||Masatake Tanaka, Yasuko Iwakiri, The Hepatic Lymphatic Vascular System
Structure, Function, Markers, and Lymphangiogenesis, CMGH, 10.1016/j.jcmgh.2016.09.002, 2016.11, The lymphatic vascular system has been minimally explored in the liver despite its essential functions including maintenance of tissue fluid homeostasis. The discovery of specific markers for lymphatic endothelial cells has advanced the study of lymphatics by methods including imaging, cell isolation, and transgenic animal models and has resulted in rapid progress in lymphatic vascular research during the last decade. These studies have yielded concrete evidence that lymphatic vessel dysfunction plays an important role in the pathogenesis of many diseases. This article reviews the current knowledge of the structure, function, and markers of the hepatic lymphatic vascular system as well as factors associated with hepatic lymphangiogenesis and compares liver lymphatics with those in other tissues..
||Masatake Tanaka, Yasuko Iwakiri, Lymphatics in the liver, Current Opinion in Immunology, 10.1016/j.coi.2018.04.028, 2018.08, The liver is the largest lymph producing organ. A significant increase in the number of hepatic lymphatic vessels, or lymphangiogenesis, has been reported in various liver diseases, including, but not limited to, cirrhosis, viral hepatitis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Despite its apparent relevance in healthy and diseased livers as these and other observations indicate, the hepatic lymphatic system has been poorly studied. With knowledge of the lymphatic system in other organs and tissues incorporated, this review article addresses the current knowledge of the hepatic lymphatic system and the potential role of lymphatic endothelial cells in the health and the disease of the liver and concludes with a brief description on future directions of the study of the hepatic lymphatic system..
||Jain Jeong, Masatake Tanaka, Yasuko Iwakiri, Hepatic lymphatic vascular system in health and disease, Journal of Hepatology, DOI: 10.1016/j.jhep.2022.01.025, 2022.02, In recent years, significant advances have been made in the study of lymphatic vessels with the identification of their specific markers and the development of research tools that have accelerated our understanding of their role in tissue homeostasis and disease pathogenesis in many organs. Compared to other organs, the lymphatic system in the liver is understudied despite its obvious importance for hepatic physiology and pathophysiology. In this review, we describe fundamental aspects of the hepatic lymphatic system and its role in a range of liver-related pathological conditions such as portal hypertension, ascites formation, malignant tumours, liver transplantation, congenital liver diseases, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, and hepatic encephalopathy. The article concludes with a discussion regarding the modulation of lymphangiogenesis as a potential therapeutic strategy for liver diseases..