九州大学 研究者情報
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基本情報 研究活動 教育活動 社会活動
VAN UYTSEL STEVEN JOS(う゛あん あーつる すてーう゛えん じよす) データ更新日:2020.06.22

准教授 /  法学研究院 国際関係法学部門 国際関係法学


主な研究テーマ
Horizontal Shareholding and Competition Law
キーワード:horizontal shareholding, fintech, asia
2020.06~2020.06.
Algorithms and the Law
キーワード:Algorithms
2018.01~2020.03.
日本のリニエンシ-制度
キーワード:独占禁止法;リニエンシ-
2011.04~2014.03.
独禁止法と執行
キーワード:毒腺禁止法;執行;リニエンシー制度
2015.04~2018.03.
法と文化
キーワード:法と文化
2008.04~2011.03.
競争法の国際化
キーワード:競争法; 国際化
2008.04~2011.03.
従事しているプロジェクト研究
Misleading Algorithms: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on the Implications for Law
2018.04~2020.03, 代表者:Steven Van Uytsel, Kyushu University - Tsubasa Grant.
Multidisciplinary Perspectives on Algorithms ​ Regulation, Governance, Markets
2018.04~2020.03, 代表者:Steven Van Uytsel, Kyushu University - Progress 100.
The Legal Structure Affecting Intangible Cultural Heritage in the Mekong Area
2013.12~2016.03, 代表者:Steven Van Uytsel, International Research Centre for Intangible Cultural Heritage in the Asia-Pacific Region.
研究業績
主要著書
主要原著論文
1. Steven Jos Van Uytsel, 課徴金減免制度と日本の独占禁止法 -- カルテルの防止になり得るか?あるいは戦略的日和見主義の道具か?
, Hosei Kenkyu, 2014.10, [URL].
2. Stefan Wrbka, Steven Van Uytsel & Mathias Siems, Access to Justice and Collective Actions: Florence and Beyond, Collective Actions: Enhancing Access to Justice and Reconciling Multilayer Interests?, 1-19, 2012.04.
3. Steven Van Uytsel, Collective Actions, Access to Justice and Multilayer Interests: Enhancement and Reconciliation in the Field of Competition Law?,, 57, 2012.04.
4. Steven Van Uytsel, Beyond the European Community Treaty Provisions: A Need to Question the Cassis de Dijon Rule of Reason in Wouters?, Hosei Kenkyuu, 76, 1-2, F1-248, 2009.12, [URL].
主要学会発表等
1. Steven Jos Van Uytsel, Tackling Cartel Behavior in the Japanese Society: A Quest for a Different Approach, The Asian Law and Society, 2016.09, Deterrence has, for decades, been the mantra of competition law enforcement authorities in their fight against cartels. Fines and, if available, jail sentences reached record heights. Leniency policies were adopted to reach a higher probability of detection. The focus on high fines and increased probability of detection was inspired by assumption that firms are rational profit maximizers, weighing the costs and benefits of entering in a cartel, and that the height of fines and the probability of detection are determining factors for the cost of participating in a cartel.
Japan has for a long time not paid any attention to the deterrence mantra. To the contrary, the Japanese government undertook several initiatives to encourage cartel formation in the 1950s and 1960s. It could be stated that the favorable stance towards cartels finally faded away in the late 1990s, with an exception in the 1970s. In the 1970s, the Japanese legislator conceptualized a new sanction, the administrative surcharge. During the 1990s, the final pro-cartel legislations were abolished. At the same time, the legislator has taken steps to increase the level of fines and the Japan Fair Trade Commission has stepped up its enforcement initiatives.
The step towards a stricter application of the Anti-Monopoly Law (AML) continued since the turn to a new century. In 2005, Japan followed the steps of the United States and the European Union in implementing a leniency policy with the aim of increasing the probability of detection. In 2015, a long standing debate in academic writing was taken up in order to study whether it could be transformed into a policy goal. If implemented, this would mean that the JFTC would not be bound anymore by a legally determined percentage of the turnover when deciding on the surcharge.
Recent international scholarship is questioning whether the neoclassical economic paradigm of deterrence is effective. Maurice Stucke, for example, is pointing out, with four indicators, that cartel activity is persistent. A first indicator is the fact that penalties do not decrease. A second indicator is that the duration of cartels does not diminish. A third indicator is the continued workload of the enforcement authority in dealing with cartels. A fourth indicator is that firms persist in cartel formation even after publicizing record high fines.
Even though steps have been taken towards deterrence, Japan does still score badly on several of the indicators mentioned by Stucke. It may thus be questioned whether a continued emphasis on deterrence would deliver better results. This will be especially true if cartel formation is the result of a cost-benefit analysis, but of elements present in a certain society. That these societal elements are present in Japan will be the argument of this paper. Their presence will require a different approach, one that focuses on improving corporate culture, if one is serious of tackling cartel formation..
2. Steven Van Uytsel, A Developmental Account of the Coca-Cola/Huiyuan Merger, German-Japanese Symposium on Law and Behavior, 2010.03.
3. Steven Van Uytsel, The Dango Cartelization Calculus through the Lens of a Leniency Program: Is Japan Whistling the Right Tune?, German-Japanese Symposium on Law and Behavior, 2008.03.
学会活動
所属学会名
ASCOLA
Asian Competition Forum
学会大会・会議・シンポジウム等における役割
2019.02.01~2020.02.01, Multidisciplinary Perspectives on Autonomous Vehicles, Organizer.
2018.12~2018.12, FinTech in Asia, Organizer.
2018.09~2018.09, Leniency In Asian Competition Law, Organizer.
2018.11.23~2019.11.23, Collusion, Algorithms and Competition Law, Organizer.
2019.11.21~2019.11.22, Multidisciplinary Perspectives on Algorithms ​ Regulation, Governance, Markets, Organizer.
2015.05.21~2015.05.22, ASLI Conference 2.0 - 2015, Chairperson of a session.
2013.02~2013.02, Annual LLD Conference, Coordinator.
2012.02~2012.02, Annual LLD Conference, Coordinator.
2010.02.13~2010.02.14, Annual LL.D. Conference, Coordinator.
2008.02.09~2008.02.10, Annual LL.D. Conference, Coordinator.
2009.02.14~2009.02.15, Annual LL.D. Conference, Coordinator.
学会誌・雑誌・著書の編集への参加状況
2017.03~2017.03, Competition Law and Economics: Beyond Monopoly Regulation, 国際, 査読委員.
2015.04~2020.06, Hosei Kenkyu, 国内, 編集委員.
学術論文等の審査
年度 外国語雑誌査読論文数 日本語雑誌査読論文数 国際会議録査読論文数 国内会議録査読論文数 合計
2017年度      
2013年度      
2009年度    
その他の研究活動
海外渡航状況, 海外での教育研究歴
The University of Melbourne, Australia, 2020.03~2020.03.
The University of Antwerp, Belgium, 2016.12~2016.12.
Mae Fah Luang University, Thailand, 2017.09~2017.09.
Office of the Judiciary, Thailand, 2017.09~2017.10.
Office of the Judiciary, Thailand, 2014.01~2018.01.
外国人研究者等の受入れ状況
2018.10~2019.07, Search Results Web result with site links Université de Neuchâtel, Switzerland.
研究資金
科学研究費補助金の採択状況(文部科学省、日本学術振興会)
2018年度~2021年度, 基盤研究(C), 代表, Artificial Intelligence, Price Setting Strategies and Antitrust Law: Towards a Regulatory Framework.
2011年度~2014年度, 若手研究(B), 代表, 競争法、公的執行機関、及び民間当事者ーより実効的な相互関係を目指してー.
学内資金・基金等への採択状況
2018年度~2019年度, QR Program (Qdai-jump Research Program), 代表, Misleading Algorithms: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on the Implications for Law.
2018年度~2019年度, Progress 100: Research hub for the humanities, social sciences, and Interdisciplinary
studies, Kyushu university, 代表, Regulating Algorithms: Multi-Disciplinary Perspectives on New Technology & the Law.
2017年度~2018年度, International Cooperation Fund of the Faculty of Law , 代表, Symposium on Artificial Intelligence, Robots and the Law.
2011年度~2012年度, EUIJ-Kyushu EU Studies Research Fund 2011-2012 Award, 代表, Energy Security and Substantive EU Law.

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