum, was recorded responses to electric field stimulation (EFS) by isometric transducer. EFS-induced contraction was significantly reduced in the ileum of stressed mouse. Even under the conditions treated with atropine, EFS-induced contraction was significantly reduced in the ileum of stressed mouse. In addition, carbachol-induced, neurokinin A-induced, and substance P-induced contractions were all significantly reduced in the ileum of stressed mouse. Furthermore, the expression of TRPC3 was decreased in the ileum of stressed mouse. These results suggest that the gastrointestinal motility disorders due to stress is associated with specific non-selective cation channel..
4. Azuma YT, Nishiyama K, Matsuo Y, Kuwamura M, Morioka A, Nakajima H, Takeuchi T, PPARα contributes to colonic protection in mice with DSS-induced colitis., International immunopharmacology, 10.1016/j.intimp.2010.07.007, 10, 10, 1261-1267, 2010.10.
5. Azuma, Y.-T., Nishiyama, K., Morioka, A., Nakajima, H., Takeuchi, T., Clofibrate relaxes the longitudinal smooth muscle of the mouse distal colon through calcium-mediated desensitisation of contractile machinery, Pharmacology, 10.1159/000329418, 88, 1-2, 65-71, 2011.08, Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPAR-α) is a ligand-activated transcription factor that exerts strong effects on metabolic pathways. Our aim was to elucidate the effect of clofibrate, a PPAR-α agonist, on the longitudinal muscle of the mouse distal colon. We initially found that clofibrate induced a relaxation response in this muscle. Notably, the PPAR-α antagonists GW9662 and T0070907 did not attenuate this clofibrate-induced relaxation. The structurally related PPAR-α agonists fenofibrate and bezafibrate induced relaxation in the distal colon as effectively as clofibrate. In contrast, wy-14643, which activates PPAR-α more selectively than clofibrate, had no effect. Furthermore, clofibrate-induced relaxation was not affected by N-nitro-L-arginine, an NO synthase inhibitor, 1H-[1,2,4]-oxadiazolo-[4,3- a]quinoxaline-1-one, a soluble guanylate cyclase inhibitor, or H89, a protein kinase A inhibitor. Tetrodotoxin, an Na + channel blocker, and glibenclamide, apamin, charybdotoxin and XE991, various K + channel blockers, had no effect on clofibrate-induced relaxation. Importantly, clofibrate induced a relaxation response that was not accompanied by any alteration in the cytoplasmic Ca 2+ concentration in the longitudinal muscle of the mouse distal colon. Moreover, calyculin A, a myosin light-chain phosphatase (MLCP) inhibitor, attenuated clofibrate-induced relaxation. Our findings indicate that clofibrate relaxes the longitudinal smooth muscle of the mouse distal colon by regulating MLCP activity. Copyright © 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel..
6. Nishiyama K, Azuma YT, Kita S, Azuma N, Hayashi S, Nakajima H, Iwamoto T, Takeuchi T, Na⁺/Ca²⁺ exchanger 1/2 double-heterozygote knockout mice display increased nitric oxide component and altered colonic motility., Journal of pharmacological sciences, 10.1254/jphs.13114FP, 123, 3, 235-45, 2013.10.
7. Nishiyama, K., Morioka, A., Kita, S., Nakajima, H., Iwamoto, T., Azuma, Y.-T., Takeuchi, T., Na/Ca(2+) exchanger 1 transgenic mice display increased relaxation in the distal colon, Pharmacology, 10.1159/000363246, 94, 5-6, 230-8, 2014.01, Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger 1 (NCX1) is a plasma membrane transporter involved in regulating intracellular Ca(2+) concentrations. NCX1 is critical for Ca(2+) regulation in cardiac muscle, vascular smooth muscle and nerve fibers. However, little is known about the physiological role of NCX1 in gastrointestinal motility. To determine the role of NCX1 in gastrointestinal tissues, we examined electric field stimulation (EFS)-induced responses in the longitudinal smooth muscle of the distal colon in smooth muscle-specific NCX1 transgenic mice (Tg). Tg show that NCX1 protein was overexpressed in the distal colon at a level twofold greater than that of endogenous NCX1. We found that the amplitudes of EFS-induced relaxation that persisted during EFS were greater in Tg than in wild-type mice (WT). Under the nonadrenergic, noncholinergic condition, the EFS-induced relaxation in Tg was also greater than that in WT. Inhibition of NO synthase, CO synthase, soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC), and protein kinase G (PKG) all attenuated the enhanced relaxation in Tg, demonstrating the importance of NCX1 in NO/sGC/PKG signaling. The action of NOR-1, an NO donor, induced enhanced relaxation in Tg compared with that in WT. Unlike NOR-1, pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating peptide and vasoactive intestinal peptide induced a similar relaxation in Tg compared with that in WT. In this study, we demonstrate that NCX1 plays an important role in smooth muscle motility in the mouse distal colon..
8. Nishiyama, K., Azuma, Y.-T., Shintaku, K., Yoshida, N., Nakajima, H., Takeuchi, T., Evidence that nitric oxide is a non-adrenergic non-cholinergic inhibitory neurotransmitter in the circular muscle of the mouse distal colon: A study on the mechanism of nitric oxide-induced relaxation, Pharmacology, 10.1159/000363191, 94, 3-4, 99-108, 2014.11, The gastrointestinal tract is composed of outer longitudinal muscle layers and inner circular muscle layers. Nitric oxide (NO), carbon monoxide (CO), and ATP play major roles as non-adrenergic non-cholinergic (NANC) inhibitory neurotransmitters in the longitudinal muscle of the mouse distal colon, whereas it is unclear which NANC inhibitory neurotransmitters are in its circular muscle. We investigated the electric field stimulation (EFS)-induced relaxations in the circular smooth muscle of the distal colon under NANC conditions. In the experiments in which N(ω)-nitro-L-arginine, an inhibitor of NO synthase, was added, the EFS-induced relaxation decreased in a concentration-dependent manner and finally vanished. In contrast, CO, purinergic receptor ligands, and peptidergic substances do not play major roles as NANC neurotransmitters in the circular muscle of the mouse distal colon. ODQ, an inhibitor of soluble guanylate cyclase, strongly attenuated EFS-induced relaxation. Ryanodine, a Ca(2+) release modulator at the sarcoplasmic reticulum, strongly attenuated EFS-induced relaxation as well. Relaxation induced by NOR-1, which generates NO, was inhibited by ODQ and ryanodine. Next, we performed experiments that simultaneously measured tension and the cytoplasmic Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)]cyt). NOR-1 decreased the tension and [Ca(2+)]cyt levels in the circular muscle. ODQ and ryanodine strongly attenuated the NOR-1-induced change in both tension and [Ca(2+)]cyt levels. In this study, we demonstrate that NO functions as a NANC inhibitory neurotransmitter in the circular muscle obtained from the mouse distal colon..
9. Itakura, M., Kohda, T., Kubo, T., Semi, Y., Nishiyama, K., Azuma, Y.-T., Nakajima, H., Kozaki, S., Takeuchi, T., Botulinum neurotoxin type A subtype 2 confers greater safety than subtype in a rat Parkinson’s disease model, Journal of Veterinary Medical Science, 10.1292/jvms.14-0184, 76, 8, 1189-93, 2014.08, Botulinum neurotoxin type A (BoNT/A) cleaves SNAP-25 and interrupts the release of acetylcholine. We previously reported that BoNT/A subtype 2 (BoNT/A2) ameliorates pathologic behavior more effectively than subtype 1 (BoNT/A1) in a rat Parkinson's disease model. Here, we further show BoNT/A2 has fewer adverse effects than BoNT/A1. We first confirmed that intrastriatal treatments of both BoNT/As had no-effect on dopaminergic terminals in the striatum. SNAP-25 cleaved by BoNT/A2 was strictly localized to the striatum on the injected side; however, SNAP-25 cleaved by BoNT/A1 diffused contralaterally. Furthermore, treatment with BoNT/A1 caused a significant reduction in body weight, while BoNT/A2 treatment did not. These results suggest that BoNT/A2 is more beneficial for clinical application against Parkinson's disease than BoNT/A1..
10. Matsuo, Y., Azuma, Y.-T., Kuwamura, M., Kuramoto, N., Nishiyama, K., Yoshida, N., Ikeda, Y., Fujimoto, Y., Nakajima, H., Takeuchi, T., Interleukin 19 reduces inflammation in chemically induced experimental colitis, International Immunopharmacology, 10.1016/j.intimp.2015.10.011, 29, 2, 468-475, 2015.12, © 2015 Elsevier B.V. Inflammatory bowel disease results from chronic dysregulation of the mucosal immune system and aberrant activation of both the innate and adaptive immune responses. Interleukin (IL)-19, a member of the IL-10 family, functions as an anti-inflammatory cytokine. Here, we investigated the contribution of IL-19 to intestinal inflammation in a model of T cell-mediated colitis in mice. Inflammatory responses in IL-19-deficient mice were assessed using the 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS) model of acute colitis. IL-19 deficiency aggravated TNBS-induced colitis and compromised intestinal recovery in mice. Additionally, the exacerbation of TNBS-induced colonic inflammation following genetic ablation of IL-19 was accompanied by increased production of interferon-gamma, IL-12 (p40), IL-17, IL-22, and IL-33, and decreased production of IL-4. Moreover, the exacerbation of colitis following IL-19 knockout was also accompanied by increased production of CXCL1, G-CSF and CCL5. Using this model of induced colitis, our results revealed the immunopathological relevance of IL-19 as an anti-inflammatory cytokine in intestinal inflammation in mice..
11. Nishiyama, K., Azuma, Y.-T., Morioka, A., Yoshida, N., Teramoto, M., Tanioka, K., Kita, S., Hayashi, S., Nakajima, H., Iwamoto, T., Takeuchi, T., Roles of Na+/Ca2+ exchanger isoforms NCX1 and NCX2 in motility in mouse ileum, Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology, 10.1007/s00210-016-1271-1, 389, 10, 1081-90, 2016.10, The Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX) is a plasma membrane transporter that is involved in regulating intracellular Ca(2+) concentrations in various tissues. The physiological roles by which NCX influences gastrointestinal motility are incompletely understood, although its role in the heart, brain, and kidney has been widely investigated. In this study, we focused on the functions of the NCX isoforms, NCX1 and NCX2, in the motility of the ileum in the gastrointestinal tract. We investigated the response to electric field stimulation (EFS) in the longitudinal smooth muscle of the ileum obtained from wild-type mice (WT), NCX1-heterozygote knockout mice (NCX1 HET), NCX2 HET and smooth muscle-specific NCX1.3 transgenic mice (NCX1.3 Tg). EFS induced a phasic contraction that persisted during EFS and a tonic contraction that occurred after the end of EFS. We found that the amplitudes of the phasic and tonic contractions were significantly smaller in NCX2 HET, but not in NCX1 HET, compared to WT. Moreover, the magnitudes of acetylcholine (ACh)- and substance P (SP)-induced contractions of NCX2 HET, but not of NCX1 HET, were smaller compared to WT. In contrast, the amplitudes of the phasic and tonic contractions were greater in NCX1.3 Tg compared to WT. Similar to EFS, the magnitude of ACh-induced contraction was greater in NCX1.3 Tg than in WT. Taken together, our findings indicated that NCX1 and NCX2 play important roles in ileal motility and suggest that NCX1 and NCX2 regulate the motility in the ileum by controlling the sensitivity of smooth muscles to ACh and SP..
12. Fujimoto, Y., Hayashi, S., Azuma, Y.-T., Mukai, K., Nishiyama, K., Kita, S., Morioka, A., Nakajima, H., Iwamoto, T., Takeuchi, T., Overexpression of Na+/Ca2+ exchanger 1 display enhanced relaxation in the gastric fundus, Journal of Pharmacological Sciences, 10.1016/j.jphs.2016.10.003, 132, 3, 181-186, 2016.11, In gastric smooth muscles, the released Ca2+ activates the contractile proteins and Ca2+ taken up from the cytosol cause relaxation. The Na+/Ca2+ exchanger (NCX) is an antiporter membrane protein that controls Ca2+ influx and efflux across the membrane. However, the possible relation of NCX in gastric fundus motility is largely unknown. Here, we investigated electric field stimulation (EFS)-induced relaxations in the circular muscles of the gastric fundus in smooth muscle-specific NCX1 transgenic mice (Tg). EFS caused a bi-phasic response, transient and sustained relaxation. The sustained relaxation prolonged for an extended period after the end of the stimulus. EFS-induced transient relaxation and sustained relaxation were greater in Tg than in wild-type mice (WT). Disruption of nitric oxide component by N-nitro-l-arginine, EFS-induced transient and sustained relaxations caused still marked in Tg compared to WT. Inhibition of PACAP by antagonist, EFS-induced sustained relaxation in Tg was not seen, similar to WT. Nevertheless, transient relaxation remained more pronounced in Tg than in WT. Next, we examined responses to NO and PACAP in smooth muscles. The magnitudes of NOR-1, which generates NO, and PACAP-induced relaxations were greater in Tg than in WT. In this study, we demonstrate that NCX1 regulates gastric fundus motility..
13. Azuma, Y.-T., Samezawa, N., Nishiyama, K., Nakajima, H., Takeuchi, T., Differences in time to peak carbachol-induced contractions between circular and longitudinal smooth muscles of mouse ileum, Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology, 10.1007/s00210-015-1177-3, 389, 1, 63-72, 2016.01, © 2015 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. The muscular layer in the GI tract consists of an inner circular muscular layer and an outer longitudinal muscular layer. Acetylcholine (ACh) is the representative neurotransmitter that causes contractions in the gastrointestinal tracts of most animal species. There are many reports of muscarinic receptor-mediated contraction of longitudinal muscles, but few studies discuss circular muscles. The present study detailed the contractile response in the circular smooth muscles of the mouse ileum. We used small muscle strips (0.2 mm × 1 mm) and large muscle strips (4 × 4 mm) isolated from the circular and longitudinal muscle layers of the mouse ileum to compare contraction responses in circular and longitudinal smooth muscles. The time to peak contractile responses to carbamylcholine (CCh) were later in the small muscle strips (0.2 × 1 mm) of circular muscle (5.7 min) than longitudinal muscles (0.4 min). The time to peak contractile responses to CCh in the large muscle strips (4 × 4 mm) were also later in the circular muscle (3.1 min) than the longitudinal muscle (1.4 min). Furthermore, a muscarinic M2 receptor antagonist and gap junction inhibitor significantly delayed the time to peak contraction of the large muscle strips (4 × 4 mm) from the circular muscular layer. Our findings indicate that muscarinic M2 receptors in the circular muscular layer of mouse ileum exert a previously undocumented function in gut motility via the regulation of gap junctions..
14. Nishiyama, K., Tanioka, K., Azuma, Y.-T., Hayashi, S., Fujimoto, Y., Yoshida, N., Kita, S., Suzuki, S., Nakajima, H., Iwamoto, T., Takeuchi, T., Na+/ca2+ exchanger contributes to stool transport in mice with experimental diarrhea, Journal of Veterinary Medical Science, 10.1292/jvms.16-0475, 79, 2, 403-411, 2017.02, The Na+/Ca2+ exchanger (NCX) is a bidirectional transporter that is controlled by membrane potential and transmembrane gradients of Na+ and Ca2+. To reveal the functional role of NCX on gastrointestinal motility, we have previously used NCX1 and NCX2 heterozygote knockout mice (HET). We found that NCX1 and NCX2 play important roles in the motility of the gastric fundus, ileum and distal colon. Therefore, we believed that NCX1 and NCX2 play an important role in transport of intestinal contents. Here, we investigated the role of NCX in a mouse model of drug-induced diarrhea. The fecal consistencies in NCX1 HET and NCX2 HET were assessed using a diarrhea induced by magnesium sulfate, 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2). NCX2 HET, but not NCX1 HET, exacerbated magnesium sulfate-induced diarrhea by increasing watery fecals. Likewise, 5-HT-induced diarrheas were exacerbated in NCX2 HET, but not NCX1 HET. However, NCX1 HET and NCX2 HET demonstrated PGE2 induced diarrhea similar to those of wild-type mice (WT). As well as the result of the distal colon shown previously, in the proximal and transverse colons of WT, the myenteric plexus layers and the longitudinal and circular muscle layers were strongly immunoreactive to NCX1 and NCX2. In this study, we demonstrate that NCX2 has important roles in development of diarrhea..
15. Fujimoto, Y., Azuma, Y.-T., Matsuo, Y., Kuwamura, M., Kuramoto, N., Miki, M., Azuma, N., Teramoto, M., Nishiyama, K., Izawa, T., Nakajima, H., Takeuchi, T., Interleukin-19 contributes as a protective factor in experimental Th2-mediated colitis, Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology, 10.1007/s00210-016-1329-0, 390, 3, 261-268, 2017.10, Inflammatory bowel disease results from chronic dysregulation of the mucosal immune system and aberrant activation of both the innate and adaptive immune responses. IL-19 is a member of the IL-10 family, and IL-10 plays an important role in inflammatory bowel disease. We have previously shown that IL-19 knockout mice are more susceptible to innate-mediated colitis. Next, we ask whether IL-19 contributes to T cells-mediated colitis. Here, we investigated the role of IL-19 in a mouse model of Th2 cell-mediated colitis. Inflammatory responses in IL-19-deficient mice were assessed using a Th2-mediated colitis induced by oxazolone. The colitis was evaluated by analyzing the body weight loss and histology of the colon. Lymph node cells were cultured in vitro to determine cytokine production. IL-19 knockout mice exacerbated oxazolone-induced colitis by stimulating the transport of inflammatory cells into the colon, and by increasing IgE production and the number of circulating eosinophil. The exacerbation of oxazolone-induced colonic inflammation following IL-19 knockout mice was accompanied by an increased production of IL-4 and IL-9, but no changes in the expression of IL-5 and IL-13 in lymph node cells. IL-19 plays an anti-inflammatory role in the Th2-mediated colitis model, suggesting that IL-19 may represent a potential therapeutic target for reducing colonic inflammation..
16. Fujimoto, Y., Fujita, T., Kuramoto, N., Kuwamura, M., Izawa, T., Nishiyama, K., Yoshida, N., Nakajima, H., Takeuchi, T., Azuma, Y.-T., The role of interleukin-19 in contact hypersensitivity, Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin, 10.1248/bpb.b17-00594, 41, 2, 182-189, 2018.02, Interleukin (IL)-19 is a member of the IL-10 family of interleukins and is an immuno-modulatory cytokine produced by the main macrophages. The gastrointestinal tissues of IL-19 knockout mice show exacerbated experimental colitis mediated by the innate immune system and T cells. There is an increasing focus on the interaction and relationship of IL-19 with the function of T cells. Contact hypersensitivity (CHS) is T cell-mediated cutaneous inflammation. Therefore, we asked whether IL-19 causes CHS. We investigated the immunological role of IL-19 in CHS induced by 1-fluoro-2,4-dinitrofluorobenzene as a hapten. IL-19 was highly expressed in skin exposed to the hapten, and ear swelling was increased in IL-19 knockout mice. The exacerbation of the CHS response in IL-19 knockout mice correlated with increased levels of IL-17 and IL-6, but no alterations were noted in the production of interferon (IFN)γ and IL-4 in the T cells of the lymph nodes. In addition to the effect on T cell response, IL-19 knockout mice increased production of inflammatory cytokines. These results show that IL-19 suppressed hapten-dependent skin inflammation in the elicitation phase of CHS..
17. Sunggip, C., Shimoda, K., Oda, S., Tanaka, T., Nishiyama, K., Mangmool, S., Nishimura, A., Numaga-Tomita, T., Nishida, M., TRPC5-eNOS axis negatively regulates ATP-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, Frontiers in Pharmacology, 10.3389/fphar.2018.00523, 9, MAY, 523-523, 2018.05, Cardiac hypertrophy, induced by neurohumoral factors, including angiotensin II and endothelin-1, is a major predisposing factor for heart failure. These ligands can induce hypertrophic growth of neonatal rat cardiomyocytes (NRCMs) mainly through Ca2+-dependent calcineurin/nuclear factor of activated T cell (NFAT) signaling pathways activated by diacylglycerol-activated transient receptor potential canonical 3 and 6 (TRPC3/6) heteromultimer channels. Although extracellular nucleotide, adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP), is also known as most potent Ca2+-mobilizing ligand that acts on purinergic receptors, ATP never induces cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. Here we show that ATP-induced production of nitric oxide (NO) negatively regulates hypertrophic signaling mediated by TRPC3/6 channels in NRCMs. Pharmacological inhibition of NO synthase (NOS) potentiated ATP-induced increases in NFAT activity, protein synthesis, and transcriptional activity of brain natriuretic peptide. ATP significantly increased NO production and protein kinase G (PKG) activity compared to angiotensin II and endothelin-1. We found that ATP-induced Ca2+ signaling requires inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) receptor activation. Interestingly, inhibition of TRPC5, but not TRPC6 attenuated ATP-induced activation of Ca2+/NFAT-dependent signaling. As inhibition of TRPC5 attenuates ATP-stimulated NOS activation, these results suggest that NO-cGMP-PKG axis activated by IP3-mediated TRPC5 channels underlies negative regulation of TRPC3/6-dependent hypertrophic signaling induced by ATP stimulation..
18. Nishiyama, K., Fujita, T., Fujimoto, Y., Nakajima, H., Takeuchi, T., Azuma, Y.-T., Fatty acid transport protein 1 enhances the macrophage inflammatory response by coupling with ceramide and c-Jun N-terminal kinase signaling, International Immunopharmacology, 10.1016/j.intimp.2017.12.003, 55, 205-215, 2018.02, Macrophages are important cells that need to be controlled at the site of inflammation. Several factors are involved in chronic inflammation and its timely resolution. Free fatty acids drive the inflammatory response in macrophages and contribute to the vicious cycle of the inflammatory response. However, the identity of the uptake pathways of fatty acids is not fully clear in macrophages and how the inflammatory responses are regulated by the uptake of fatty acids remain poorly understood. We investigated the relationship between fatty acid transport protein (FATP) and the inflammatory response signaling pathway in macrophages as the first report. The FATP family has composed six isoforms, FATP1-6. We found that FATP1 is the most highly expressed isoform in macrophages. Forced expression of FATP1 enhanced production of inflammatory cytokines, such as TNFα and IL-6 concomitant with the increased uptake of fatty acids, increased level of ceramide, and increased phosphorylation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK). The enhancement by FATP1 was abolished by treatment with a JNK inhibitor, NF-κB inhibitor, or ceramide synthesis inhibitor. siRNA-mediated knockdown of FATP1 strongly inhibited the production of TNFα and IL-6. Similarly, an inhibitor of FATP1 inhibited the production of TNFα and IL-6. Finally, an inhibitor of FATP1 attenuated the production of inflammatory cytokines in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid in an LPS-induced acute lung injury in vivo mouse model. In summary, we propose that FATP1 is an important regulator of inflammatory response signaling in macrophages. Our findings suggest that ceramide-JNK signaling is important to terminate or sustain inflammation..
19. Numaga-Tomita, T., Shimauchi, T., Oda, S., Tanaka, T., Nishiyama, K., Nishimura, A., Birnbaumer, L., Mori, Y., Nishida, M., TRPC6 regulates phenotypic switching of vascular smooth muscle cells through plasma membrane potential-dependent coupling with PTEN, FASEB Journal, 10.1096/fj.201802811R, 33, 9, 9785-9796, 2019.09, Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) play critical roles in the stability and tonic regulation of vascular homeostasis. VSMCs can switch back and forth between highly proliferative synthetic and fully differentiated contractile phenotypes in response to changes in the vessel environment. Although abnormal phenotypic switching of VSMCs is a hallmark of vascular disorders such as atherosclerosis and restenosis after angioplasty, how control of VSMC phenotypic switching is dysregulated in pathologic conditions remains obscure. We found that inhibition of canonical transient receptor potential 6 (TRPC6) channels facilitated contractile differentiation of VSMCs through plasma membrane hyperpolarization. TRPC6-deficient VSMCs exhibited more polarized resting membrane potentials and higher protein kinase B (Akt) activity than wild-type VSMCs in response to TGF-β1 stimulation. Ischemic stress elicited by oxygen-glucose deprivation suppressed TGF-β1-induced hyperpolarization and VSMC differentiation, but this effect was abolished by TRPC6 deletion. TRPC6-mediated Ca2+ influx and depolarization coordinately promoted the interaction of TRPC6 with lipid phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted from chromosome 10 (PTEN), a negative regulator of Akt activation. Given the marked up-regulation of TRPC6 observed in vascular disorders, our findings suggest that attenuation of TRPC6 channel activity in pathologic VSMCs could be a rational strategy to maintain vascular quality control by fine-tuning of VSMC phenotypic switching.-Numaga-Tomita, T., Shimauchi, T., Oda, S., Tanaka, T., Nishiyama, K., Nishimura, A., Birnbaumer, L., Mori, Y., Nishida, M. TRPC6 regulates phenotypic switching of vascular smooth muscle cells through plasma membrane potential-dependent coupling with PTEN..
20. Sudi, S.B., Tanaka, T., Oda, S., Nishiyama, K., Nishimura, A., Sunggip, C., Mangmool, S., Numaga-Tomita, T., Nishida, M., TRPC3-Nox2 axis mediates nutritional deficiency-induced cardiomyocyte atrophy, Scientific Reports, 10.1038/s41598-019-46252-2, 9, 1, 9785-9785, 2019.07, Myocardial atrophy, characterized by the decreases in size and contractility of cardiomyocytes, is caused by severe malnutrition and/or mechanical unloading. Extracellular adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP), known as a danger signal, is recognized to negatively regulate cell volume. However, it is obscure whether extracellular ATP contributes to cardiomyocyte atrophy. Here, we report that ATP induces atrophy of neonatal rat cardiomyocytes (NRCMs) without cell death through P2Y2 receptors. ATP led to overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) through increased amount of NADPH oxidase (Nox) 2 proteins, due to increased physical interaction between Nox2 and canonical transient receptor potential 3 (TRPC3). This ATP-mediated formation of TRPC3-Nox2 complex was also pathophysiologically involved in nutritional deficiency-induced NRCM atrophy. Strikingly, knockdown of either TRPC3 or Nox2 suppressed nutritional deficiency-induced ATP release, as well as ROS production and NRCM atrophy. Taken together, we propose that TRPC3-Nox2 axis, activated by extracellular ATP, is the key component that mediates nutritional deficiency-induced cardiomyocyte atrophy..
21. Nishiyama, K., Numaga-Tomita, T., Fujimoto, Y., Tanaka, T., Toyama, C., Nishimura, A., Yamashita, T., Matsunaga, N., Koyanagi, S., Azuma, Y.-T., Ibuki, Y., Uchida, K., Ohdo, S., Nishida, M., Ibudilast attenuates doxorubicin-induced cytotoxicity by suppressing formation of TRPC3 channel and NADPH oxidase 2 protein complexes, British Journal of Pharmacology, 10.1111/bph.14777, 176, 18, 3723-3738, 2019.09, BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Doxorubicin is a highly effective anticancer agent but eventually induces cardiotoxicity associated with increased production of ROS. We previously reported that a pathological protein interaction between TRPC3 channels and NADPH oxidase 2 (Nox2) contributed to doxorubicin-induced cardiac atrophy in mice. Here we have investigated the effects of ibudilast, a drug already approved for clinical use and known to block doxorubicin-induced cytotoxicity, on the TRPC3-Nox2 complex. We specifically sought evidence that this drug attenuated doxorubicin-induced systemic tissue wasting in mice. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: We used the RAW264.7 macrophage cell line to screen 1,271 clinically approved chemical compounds, evaluating functional interactions between TRPC3 channels and Nox2, by measuring Nox2 protein stability and ROS production, with and without exposure to doxorubicin. In male C57BL/6 mice, samples of cardiac and gastrocnemius muscle were taken and analysed with morphometric, immunohistochemical, RT-PCR and western blot methods. In the passive smoking model, cells were exposed to DMEM containing cigarette sidestream smoke. KEY RESULTS: Ibudilast, an anti-asthmatic drug, attenuated ROS-mediated muscle toxicity induced by doxorubicin treatment or passive smoking, by inhibiting the functional interactions between TRPC3 channels and Nox2, without reducing TRPC3 channel activity. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: These results indicate a common mechanism underlying induction of systemic tissue wasting by doxorubicin. They also suggest that ibudilast could be repurposed to prevent muscle toxicity caused by anticancer drugs or passive smoking..
22. Nishimura, A., Shimoda, K., Tanaka, T., Toyama, T., Nishiyama, K., Shinkai, Y., Numaga-Tomita, T., Yamazaki, D., Kanda, Y., Akaike, T., Kumagai, Y., Nishida, M., Depolysulfidation of Drp1 induced by low-dose methylmercury exposure increases cardiac vulnerability to hemodynamic overload, Science Signaling, 10.1126/scisignal.aaw1920, 12, 587, 2019.06, Chronic exposure to methylmercury (MeHg), an environmental electrophilic pollutant, reportedly increases the risk of human cardiac events. We report that exposure to a low, non-neurotoxic dose of MeHg precipitated heart failure induced by pressure overload in mice. Exposure to MeHg at 10 ppm did not induce weight loss typical of higher doses but caused mitochondrial hyperfission in myocardium through the activation of Drp1 by its guanine nucleotide exchange factor filamin-A. Treatment of neonatal rat cardiomyocytes with cilnidipine, an inhibitor of the interaction between Drp1 and filamin-A, suppressed mitochondrial hyperfission caused by low-dose MeHg exposure. Modification of cysteine residues in proteins with polysulfides is important for redox signaling and mitochondrial homeostasis in mammalian cells. We found that MeHg targeted rat Drp1 at Cys624, a redox-sensitive residue whose SH side chain forms a bulky and nucleophilic polysulfide (Cys624-S(n)H). MeHg exposure induced the depolysulfidation of Cys624-S(n)H in Drp1, which led to filamin-dependent activation of Drp1 and mitochondrial hyperfission. Treatment with NaHS, which acts as a donor for reactive polysulfides, reversed MeHg-evoked Drp1 depolysulfidation and vulnerability to mechanical load in rodent and human cardiomyocytes and mouse hearts. These results suggest that depolysulfidation of Drp1 at Cys624-S(n)H by low-dose MeHg increases cardiac fragility to mechanical load through filamin-dependent mitochondrial hyperfission..
23. Aono, K., Azuma, Y.-T., Nabetani, T., Hatoya, S., Furuya, M., Miki, M., Hirota, K., Fujimoto, Y., Nishiyama, K., Ogata, Y., Mochizuki, T., Tani, H., Correlation between toll-like receptor 4 and nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain 2 (NOD2) and pathological severity in dogs with chronic gastrointestinal diseases, Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, 10.1016/j.vetimm.2019.03.003, 210, 15-22, 2019.04, Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain 2 (NOD2), and TNF-α play important roles in human inflammatory bowel diseases. The aim of this study was to elucidate the relationship between Toll-like receptor 4, NOD2, and TNF-α and the severity of chronic gastrointestinal diseases in dogs. We examined the expression levels of TLR4, NOD2, and TNF-α in the stomach, duodenum, ileum, colon, and rectum obtained from 21 dogs with chronic gastrointestinal disease, including inflammatory bowel disease, high-grade lymphoma, food responsive enteropathy, chronic pancreatitis, low-grade lymphoma, inflammatory colorectal polyp, and chronic colitis. Next, we demonstrated whether there is good correlation between the expression levels of TLR4, NOD2, and TNF-α and the histopathological analysis of each sample. We found that the level of TLR4 expression in the ileum of dogs with chronic gastrointestinal disease was positively associated with the histopathological severity. We also found that the level of NOD2 expression in the duodenum, stomach, and rectum was positively associated with the histopathological severity. However, there was no correlation between TNF-α expression in the 5 regions tested in this study and the histopathological severity. These findings indicate that TLR4 and NOD2 are remarkably associated with the severity of chronic gastrointestinal disease in dogs..
24. Nishiyama, K., Aono, K., Fujimoto, Y., Kuwamura, M., Okada, T., Tokumoto, H., Izawa, T., Okano, R., Nakajima, H., Takeuchi, T., Azuma, Y.-T., Chronic kidney disease after 5/6 nephrectomy disturbs the intestinal microbiota and alters intestinal motility, Journal of Cellular Physiology, 10.1002/jcp.27408, 234, 5, 6667-6678, 2019.04, Organ-organ crosstalk is involved in homeostasis. Gastrointestinal symptoms are common in patients with renal failure. The aim of this study was to elucidate the relationship between gastrointestinal motility and gastrointestinal symptoms in chronic kidney disease. We performed studies in C57BL/6 mice with chronic kidney disease after 5/6 nephrectomy. Gastrointestinal motility was evaluated by assessing the ex vivo responses of ileum and distal colon strips to electrical field stimulation. Feces were collected from mice, and the composition of the gut microbiota was analyzed using 16S ribosomal RNA sequencing. Mice with chronic kidney disease after 5/6 nephrectomy showed a decreased amount of stool, and this constipation was correlated with a suppressed contraction response in ileum motility and decreased relaxation response in distal colon motility. Spermine, one of the uremic toxins, inhibited the contraction response in ileum motility, but four types of uremic toxins showed no effect on the relaxation response in distal colon motility. The 5/6 nephrectomy procedure disturbed the balance of the gut microbiota in the mice. The motility dysregulation and constipation were resolved by antibiotic treatments. The expression levels of interleukin 6, tumor necrosis factor-α, and iNOS in 5/6 nephrectomy mice were increased in the distal colon but not in the ileum. In addition, macrophage infiltration in 5/6 nephrectomy mice was increased in the distal colon but not in the ileum. We found that 5/6 nephrectomy altered gastrointestinal motility and caused constipation by changing the gut microbiota and causing colonic inflammation. These findings indicate that renal failure was remarkably associated with gastrointestinal dysregulation..
25. Kakeru Shimoda, Akiyuki Nishimura, Caroline Sunggip, Tomoya Ito, Kazuhiro Nishiyama, Yuri Kato, Tomohiro Tanaka, Hidetoshi Tozaki-Saitoh, Makoto Tsuda, Motohiro Nishida, Modulation of P2Y6R expression exacerbates pressure overload-induced cardiac remodeling in mice., Scientific reports, 10.1038/s41598-020-70956-5, 10, 1, 13926-13926, 2020.08, Cardiac tissue remodeling caused by hemodynamic overload is a major clinical outcome of heart failure. Uridine-responsive purinergic P2Y6 receptor (P2Y6R) contributes to the progression of cardiovascular remodeling in rodents, but it is not known whether inhibition of P2Y6R prevents or promotes heart failure. We demonstrate that inhibition of P2Y6R promotes pressure overload-induced sudden death and heart failure in mice. In neonatal cardiomyocytes, knockdown of P2Y6R significantly attenuated hypertrophic growth and cell death caused by hypotonic stimulation, indicating the involvement of P2Y6R in mechanical stress-induced myocardial dysfunction. Unexpectedly, compared with wild-type mice, deletion of P2Y6R promoted pressure overload-induced sudden death, as well as cardiac remodeling and dysfunction. Mice with cardiomyocyte-specific overexpression of P2Y6R also exhibited cardiac dysfunction and severe fibrosis. In contrast, P2Y6R deletion had little impact on oxidative stress-mediated cardiac dysfunction induced by doxorubicin treatment. These findings provide overwhelming evidence that systemic inhibition of P2Y6R exacerbates pressure overload-induced heart failure in mice, although P2Y6R in cardiomyocytes contributes to the progression of cardiac fibrosis..
26. Yasu-Taka Azuma, Kazuhiro Nishiyama, Interleukin-19 enhances cytokine production induced by lipopolysaccharide and inhibits cytokine production induced by polyI:C in BALB/c mice., The Journal of veterinary medical science, 10.1292/jvms.20-0137, 2020.05, Interleukin (IL)-19 is a cytokine of the IL-10 family. There are many reports on the involvement of IL-19 in several human diseases. There also are many reports elucidating the role of IL-19 using mouse disease models. Most reports use C57BL/6 mice, whereas few reports use BALB/c mice, in terms of the mouse disease model that the researchers used in the present study. To date, research on the role of IL-19 is diversified, yet some basic mechanisms are still unclear. In this study, we administered lipopolysaccharide (LPS), polyI:C, and CpG to BALB/c mice, measured more than 20 cytokines in the blood and compared them with that of the wild-type and IL-19-deficient (IL-19 KO) mice. LPS is associated with bacterial infection, polyI:C is associated with viral infection, and CpG is associated with both bacterial and viral infections. Among the cytokines measured, the results of experiments using LPS revealed that the production of some cytokines was suppressed in IL-19 KO mice. Interestingly, the experiments using polyI:C revealed that production of some cytokines was enhanced in IL-19 KO mice. However, the experiments using CpG have shown that the production of only one cytokine was enhanced in IL-19 KO mice. These results revealed that cytokine production in the blood was regulated by IL-19, and the type of regulation was dependent on the administered stimulant..